​​​Prof. Ian Buick

Full Professor

Contact details:

Dept. of Earth Sciences, Stellenbosch University,
Private Bag X1, Matieland 7602, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
email: buick@sun.ac.za

Research Theme: Metamorphic petrology, geochronology, geochemistry

Research Description:

My research has concentrated on understanding high-temperature processes involved in continental evolution through: a) obtaining geochronological and isotopic constraints on the evolution of high-grade, polymetamorphic terrains; b) petrological and mineral-scale geochemical studies of anatexis; c) understanding temporal relationships between anatexis and felsic magmatism in continental intra-plate settings; d) linking the trace element geochemistry of major silicate minerals in to those of accessory phases used to date metamorphism; e) the use of B- and Li- elemental and isotopic geochemistry to quantify HT metamorphic processes; f) the chemical, U/Pb geochronological and (Hf,Nd) isotopic evolution of S-type granites and their source regions; and g) development of U/Pb, Hf, Nd and O isotopic reference materials for high-spatial resolution geochronology and isotope tracing applied to metamorphic and igneous petrology.

 This research is partly field-work based and is heavily dependent on high-spatial resolution analytical techniques. It typically involves the use of SEM-EDS, EPMA, SIMS and LA-ICP-MS (quadrupole, sector field and multi-collector) instruments, as well as thermodynamic modelling involving software packages such as Theriak-Domino and Perplex. Application  of these techniques is currently being undertaken in a number of field areas, including the Damara Belt (Namibia), the West Coast Belt; Namaqua-Natal Metamorphic Belt; the Orange River Pegmatite Belt and the Limpopo Belt (South Africa); The Aravali-Delhi Orogenic Belt and the Kerala Khondalite Belt (India); and the Harts Range (central Australia).

 This research has been supported by grants from the Australian Research Council (ARC), the NRF; the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Techologíco (CNPq, Brazil; Programa Ciência Sem Fronteiras), and the CIMERA Centre of Excellence (a Wits/UJ/SU partnership). It has involved collaborations with scientists from South Africa (Stellenbosch University, University of the Witwatersrand, Council for Geosciences), Australia (Australian National University, Curtin University of Technology, Monash University), Japan (Niigata University, Okayama University), USA (Lehigh Univeraity, University of Maine), India (University of Rajasthan, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur), Brazil (Federal University of Ouro Preto), Italy (University of Padova) and Spain (University of Grenada).

Recent  Related  Publications (2010-2018)

Fougerouse, D., Reddy, S.M., Saxey, D.W., Erickson, T., Kirkland, C.L., Rickard, W.D., Clark, C., Seydoux-Guillaume, A.-M., Buick, I.S., 2018. Nanoscale distribution of common Pb in monazite revealed by atom probe microscopy. Chemical Geology, 479, 251-258.

Gonçalves, G.O., Lana, C., Scholz, R., Buick, I.S., Gerdes, A., Kamo, S.L., Corfu, F., Daniela Rubatto, D., Wiedenbeck, M., Nalini Jr, H.A., Luiz Carlos A. Oliveira, L.C.A., 2018. The Diamantina monazite: a new low-Th reference material for microanalysisGeostandards and Geoanalytical Research, 42, 35-47.

Vasconcelos, A.D., Gonçalves, G.O., Lana, C., Buick, I.S., Kamo, S.L, Corfu, F., Scholz, R., Queiroga, G., Nalini, H., 2018. Characterization of xenotime from Datas (Brazil) as a potential reference material for in-situ U-Pb geochronology. Geochemistry, Geophysics and Geosystems (in review)

Kitt, S., Kisters, A.F.M., Buick, I.S., Kramers, J., 2018. Structural, geochronological and P-T constraints on subduction-accretion processes in a Pan-African accretionary wedge – the Deep Level Southern Zone of the Damara Belt in Namibia. Precambrian  Research (in review).


Clemens, J.D., Buick, I.S.,  Frei, D., Lana, C, Villaros, A.,  2017.Post-orogenic shoshonitic magmas of the Yzerfontein pluton, South Africa: the 'smoking gun' of the mantle melting and crustal growth during Cape granite genesis? Contribitions to  Mineralogy and  Petrology, 172-72, doi.org/10.1007/s00410-017-1390-9.

Santos, M.M., Lana, C., Scholz, R., Buick, I.S., Schmitdz, M.D., Kamo, S.L., Gerdes, A., Corfu, F., Tapster, S., Lancaster, P., Storey, C.D., Basei, M.A.S., Tohver, E., Alkmim, A., Nalini, H., Krambrock, K., Fantini, C., 2017. A new appraisal of Sri Lankan zircons as reference material for in situ dating, REE analyses and Lu-Hf isotope tracing. Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research 41, 335-358.

Acosta-Vigil, A., London, D., Morgan, G.B., Cesare, B., Buick, I.S., Hermann, J., Bartoli, O., 2016. Primary crustal melt compositions: insights into the controls,  mechanisms and  timing  of generation from experiments and melt inclusions. Lithos (in press).

Clemens, J.D., Buick, I.S, Kisters, A.F.M. and Frei, D., 2017. Petrogenesis of the Donkerhuk batholith in the Damara Belt of Namibia: protracted, syntectonic, short-range magma transfer in the mid-crust.Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 172, DOI 10.1007/s00410-017-1370-0

Clemens, J.D., Buick, I.S., Kisters, A.F.M., 2017.  A giant S-type granite emplaced close to its source rocks in a fore-arc setting: the Donkerhuk batholith, Namibia.  Journal of the Geological Society of London, 174, 157-169.

Erickson, T.M., Reddy, S.M., Timms, N.E., Pearce, M.A., Taylor, R.J.M.,Clark, C., Buick, I.S., 2016. Deformed  monazite  yields high-temperature tectonic  ages: Reply. Geology, 44, pE378.

Clemens, J., Buick, I.S., Stevens, 2016. Fluids, melting, granites and  granulites:  a commentary. Precambrian  Research, 278, 394-399.

Oliveira Gonçalves,G., Lana, C. Ricardo Scholz, R., Buick, I.S., Gerdes, A., Kamo, S., Corfu, Marinho, M.M., de Oliveira Chaves, A., Valeriano, C., Alves de Oliveira, L.C., Nalini, H.A,  Jnr., 2016. The  origin  of the "Moacyr" monazite and  its  assessment as a potential  U-Pb and  Nd  isotope  standard.  Chemical  Geology, 242, 30-50.

Richter, F., Lana, C., Stevens, G., Buick, I.S., Frei, D., 2016. Sedimentation,  metamorphism and  granite  generation in a back-arc  region:  records  from the Ediacaran Nova Venécia Complex- AraçuaíOrogen, Southeastern Brazil. Precambrian Research, 272, 78-100.

 Erickson, T.M., Pearce, M.A., Taylor, R.J.M., Timms, N.E., Clark, C., Reddy, S.M., Buick, I.S., 2015. Deformed monazite yields high-temperature tectonic ages. Geology, 43, 383-386.

 Meneghini, F., Kisters, A.F.M., Buick, I.S., Fagereng, Å., 2014. Late Neoproterozoic ridge subduction in the Pan-African Damara Belt, Namibia. Geology, 42, 903-906.

 Duncan, RJ, Buick, IS, Kobayashi, K, Wilde, AR, 2014. Chemical and stable isotopic characteristics of syn-tectonic tourmaline from the Western fold belt, Mount Isa inlier, Queensland, Australia. Chemical Geology, 381, 131-143.

 Rubatto, D., Crepisson, C., Pulitz, B., Buick, I.S., 2014. Measurement of in-situ oxygen isotope ratios in monazite using a SHRIMP ion microprobe: standards, protocols and implications. Chemical Geology, 380, 84-96.

 Cutts, K., Stevens, G., Hoffmann, J.E., Buick, I.S., Frei, D., Munker, C., 2014. Paleo- to Mesoarchean polymetamorphism in the Barberton Granite Greenstone Belt: constraints from U-Pb monazite and Lu-Hf garnet geochronology on the tectonic processes that shaped the belt. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 126, 251-270.

 Nicoli, G., Stevens, G, Buick, I.S., Moyen, J-F, 2014. "A comment on Ultrahigh-temperature metamorphism from an unusual corundum+orthopyroxene intergrowth bearing Al-Mg granulite from the Southern Marginal Zone, Limpopo Complex, South Africa by Belyanin et al." Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 167: 1022 DOI 10.1007/s00410-014-1022-6.

Kisters, A.F.M., Vietze, M.E., Buick, I.S., 2012. Deformation and age of the Stinkbank pluton and implications for the correlation of tectonometamorphic episodes in the Pan-African Damara Belt. South African Journal of Geology, 115, 309-326

 Taylor, J., Stevens, G., Buick, I.S. & Lana, C., 2012. High-grade polymetamorphism in the Ancient Gneiss Complex, Swaziland: insights into the mid-crustal response to Mesoarchaean orogeny affecting the SE margin of the proto-Kaapvaal Craton. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 124, 1191-1211.

 Villaros A., Buick I.S., Stevens G., 2012. Isotopic variations in S-type granites: an inheritance from a heterogeneous source? Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 163, 243-257.

 Acosta-Vigil, A., Buick, I.S., Cesare, B., London, D., and Morgan, G.B., VI, 2012. Extent of melt-residuum equilibration during crustal anatexis from the study of partially melted metapelitic enclaves, and implications for crustal differentiation. Journal of Petrology, 53, 1319-1356.

 Lana, C., Buick, I.S., Stevens, G., Rossouw, R. and De Wet, W., 2011. Upper crustal fold-and-trust tectonics and associated mid-crustal extensional magmatism in the eastern margins of the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Journal of Structural Geology, 33, 844-58.

 Buick, I.S., Lana, C., & Gregory, C., 2011. A LA-ICP-MS and SHRIMP U/Pb age constraint on the timing of REE mineralisation associated with Bushveld Granites. South African Journal of Geology,114, 1-14.

 Buick, I.S., Clark, C., Rubatto, D., Hermann, J., Pandit, M. & Hand, M., 2010. Constraints on the Proterozoic evolution of the Aravalli-Delhi Orogenic belt (NW India) from monazite geochronology and mineral trace element geochemistry. Lithos 120, 511-528.

 Palya, A., Buick, I.S. & Bebout, G.E., 2010. Storage and mobility of organic nitrogen and carbon in the continental crust: evidence from partially melted metasedimentary rocks, Mt. Stafford, Australia. Chemical Geology, 281, 211-226.

 Acosta-Vigil, A., Buick, I.S., Hermann, J., Cesare, B., Rubatto, D., London, D., and Morgan, G.B., VI, 2010. Mechanisms of Crustal Anatexis: a Geochemical Study of Partially Melted Metapelitic Enclaves and Host Dacite, SE Spain. Journal of Petrology, 51, 785-821.