Animal TB
Welcome to Stellenbosch University

​Division of Molecular Biology & Human Genetics​

Animal TB Research Group


  1. Buss P, Miller M, Fuller A, Haw A, Thulson E, Olea-Popelka F, Meyer L. 2022. Effect of Azaperone on Induction Times in Etorphine-Immobilized White Rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum). J Wildl Dis 58: 245–247.
  2. Chelopo ND, Buss PE, Miller MA, Zeiler GE. 2022. Cardiopulmonary responses of free-ranging African elephant (Loxodonta africana) bulls immobilized with a thiafentanil–azaperone combination. Association of Veterinary Anaesthetists and American College of Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia. Vet Anaesth Analg 49: 291–298.
  3. Clarke C, Bernitz N, Goosen WJ, Miller MA. 2022. High-Specificity Test Algorithm for Bovine Tuberculosis Diagnosis in African Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) Herds. Pathogens 11: 1393.
  4. Clarke C, Cooper D V, Miller MA, Goosen WJ. 2022. Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex DNA in oronasal swabs from infected African buffaloes (Syncerus caffer). Sci Rep 12: 1–6.
  5. Clarke C, Kerr TJ, Warren RM, Kleynhans L, Miller MA, Goosen WJ. 2022. Identification and Characterisation of Nontuberculous Mycobacteria in African Buffaloes (Syncerus caffer), South Africa. Microorganisms 10:
  6. Cooke DM, Goosen WJ, Witte C, Miller MA. 2022. Field evaluation of the tuberculin skin test for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex infection in communal goats (Capra hircus) in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. V. Vet Immunol Immunopathol 252: 110486.
  7. Dwyer R, Goosen W, Buss P, Kedward S, Manamela T, Hausler G, Chileshe J, Rossouw L, Fowler JH, Miller M, et al. 2022. Epidemiology of Mycobacterium bovis infection in free-ranging rhinoceros in Kruger National Park, South Africa. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 119: e2120656119.
  8. Dwyer R, Witte C, Buss P, Manamela T, Freese L, Hausler G, Goosen WJ, Miller M. 2022. Reduced capability of refrigerated white rhinoceros whole blood to produce interferon-gamma upon mitogen stimulation. Elsevier B.V. Vet Immunol Immunopathol 252: 110485.
  9. Goosen WJ, Clarke C, Kleynhans L, Kerr TJ, Buss P, Miller MA. 2022. Culture‐Independent PCR Detection and Differentiation of Mycobacteria spp. in Antemortem Respiratory Samples from African Elephants (Loxodonta africana) and Rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum, Diceros bicornis) in South Africa. Pathogens 11.
  10. Goosen WJ, Kleynhans L, Kerr TJ, van Helden PD, Buss P, Warren RM, Miller MA. 2022. Improved detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and M. bovis in African wildlife samples using cationic peptide decontamination and mycobacterial culture supplementation. J Vet Diagnostic Investig 34: 61–67.
  11. Gumbo R, Sylvester TT, Goosen WJ, Buss PE, de Klerk-Lorist L-M, van Schalkwyk OL, McCall A, Warren RM, van Helden PD, Miller MA, et al. 2022. Adaptation and Diagnostic Potential of a Commercial Cat Interferon Gamma Release Assay for the Detection of Mycobacterium bovis Infection in African Lions (Panthera leo). Pathogens 11: 765.
  12. Gumbo R, Sylvester TT, Parsons SDC, Buss PE, Warren RM, van Helden PD, Miller MA, Kerr TJ. 2022. Comparison of interferon gamma release assay and CXCL9 gene expression assay for the detection of Mycobacterium bovis infection in African lions (Panthera leo). Front Cell Infect Microbiol 12: 765.
  13. Kerr TJ, Goosen WJ, Gumbo R, Klerk‐Lorist L, Pretorius O, Buss PE, Kleynhans L, Lyashchenko KP, Warren RM, Helden PD, et al. 2022. Diagnosis of Mycobacterium bovis infection in free‐ranging common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius). Transbound Emerg Dis 69: 378–384.
  14. Krajewska-Wędzina M, Miller MA, Didkowska A, Kycko A, Radulski Ł, Lipiec M, Weiner M. 2022. The potential risk of international spread of Mycobacterium bovis associated with movement of alpacas. J Vet Res 66: 53–59.
  15. Lakin HA, Tavalire H, Sakamoto K, Buss P, Miller M, Budischak SA, Raum K, Ezenwa VO, Beechler B, Jolles A. 2022. Bovine tuberculosis in African buffalo (Syncerus caffer): Progression of pathology during infection. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 16:e0010906.
  16. Meiring C, Schurz H, van Helden P, Hoal E, Tromp G, Kinnear C, Kleynhans L, Glanzmann B, van Schalkwyk L, Miller M, et al. 2022. African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) from the Kruger National Park, South Africa are currently not inbred but have low genomic diversity.Sci Rep 12: 14979.
  17. Miller MA, Olea-Popelka F, Buss PE. 2022. Effect Of Boma Confinement On Hematologic And Biochemical Values In Free-Ranging White Rhinoceros (Ceratotherium Simum) In Kruger National Park, South Africa. J Wildl Dis 58: 735–745.
  18. Miller MA, Olea-Popelka F, Buss PE. 2022. Effect Of Capture And Immobilization On Boma Adaptation In Free-Ranging White Rhinoceros (Ceratotherium Simum) In Kruger National Park, South Africa. J Wildl Dis 58:816–824.
  19. Ncube P, Bagheri B, Goosen WJ, Miller MA, Sampson SL. 2022. Evidence, Challenges, and Knowledge Gaps Regarding Latent Tuberculosis in Animals. Microrganisms 10(9): 1845.
  20. Sridhara AA, Johnathan-lee A, Elahi R, Lambotte P, Esfandiari J, Laura M, Kerr TJ, Miller MA, Holder T, Jones G, et al. 2022. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology Differential detection of IgM and IgG antibodies to chimeric antigens in bovine tuberculosis. Vet Immunol Immunopathol 253: 110499.