|EAT MORE OF||EAT LESS OF|
|LEAN CUTS - beef, pork, veal, venison||Ground beef (mince; excluding extra lean mince), sausage, hot dogs, viennas, bacon, polony, luncheon meats (cold meats), lamb, fried meats, fish or poultry|
ANIMAL ORGAN MEATS - liver, heart, kidneys, lungs, brains
|Chicken, turkey, duck, guinea fowl||Any poultry cooked in fat or oil|
|Fish, Choose fresh or canned fish from the green list. Go to http://www.wwfsassi.co.za/?m=5&s=8||Any seafood cooked in fat or oil|
|Dried Beans, dried split peas, lentils |
Soya and Soya products
|Any legumes cooked in fat or oil|
|Almonds, Brazil nuts, cashew nuts, chestnuts, hazelnuts, macadamia nuts, peanuts, pecan nuts, pistachio, walnut||Any nuts covered with coatings (chocolate etc.)|
|OTHER ALTERNATES |
|Eggs, Peanut Butter||Fried eggs|
|Although this list is COMPREHENSIVE, it is by no means COMPLETE.|||
|RECOMMENDATIONS||CHOICES FOR A RESTRICTED BUDGET|
- Give preference to fish, poultry (without skin), and legumes (dry beans, lentils, soya and soya products, split peas), as these are the choices lowest in fat.
- Try to eat fatty fish (tuna, salmon or snoekl) two times a week as these are rich in omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, which is protective against heart disease.
- Choose lean meats, look for unmarbled cuts i.e. meat cuts not speckled with fat.
- Decrease fat during meat preparation:
- Trim all the fat you can see.
- Remove skin from poultry.
- Broil, roast, grill, stew, braise or boil these foods instead of frying them.
- Use a non-stick pan or a vegetable spray to fry and to avoid adding oil.
- If you do fry, use vegetable or olive oil instead of saturated fats such as lard or shortening. Stir-fry the food rather than deep-fry.
- Place meat on a rack when cooking so that fat can drip off.
- Nuts, seeds, and peanut butter are high in fat, so eat them in moderation.
- Preferably choose fish, which is water-packed; oil-packed, only adds fat.
- Compare meat prices at the butcher and the supermarkets.
- Choose meat that has less bones and fat. Soup bones are therefore a bad buy. It is better to buy a packet of dried beans.
- Buy less tinned meat, polony and other cold meats and sausage, as processed meat is usually expensive, and often contain fillings like fat, gravy, vegetables and/or cereals in large quantities.
- Buying a bigger chicken usually yields more meat and less bone proportionally than a smaller chicken.
- Compare the price per kilogram for whole chicken and chicken portions as there is more bone in whole chicken.
- Chicken liver is one of the cheapest and most nutritious forms of meat.
- Tinned fish like pilchards is the cheapest form of fish. Other forms of canned fish are expensive.
- Fresh fish is usually more expensive than frozen, except at the coast.
- Whole fish is usually cheaper than fish without bones. The head and fins can be used for fish soup. However compare the price per portion and not per kilogram.
- Dried legumes are not only good substitutes for meat, fish, eggs or cheese, but can be used to make foods go further (meat extenders).
- It is not necessary to eat meat everyday. Meat alternatives, which are cheaper can be used as substitutes or used to bulk up meals.
- o Add cooked dried beans to stewed meat.
- o Mix mashed, cooked dried beans with mince or fish to make meat loaf or fish cakes or meatballs.
- o Soya beans have been processed to form textured soya proteins that resemble meat in taste and look, and can therefore be used as meat substitutes.
- o Textured soya protein products can be used to stretch mince in bobotie, fricadels and other meat or chicken dishes.
- One kilogram of dried beans yields 33 portions, while 1 kilogram meat yields 9 portions (1 cup dried beans, raw yields ± 8 cups cooked).
- Peanut Butter can be used as a sandwich filling and can be stirred into porridge.