Botany & Zoology
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​​Journal Articles (Subsidised)

​AIZEN MA, AGUIAR S, BIESMEIJER JC, GARIBALDI LA, INOUYE DW, JUNG C, MARTINS DJ, MEDEL R, MORALES CL, NGO HT, PAUW CA, PAXTON RJ, SÁEZ A, SEYMOUR C. Global agricultural productivity is threatened by increasing pollinator dependence without a parallel increase in crop diversification. Global Change Biology 2019; 25:3516-3527.

ANSONG M, PERGL J, ESSL F, HEJDA M, VAN KLEUNEN M, RANDALL R, PYCEK P. Naturalized and invasive alien flora of Ghana. Biological Invasions 2019; 21(3):669-683.

ARAÚJO MB, ANDERSON RP, BARBOSA AM, BEALE CM, DORMANN CF, EARLY R, GARCIA R, GUISAN A, MAIORANO L, NAIMI B, O'HARA RB, ZIMMERMANN NE, RAHBEK C. Standards for distribution models in biodiversity assessments. Science Advances 2019; 5(1):Article number eaat4858, 11 pages.

AREMU AO, MASONDO N, GRUZ J, DOLEŽAL K, VAN STADEN J. Potential of Smoke-Water and One of Its Active Compounds (karrikinolide, KAR1) on the Phytochemical and Antioxidant Activity of Eucomis autumnalis. Antioxidants 2019; 8(12):e611, 15 pages.

AYLWARD J, ROETS F, DREYER LL, WINGFIELD MJ. Teratosphaeria stem canker of Eucalyptus: two pathogens, one devastating disease. MOLECULAR PLANT PATHOLOGY 2019; 20:8-19.

BABALOLA OO, TRUTER JC, VAN WYK JH. Mortality, teratogenicity and growth inhibition of three glyphosate formulations using Frog Embryo Teratogenesis Assay-Xenopus. JOURNAL OF APPLIED TOXICOLOGY 2019; 39:1257-1266.

BAIRD D, ASMUS H, ASMUS R, HORN S, DE LA VEGA C. Ecosystem response to increasing ambient water temperatures due to climate warming in the Sylt- Romo Bight, northern Wadden Sea, Germany . Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 2019; 228:e106322, 29 pages.

BALBI S, SELOMANE O, SITAS N, BLANCHARD R, KOTZEE I, O FARRELL PJ, VILLA F. Human dependence on natural resources in two rapidly urbanising South African regions. Environmental Research Letters 2019; 14(4):044008, 12 pages.

BARNES A, DANIELS SR. On the importance of fine-scale sampling in detecting alpha taxonomic diversity among saproxylic invertebrates: A velvet worm (Onychophora: Opisthopatus amaxhosa) template. Zoologica Scripta 2019; 48(2):243-262.

BARRA PJ, PONTIGO S, DELGADO M, PARRA ALMUN L, DURAN P, VALENTINE AJ, JORQUERA MA, MORA ML. Phosphobacteria inoculation enhances the benefit of P–fertilization on Lolium perenne in soils contrasting in P–availability. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 2019; 136:Article number  107516, 11 pages.

BAUER AM, CHILDERS JL, BROECKHOVEN C, MOUTON PLN. A new nucras Gray, 1838 (Squamata: Lacertidae) from the strandveld of the western cape, South Africa. Zootaxa 2019; 4560(1):149- 163.

BAXTER-GILBERT JH, PARSONS J, BOSTOCK C, RILEY J. Hamerkop (Scopus umbretta) predation on an Augrabies flat lizard (Platysaurus broadleyi). Herpetological Bulletin 2019; 148:37-38.

BAXTER-GILBERT JH, RILEY J, WHITING MJ. Bold New World: urbanization promotes an innate behavioral trait in a lizard. BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY AND SOCIOBIOLOGY 2019; 73(8):Article number 105, 10 pages.

BERGER C, BIERI M, BRADSHAW K, BRÜMMER C, CLEMEN T, HICKLER T, KUTSCH WL, LENFERS UA, MARTENS C, MIDGLEY GF, MUKWASHI K, ODIPO V, STEVENS N, ET AL ET AL. Linking scales and disciplines: an interdisciplinary cross-scale approach to supporting climate-relevant ecosystem management. Climatic Change 2019; 156:139-150.

BISHOP TR, PARR CL, GIBB H, VAN RENSBURG BJ, BRASCHLER BM, CHOWN SL, FOORD SH, LAMY K, MUNYAI TC, OKEY I, TSHIVHANDEKANO PG, WERENKRAUT V, ROBERTSON MP. Thermoregulatory traits combine with range shifts to alter the future of montane ant assemblages.

Global Change Biology 2019; 25(6):2162-2173.

BLACKBURN M, BELLARD C, RICCIARDI A. Alien versus native species as drivers of recent extinctions. FRONTIERS IN ECOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT 2019; 17(4):203-207.

​BLETTLER MCM, OBERHOLSTER PJ, MADLALA T, EBERLE EG, AMSLER ML, DE KLERK AR, TRUTER JC, MARCHESE MR, LATOSINSKI FG, SZUPIANY R. Habitat characteristics, hydrology and anthropogenic pollution as important factors for distribution of biota in the middle Paraná River, Argentina. ECOHYDROLOGY & HYDROBIOLOGY 2019; 19(2):296-306.

BOND WJ, STEVENS N, MIDGLEY GF, LEHMANN CER. The trouble with trees:afforestation plans for Africa. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2019; 34(11):963-965.

BORIE F, AGUILERA P, CASTILLO C, VALENTINE AJ, SEGUEL A, BAREA JM, CORNEJO P. Revisiting the Nature of Phosphorus Pools in Chilean Volcanic Soils as a Basis for Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Management in Plant P Acquisition. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 2019; 19(2):390- 401.

BORTOLUS A, ADAM P, ADAMS J, AINOUCHE ML, AYRES D, BERTNESS MD, BOUMA TJ, BRUNO JF, CACADOR I, CARLTON JT, CASTILLO JM, RICHARDSON DM, ET AL. Supporting Spartina: Interdisciplinary perspective shows Spartina as a distinct solid genus. Ecology 2019; 100


BOSC C, HUI C, ROETS F, PAUW CA. Importance of biotic niches versus drift in a plant-inhabiting arthropod community depends on rarity and trophic group. Ecography 2019; 42:1926-1935.

BROOKS TM, PIMM SL, AKÇAKAYA HR, BUCHANAN G, BUTCHART SHM, FODEN WB, HILTON- TAYLOR C, HOFFMANN M, JENKINS CN, JOPPA L, LI BV, MENON V, ET .. Measuring Terrestrial Area of Habitat (AOH) and Its Utility for the IUCN Red List. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2019; 34(11):977-986.

BUCZKOWSKI G, WOSSLER TC. Controlling invasive Argentine ants, Linepithema humile, in conservation areas using horizontal insecticide transfer. Scientific Reports 2019; 9:19495, 7 Pages.

BURNS JH, BENNETT JM, LI J, XIA J, ARCEO-GÓME G, BURD M, BURKLE LA, DURKA W, ELLIS AG, FREITAS L, RODGER JG, VAMOSI JC, ET .. Plant traits moderate pollen limitation of introduced and native plants: a phylogenetic meta-analysis of global scale. New Phytologist 2019; 223(4):2063- 2075.

BUSSCHAU T, CONRADIE W, DANIELS SR. Evidence for cryptic diversification in a rupicolous forest-dwelling gecko (Gekkonidae: Afroedura pondolia) from a biodiversity hotspot. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 2019; 139:Article number 106549, 15 pages.

CANAVAN S, MEYERSON LA, PACKER JG, PYŠEK P, MAUREL N, LOZANO V, RICHARDSON DM, BRUNDU G, CANAVAN K, CICATELLI A, ČUDA J, DAWSON W, ESSL F, WILSON JR. Tall-statured grasses: a useful functional group for invasion science. Biological Invasions 2019; 21(1):37-58.

CANAVAN S, RICHARDSON DM, LE ROUX JJ, WILSON JR. Alien Bamboos in South Africa: a Socio- Historical Perspective. Human Ecology 2019; 47(1):121-133.

CASTRO-DÍEZ P, VAZ AS, SILVA JS, VAN LOO M, ALONSO A, APONTE C, BAYÓN A, BELLINGHAM PJ, CHIUFFO MC, DIMANNO N, JULIAN K, KANDERT S, POTGIETER LJ, RICHARDSON DM, SHACKLETON RT, ET AL. Global effects of non-native tree species on multiple ecosystem services. Biological Reviews 2019; 94(4):1477-1501.

CHAU JH, BORN C, MCGEOCH MA, BERGSTROM D, SHAW J, TERAUDS A, MAIRAL PISA M, LE ROUX JJ, JANSEN VAN VUUREN B. The influence of landscape, climate and history on spatial genetic patterns in keystone plants (Azorella) on sub-Antarctic islands. MOLECULAR ECOLOGY 2019; 28 (14):3291-3305.

CHENEY CC, ESLER KJ, FOXCROFT LC, VAN WILGEN NJ. Scenarios for the management of invasive Acacia species in a protected area: Implications of clearing efficacy. Journal of Environmental Management 2019; 238:274-282.

CUMBERLIDGE N, NDONGO PAM, CLARK PF, DANIELS SR. A new genus for the freshwater crab Potamonemus asylos Cumberlidge, 1993, (Brachyura: Potamoidea: Potamonautidae) from Cameroon, Central Africa, with a key to the genera of the Potamonautinae. JOURNAL OF NATURAL HISTORY 2019; 53(11-12):659-676.


conservation potential of fish and corals in aquariums globally. JOURNAL FOR NATURE CONSERVATION 2019; 48:1-11.

DANIELS SR, BUSSCHAU T, CUMBERLIDGE N. Two new species of freshwater crabs of the genus Potamonautes MacLeay, 1838 (Decapoda: Brachyura: Potamonautidae) from the forests of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Journal of Crustacean Biology 2019; 39(4):426-435.

DAVIES SJ, HILL M, MCGEOCH MA, CLUSELLA-TRULLAS S. Niche shift and resource supplementation facilitate an amphibian range expansion. Diversity and Distributions 2019; 25 (1):154-165.

DE JAGER ML, ANDERSON BC. When is resemblance mimicry?. Functional Ecology 2019; 33:1586- 1596.

DE JAGER ML, PEAKALL R. Experimental examination of pollinator-mediated selection in a sexually deceptive orchid. Annals of Botany 2019; 123(2):347-354.

DE JONGE VN, SCHUCKEL U, BAIRD D. Effects of spatial scale, species aggregation and balancing on carbon flows and ecological network analysis indicators of food webs. Marine Ecology Progress Series 2019; 613:15-47.

DE JONGE VN, SCHUCKEL U, BAIRD D. Subsets of food webs cannot be used as a substitute to assess the functioning of entire ecosystems. Marine Ecology Progress Series 2019; 613:49-66.

DENG C, HAO X, SHI M, FU R, WANG Y, ZHANG Y, ZHOU W, FENG Y, MAKUNGA NP, KAI G. Tanshinone production could be increased by the expression of SmWRKY2 in Salvia miltiorrhiza hairy roots. Plant Science 2019; 284:1-8.

DIAZ S, SETTELE J, BRONDÍZIO ES, NGO HT, AGARD J, ARNETH A, BALVANERA P, BRAUMAN KA, BUTCHART SHM, CHAN KMA, GARIBALDI LA, ICHII K, MIDGLEY GF, REYERS B, ET AL. Pervasive human-driven decline of life on Earth points to the need for transformative change. Science 2019; 366(6471):eaax3100, 12 pages.

DU PLESSIS A, BROECKHOVEN C, YADROITSAVA I, YADROITSEV I, HANDS CH, KUNJU R, BHATE D. Beautiful and Functional: A Review of Biomimetric Design in Additive Manufacturing . Additive Manufacturing 2019; 27:408-427.

DU PLESSIS A, BROECKHOVEN C. Looking deep into nature: A review of micro-computed toography in biominicry . Acta Biomaterialia 2019; 85:27-40.

DUNCAN RP, CASSEY P, PIGOT A, BLACKBURN M. A general model for alien species richness. Biological Invasions 2019; 21(8):2665-2677.

DYER BM, COOPER J, CRAWFORD RJM, SHERLEY RB, SOMHLABA S, COCKCROFT A, UPFOLD L, MAKHADO AB. Geographical and temporal variation in the diet of Bank Cormorants Phalacrocorax neglectus in South Africa. OSTRICH 2019; 90(4):373-390.

ELÍAS R, SARACHO-BOTTERO MA, SIMON CA. Protocirrineris (Polychaeta:Cirratulidae) in South Africa and description of two new species. REVISTA DE BIOLOGIA TROPICAL 2019; 67:70-80.

ENGELBRECHT HM, BRANCH WR, GREENBAUM E, ALEXANDER G, JACKSON K, BURGER M, CONRADIE W, KUSAMBA C, ZASSI-BOULOU AG, TOLLEY KA. Diversifying into the branches: Species boundaries in African green and bush snakes, Philothamnus (Serpentes: Colubridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 2019; 130:357-365.

ENQUIST BJ, FENG X, BOYLE B, MAITNER B, NEWMAN EA, JORGENSEN PM, ROEHRDANZ PM, THIERS BM, BURGER JR, CORLETT RT, COUVREUR TLP, DAUBY G, FODEN WB, MIDGLEY GF, ET AL. The commonness of rarity: Global and future distribution of rarity across land plants. Science Advances 2019; 5:eaaz0414, 13 pages.

ESCUDEIRO A, ADEGA F, ROBINSON TJ, HESLOP-HARRISON JS, CHAVES R. Conservation, divergence, and functions of centromeric satellite DNA families in the bovidae. Genome Biology and Evolution 2019; 11(4):1152-1165.

ESSL F, DULLINGER S, GENOVESI P, HULME PE, JESCHKE JM, KATSANEVAKIS S, KUHN I, LENZNER B, PAUCHARD A, PYSEK P, RABITSCH W, RICHARDSON DM, SEEBENS H, ET AL. A conceptual framework for range-expanding species that track human-induced environmental change. Bioscience 2019; 69(11):908-919.

FATH BD, ASMUS H, ASMUS R, BAIRD D, BORRETT S, DE JONGE VN, LUDOVISI A, NIQUIL N, SCHARLER UM, SCHÜCKEL U, WOLFF M. Ecological network analysis metrics: The need for an entire ecosystem approach in management and policy. Ocean and Coastal Management 2019; 174:1-14.

FENESI A, SÁNDOR D, PYCEK P, DAWSON W, RUPRECHT E, ESSL F, KREFT H, PERGL J, WEIGELT P, WINTER M, VAN KLEUNEN M. The role of fruit heteromorphism in the naturalization of Asteraceae. Annals of Botany 2019; 123(6):1043-1052.

FEY SB, VASSEUR DA, ALUJEVIC K, KROEKER KJ, LOGAN ML, O CONNOR MI, RUDOLF VHW, DELONG JP, PEACOR S, SELDEN RL, SIH A, CLUSELLA-TRULLAS S. Opportunities for behavioral rescue under rapid environmental change. Global Change Biology Bioenergy 2019; 25(9):3110- 3120.

FOSTER JD, ELLIS AG, FOXCROFT LC, CARROLL S, LE ROUX JJ. The potential evolutionary impact of invasive balloon vines on native soapberry bugs in South Africa. NeoBiota 2019; 49:19-35.

FOXCROFT LC, SPEAR D, VAN WILGEN NJ, MCGEOCH MA. Assessing the association between pathways of alien plant invaders and their impacts in protected areas. NeoBiota 2019; 43:1-25.

​FROST CM, ALLEN WJ, COURCHAMP F, JESCHKE JM, SAUL W, WARDLE DA. Using Network Theory to Understand and Predict Biological Invasions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2019; 34(9):831- 843.

GALLIEN L, THORNHILL AH, ZURELL D, MILLER JT, RICHARDSON DM. Global predictors of alien plant establishment success: Combining niche and trait proxies. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 2019; 286(1897):Article number 20182477, 8 pages.

GARCIA R, ALLEN JL, CLUSELLA-TRULLAS S. Rethinking the scale and formulation of indices assessing organism vulnerability to warmer habitats. Ecography 2019; 42:1024-1036.

GARCIA R, CLUSELLA-TRULLAS S. Thermal landscape change as a driver of ectotherm responses to plant invasions. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 2019; 286 (1905):Article number 20191020, 9 pages.

GARCÍA-VERDUGO C, CAUJAPÉ-CASTELLS J, ILLERA JC, MAIRAL PISA M, PATIÑO J, REYES-BETANCORT A, SCHOLZ S. Pleistocene extinctions as drivers of biogeographical patterns on the easternmost Canary Islands. Journal of Biogeography 2019; 46(5):845-859.

GIBSON KM, NGUYEN BN, NEUMANN LM, MILLER MA, BUSS P, DANIELS SR, AHN MJ, CRANDALL KA, PUKAZHENTHI B. Gut microbiome differences between wild and captive black rhinoceros - implications for rhino health. Scientific Reports 2019; 9:Article number: 7570, 11 pages.

GILIOMEE JH, MILLAR IM. An Assessment of the Seychelles Scale Icerya seychellarum (Westwood) as a Potential Insect of Economic Importance in South Africa. African Entomology 2019; 27 (1):258-260.

GIORIA M, LE ROUX JJ, HIRSCH H, MORAVCOVA L, PYSEK P. Characteristics of the soil seed bank  of invasive and non-invasive plants in their native and alien distribution range. Biological Invasions 2019; 21:2313-2332.

GROENEWALD L, MORCILLO RJL, MIDGLEY GF, KLEINERT A, POIRIER Y, VALENTINE AJ. Partitioning of above and below ground costs during phosphate stress in Medicago truncatula. JOURNAL OF PLANT NUTRITION 2019; 42(7):759-771.

HIRSCH H, CASTILLO ML, IMPSON FAC, KLEINJAN C, RICHARDSON DM, LE ROUX JJ. Ghosts from the past: even comprehensive sampling of the native range may not be enough to unravel the introduction history of invasive species—the case of Acacia dealbata invasions in South Africa. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY 2019; 106(3):352-362.

HUI C, RICHARDSON DM. How to Invade an Ecological Network. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2019; 34(2):121-131.

HUI C, RICHARDSON DM. Network Invasion as an Open Dynamical System: Response to Rossberg and Barabás. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2019; 34(5):386-387.

JAMI F, MARINCOWITZ S, SLIPPERS B, CROUS PW, LE ROUX JJ, RICHARDSON DM, WINGFIELD MJ. Botryosphaeriaceae associated with Acacia heterophylla (La Réunion) and Acacia koa (Hawaii). Fungal Biology 2019; 123:783-790.

JAVAL M, THOMAS S, LEHMAN BP, BARTON M, CONLONG DE, DU PLESSIS A, TERBLANCHE JS. The Effect of Oxygen Limitation on a Xylophagous Insect's Heat Tolerance Is Influenced by Life-Stage Through Variation in Aerobic Scope and Respiratory Anatomy. Frontiers in Physiology 2019; 10:1426, 11 pages.

JOOSTE M, MIDGLEY GF, OBERLANDER KC, DREYER LL. Oxalis seeds from the Cape Flora have a spectrum of germination strategies. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY 2019; 106(6):879-893.

JOOSTE M, ROETS F, MIDGLEY GF, OBERLANDER KC, DREYER LL. Nitrogen-fixing bacteria and Oxalis – evidence for a vertically inherited bacterial symbiosis. BMC PLANT BIOLOGY 2019; 19:441, 10 pages.

KAMUTANDO CN, VIKRAM S, KAMGAN-NKUEKAM G, MAKHALANYANE TP, GREVE M, LE ROUX JJ, RICHARDSON DM, COWAN D, VALVERDE A. The functional potential of the rhizospheric  microbiome of an Invasive Tree Species, Acacia dealbata. MICROBIAL ECOLOGY 2019; 77(1):191- 200.

KEET J, ELLIS AG, HUI C, LE ROUX JJ. Strong spatial and temporal turnover of soil bacterial communities in South Africa's hyperdiverse fynbos biome. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 2019; 136:Article number 107541, 12 pages.

KEMP JE, BERGH NG, SOARES AP, ELLIS AG. Dominant pollinators drive non-random community assembly and shared flower colour patterns in daisy communities. Annals of Botany 2019; 123 (2):277-288.

KEMP JE, ELLIS AG. Cryptic petal coloration decreases floral apparency and herbivory in nocturnally closing daisies. Functional Ecology 2019; 33:2130-2141.

​KOCHEY JK, DANIELS SR, PLAGGE C, MEHRABI S, HARTMANN L, SCHRENK F, PLATH M, KLAUS S. Genetic differentiation of the Malawi blue crab reflects Pleistocene desiccation of Lake Malawi (Brachyura, Potamonautidae: Potamonautes lirrangensis (Rathbun, 1904)). HYDROBIOLOGIA 2019; 843:1-11.

KOTZE DC, TERERAI F, GRUNDLING PL. Assessing, with limited resources, the ecological outcomes of wetland restoration: a South African case. RESTORATION ECOLOGY 2019; 27(3):495-503.

KOUTIKA LS, RICHARDSON DM. Acacia mangium Willd: benefits and threats associated with its increasing use around the world. Forest Ecosystems 2019; 6(1):Article number 2, 13 pages.

KRASNOV BR, SHENBROT GI, KORALLO-VINARSKAYA NP, VINARSKI MV, VAN DER MESCHT L, WARBURTON EM, KHOKHLOVA IS. Do the pattern and strength of species associations in ectoparasite communities conform to biogeographic rules?. Parasitology Research 2019; 118 (4):1113-1125.

KRUGER N, MEASEY GJ, HERREL AY, SECONDI J. Anti-predator strategies of the invasive African clawed frog, Xenopus laevis, to native and invasive predators in western France. Aquatic Invasions 2019; 14(3):433-443.

KULENKAMPFF KS, VAN ZYL L, KLAUS S, DANIELS SR. Molecular evidence for cryptic species in the common slug eating snake duberria lutrix lutrix (Squamata, Lamprophiidae) from South Africa. ZooKeys 2019; 219(838):133-154.

LATOMBE GFR, CANAVAN S, HIRSCH H, HUI C, KUMSCHICK S, NSIKANI MM, POTGIETER LJ, ROBINSON T, SAUL W, TURNER SC, WILSON JR, YANNELLI LUCERO FA, RICHARDSON DM. A four-component classification of uncertainties in biological invasions: implications for management. Ecosphere 2019; 10(4):Article number e02669.

LE ROUX JJ, HUI C, CASTILLO ML, IRIONDO JM, KEET J, KHAPUGIN AA, MÉDAIL F, REJMANEK M, THERON GL, YANNELLI LUCERO FA, HIRSCH H. Recent Anthropogenic Plant Extinctions Differ in Biodiversity Hotspots and Coldspots. CURRENT BIOLOGY 2019; 29(17):2912-2918.

LEAVER J, CARSTENS JC, CHERRY MI. Harvesting of forest products and implications for Afrotemperate bird communities in a montane forest of the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Forest Ecosystems 2019; 6:Article number: 48, 15 pages.

LEAVER J, MULVANEY J, EHLERS SMITH DA, EHLERS SMITH YC, CHERRY MI. Response of bird functional diversity to forest product harvesting in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT 2019; 445:82-95.

LEHMAN BP, JAVAL M, TERBLANCHE JS. Oxygen limitation is not the cause of death during lethal heat exposure in an insect. Biology Letters 2019; 155:20180701, 4 pages.

LIU X, BLACKBURN M, SONG T, LI X, HUANG C, LI Y. Risks of Biological Invasion on the Belt and Road. CURRENT BIOLOGY 2019; 29(3):499-505.

LOGAN M, VAN BERKEL J, CLUSELLA-TRULLAS S. The Bogert Effect and environmental heterogeneity. Oecologia 2019; 191(4):817-827.

LOTZE E, FRAZENBURG MR, TURKETTI SS, DREYER LL. Calcium dynamics of reproductive apple buds during the dormant season in the Western Cape, South Africa. Scientia Horticulturae 2019; 256:Article number 108533, 5 pages.

MACFADYEN S, HUI C, VERBURG PH, VAN TEEFFELEN AJA. Spatiotemporal distribution dynamics of elephants in response to density, rainfall, rivers and fire in Kruger National Park, South Africa. Diversity and Distributions 2019; 25(6):880-894.

MAGADLELA A, MORCILLO RJL, KLEINERT A, VENTER M, STEENKAMP ET, VALENTINE AJ. Glutamate dehydrogenase is essential in the acclimation of Virgilia divaricata, a legume indigenous to the nutrient-poor Mediterranean-type ecosystems of the Cape Fynbos. JOURNAL OF PLANT PHYSIOLOGY 2019; 243:Article number 153053, 8 pages.

MAKONYA GM, OGOLA JBO, MUTHAMA MUASYA A, CRESPO O, MASEKO S, VALENTINE AJ, OTTOSEN CO, ROSENQVIST E, CHIMPHANGO SBM. Chlorophyll fluorescence and carbohydrate concentration as field selection traits for heat tolerant chickpea genotypes. PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY 2019; 141:172-182.

MASONDO N, AREMU AO, KULKARNI MG, PETřÍK I, PLAčKOVÁ L, ŠUBRTOVÁ M, NOVÁK O, GRÚZ J, DOLEŽAL K, STRNAD M, FINNIE JF, VAN STADEN J. How Do Different Watering Regimes Affect the Growth, Chlorophyll Fluorescence, Phytohormone, and Phenolic Acid Content of Greenhouse- Grown Ceratotheca triloba?. JOURNAL OF PLANT GROWTH REGULATION 2019; 38(2):385-399.

MASONDO N, AREMU AO, KULKARNI MG, PETRIK I, PLACKOVA L, SUBRTOVA M, NOVAK O, GRUZ J, DOLEZAL K, STRNAD M, FINNIE JF, VAN STADEN J. Elucidating the role of Kelpak® on the growth, phytohormone composition, and phenolic acids in macronutrient-stressed Ceratotheca triloba. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYCOLOGY 2019; 31(4):2687-2697.

MASONDO N, MAKUNGA NP. Advancement of analytical techniques in some South African commercialized medicinal plants: Current and future perspectives. South African Journal of Botany 2019; 126:40-57.

MASONDO N, STAFFORD GI, AREMU AO, MAKUNGA NP. Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors from southern African plants: An overview of ethnobotanical, pharmacological potential and phytochemical research including and beyond Alzheimer's disease treatment. South African Journal of Botany 2019; 120:39-64.

MATHAKUTHA R, STEYN C, LE ROUX PC, BLOM IJ, CHOWN SL, DARU BH, RIPLEY B, LOUW A, GREVE M. Invasive species differ in key functional traits from native and non-invasive alien plant species. Journal of Vegetation Science 2019; 30:994-1006.

MATIWANE SE, AREMU AO, VALENTINE AJ, MAGADLELA A. Nutritional status of KwaZulu-Natal soils affects microbe symbiosis, nitrogen utilization and growth of Vigna radiata (L.) R.Walczak. South African Journal of Botany 2019; 126:115-120.

MBONGWA NA, HUI C, PULFRICH A, VON DER HEYDEN S. Every beach an island - deep population divergence and possible loss of genetic diversity in Tylos granulatus, a sandy shore isopod. Marine Ecology Progress Series 2019; 614:123-111.

MEASEY GJ, BASSON AC, REBELO AD, NUNES AN, VIMERCATI G, LOUW M, MOHANTY NP. Why have a pet amphibian? Insights from YouTube. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 2019; 7:Article number 52, 8 pages.

MEASEY GJ, TARRANT J, REBELO AD, TURNER AA, DU PREEZ LH, MOKHATLA MM, CONRADIE W. Has strategic planning made a difference to amphibian conservation research in South Africa?. Bothalia - African Biodiversity & Conservation 2019; 49(1):a2428, 13 pages.

MEASEY GJ, VISSER V, DGEBUADZE Y, INDERJIT INDERJIT, LI B, DECHOUM M, ZILLER SR, RICHARDSON DM. The world needs BRICS countries to build capacity in invasion science. PLOS BIOLOGY 2019; 17(9):e3000404, 7 pages.

MINNAAR C, ANDERSON BC, DE JAGER ML, KARRON JD. Plant-pollinator interactions along the pathway to paternity. Annals of Botany 2019; 123(2):225-245.

MINNAAR C, ANDERSON BC. Using quantum dots as pollen labels to track the fates of individual pollen grains. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 2019; 10(5):604-614.

MINNAAR C, DE JAGER ML, ANDERSON BC. Intraspecific divergence in floral-tube length promotes asymmetric pollen movement and reproductive isolation. New Phytologist 2019; 224:1160-1170.

MIRANDA NAF, PEER N, ISHAK MZB, MARSHALL DJ. Heat-wave tolerance in tropical intertidal animals: accounting for thermal and desiccation tolerances. Ecological Indicators 2019; 107:Article number 105561, 6 pages.

MOHANTY NP, MEASEY GJ. No survival of native larval frogs in the presence of invasive Indian bullfrog Hoplobatrachus tigerinus tadpoles. Biological Invasions 2019; 21:2281-2286.

MOHANTY NP, MEASEY GJ. Reconstructing biological invasions using public surveys: a new approach to retrospectively assess spatio-temporal changes in invasive spread. Biological Invasions 2019; 21(2):467-480.

MOHANTY NP, MEASEY GJ. The global pet trade in amphibians: species traits, taxonomic bias, and future directions. Biodiversity and Conservation 2019; 28(14):3915-3923.

MOKHATLA MM, MEASEY GJ, SMIT B. The role of ambient temperature and body mass on body temperature, standard metabolic rate and evaporative water loss in southern African anurans of different habitat specialisation. PeerJ 2019; 7:e7885, 21 pages.

MORECROFT MD, DUFFIELD S, HARLEY M, PEARCE-HIGGINS JW, STEVENS N, WATTS O, WHITAKER J. Measuring the success of climate change adaptation and mitigation in terrestrial ecosystems. Science 2019; 366(6471):Article number eaaw9256, 5 pages.

MOUTON M, ARCHER E. Legitimation code theory to facilitate transition from high school to first- year biology. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL EDUCATION 2019; 53(1):2-20.

MUNGI NA, KAUSHIK M, MOHANTY NP, RASTOGI R, ANTONY JOHNSON J, QURESHI Q. Identifying knowledge gaps in the research and management of invasive species in India. BIOLOGIA 2019; 74(6):623-629.

NDLELA LL, OBERHOLSTER PJ, VAN WYK JH, CHENG PH. A laboratory based exposure of Microcystis and Oscillatoria cyanobacterial isolates to heterotrophic bacteria. TOXICON 2019; 165:1-12.

NIEMAN WA, LESLIE AJ, WILKINSON A, WOSSLER TC. Socioeconomic and biophysical determinants of wire-snare poaching incidence and behaviour in the Boland Region of South Africa. JOURNAL FOR NATURE CONSERVATION 2019; 52:Article number 125738, 8 pages.


NOVOA PEREZ A, FLEPU V, BOATWRIGHT JS. Is spinelessness a stable character in cactus pear cultivars? Implications for invasiveness. JOURNAL OF ARID ENVIRONMENTS 2019; 160:11-16.

NSIKANI MM, GAERTNER M, KRITZINGER-KLOPPER S, NGUBANE NP, ESLER KJ. Secondary invasion after clearing invasive Acacia saligna in the South African fynbos. South African Journal of Botany 2019; 125:280-289.

NUNES AN, FILL JM, DAVIES SJ, LOUW M, REBELO AD, THORP C, VIMERCATI G, MEASEY GJ. A global meta-analysis of the ecological impacts of alien species on native amphibians. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 2019; 286(1897):Article number 20182528.

O CONNELL CP, ANDREOTTI S, RUTZEN M, MEYER M, MATTHEE CA. The influence of kelp density on white shark presence within the Dyer Island nature reserve, South Africa. Ocean and Coastal Management 2019; 179:Article number 104819, 6 pages.

OBERHOLSTER PJ, CHENG PH, GENTHE B, STEYN M. The environmental feasibility of low-cost algae-based sewage treatment as a climate change adaption measure in rural areas of SADC countries. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYCOLOGY 2019; 31(1):355-363.

OBERHOLSTER PJ, MADLALA T, BLETTLER MCM, AMSLER ML, EBERLE EG, OBERHOLSTER A. An eutrophication index for lowland sandy rivers in Mediterranean coastal climatic regions of Southern Africa. River Research and Applications 2019; 35(4):414-429.

OGDEN NL, WILSON JR, RICHARDSON DM, HUI C, DAVIES SJ, KUMSCHICK S, LE ROUX JJ, MEASEY GJ, SAUL W, PULLIAM J. Emerging infectious diseases and biological invasions: A call for a One Health collaboration in science and management. Royal Society Open Science 2019; 6 (3):Article number 181577.

OJEDA F, MIDGLEY JJ, PAUW CA, LAVOLA A, CASIMIRO-SORIGUER R, HATTAS D, SEGARRA-MORAGUES JG, JULKUNEN-TIITTO R. Flower colour divergence is associated with post-fire regeneration dimorphism in the fynbos heath Erica coccinea subsp. coccinea (Ericaceae). Evolutionary Ecology 2019; 33(3):345-367.

PADAYACHEE AL, PROCHEş S, WILSON JR. Prioritising potential incursions for contingency planning: Pathways, species, and sites in Durban (eThekwini), South Africa as an example. NeoBiota 2019; 47:1-21.

PATERSON JE, BAXTER-GILBERT JH, BEAUDRY F, CARSTAIRS S, CHOW-FRASER P, EDGE CB, LENTINI AM, LITZGUS JD, MARKLE CE, MCKEOWN K, MOORE JA, REFSNIDER JM, RILEY J, ET AL. Road avoidance and its energetic consequences for reptiles. Ecology and Evolution 2019; 9(17):9794-9803.

PAUW CA. A Bird's-Eye View of Pollination: Biotic Interactions as Drivers of Adaptation and Community Change. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 2019; 50:477-502.

PEER N, MIRANDA NAF, PERISSINOTTO R. Impact of fiddler crab activity on microphytobenthic communities in a South African mangrove forest. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 2019; 227:Article number 106332, 8 pages.

PEER N, RISHWORTH GM, PERISSINOTTO R. Coexistence of Habitat Specialists Under Environmental Change: Investigating Dietary Overlap in Two Brachyuran Species at Peritidal Stromatolite Ecosystems. Estuaries and Coasts 2019; 42(4):1149-1155.

PETERS K, SINK KJ, ROBINSON T. Aliens cruising in: Explaining alien fouling macro-invertebrate species numbers on recreational yachts. Ocean and Coastal Management 2019; 182:Article number 104986.

PETERS K, SINK KJ, ROBINSON T. Sampling methods and approaches to inform standardized detection of marine alien fouling species on recreational vessels. Journal of Environmental Management 2019; 230:159-167.

PFAFF MC, LOGSTON RC, RAEMAEKERS SJPN, HERMES JC, BLAMEY LK, CAWTHRA HC, COLENBRANDER DR, CRAWFORD RJM, DAY E, DU PLESSIS N, ELWEN SH, FAWCETT S, ROBINSON T, ET AL. A synthesis of three decades of socio-ecological change in False Bay, South Africa: setting the scene for multidisciplinary research and management. Elementa-Science of the Anthropocene 2019; 7:Art 32, 49 pages.

PHAIR NL, TOONEN RJ, KNAPP ISS, VON DER HEYDEN S. Shared genomic outliers across two divergent population clusters of a highly threatened seagrass. PeerJ 2019; 7:e6806, 32 pages.

PIRIE MD, KANDZIORA M, NÜRK NM, LE MAITRE NC, MUGRABI DE KUPPLER AL, GEHRKE B, OLIVER EGH, BELLSTEDT DU. Leaps and bounds: geographical and ecological distance constrained the colonisation of the Afrotemperate by Erica. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019; 19:art. no. 222, 12 pages.

PLASMAN M, MCCUE MD, REYNOSO ROSALES VH, TERBLANCHE JS, CLUSELLA-TRULLAS S. Environmental temperature alters the overall digestive energetics and differentially affects dietary protein and lipid use in a lizard. Journal of Experimental Biology 2019; 222(6):Article number jeb194480, 9 pages.

POTGIETER DF, GAERTNER M, O FARRELL PJ, RICHARDSON DM. Does vegetation structure influence criminal activity? Insights from Cape Town, South Africa. Frontiers of Biogeography 2019; 11(1):Article number e42035, 15 pages.

POTGIETER DF, GAERTNER M, O'FARRELL PJ, RICHARDSON DM. A fine-scale assessment of the ecosystem service-disservice dichotomy in the context of urban ecosystems affected by alien plant invasions. Forest Ecosystems 2019; 6(1):Article number 46.

POTGIETER LJ, GAERTNER M, O FARRELL PJ, RICHARDSON DM. Perceptions of impact: Invasive alien plants in the urban environment. Journal of Environmental Management 2019; 229(1):76- 87.

PYCEK P, BRUNDU G, BROCK J, CHILD L, WADE M. Twenty-five years of conferences on the Ecology and Management of Alien Plant invasions: the history of EMAPi 1992–2017. Biological Invasions 2019; 21(3):725-742.

RAZANAJATOVO M, VAN KLEUNEN M, KREFT H, DAWSON W, ESSL F, PERGL J, PYSEK P, WINTER M, WEIGELT P. Autofertility and self-compatibility moderately benefit island colonization of plants. Global Ecology and Biogeography 2019; 28(3):341-352.

REBELO AD, MEASEY GJ. Locomotor performance constrained by morphology and habitat in a diverse clade of African frogs (Anura: Pyxicephalidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 2019; 127(2):310-323.

REBELO AJ, REBELO AG, REBELO AD, BRONNER GN. Effects of alien pine plantations on small mammal community structure in a southern African biodiversity hotspot. AFRICAN JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY 2019; 57(2):212-225.

ROUX DJ, KINGSFORD RT, COOK C, CARRUTHERS EJ, DICKSON K, HOCKINGS M. The case for embedding researchers in conservation agencies. Conservation Biology 2019; 33(1):1266-1274.

SADCHATHEESWARAN S, MOLONEY C, BRANCH GM, ROBINSON T. Blender interstitial volume: A novel virtual measurement of structural complexity applicable to marine benthic habitats. MethodsX 2019; 6:1728-1740.

SADCHATHEESWARAN S, MOLONEY C, BRANCH GM, ROBINSON T. Using empirical and simulation approaches to quantify merits of rival measures of structural complexity in marine habitats. MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH 2019; 149:157-169.

SAMIE S, TROLLOPE KM, JOUBERT L, MAKUNGA NP, VOLSCHENK H. The antifungal and Cryptococcus neoformans virulence attenuating activity of Pelargonium sidoides extracts. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2019; 235:122-132.

SANTANDER C, SANHUEZA M, OLAVE J, BORIE F, VALENTINE AJ, CORNEJO P. Arbuscular Mycorrhizal colonization promotes the tolerance to salt stress in lettuce plants through an Efficient Modification of Ionic balance. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 2019; 19(2):321-331.

SCHOEMAN AL, KRUGER N, SECONDI J, DU PREEZ LH. Repeated reduction in parasite diversity in invasive populations of Xenopus laevis: a global experiment in enemy release. Biological Invasions 2019; 21(4):1323-1338.

SEDICK S, SIMON CA. Three new species of Syllis Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 (Annelida: Syllidae) from the south coast of South Africa. Zootaxa 2019; 4688(4):585-598.

SEMWAL P, PAUW CA, PALNI LMS, VERMA S, THAPLIYAL A. Bumblebees (Bombus rufofasciatus Smith) pollinate the enclosed inflorescences of the endangered Brahma's lotus (Saussurea obvallata: Asteraceae) of the Indian Himalaya. South African Journal of Botany 2019; 121:435- 441.

SHACKLETON RT, ADRIAENS T, BRUNDU G, DEHNEN-SCHMUTZ K, ESTÉVEZ RA, FRIED J, LARSON BMH, LIU S, MARCHANTE E, MARCHANTE H, MOSHOBANE MC, NOVOA PEREZ A, REED M, RICHARDSON DM. Stakeholder engagement in the study and management of invasive alien species. Journal of Environmental Management 2019; 229:88-101.

SHACKLETON RT, LARSON BMH, NOVOA A, RICHARDSON DM, KULL CA. The human and social dimensions of invasion science and management. Journal of Environmental Management 2019; 229(1):1-9.

SHACKLETON RT, RICHARDSON DM, SHACKLETON CM, BENNETT B, CROWLEY SL, DEHNEN- SCHMUTZ K, ESTÉVEZ RA, FISCHER A, KUEFFER C, KULL CA, MARCHANTE E, NOVOA A, POTGIETER DF, VAAS J, VAZ AS, LARSON B. Explaining people's perceptions of invasive alien species: A conceptual framework. Journal of Environmental Management 2019; 229:10-26.

SHACKLETON RT, SHACKLETON CM, KULL CA. The role of invasive alien species in shaping local livelihoods and human well-being: A review. Journal of Environmental Management 2019; 229 (1):145-157.

SILAMBARASAN S, LOGESWARI P, CORNEJO P, ABRAHAM J, VALENTINE AJ. Simultaneous mitigation of aluminum, salinity and drought stress in Lactuca sativa growth via formulated plant growth promoting Rhodotorula mucilaginosa CAM4. ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY 2019; 180:63-72.

SILAMBARASAN S, LOGESWARI P, VALENTINE AJ, CORNEJO P. Role of Curtobacterium herbarum strain CAH5 on aluminum bioaccumulation and enhancement of Lactuca sativa growth under aluminum and drought stresses. ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY 2019; 183:Article number 109573, 10 pages.

SIMON CA, DU TOIT A, SMITH MKS, CLAASSENS L, SMITH F, SMITH P. Bait Collecting by Subsistence and Recreational Fishers in Knysna Estuary May Impact Management and Conservation. African Zoology 2019; 54(2):91-103.

SIMON CA, SATO-OKOSHI W, ABE H. Hidden diversity within the cosmopolitan species Pseudopolydora antennata (Claparède, 1869) (Spionidae: Annelida). Marine Biodiversity 2019; 49 (1):25-42.

SIMON CA, VAN NIEKERK HH, BURGHARDT I, TEN HOVE HA, KUPRIYANOVA EK. Not out of Africa: Spirobranchus kraussii (Baird, 1865) is not a global fouling and invasive serpulid of Indo-Pacific origin. Aquatic Invasions 2019; 14(2):221-249.

SIMON CA, WILLIAMS L, HENNINGER T. A new species of Rhynchospio (Annelida: Spionidae) in South Africa. Marine Biodiversity Records 2019; 49(2):663-672.

SITAS N, HARMACKOVA ZV, ANTICAMARA JA, ARNETH A, BADOLA R, BIGGS R, BLANCHARD R, HAMANN M, PEREIRA L, KRUGER RM, SELOMANE AO, O FARRELL PJ, ET AL. Exploring the usefulness of scenario archetypes in science-policy processes: experience across IPBES assessments. Ecology and Society 2019; 24(3):35, 26 pages.

SMID J, TOLLEY KA. Calibrating the tree of vipers under the fossilized birth-death model. Scientific Reports 2019; 9(1):Article number 5510, 10 pages.

SOśNICKA M, GIGLER GM, KINNAIRD JA, PRZYBYLOWICZ WJ, CHIMVINGA J, MASTER S, PLESSEN B. Mineralizing fluids of the supergene-enriched Mashitu South Cu-Co deposit, Katanga Copperbelt, DRC. Ore Geology Reviews 2019; 109:201-228.

SPARWEL M, DORONINA L, CHURAKOV G, STEGEMANN A, BROSIUS J, ROBINSON TJ, SCHMITZ J. The volcano rabbit in the phylogenetic network of lagomorphs. Genome Biology and Evolution 2019; 11(1):11-16.

SPICKETT A, VAN DER MESCHT L, JUNKER K, KRASNOV BR, HAUKISALMI V, MATTHEE S. Beta diversity of gastrointestinal helminths in two closely related South African rodents: species and site contributions. Parasitology Research 2019; 118:2863-2875.

STEVENS GG, PÉREZ-FERNÁNDEZ MA, MORCILLO RJL, KLEINERT A, HILLS PN, BRAND DJ, STEENKAMP ET, VALENTINE AJ. Roots and nodules response differently to P starvation in the mediterranean-type legume virgilia divaricata. Frontiers in Plant Science 2019; 10:Article number 73, 14 pages.

SUNDAY J, BENNETT JM, CALOSI P, CLUSELLA-TRULLAS S, GRAVEL S, HARGREAVES AL, LEIVA FP, VERBERK W, OLALLA-TÁRRAGA MA, MORALES-CASTILLA I. Thermal tolerance patterns across latitude and elevation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences 2019; 374(1778):Article number 2019003610 pages.

SWART C, ROBINSON T. Horizon scanning for alien predatory crabs: insights from South Africa. African Journal of Marine Science 2019; 41(2):125-135.

TELFORD NS, CHANNING A, MEASEY GJ. Origin of Invasive Populations of the Guttural Toad (Sclerophrys gutturalis) on Reunion and Mauritius Islands and in Constantia, South Africa. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 2019; 14(2):380-392.

TESKE P, SANDOVAL-CASTILLO J, GOLLA TR, EMAMI-KHOYI, A, TINE M, VON DER HEYDEN S, BEHEREGARAY LB. Thermal selection as a driver of marine ecological speciation. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 2019; 286(1896):Article number 201820237 pages.

THERON GL, DE WAAL C, BARRETT SCH, ANDERSON BC. Geographic variation of reproductive traits and competition for pollinators in a bird-pollinated plant. Ecology and Evolution 2019; 9 (18):10122-10134.

THORP C, VONESH J, MEASEY GJ. Cannibalism or congeneric predation? The African clawed frog, Xenopus laevis (Daudin), preferentially predates on larvae of Cape platannas, Xenopus gilli Rose & Hewitt. AFRICAN JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY 2019; 57(1):59-65.

TOLLEY KA, HOPKINS KP, DA SILVA JM. Genetic structure associated with habitat diversification supports the independent evolution of ecomorphs in Bradypodion pumilum. African Journal of Herpetology 2019; 68(1):77-89.

TOLLEY KA, WEEBER J, MARITZ B, VERBURGT L, BATES MF, CONRADIE W, HOFMEYR MD, TURNER AA, DA SILVA J, ALEXANDER G. No safe haven: Protection levels show imperilled South African reptiles not sufficiently safe-guarded despite low average extinction risk. Biological Conservation 2019; 233:61-72.

TREASURE AM, CHOWN SL. Phenotypic plasticity in locomotor performance of a monophyletic group of weevils accords with the 'warmer is better' hypothesis. Journal of Experimental Biology 2019; 222(9):Article number jeb195255, 9 pages.

TREASURE AM, LE ROUX PC, MASHAU MH, CHOWN SL. Species-energy relationships of indigenous and invasive species may arise in different ways – a demonstration using springtails. Scientific Reports 2019; 9(1):Article number 13799, 12 pages.

VALENTINE M, BENADE E, MOUTON M, KHAN W, BOTHA A. Binary interactions between the yeast Candida albicans and two gut-associated Bacteroides species. MICROBIAL PATHOGENESIS 2019; 135:Article number 103619, 13 pages.

VALENZUELA N, LITERMAN R, NEUWALD JL, MIZOGUCHI B, IVERSON JB, RILEY J, LITZGUS JD. Extreme thermal fluctuations from climate change unexpectedly accelerate demographic collapse of vertebrates with temperature-dependent sex determination. Scientific Reports 2019; 9 (1):Article number 4254,11 pages.

VAN DER ENT A, MALAISSE F, ERSKINE PD, MESJASZ-PRZYBYLOWICZ J, PRZYBYLOWICZ WJ, BARNABAS AD, SOśNICKA M, HARRIS HH. Abnormal concentrations of Cu-Co in: Haumaniastrum katangense, Haumaniastrum robertii and Aeolanthus biformifolius: Contamination or hyperaccumulation?. Metallomics 2019; 11(3):586-596.

VAN DER MESCHT L, KHOKHLOVA IS, SURKOVA EN, WARBURTON EM, KRASNOV BR. Reproductive performance in generalist haematophagous ectoparasites: maternal environment, rearing conditions or both?. Parasitology Research 2019; 118(7):2087-2096.

VICENTE J, KÜFFER C, RICHARDSON DM, VAZ AS, CABRAL JA, HUI C, ARAÚJO MB, KÜHN I, KULL CA, VERBURG PH, MARCHANTE E, HONRADO J. Different environmental drivers of alien tree invasion affect different life-stages and operate at different spatial scales. FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT 2019; 433:263-275.

VIMERCATI G, DAVIES SJ, MEASEY GJ. Invasive toads adopt marked capital breeding when introduced to a cooler, more seasonal environment. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 2019; 128(3):657-671.

WANG S, HONG Y, MEASEY GJ. An established population of African clawed frogs, Xenopus laevis (Daudin, 1802), in mainland China. BioInvasions Records 2019; 8(2):457-464.

WARRINGTON S, ELLIS AG, NOVOA PEREZ A, WANDRAG EM, HULME PE, DUNCAN RP, VALENTINE AJ, LE ROUX JJ. Cointroductions of Australian acacias and their rhizobial mutualists in the Southern Hemisphere. Journal of Biogeography 2019; 46(7):1519-1531.

WESSELS C, MATTHEE S, ESPINAZE PARDO MPA, MATTHEE CA. Comparative mtDNA phylogeographic patterns reveal marked differences in population genetic structure between generalist and specialist ectoparasites of the African penguin (Spheniscus demersus). Parasitology Research 2019; 118(2):667-672.

WESTER P, JOHNSON SD, PAUW CA. Scent chemistry is key in the evolutionary transition between insect and mammal pollination in African pineapple lilies. New Phytologist 2019; 222(3):1624- 1637.

WINGFIELD BD, FOURIE A, SIMPSON MC, BUSHULA-NJAH VS, AYLWARD J, BARNES I, COETZEE MPA, DREYER LL, DUONG TA, GEISER DM, ROETS F, STEENKAMP ET, VAN HEERDEN CJ, WINGFIELD MJ. Draft genome sequences of Fusarium xylarioides, Teratosphaeria gauchensis and T. zuluensis and genome annotation for Ceratocystis fimbriata. IMA Fungus 2019; 10 : Article number: 13, 10 pages.

WITT ABR, SHACKLETON RT, BEALE T, NUNDA W, VAN WILGEN BW. Distribution of invasive alien Tithonia (Asteraceae) species in eastern and southern Africa and the socio-ecological impacts of T. Diversifolia in Zambia. Bothalia - African Biodiversity & Conservation 2019; 49(1):Article number a2356, 11 pages.

​WOOD LE, DE GRAVE S, CUMBERLIDGE N, KENNERLEY A, DANIELS SR. A phylogenetic perspective on biodiversity patterns of Afrotropical freshwater crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda, Potamonautidae). Aquatic Conservation-Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 2019; 29:2219-2230.

WOOD LE, DE GRAVE S, DANIELS SR. A comparative evolutionary study reveals radically different scales of genetic structuring within two atyid shrimp species (Crustacea: Decapoda: Atyidae). ZOOLOGICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY 2019; 186:200-212.

WÜEST RO, BOUCHER FC, BOUCHENAK-KHELLADI Y, KARGER DN, LINDER HP. Dissecting biodiversity in a global hotspot: Uneven dynamics of immigration and diversification within the Cape Floristic Region of South Africa. Journal of Biogeography 2019; 46(9):1936-1947.

ZHANG L, AMECA EI, COWLISHAW G, PETTORELLI N, FODEN WB, MACE GM. Global assessment of primate vulnerability to extreme climatic events. Nature Climate Change 2019; 9(7):554-561.

ZONYANE S, CHEN L, XU M, GONG Z, XU S, MAKUNGA NP. Geographic-based metabolomic variation and toxicity analysis of Sutherlandia frutescens L. R.Br. - An emerging medicinal crop in South Africa. Industrial Crops and Products 2019; 133:414-423.

Journal Articles (Non-subsidised)

CANAVAN S, KUMSCHICK S, LE ROUX JJ, RICHARDSON DM, WILSON JR. Does origin determine environmental impacts? Not for bamboos. plants,people,planet 2019; 1:119-128.

GROOM QJ, DESMET P, REYSERHOVE L, ADRIAENS T, OLDONI D, VANDERHOEVEN S, BASKAUF SJ, CHAPMAN A, MCGEOCH MA, WALLS R, WIECZOREK J, WILSON JR, ET AL. Improving Darwin Core for research and management of alien species. Biodiversity Information Science and Standards, 3, 10 Oct, e38084. Biodiversity Information Science & Standards (BISS) 2019; 3:e38084, 24 pages.

GROOM QJ, DESMET P, REYSERHOVE L, ADRIAENS T, OLDONI D, VANDERHOEVEN S, BASKAUF  SJ, MCGEOCH MA, WALLS R, WIECZOREK J, WILSON JR, ZERMOGLIO PFF. Improving Darwin Core for research and management of alien species. Biodiversity Information Science and Standards 2019; 3:e38084.

Chapters in Books

BOSHOFF H, DU TOIT HL. The Threat and Promise of Artificial Morality. In: VAN DEN HEEVER JA, JONES C (eds.) Moral Issues in the Natural Sciences and Technologies, AOSIS, Durbanville, South Africa, 2019: 151-175.

BURGER JT. We can, but should we? The ethics of genetically modified food. In: VAN DEN HEEVER JA, JONES C (eds.) Moral Issues in the Natural Sciences and Technologies, AOSIS, Durbanville, South Africa, 2019: 85-110.

CLAASSEN GN. Science, morality and the media: Complicity in spreading pseudoscience, or watchdog of the public?. In: VAN DEN HEEVER JA, JONES C (eds.) Moral Issues in the Natural Sciences and Technologies, AOSIS, Durbanville, South Africa, 2019: 199-218.

KLEINSMIDT A. Biotechnology and ethical controversies. In: VAN DEN HEEVER JA, JONES C (eds.) Moral Issues in the Natural Sciences and Technologies, AOSIS, Durbanville, South Africa, 2019: 135-149.

PEPLER D. Ecology and Morality: Transforming the non-human into connectedness with nature. In: VAN DEN HEEVER JA, JONES C (eds.) Moral Issues in the Natural Sciences and Technologies, AOSIS, Durbanville, South Africa, 2019: 67-84.

VAN DEN HEEVER DJ. The neuroscience of morality. In: VAN DEN HEEVER JA, JONES C (eds.) Moral Issues in the Natural Sciences and Technologies, AOSIS, Durbanville, South Africa, 2019: 45-66.

VAN DEN HEEVER JA, JONES C. The Evolution of Morality. In: VAN DEN HEEVER JA, JONES C (eds.) Moral Issues in the Natural Sciences and Technologies, AOSIS, Durbanville, South Africa, 2019: 1-26.

Reserch Reports

FODEN WB, MIDGLEY GF, KELLY C, STEVENS N, ROBINSON J. South African National Biodiversity Assessment 2018 Technical Report Volume 1: Terrestrial Realm. South African National Biodiversity Institute. 2019: 198 pp.

GERBER M, THIRUPATHI KP, BOTES A, VILJOEN D, CROUCH IJ, MATHABA P, CROUCH EM. Understanding superficial scald protocols and assess early risk indicators . 2019: 10 pp.

​KELLY C, FODEN WB, MIDGLEY GF, PORTER S, LAMBERTH SJ, VAN DER LINGEN C, ATKINSON LJ,ROBINSON J. South African National Biodiversity Assessment 2018 Technical Report Volume 4: Marine Realm. South African National Biodiversity Institute. 2019: 555 pp.

SKOWNO A, POOLE C, RAIMONDO DJ, SINK KJ, VAN DEVENTER H, VAN NIEKERK L, HARRIS L, SMITH-ADAO LB, TOLLEY KA, ZENGEYA T, FODEN WB, MIDGLEY GF, DRIVER A. National Biodiversity Assessment 2018: The status of South Africa?s ecosystems and biodiversity. Synthesis Report. Synthesis Report. South African National Biodiversity Institute, an entity of the Department of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries, Pretoria. 2019: 215 pp.