Animal TB
Welcome to Stellenbosch University

Division of Molecular Biology & Human Genetics

Animal TB Research Group


  1. Bernitz, N., T. Kerr, C. de Waal, D. Cooper, R. Warren, P. van Helden, S. Parsons, and M. Miller. 2020. Test characteristics of assays to detect Mycobacterium bovis infection in high prevalence African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) herds. J. Wildl. Dis. 56(2):462-465. doi: 10/7589/2019-06-173
  2. Hewlett, J., P. Buss, F. Olea-Popelka, K. Koeppel, D. Neiffer, G. Hausler, L. Rossouw, T. Manamela, E. Stout, and M. Miller. 2020. Evaluation of a partially reversible immobilization protocol using medetomidine, butorphanol, zolazepam- tiletamine, and ketamine in free-ranging warthogs (Phacochoerus africanus) in Kruger National Park, South Africa. J. Zoo Wildl. Med. 51(1):80-87.
  3. Lyashchenko, K.P., A.A. Sridhara, A. Johnathan-Lee, A. Sikar-Gang, P. Lambotte, J. Esfandiari, N. Bernitz, T.J. Kerr, M.A. Miller, and W.R. Waters. 2020. Differential antigen recognition by serum antibodies from three bovid hosts of Mycobacterium bovis infection. Compar. Immunol. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 69(2020):101424.
  4. Hooijberg, E.H., Cray, C., Steenkamp, G., Buss, P., Goddard, A. and Miller, M. 2020. Assessment of the acute phase response in healthy and injured southern white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum simum). Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 6:475-484.
  5. Kerr, T.J., Gumbo, R., Goosen, W.J., Rogers, P., Last, R.D. and Miller, M.A. 2020. Novel detection techniques for Mycobacterium bovis infection in a cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus). Emerg. Infect. Dis. 26(3):630-631.
  6. Hooijberg, E., C. Cray, M. Miller, P. Buss, G. Steenkamp, and A. Goddard. 2020. Bias between two methods of albumin measurement in the white rhinoceros, Ceratotherium simum. Vet. Clin. Path. 49:91-94.
  7. Krajewska-Wedzina, M., A. Didkowska, A.A. Sridhara, R. Elahi, A. Johnathan-Lee, L. Radulski, M. Lipiec, K. Anusz, K.P. Lyashchenko, M.A. Miller, and W.R. Waters. 2020. Transboundary tuberculosis: importation of alpacas infected with Mycobacterium bovis from the United Kingdom to Poland and potential for serodiagnostic assays in detecting tuberculin skin test false-negative animals. Transb. Emerg. Dis. 67(3):1306-1314. doi:10.1111/tbed.13471
  8. Larsen, M.H., K. Lacourciere, T.M. Parker, A. Kraigsley, J.M. Achkar, L.B. Adams, K.M. Dupnik, L. Hall-Stoodley, T. Hartman, C. Kanipe, S.L. Kurtz, M.A. Miller, L. C.M. Salvador, J.S. Spencer, and R.T. Robinson. 2020. The many hosts of mycobacteria 8 (MHM8): A conference report. Tuberculosis 121 (2020):101914.
  9. Goosen, W.J., T.J. Kerr, L. Kleynhans, P. Buss, R.M. Warren, P.D. van Helden, B. Schroder, S.D.C. Parsons, and M.A. Miller. 2020. The VetMAXTM M. tuberculosis complex PCR kit detects MTBC DNA in antemortem and postmortem samples from white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum), African elephants (Loxodonta africana) and African buffaloes (Syncerus caffer). BMC Vet. Res. 16:220.
  10. Goosen, W.J., T.J. Kerr, L. Kleynhans, R.M. Warren, P.D. van Helden, D. Persing, S.D.C. Parsons, P. Buss, and M.A. Miller. 2020. The Xpert MTB/RIF Ultra assay detects Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex DNA in white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) and African elephants (Loxodonta africana). Sci. Reports 10:14482. 020-71568-9
  11. Edwards, K.L., M.A. Miller, J. Siegal-Willott, and J.L. Brown. 2020. Serum health biomarkers in African and Asian elephants: value ranges and clinical values indicative of the immune response. Animals 10:1756. doi: 10.3390/ani10101756
  12. Didkowska, A., B. Orłowska, L. Witkowski, K. Olbrych, S. Brzezińska, E. Augustynowicz-Kopeć, M. Krajewska-Wędzina, A. Bereznowski, W. Bielecki, A. Rakowska, W. Olech, M.A. Miller, W.R. Waters, K.P. Lyashchenko, and K. Anusz. 2020. Biopsy and tracheobronchial aspirates as additional tools for the ante-mortem diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis in European bison (Bison bonasus). Animals 10, 2017.
  13. Dwyer, R.A., C. Witte, P. Buss, W.J. Goosen, M. Miller. 2020. Epidemiology of tuberculosis in multi-host wildlife systems: implications for black (Diceros bicornis) and white (Ceratotherium simum) rhinoceros. Front. Vet. Sci. 7:580476. doi: 10.3389/fvets.2020.580476
  14. Smith, K., L. Kleynhans, C. Snyders, N. Bernitz, D. Cooper, P. van Helden, R.M. Warren, M.A. Miller, W.J. Goosen. 2021. Use of the MILLIPLEX® bovine cytokine/chemokine multiplex assay to identify Mycobacterium bovis-infection biomarkers in African buffaloes (Syncerus caffer). Vet. Immun. Immunopath. 231: 110152.
  15. Sridhara, A.A., A. Johnathan-Lee, R. Elahi, M.A. Risalde, C. Gortazar, W.R. Waters, K.P. Lyashchenko, and M.A. Miller. 2020. Strong antibody responses to Mycobacterium bovis infection in domestic pigs and potential for reliable serodiagnostics. Vet. Immun. Immunopath.
  16. Smith, K., N. Bernitz, S. Goldswain, D.V. Cooper, R.M. Warren, W.J. Goosen, M.A. Miller. Optimized interferon-gamma release assays for detection of Mycobacterium bovis infection in African buffaloes (Syncerus caffer). Vet. Immunol. Immunopath.
  17. Mosing, M., A.D. Waldmann, M. Sacks, P. Buss, J.M. Boesch, G.E. Zeiler, G. Hosgood, R.D. Gleed, M. Miller, L.C.R. Meyer, S.H. Bohm. 2020. What hinders pulmonary gas exchange and changes distribution of ventilation in immobilized white rhinoceroses (Ceratotherium simum) in lateral recumbency? J. Appl. Physiol. 129:1140-1149. doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00359.2020
  18. Neiffer, D., J. Hewlett, P. Buss, L. Rossouw, G. Hausler, L.-M. de Klerk-Lorist, E. Roos, F. Olea-Popelka, B. Lubisi, L. Heath, M. Miller. 2020 Antibody prevalence to African swine fever, Mycobacterium bovis, Foot-and-Mouth Disease virus, Rift Valley Fever virus, influenza A virus, and Brucella and Leptospira spp. in free-ranging warthog (Phacochoerus africana) populations in South Africa. J. Wildl. Dis.
  19. Radcliffe, R.W., M. Jago, P. vdB. Morkel, S.A. Parry, E. Morkel, P. du Preez, P. Beytell, J. du Preez, M. Miller, J. Felippe, and R.D. Gleed. The pulmonary and metabolic effects of suspension by the feet compared with lateral recumbency in immobilized black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) captured by aerial darting. J. Wildl. Dis. In press
  20. Meiring, C., R. Higgitt, A. Dippenaar, E. Roos, P. Buss, J. Hewlett, D. Cooper, P. Rogers, L.-M. de Klerk-Lorist, L. van Schalkwyk, G. Hausler, P. van Helden, M. Moller, R. Warren, M. Miller. Characterizing epidemiological and genotypic features of Mycobacterium bovis infection in wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). Transb. Emerg. Dis. In press
  21. Miller, M.A., T.J. Kerr, C.R. de Waal, W.J. Goosen, E.M. Streicher, G. Hausler, L. Rossouw, T. Manamela, L. van Schalkwyk, L. Kleynhans, R. Warren, P. van Helden, and P.E. Buss. Detection of Mycobacterium bovis infection in free- ranging African elephants (Loxodonta africana) and importance of mycobacterial speciation in understanding epidemiology of TB. Emerg. Infect. Dis. In press
  22. Didkowska, A., M. Krajewska-Wędzina, W. Bielecki, S. Brzezińska, E. Augustynowicz-Kopeć, W. Olech, K. Anusz, A.A. Sridhara, A. Johnathan-Lee, R. Elahi, M.A. Miller, W.R. Waters, and K.P. Lyashchenko. Antibody responses in European bison (Bison bonasus) naturally infected with Mycobacterium caprae. Vet. Microbiol. In press
  23. Chileshe, J., T.J. Kerr, C. Kinnear, P.E. Buss, P.D. van Helden, R.M. Warren, M.A. Miller, and S.D.C. Parsons. Cytokine biomarker discovery in the white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum). Vet. Immunol. Immunopath. In press