The Nutrition Information Centre of the
University of Stellenbosch (NICUS)
It is the body's primary source of energy and is mainly found in plant based foods.
The brain is highly dependent on a regular, predictable supply of glucose.
The building blocks of carbohydrate are called sugars or simple sugars i.e. glucose, fructose and galactose
Sucrose (table sugar)||
glucose + fructose|
Maltose (malt sugar)||
glucose + glucose|
Lactose (milk sugar)||
glucose + galactose|
- Simple sugars link together to form large complex carbohydrates which are present in food i.e. sucrose, maltose and lactose.
- In plants carbohydrates are stored as starch
- In animals carbohydrates are stored as glycogen