Military Science
Welcome to Stellenbosch University

Research and Activities

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Activities

Reflections on War" may be ordered directly from:

http://www.africansunmedia.co.za

A link to the Website of the publisher of "South Africa and Romania: Changing Security Paradigms":

http://www.justdone.co.za

BOOKS

Potgieter, T. and Liebenberg, I. (Eds.) 2012. Reflections on War: Preparedness and Consequences. Stellenbosch: Sun Media.

Manganyi, C., Liebenberg, I. and Potgieter, T (Eds.). 2012. South Africa and Romania: Transition to democracy and changing security paradigms. Durban: Just Done Publications.

DoE Recognised Publications by CEMIS personnel since 2007:

Liebenberg, I. Evolving experiences: Auto-ethnography and Military Sociology. In: Carreiras, H. and Celso, C. 2013. Qualitative Methods in Military Studies: Research experiences and challenges. London: Routledge.Research and
Liebenberg, I. 2012. Unipolarism and the subversion of international values: The USA and NATO in Syria. The Thinker, Volume 44 (October): 43-46.

Liebenberg, I.(co-editor). 2012.  Anglo-Boer War, 1899-1902(Volumes 1-3).  Moscow: Memory Publishers

Liebenberg, I. 2012. Auto-ethnography and Military Sociology:  A South African Immersion In: Carreiras, H and Castro, C. Qualitative methods in Military Studies.  London: Routledge

Liebenberg, I. 2011.  Sociology in Practice: H W van der merwe's contribution to conflict resoulution and mediation in South Africa.  Acta Academia: Vol. 43(1): 1-38

Dhladhla, T J & De Kock, F S: Psychological Testing in South Africa: Current Issues and Challenges. Testing International: An Official Publication of the International Test Commission, Vol. 19, July 2008.

Dhladhla, T J & Van Dyk, G A J: Management of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in the Military: An Intervention Model. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 19 (4), 591 – 596, 2009.

Dhladhla, T J: Demobilisation and Reintegration of Ex-Combatants into Civilian Life: Breaking the Cycle of Conflict in Africa. Kernvraag, 1 (137), 63 – 76, 2009.

Dhladhla, T J: Demobilisation and Reintegration of Ex-Combatants into Civilian Life: Breaking the Cycle of Conflict in Africa. International Journal of Social Science, 1 (2), 125 – 135, 2009.

Dhladhla, T J: Demobilisation and Reintegration of Ex-Combatants into Civilian Life: Healing the Wounds? In G. A. J. Van Dyk (Ed.). Strategic Challenges for African Armed Forces for the Next Decade. Stellenbosch: Sun Press, 2008.

Kgosana, MC: The Investigation of the Effect of Work and Family Conflict on Marital Satisfaction, in Van Dyk, GAJ (ed): Strategic Challenges for African Armed Forces for the Next Decade. Stellenbosch, Sun Press, 2009.
Liebenberg, Ian: (Trans-)grense, talighede, boek en bloedrefleksies (review article) in SA Tydskrif vir Letterkunde, 47(1): 122 – 135, 2010.

Liebenberg, Ian: A view from Cuba: Internationalists against apartheid (co-authored with Hedelberto López Blanch, Journal Juventad), Journal for Contemporary History, Vol. 34(1): 81-112), 2009.

Liebenberg, Ian: Afrikaner Nationalism, Tertiary Military Education and Civil Discontent: Student attitudes at an Afrikaans university from Apartheid’s beginnings to the end of the Angolan war, 1950 – 1989. ACTA (Volume II), International Commission for Military History: 646 – 665, 2009.

Liebenberg, Ian: Regions, Regional Organisations and Military Power - Proceedings of the XXXIII International Congress of Military History, Stellenbosch: Sun Media (co-editors: T. Potgieter & A. Esterhuyse), 2008.

Liebenberg, Ian: Talking Small wars in Far Away lands: Three Incidences in Angola’s “Second War of Liberation”. In: Regions, Regional Organisations and Military Power - Proceedings of the XXXIII International Congress of Military History, Stellenbosch: Sun Media (Editors: T. Potgieter, I. Liebenberg & A. Esterhuyse), 2008.

Potgieter, TD and Grundling, A: ‘Admiral Elphinstone and the Conquest and Defence of the Cape of Good Hope, 1795-96’, Scientia Militaria, 35(2), 2007.

Potgieter, TD and Pommerin, R (editors): Maritime Security in Southern African Waters (Sun Press, Stellenbosch, 2009).

Potgieter, TD and Schofield, C: ‘Poverty, poaching and pirates: geopolitical instability and maritime insecurity off the Horn of Africa’ Journal of the Indian Ocean Region (Routledge Taylor and Francis), 6 (1), 2010.

Potgieter, TD, ‘Maritime Insecurity around the Horn of Africa’, translated into Russian and accepted for publication in the Russian academic journal, Asia i Afrika Segodnya, November (N11 2008), 2008.

Potgieter, TD: ‘The effect of the absence of maritime security on the Horn of Africa Region’, ISSUP Strategic Review, XXXI (1), 2009.

Potgieter, TD: “Counter-insurgency in Africa: The Colonial Experience”, in Deane-Peter Bake and Evert Jordaan (eds), South Africa and Contemporary Counter-insurgency: Roots, Practices, Prospects (UCT Press, Claremont, 2010).

Potgieter, TD: “When Maritime Security is absent”, in Potgieter, TD and Reiner Pommerin (editors), Maritime Security in Southern African Waters (Sun Press, Stellenbosch, 2009).

Potgieter, TD: From Imperial Defence to a Navy Serving a Nation: The Evolution of South African Maritime Defence’, Proceedings of the XXXIInd Congress of International Commission of Military History, “Nation State, Nationalism and the Military”, H. Ehlert and W. Heineman (eds) (German Military History Commission, Militärgeschichtliches Forschungsamt, Potsdam, 2007).

Potgieter, TD: Naval Readiness and Operations far from Home: The Lucas Expedition, 1796, Alexandre de Sousa Pinto and David Manuel Martelo (eds), Proceedings of the XXXVth Congress of the International Commission of Military History, “Warfare in the Age of Napoleon: Precedents, Military Campaigns and Lasting Impact” (Portuguese National Military History Commission, Oporto, 2010).

Potgieter, TD: The Origins and Effect of Maritime Insecurity on Somalia, Matteo Paesano, et al (eds), Proceedings of the XXXIVth Congress of the International Commission of Military History, “Military Conflicts and Civil Populations” (Italian Commission of Military History, Ministry of Defence, Rome, 2009).

Scholtz, L and Potgieter, TD: “Building Stability in the face of Insurgency: Lessons from Afghanistan”, in Deane-Peter Bake and Evert Jordaan (eds), South Africa and Contemporary Counter-insurgency: Roots, Practices, Prospects (UCT Press, Claremont, 2010).

DoE Non-Recognised Publications by CEMIS personnel since 2007:

Liebenberg, I. 2011. Forget about roadmaps to peace: It's Gadaffi or bust!  The Thinker Magazine, Vol. 31: 50-51

Liebenberg, Ian: A Secret Burden: Memories of the Border War by South African Soldiers who fought in it. [Second edition]. Cape Town: Jonathan Ball Publishers (Co-edited with Karen Batley, Carol Allais and Tienie du Plessis), 2008.

Liebenberg, Ian: Beyond the Border War, Scientia Militaria: 124 – 130, 2009.

Liebenberg, Ian: Socio-political Challenges: Development, Democracy and Diversity. Contribution to The Social Environment component for Business Futures 2008 (25th edition of the series), Institute for Futures Research, University of Stellenbosch Business School, 2008.

Potgieter, TD (editor), Esterhuyse, A and Liebenberg, I (co-editors): Regions, Regional Organisations and Military Power, Proceedings of the XXXIII International Congress of Military History, Cape Town, 2007 (African Sun Media, Stellenbosch, 2008).

Potgieter, TD and Schofield, C: Horn of Troubles: Maritime Aspects of Food Security and Law and Order off Somalia (edited and abridged version), in  Lee Cordier (ed), Proceedings from the Indian Ocean Maritime Security Symposium, Australian Defence College, Canberra, 15-17 April 2009 (Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security (ANCORS), University of Wollongong, Australia, 2009).

Potgieter, TD: ‘Somali Piracy: regional context and international response’, Militaire Spectator (Netherlands), 179 (1), 2010.

Potgieter, TD: ‘The Maritime Security Quandary in the Horn of Africa Region: Causes, Consequences and Responses’ in the East Africa Human Security Forum, January 2008, Hans Seidel Foundation, http://www.hss.or.ke/documents/MaritimeSecurity.pdf.

Papers and Conference Presentations by CEMIS personnel since 2007:

Liebenberg, I. 2011.  From racialism to authoritarian: South Africa, militarized politics and implosion of state legitimacy under apartheid.  ISPAIM Ocaasioanl Paper, Volume 10 (16): 64-93
Dhladhla, T J & De Kock, F S: Psychometric Properties of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) in Three African Countries. Poster Presented at the 6th Conference of the International Test Commission, Liverpool, July 2008.

Dhladhla, T J & Van Dyk, G A J: Management of Stress and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in the South African National Defence Force (SANDF): A Model for Discussion. 1st Bi-Annual Conference of the School for Defence and Resource Management, Faculty of Military Science, Stellenbosch University: 10–12 September 2007, Deployment Challenges of Peacekeeping Operations in Africa, Saldanha Bay, South Africa, 2007.

Dhladhla, T J: Demobilisation and Reintegration of Ex-Combatants into Civilian Life: Healing the Wounds? 1st International Conference on Challenges Facing African Armed Forces for the Next Decade, 16 – 18 September 2008, Saldanha, South Africa.

Liebenberg, Ian: Afrikaner Nationalism, Tertiary Military Education and Civil Discontent: Student attitudes at an Afrikaans University from Apartheid’s beginnings to the end of the Angolan War, 1950 - 1989. Paper delivered at the XXXIVth Conference of the International Commission for Military History, Trieste, Italy, 31 August – 05 September 2008.

Liebenberg, Ian: Auto-ethnography as a research methodology in military sociology. Paper delivered at the XVII World Congress of Sociology, Gothenborg, Sweden, 13 July 2010.

Liebenberg, Ian: Getting published, lecture delivered at a Faculty of Military Science/Centre for Military Studies workshop on article publishing, 26 February, Saldanha, 2010.

Liebenberg, Ian: Globalisation and Inequality. Paper delivered at the Annual Conference of the Philosophical Society of Southern Africa, 20-22 January, Monash University, South Africa, 2010.

Liebenberg, Ian: Questions asked, questions contested: The Angolan War, 1975 – 1989. Paper delivered at the XXXIIIth International Congress of Military History, Cape Town, 12 – 17 August 2007.

Potgieter, TD and Fouche, H: Combating Piracy on African Seas, Workshop A, 4th Annual Maritime Surveillance, Safety and Security Conference, IQPC, Cape Town, 26-29 August 2008.

Potgieter, TD and Fouché, H: Piracy and Terror at Sea, Workshop presented at AMC Sea Piracy in Africa Summit, Cullinan Hotel, Cape Town, 26-28 August 2009.

Potgieter, TD and Monama, F: Practicing Military History in Southern Africa, Historiographical Perspectives, Pitfalls and Potential, 11th Conference of Africanists, ‘Africa’s Development: Possibilities and Constraints’ Moscow, Russia, 22-24 May 2008.

Potgieter, TD and Schofield, C: Horn of Troubles: Maritime Aspects of Food Security and Law and Order off Somalia, Indian Ocean Maritime Security Symposium, Australian Defence College, Canberra, organisers Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security (ANCORS), University of Wollongong, Australia, 15-17 April 2009.

Potgieter, TD: African Maritime Security in the Indian Ocean: Key Issues, Security Cooperation and Strategy, “Maritime Safety and Security in Africa Seminar”, organised by Africa Center for Strategic Studies, National Defence University, Washington (USA), held in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 18-23 April 2010.

Potgieter, TD: African Maritime Security in the Indian Ocean: Key Issues, Security Cooperation and Strategy, biannual conference of the South African Historical Association on “Milestones: Commemorating South African History”, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa, 22-24 July 2010.

Potgieter, TD: Analysing Maritime Security around the Horn of Africa – Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, 4th Annual Maritime Surveillance, Safety and Security Conference, IQPC, Cape Town, 26-29 August 2008.

Potgieter, TD: Assessing Horn of Africa Piracy, Middle East Maritime Security and Surveillance Conference, Gulf Hotel and Convention Centre, Manama, Bahrain, 31 May – 1 June 2010.

Potgieter, TD: Breaking Maritime Boundaries, Annual Congress South African Sociological Association, Wits University, Johannesburg, 28 June-2 July 2009.

Potgieter, TD: Combating African Piracy, 1st International Conference, School for Human Resource Development, Faculty of Military Science, SU, on ‘Strategic Challenges for African Armed Forces for the Next Decade’, Saldanha, 16-18 September 2008.

Potgieter, TD: Contemporary African piracy: context, causes and responses, “War and Security Studies Seminar Series”, Centre for Military History and Strategic Studies, National University of Ireland (NUI), Maynooth, 13 October 2009.

Potgieter, TD: Indian Ocean Maritime Security: Key Issues, Prospects and Security Cooperation, Expert Meeting on Indian Ocean Security, SADSEN (Southern Africa Defence and Security Network) Conference, La Plantation, Mauritius, 30-31 August 2009.

Potgieter, TD: Introductory Notes and Framework: Insurgency and Counterinsurgency as Field of Study, Doctrine Workshop, SA Army, Military Academy, 7 December 2009.

Potgieter, TD: Maritime security and piracy, Irish Maritime College, Cork, Ireland, 15 October 2009.

Potgieter, TD: Maritime Security: The Horn of Africa, AMC Sea Piracy in Africa Summit, Cullinan Hotel, Cape Town, 26-28 August 2009.

Potgieter, TD: Naval Readiness and Operations far from Home: The Lucas Expedition, 1796, XXXVth Congress of the International Commission of Military History, “Warfare in the Age of Napoleon: Precedents, Military Campaigns and Lasting Impact”, Oporto, Portugal, 30 August – 4 September 2009.

Potgieter, TD: Port Security: House of Cards of Maritime Security, International Summit, “Seaport Security Southern Africa”, Radisson Blu Hotel, Cape Town, South Africa, 14 – 15 September 2010.

Potgieter, TD: Teaching African Military History, Workshop: Lessons of Military History, Proposal for a Multilateral Research Project, Reading University, UK, 19-20 May 2008.

Potgieter, TD: The Maritime Security Quandary in the Horn of Africa Region: Causes, Consequences and Responses, International Conference on Maritime Security Issues around the East Coast of Africa, ISS and the Hans Seidel Foundation, Mombassa, Kenya, 26 November 2007.

Potgieter, TD: The Nature and Impact of Maritime Insecurity on the Horn of Africa Region, 11th Conference of Africanists, ‘Africa’s Development: Possibilities and Constraints’ Moscow, Russia, 22-24 May 2008.

Potgieter, TD: The Origins and Effect of Maritime Insecurity on Somalia, XXXIVth Congress of the International Commission of Military History, ‘Military Conflicts and Civil Population, Trieste, Italy, 31 August – 5 September 2008.

Potgieter, TD: The Soviet Counterinsurgency Campaign in Afghanistan, XXXVIth Congress of the International Commission of Military History, “Insurgency and Counterinsurgency Warfare since 1800”, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 29 August – 3 September 2010.

Potgieter, TD: When Maritime Security is Absent’, International Conference on Maritime Security in Southern African Waters, Stellenbosch, 22-23 July 2008.

CEMIS PROJECT – SOUTH AFRICA AND ROMANIA: CHANGING SECURITY PARADIGMS

Little comparative work has been done on the process of political transition in Romania and South Africa and the subsequent evolution of their security architecture and the national and regional security policies of the two countries. Valuable perspectives were gained from comparing the recent histories of the two countries through a joint National Research Foundation (NRF) and Romanian funded research program. The following themes came under scrutiny: Strategic maritime challenges for Romania and South Africa; the realignment of security policy in a changed national and international political environment; civilian control over the military, the role and effect of parliamentary oversight committees in the respective democracies and the role of a professional soldier in a democracy.

The team consisted of Prof Thean Potgieter, Research Associate, Centre for Military Studies, Prof (Major General) Mihail E. Ionescu from the Institute for Political Studies of Defence and Military History (IPSDMH) in Bucharest, Ian Liebenberg, Director (Acting), CEMIS, Calvin Manganyi, Department of Political Science, Faculty of Military Science, Stellenbosch University and the South African Military Academy and three Romanian researchers, Dr Şerban Filip Cioculescu, Ms Carmen Rîjnoveanu and Daniela Siscanu. Researchers with proven research records, international status and promising post graduate students made up the working teams. This approach provided the opportunity to develop younger researchers in both countries and give them valuable international exposure while sharing skills and transfer knowledge.

Project activities included academic exchanges, guest lectures by visiting academics, research fellowships and two workshops, one in South Africa and one in Romania. The concrete deliverables are research reports, academic papers, an accredited article, a monograph and a book (Just Done Publications, Durban, 2012). A further monograph expands on the above and is in the editing process under the guidance of Calvin Manganyi, Chair Department of Political Science, Faculty of Military Science, Stellenbosch University and the Military Academy and will be published in 2013 in South Africa.

The project offered opportunities for developing human potential and cultural dialogue. The initiative aimed at creating a greater understanding of mutual security issues. The project played an important role in promoting the African agenda internationally and informing the academic environment outside South Africa of our unique experiences and realities inside the country, within the region and on the continent.
4TH SOUTH AFRICAN-NETHERLANDS SECURITY COURSE HELD AT THE MILITARY ACADEMY

The Centre of Military Studies (Cemis) at the South African Military Academy (MA), in close cooperation with the Netherlands Defence Academy (NLDA), hosted the fourth International Security Course over the period 10 -15 September 2012.  This course was offered for the first time in September 2007. Due to its success the course has been presented annually from 2010.

The MA was selected as host institution due to its role in offering tertiary education to the members of the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) and other defence forces. The Military Academy offers courses to both residential (officers) and non-residential (interactive telematic education for officers and other ranks) students. 

The course aim is to provide junior officers, at the rank level of Lt and Capt (and their Navy equivalents), or young civil servants, with a clear descriptive and analytical perspective on international relations and security and help them to form or improve their opinion and develop broader thinking on these matters. This year it has extended to gender relations and gender management strategies within the security environment. This is meant to stimulate academic debate, to encourage students to express their views on various topics and to assist them in applying their knowledge operationally.

A total of 30 students attended the course, which included members from the South African National Defence Force as well as members from the Defence Forces of Uganda, Burundi, Botswana, Mozambique, Zambia, Angola, Uganda and France.  A lot of meaningful discussions emanated from the participants and the quality of the end presentations were some of the best since the course was first presented in 2007.