Botany & Zoology
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​Journal Articles (Subsidised)

ACHIANO KA, GILIOMEE JH, ALLSOPP MH, WILLIAMS L. The Exotic Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and Other Coccinellids in Selected Vineyards of the Western Cape Province, South Africa. African Entomology 2017; 25(1):113-122.

ANDREOTTI S, VON DER HEYDEN S, HENRIQUES RP, RUTZEN M, MEŸER M, MATTHEE CA. Erring on the side of caution: Reply to Irion et al. (2017). Marine Ecology Progress Series 2017; 577:257-262.

ANGELSTAM P, BARNES G, ELBAKIDZE M, MARAIS C, MARSH C, POLONSKY S, RICHARDSON DM, RIVERS N, SHACKLETON RT, STAFFORD W. Collaborative learning to unlock investments for functional ecological infrastructure: Bridging barriers in social-ecological systems in South Africa. Ecosystem Services 2017; 27:291-304.

ANSORGE IJ, SKELTON P, BEKKER A, NICO DE BRUYN PJ, BUTTERWORTH D, CILLIERS PJ, COOPER J, COWAN DA, DORRINGTON R, FAWCETT S, FIETZ S, FINDLAY KP, ET AL. Exploring South Africa's southern frontier: A 20-year vision for polar research through the South African national antarctic programme. South African Journal of Science 2017; 113(5-6):Article number a0205,7 pages.

ARCHER E, PETRIE B, KASPRZYK-HORDERN B, WOLFAARDT GM. The fate of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs), endocrine disrupting contaminants (EDCs), metabolites and illicit drugs in a WWTW and environmental waters. CHEMOSPHERE 2017; 174:437-446.

ARCHER E, WOLFAARDT GM, VAN WYK JH. Pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) as endocrine disrupting contaminants (EDCs) in South African surface waters . Water SA 2017; 43 (4):1-22.

ARCHIBALD JK, COOK J, ANDERSON BC, JOHNSON SD, MORT ME. A reassessment of the phylogeny and circumscription of Zaluzianskya (Scrophulariaceae). MOLECULAR PHYLOGENETICS AND EVOLUTION 2017; 112:194-208.

AUGUSTYN WJ, ANDERSON BC, VAN DER MERWE JF, ELLIS AG. Spatial turnover in host-plant availability drives host-associated divergence in a South African leafhopper (Cephalelus uncinatus). BMC Evolutionary Biology 2017; 17(1):72, 14 pages.

AYLWARD J, DREYER LL, LAAS T, SMIT L, ROETS F. Knoxdaviesia capensis: dispersal ecology and population genetics of a flower-associated fungus. Fungal Ecology 2017; 26:28-36.

AYLWARD J, STEENKAMP ET, DREYER LL, ROETS F, WINGFIELD BD, WINGFIELD MJ. A plant pathology perspective of fungal genome sequencing. IMA Fungus 2017; 8(1):1-15.

AYLWARD J, WINGFIELD BD, DREYER LL, ROETS F, WINGFIELD MJ, STEENKAMP ET. Contrasting carbon metabolism in saprotrophic and pathogenic microascalean fungi from Protea trees. Fungal Ecology 2017; 30:88-100.

BAECKENS S, HERREL AY, BROECKHOVEN C, VASILOPOULOUKAMPITS M, HUYGHE K, GOYENS J, VAN DAMME R. Evolutionary morphology of the lizard chemosensory system. Scientific Reports 2017; 7:10141, 13 pages.

BAKKES DK. Evaluation of measurement error in rotational mounting of larval Rhipicephalus (Acari: Ixodida: Ixodidae) species in geometric morphometrics. ZOOMORPHOLOGY 2017; 136 (3):403-410.

BASSON CH, LEVY O, ANGILLETTA MJ, CLUSELLA-TRULLAS S. Lizards paid a greater opportunity cost to thermoregulate in a less heterogeneous environment. FUNCTIONAL ECOLOGY 2017; 31 (4):856-865.

BITTENCOURT-SILVA GB, LAWSON LP, TOLLEY KA, PORTIK DM, BARRATT CD, NAGEL P, LOADER SP. Impact of species delimitation and sampling on niche models and phylogeographical inference: A case study of the East African reed frog Hyperolius substriatus Ahl, 1931. MOLECULAR PHYLOGENETICS AND EVOLUTION 2017; 114:261-270.

BLACKBURN M, EWEN JG. Parasites as Drivers and Passengers of Human-Mediated Biological Invasions. EcoHealth 2017; 14:61-73.

BLACKBURN M, SCRIVENS SL, HEINRICH S, CASSEY P. Patterns of selectivity in introductions of mammal species worldwide. NeoBiota 2017; 33(1):33-51.

BOTHA PW, PAUW CA. Rodents and baboons reduce seed cone production of Protea neriifolia. SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY 2017; 108:303-307.

BOUCHER FC, VERBOOM GA, MUSKER S, ELLIS AG. Plant size: a key determinant of diversification?. NEW PHYTOLOGIST 2017; 216:24-31.

BROECKHOVEN C, DE KOCK C, MOUTON PLN. Sexual dimorphism in osteoderm expression and the role of male intrasexual aggression. BIOLOGICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY 2017; 122:329-339.

BROECKHOVEN C, DU PLESSIS A, HUI C. Functional trade-off between strength and thermal capacity of dermal armor: Insights from girdled lizards. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials 2017; 74:189-194.

BROECKHOVEN C, DU PLESSIS A, LE ROUX SG, MOUTON PLN, HUI C. Beauty is more than skin deep: a non-invasive protocol for in vivo anatomical study using micro-CT. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 2017; 8(3):358-369.

BROECKHOVEN C, DU PLESSIS A. Has snake fang evolution lost its bite? New insights from a structural mechanics viewpoint. Biology Letters 2017; 13(8):20170293, 5 pages.

BRUN C, RAQUET MA, MEASEY GJ, EXBRAYAT JM. Cyclic variation of the oviduct structure of Boulengerula taitana, an oviparous species of Gymnophiona: morphological changes, proliferation and apoptosis. African Journal of Herpetology 2017; 66:93-105.

BUSSCHAU T, CONRADIE W, JORDAAN A, DANIELS SR. Unmasking evolutionary diversity among two closely related South African legless skink species (Acontinae: Acontias) using molecular data. ZOOLOGY 2017; 121(1):72-82.

CANAVAN S, RICHARDSON DM, VISSER V, LE ROUX JJ, VORONTSOVA MS, WILSON JR. The global distribution of bamboos: assessing correlates of introduction and invasion. AoB Plants 2017; 9:plw078, 18 pages.

CAPINHA C, SEEBENS H, CASSEY P, GARCÍA-DÍAZ P, LENZNER B, MANG T, MOSER D, PYCEK P, RÖDDER D, SCALERA I, WINTER M, DULLINGER S, ESSL F. Diversity, biogeography and the global flows of alien amphibians and reptiles. DIVERSITY AND DISTRIBUTIONS 2017; 23:1313–1322.

CASAZZA G, BOUCHER C, MINUTO L, RANDIN CF, CONTI E. Do floral and niche shifts favour the establishment and persistence of newly arisen polyploids? A case study in an Alpine primrose. ANNALS OF BOTANY 2017; 119(1):81-93.

CHANNING A, MEASEY GJ, DE VILLIERS AL, TURNER AA, TOLLEY KA. Taxonomy of the Capensibufo rosei group (Anura: Bufonidae) from South Africa. ZOOTAXA 2017; 4232(2):282- 292.

CHARLES-DOMINIQUE T, MIDGLEY GF, BOND WJ. Fire frequency filters species by bark traits in a savanna–forest mosaic. JOURNAL OF VEGETATION SCIENCE 2017; 28(4):728-735.

CLUSELLA-TRULLAS S, GARCIA R. Impacts of invasive plants on animal diversity in South Africa: A synthesis. Bothalia - African Biodiversity & Conservation 2017; 47(2):a2166, 12 pages.

COLE-CLARK MP, BARTON DA, ALLSOPP MH, BEEKMAN M, GLOAG RS, WOSSLER TC, RONAI I, SMITH N, REID RJ, OLDROYD BP. Cytogenetic basis of thelytoky in Apis mellifera capensis. APIDOLOGIE 2017; 48(6):623–634.

COLLOFF MJ, LAVOREL S, VAN KERKHOFF LE, WYBORNC CA, FAZEY I, GORDDARD R, MACE GM, FODEN WB, DUNLOP M, PRENTICE ICO, CROWLEY J, LEADLEY P, DEGEORGES P. Transforming conservation science and practice for a postnormal world. CONSERVATION BIOLOGY 2017; 31(5):1008-1017.

COOPER TJG, WANNENBURGH A, CHERRY MI. Atlas data indicate forest dependent bird species declines in South Africa. BIRD CONSERVATION INTERNATIONAL 2017; 27:337-354.

COURANT J, VOGT SII, MARQUES R, MEASEY GJ, SECONDI J, REBELO R, DE VILLIERS FA, DE BUSSCHERE CD, IHLOW F, BACKELJAU T, RÖDDER D, HERREL A. Are invasive populations characterized bya broader diet than native populations?. PeerJ 2017; 5:pe3250, 12 pages.

CRONIN K, KAPLAN A, GAERTNER M, IRLICH UM, HOFFMAN T. Aliens in the nursery: assessing the attitudes of nursery managers to invasive species regulations. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 19 (3):925-937.

CROUS C, BURGESS T, LE ROUX JJ, RICHARDSON DM, SLIPPERS B, WINGfiELD MJ. Ecological disequilibrium drives insect pest and pathogen accumulation in non-native trees. AoB Plants 2017; 9(1):plw081, 16 pages.

​CUMMING TL, SHACKLETON RT, FÖRSTER J, DINI J, KHAN A, GUMULA M, KUBISZEWSKI I. Achieving the national development agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) through investment in ecological infrastructure: A case study of South Africa. Ecosystem Services 2017; 27:253-260.

DA SILVA J, TOLLEY KA. Diversification through ecological opportunity in dwarf chameleons. JOURNAL OF BIOGEOGRAPHY 2017; 44(4):834-847.

DA SILVA JM, FELDHEIM KA, MEASEY GJ, DOUCETTE-RIISE S, DANIELS RJ, CHAUKE LF, TOLLEY KA. Genetic diversity and differentiation of the Western Leopard Toad (Sclerophrys pantherina) based on mitochondrial and microsatellite markers. African Journal of Herpetology 2017; 66 (1):25-38.

DABROWSKI J, OBERHOLSTER PJ, STEYL J, OSTHOFF G, HUGO A, POWER DM, VAN WYK JH. Thyroid function of steatitis-affected Mozambique tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus from a sub- tropical African reservoir. DISEASES OF AQUATIC ORGANISMS 2017; 125(2):101-113.

DANIELS SR, DREYER M, SHARMA P. Contrasting the population genetic structure of two velvet worm taxa (Onychophora : Peripatopsis) in forest fragments along the south-eastern Cape, South Africa. INVERTEBRATE SYSTEMATICS 2017; 31(6):781-796.

DANIELS SR. Sympatric colour morphs or distinct taxa? Examining species boundaries among two South African freshwater crabs (Decapoda: Potamonautidae: Potamonautes MacLeay, 1838), with the description of a new species. JOURNAL OF CRUSTACEAN BIOLOGY 2017; 6(37):723-731.

DAWSON W, MOSER D, VAN KLEUNEN M, KREFT H, PERGL J, PYCEK P, WEIGELT P, WINTER M, LENZNER B, BLACKBURN TM, DYER EE, CASSEY P, ESSL F. Global hotspots and correlates of alien species richness across taxonomic groups. Nature Ecology & Evolution 2017; 1:Article Number: 0186, 7 pages.

DE JAGER ML, ELLIS AG. Evolutionary history of a keystone pollinator parallels the biome occupancy of angiosperms in the Greater Cape Floristic Region. MOLECULAR PHYLOGENETICS AND EVOLUTION 2017; 107:530-537.

DE JAGER ML, WILLIS-JONES E, CRITCHLEY S, GLOVER BJ. The impact of floral spot and ring markings on pollinator foraging dynamics. EVOLUTIONARY ECOLOGY 2017; 31(2):193-204.

DE VILLIERS FA, MEASEY GJ. Overland movement in African clawed frogs (Xenopus laevis): a systematic review. PeerJ 2017; 5:e4039, 20 pages.

DE VOS C, CHERRY MI. Declining ranges of southern African breeding cuckoos do not reflect host species' range changes. EMU 2017; 117(2):188-193.

DOBIGNY G, BRITTON-DAVIDIAN J, ROBINSON TJ. Chromosomal polymorphism in mammals: an evolutionary perspective. BIOLOGICAL REVIEWS 2017; 1:92,21 pages.

DOLLION AY, MEASEY GJ, CORNETTE R, CARNE L, TOLLEY KA, DA SILVA JM, BOISTEL R, FABRE AC, HERREL AY. Does diet drive the evolution of head shape and bite force in chameleons of the genus Bradypodion?. FUNCTIONAL ECOLOGY 2017; 31(3):671-684.

DOUBELL M, GRANT PBC, ESTERHUIZEN N, BAZELET CS, ADDISON P, TERBLANCHE JS. The metabolic costs of sexual signalling in the chirping katydid Plangia graminea (Serville) (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) are context dependent: Cumulative costs add up fast. Journal of Experimental Biology 2017; 220(23):4440-4449.

DREYER LL, ROETS F, OBERLANDER KC. Two new Oxalis (Oxalidaceae) species, including 5 varieties, from the richtersveld of South Africa. Phytotaxa 2017; 314(2):231-240.

DU PLESSIS A, BROECKHOVEN C, GUELPA A, LE ROUX SG. Laboratory x-ray micro-computed tomography: A user guideline for biological samples. GigaScience 2017; 6(6):Article number gix027, 11 pages.

DYER EE, CASSEY P, REDDING DW, COLLEN B, FRANKS V, GASTON KJ, JONES KE, KARK S, ORME CDL, BLACKBURN M. The Global Distribution and Drivers of Alien Bird Species Richness. PLOS BIOLOGY 2017; 1:e2000942, 25 pages.

EDWARDS S, TOLLEY KA, MEASEY GJ. Habitat characteristics influence the breeding of Rose's dwarf mountain toadlet Capensibufo rosei (Anura: Bufonidae). HERPETOLOGICAL JOURNAL 2017; 27(3):287-298.

EIJSACKERS H, REINECKE AJ, REINECKE SA, MABOETA MS. Threatened southern African soils: A need for appropriate ecotoxicological risk assessment. Environmental impact assessment review 2017; 63:128-135.

ESSL F, HULME PE, JESCHKE JM, KELLER RP, PYŠEK P, RICHARDSON DM, SAUL WC, BACHER S, DULLINGER S, ESTÉVEZ RA, KÜFFER C, ROY HE, SEEBENS H, RABITSCH W. Scientific and normative foundations for the valuation of alien-species impacts: Thirteen core principles. BIOSCIENCE 2017; 67(2):166-178.

FAULKNER KT, HURLEY BP, ROBERTSON MP, ROUGET M, WILSON JR. The balance of trade in alien species between South Africa and the rest of Africa. Bothalia - African Biodiversity & Conservation 2017; 47(2):a2157, 16 pages.

FAULKNER KT, ROBERTSON MP, ROUGET M, WILSON JR. Prioritising surveillance for alien organisms transported as stowaways on ships travelling to South Africa. PLoS One 2017; 12 (4):Article number e0173340, 20 pages.

FERUS P, BOŠIAKOVA D, KONǒPKOVA J, HOT'KA P, KEET J. Hooker's or warty barberry? Physiological background analysis for choosing the right one into ornamental plantations endangered by drought. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis 2017; 65(2):411-418.

FIGLAN S, MAKUNGA NP. Genetic transformation of the medicinal plant Salvia runcinata L. f. using Agrobacterium rhizogenes. SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY 2017; 112:193-202.

FILL JM, FORSYTH GG, KRITZINGER-KLOPPER S, LE MAITRE DC, VAN WILGEN BW. An assessment of the effectiveness of a long-term ecosystem restoration project in a fynbos shrubland catchment in South Africa. Journal of environmental management 2017; 185:1-10.

FILL JM, GLITZENSTEIN JS, STRENG DR, STOWE JP, MOUSSEAU TA. Wiregrass (Aristida beyrichiana) May Limit Woody Plant Encroachment in Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris) Ecosystems. AMERICAN MIDLAND NATURALIST 2017; 17(1):153-161.

FOXCROFT LC, HERBST M. Status and trends in the global growth of Koedoe between 1958 and 2016. Koedoe: Research Journal of the South African National Parks 2017; 59(1):a1500, 5 pages.

FOXCROFT LC, PYSEK P, RICHARDSON DM, GENOVESI P, MACFADYEN S. Erratum to: Plant invasion science in protected areas: progress and priorities. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 19:1353–1378.

FOXCROFT LC, PYŠEK P, RICHARDSON DM, GENOVESI P, MACFADYEN S. Plant invasion science in protected areas: progress and priorities. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 19(5):1353-1378.

FOXCROFT LC, VAN WILGEN NJ, BAARD J, COLE NS. Biological invasions in South African National Parks. Bothalia - African Biodiversity & Conservation 2017; 2(47):Article number a2158,12 pages.

FRENCH GCA, STÜRUP M, RIZZUTO S, VAN WYK JH, EDWARDS D, DOLAN RW, WINTNER SP, TOWNER AV, HUGHES WOH. The tooth, the whole tooth and nothing but the tooth: tooth shape and ontogenetic shift dynamics in the white shark Carcharodon carcharias. JOURNAL OF FISH BIOLOGY 2017; 91:1032 – 1047.

FURMAN BLS, CAURET CMS, COLBY GA, MEASEY GJ, EVANS BJ. Limited genomic consequences of hybridization between two African clawed frogs, Xenopus gilli and X. laevis (Anura: Pipidae). Scientific Reports 2017; 7(1):Article number 1091, 11 pages.

GAERTNER M, NOVOA PEREZ A, FRIED J, RICHARDSON DM. Managing invasive species in cities: a decision support framework applied to Cape Town. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 19:3707 –3723.

GAERTNER M, WILSON JR, CADOTTE MW, MACIVOR JS, ZENNI RD, RICHARDSON DM. Non-native species in urban environments: patterns, processes, impacts and challenges. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 19:3461–3469.

GALLARDO B, ALDRIDGE DC, GONZÁLEZ-MORENO P, PERGL J, PIZARRO M, PYCEK P, THUILLER W, YESSON C, VILÀ M. Protected areas offer refuge from invasive species spreading under climate change. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY 2017; 23(12):5331-5343.

GALLIEN L, ALTERMATT F, WIEMERS M, SCHWEIGER O, ZIMMERMANN NE. Invasive plants threaten the least mobile butterflies in Switzerland. DIVERSITY AND DISTRIBUTIONS 2017; 23(2): 185-195.

GALLIEN L, ZIMMERMANN NE, LEVINE JM, ADLER PB. The effects of intransitive competition on coexistence. ECOLOGY LETTERS 2017; 20(7):791-800.

GALLIEN L. Intransitive competition and its effects on community functional diversity. OIKOS 2017; 126:615-623.

GALLOWAY AD, HOLMES PM, GAERTNER M, ESLER KJ. The impact of pine plantations on fynbos above-ground vegetation and soil seed bank composition. SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY 2017; 113:300-307.


​HAELEWATERS D, ZHAO SY, CLUSELLA-TRULLAS S, COTTRELL TE, DE KESEL A, FIEDLER L, HERZ A, HESKETH H, HUI C, KLEESPIES RG, MINNAAR C, ET AL. Parasites of Harmonia axyridis: current research and perspectives. Biocontrol 2017; 62(3):355-371.

HALL SAW, NEWTON RJ, HOLMES PM, GAERTNER M, ESLER KJ. Heat and smoke pre-treatment of seeds to improve restoration of an endangered Mediterranean climate vegetation type. AUSTRAL ECOLOGY 2017; 42(3):354-366.

HAUPT TM, SINCLAIR BJ, CHOWN SL. Thermal preference and performance in a sub-Antarctic caterpillar: A test of the coadaptation hypothesis and its alternatives. JOURNAL OF INSECT PHYSIOLOGY 2017; 98:108-116.

HENDERSON L, WILSON JR. Changes in the composition and distribution of alien plants in South Africa: An update from the Southern African Plant Invaders Atlas. Bothalia - African Biodiversity & Conservation 2017; 47(2):Article number a2172, 26 pages.

HENRIQUES RP, NIELSEN ES, DURHOLTZ D, JAPP D, VON DER HEYDEN S. Genetic population sub-structuring of kingklip (Genypterus capensis – Ophidiidiae), a commercially exploited demersal fish off South Africa. Fisheries Research 2017; 187:86-95.

HIRSCH H, BRUNET J, ZALAPA JE, VON WEHRDEN H, HARTMANN M, KLEINDIENST C, SCHLAUTMAN B, KOSMAN E, WESCHE K, RENISON D, HENSEN I. Intra- and interspecific hybridization in invasive Siberian elm. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 19(6):1889-1904.


native range taxonomy complicates inferences in invasion ecology: Acacia dealbata Link as an example. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 19(6):1715-1722.

HIRSCH H, RICHARDSON DM, LE ROUX JJ. Introduction to the special issue: Tree invasions: towards a better understanding of their complex evolutionary dynamics. AoB Plants 2017; 9:plx014, 8 pages.

HOFMEYR MD, VAMBERGER M, BRANCH WR, SCHLEICHER A, DANIELS SR. Tortoise (Reptilia, Testudinidae) radiations in Southern Africa from the Eocene to the present. ZOOLOGICA SCRIPTA 2017; 46(4):389-400.

HUI C, RICHARDSON DM, VISSER V. Ranking of invasive spread through urban green areas in the world's 100 most populous cities. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 19(12):3527-3539.

IRLICH UM, POTGIETER LJ, STAFFORD L, GAERTNER M. Recommendations for municipalities to become compliant with national legislation on biological. Bothalia - African Biodiversity & Conservation 2017; 47(2):a2156, 11 pages.

JACOBS LEO, RICHARDSON DM, LEPSCHI BJ, WILSON JR. Quantifying errors and omissions in alien species lists: The introduction status of Melaleuca species in South Africa as a case study. NeoBiota 2017; 32(1):89-105.

JANSEN VAN RENSBURG JHJ, VAN WILGEN BW, RICHARDSON DM. The challenges of managing invasive alien plants on private land in the Cape Floristic Region: insights from Vergelegen Wine Estate (2004-2015). Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 2017; 72:207-216.

JOPPA L, O'CONNOR B, SMITH C, VISCONTI P, GELDMANN J, HOFFMANN M, WATSON JE, BUTCHART SHM, VIRAH-SAWMY M, HALPERN BS, AHMED S, FODEN WB, ET AL. Filling in biodiversity threat gaps. Science 2016; 352(6284):416-418.

JOUSSET A, BIENHOLD C, CHATZINOTAS D, GALLIEN L, GOBET A, KURM V, KÜSEL K, RILLIG MC, RIVETT DW, SALLES JF, VAN DER HEIJDEN MGA, ET AL. Where less may be more: How the rare biosphere pulls ecosystems strings. ISME Journal 2017; 11(4):853-862.

KAHNT B, MONTGOMERY GA, MURRAY E, KUHLMANN MT, PAUW CA, MICHEZ D, PAXTON RJ, DANFORTH BN. Playing with extremes: Origins and evolution of exaggerated female forelegs in South African Rediviva bees. MOLECULAR PHYLOGENETICS AND EVOLUTION 2017; 115:95-105.

KALUSOVÁ V, CHYTRÝ M, VAN KLEUNEN M, MUCINA L, DAWSON W, ESSL F, KREFT H, PERGL J, WEIGELT P, WINTER M, PYCEK P. Naturalization of European plants on other continents: The role of donor habitats. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2017; 114(52):13756-13761.

KAMUTANDO CN, VIKRAM S, KAMGAN-NKUEKAM G, MAKHALANYANE TP, GREVE M, LE ROUX JJ, RICHARDSON DM, COWAN D, VALVERDE A. Soil nutritional status and biogeography influence rhizosphere microbial communities associated with the invasive tree Acacia dealbata. Scientific Reports 2017; 7(1):6472, 9 pages.

KAPLAN A, WILSON JR, KLEIN H, HENDERSON L, ZIMMERMANN HG, MANYAMA P, IVEY P, RICHARDSON DM, NOVOA PEREZ A. A proposed national strategic framework for the management of Cactaceae in South Africa. Bothalia - African Biodiversity & Conservation  2017; 47(2):a2149, 12 pages.

KEET J, ELLIS AG, HUI C, LE ROUX JJ. Legume-rhizobium symbiotic promiscuity and effectiveness do not affect plant invasiveness. ANNALS OF BOTANY 2017; 119(8):1319-1331.

KELLER RP, KUMSCHICK S. Promise and challenges of risk assessment as an approach for preventing the arrival of harmful alien species. Bothalia - African Biodiversity & Conservation 2017; 47(2):a2136, 8 pages.

KELSTRUP HCP, HARTFELDER K, ESTERHUIZEN N, WOSSLER TC. Juvenile hormone titers, ovarian status and epicuticular hydrocarbons in gynes and workers of the paper wasp Belonogaster longitarsus. JOURNAL OF INSECT PHYSIOLOGY 2017; 98:83-92.

KEMP JE, ELLIS AG. Significant local-scale plant-insect species richness relationship independent of abiotic effects in the temperate cape floristic region biodiversity hotspot. PLoS One 2017; 12 (1):e0168033, 16 pages.

KEMP JE, EVANS DM, AUGUSTYN WJ, ELLIS AG. Invariant antagonistic network structure despite high spatial and temporal turnover of interactions. ECOGRAPHY 2017; 40:1315-1324.

KEMP JE, LINDER HP, ELLIS AG. Beta diversity of herbivorous insects is coupled to high species and phylogenetic turnover of plant communities across short spatial scales in the Cape Floristic Region. JOURNAL OF BIOGEOGRAPHY 2017; 44(8):1813-1823.

KERR TJ, MATTHEE CA, MATTHEE S, GOVENDER D, ENGELBRECHT S. Evaluating the diversity of the Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV): a leopard perspective. African Journal of Wildlife Research (formerly: South African Journal of Wildlife Research) 2017; 2(47):92–105.

KRAAIJ T, BAARD J, RIKHOTSO DR, COLE NS, VAN WILGEN BW. Assessing the effectiveness of invasive alien plant management in a large fynbos protected area. Bothalia - African Biodiversity & Conservation 2017; 47(2):a2105, 11 pages.

KRAAIJ T, COWLING RM, VAN WILGEN BW, RIKHOTSO DR, DIFFORD M. Vegetation responses to season of fire in an aseasonal, fire-prone fynbos shrubland. PeerJ 2017; 5(8):e3591, 21 pages.

KUMSCHICK S, MEASEY GJ, VIMERCATI G, DE VILLIERS FA, MOKHATLA MM, DAVIES SJ, THORP C, REBELO AD, BLACKBURN M, KRAUS F. How repeatable is the Environmental Impact Classification of Alien Taxa (EICAT)? Comparing independent global impact assessments of amphibians. Ecology and Evolution 2017; 7(8):2661-2670.

KUMSCHICK S, VIMERCATI G, DE VILLIERS FA, MOKHATLA MM, DAVIES SJ, THORP C, REBELO AD, MEASEY GJ. Impact assessment with different scoring tools: How well do alien amphibian assessments match?. NeoBiota 2017; 33(1): 53-66.

LATOMBE G, PYŠEK P, JESCHKE JM, BLACKBURN T, BACHER S, CAPINHA C, COSTELLO MJ, FERNÁNDEZ M, GREGORY RD, HOBERN D, HUI C, JETZ W, KUMSCHICK S, WILSON JR, ET AL.  A vision for global monitoring of biological invasions. Biological Conservation 2017; 213:295-308.

LE ROUX JJ, HUI C, KEET J, ELLIS AG. Co-introduction vs ecological fitting as pathways to the establishment of effective mutualisms during biological invasions. NEW PHYTOLOGIST 2017; 215:1354–1360.

LE ROUX JJ, KEET J, MUTITI B, ELLIS AG. Cultivation may not dramatically alter rhizobial community diversity or structure associated with rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis Burm.f.) in South Africa. SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY 2017; 110:87-96.

LECHUGA-LAGO Y, NOVOA PEREZ A, LE ROUX JJ, GONZALEZ L. Understanding the influence of urbanization on invasibility: Carpobrotus edulis as an exemplar. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 19:3601–3611.

LEONTI M, STAFFORD GI, CERO MD, CABRAS S, CASTELLANOS ME, CASU L, WECKERLE CS. Reverse ethnopharmacology and drug discovery. JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY 2017; 198:417-431.

MABIN CA, WILSON JR, LE ROUX JJ, ROBINSON T. Reassessing the invasion of South African waters by the European shore-crab Carcinus maenas. African Journal of Marine Science 2017; 3 (39):259–267.

MAGADLELA A, BEUKES C, VENTER F, STEENKAMP ET, VALENTINE AJ. Does P deficiency affect nodule bacterial composition and N source utilization in a legume from nutrient-poor Mediterranean-type ecosystems?. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 2017; 104:164-174.

MANGACHENA JR, GEERTS S. Invasive alien trees reduce bird species richness and abundance of mutualistic frugivores and nectarivores; a bird's eye view on a conflict of interest species in riparian habitats. ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH 2017; 32(5):667-676.

MARR SM, ELLENDER BR, WOODFORD DJ, ALEXANDER ME, WASSERMAN RJ, IVEY P, ZENGEYA T, WEYL OLF. Evaluating invasion risk for freshwater fishes in South Africa. Bothalia - African Biodiversity & Conservation 2017; 47(2):Article number a2177,10 Pages.

​MAYER K, HAEUSER E, DAWSON W, ESSL F, KREFT H, PERGL J, PYSEK P, WEIGELT P, WINTER M, LENZNER B, VAN KLEUNEN M. Naturalization of ornamental plant species in public green spaces and private gardens. Biological Invasions 2017; 19:3613–3627.

MCLEAN P, GALLIEN L, WILSON JR, GAERTNER M, RICHARDSON DM. Small urban centres as launching sites for plant invasions in natural areas: insights from South Africa. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 19:3541–3555.

MEASEY GJ, DAVIES SJ, VIMERCATI G, REBELO AD, SCHMIDT W, TURNER AA. Invasive amphibians in southern Africa: A review of invasion pathways. Bothalia - African Biodiversity & Conservation 2017; 47(2):a2117, 12 pages.

MEASEY GJ, STEVENSON BC, SCOTT T, ALTWEGG R, BORCHERS D. Counting chirps: acoustic monitoring of cryptic frogs. JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECOLOGY 2017; 54(3):894-902.

MEASEY GJ. Where do African clawed frogs come from? An analysis of trade in live Xenopus laevis imported into the USA. SALAMANDRA 2017; 53(3):398–404.

MENZEL A, HEMPEL S, KLOTZ S, MOORA M, PYCEK P, RILLIG MC, ZOBEL M, KÜHN I. Mycorrhizal status helps explain invasion success of alien plant species. ECOLOGY 2017; 98(1):92-102.

MILLER JT, HUI C, THORNHILL A, GALLIEN L, LE ROUX JJ, RICHARDSON DM. Is invasion success of Australian trees mediated by their native biogeography, phylogenetic history, or both?. AoB Plants 2017; 9(1):plw080, 8 pages.

MITCHELL KA, BOARDMAN L, CLUSELLA-TRULLAS S, TERBLANCHE JS. Effects of nutrient and water restriction on thermal tolerance: A test of mechanisms and hypotheses. Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology 2017; 212:15-23.

MKARE TK, GROENEVELD JC, TESKE P, MATTHEE CA. Comparative genetic structure in two high- dispersal prawn species from the south-west Indian Ocean. African Journal of Marine Science 2017; 4(39):467-474.

MOODLEY D, PROCHEş S, WILSON JR. Assessing and managing the threat posed by Epipremnum aureum in South Africa. SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY 2017; 109:178-188.

MOSTERT E, GAERTNER M, HOLMES PM, REBELO AG, RICHARDSON DM. Impacts of invasive alien trees on threatened lowland vegetation types in the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa. SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY 2017; 108:209-222.

MOTHAPO NP, WOSSLER TC. Patterns of floral resource use by two dominant ant species in a biodiversity hotspot. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 19:955-969.

MPHAHLELE RR, FAWOLE OA, MAKUNGA NP, OPARA UL. Functional properties of pomegranate fruit parts: influence of packaging systems and storage time. Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization 2017; 11(4):2233-2246.

NIELSEN ES, BEGER M, HENRIQUES RP, SELKOE KA, VON DER HEYDEN S. Multispecies genetic objectives in spatial conservation planning. CONSERVATION BIOLOGY 2017; 31(4):872-882.

NOVOA PEREZ A, DEHNEN-SCHUMTZ K, FRIED J, VIMERCATI G. Does public awareness increase support for invasive species management? Promising evidence across taxa and landscape types. Biological Invasions 2017; 19:3691–3705.

NOVOA PEREZ A, LE ROUX JJ, RICHARDSON DM, WILSON JR. Level of environmental threat posed by horticultural trade in Cactaceae. CONSERVATION BIOLOGY 2017; 31(5):1066–1075.

NSIKANI MM, NOVOA PEREZ A, VAN WILGEN BW, KEET J, GAERTNER M. Acacia saligna's soil legacy effects persist longer than ten years after clearing: Implications for ecological restoration. AUSTRAL ECOLOGY 2017; 42:880-889.

NUNES AN, ZENGEYA TA, MEASEY GJ, WEYL OLF. Freshwater crayfish invasions in South Africa: past, present and potential future. African Journal Of Aquatic Science 2017; 4(42):309–323.

NUNES AN, HOFFMAN AC, ZENGEYA T, MEASEY GJ, WEYL OLF. Red swamp crayfish, Procambarus clarkii, found in South Africa 22 years after attempted eradication. AQUATIC CONSERVATION- MARINE AND FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS 2017; 27(6):1334-1340.

NUNES AN, ZENGEYA T, HOFFMAN AC, MEASEY GJ, WEYL OLF. Distribution and establishment of the alien australian redclaw crayfish, cherax quadricarinatus, in South Africa and Swaziland. PeerJ 2017; 5:Article number e3135,16 pages.


MOYANO J, VAN WILGEN BW, PAUCHARD A, RICHARDSON DM. Ecology and management of invasive Pinaceae around the world: progress and challenges. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 19:3099–3120.

​OBERHOLSTER PJ, SOMERSET VS, TRUTER JC, OBERHOLSTER A. The interplay between environmental conditions and filamentous algae mat formation in two agricultural influenced South African rivers. RIVER RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS 2017; 33(3):388-402.

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PACKER JG, MEYERSON LA, RICHARDSON DM, BRUNDU G, ALLEN WJ, BHATTARAI GP, BRIX H, CANAVAN S, CASTIGLIONE S, CICATELLI A, ČUDA J, CRONIN JT, ET AL. Global networks for invasion science: benefits, challenges and guidelines. Biological Invasions 2017; 19(4):1081- 1096.

PACKER JG, MEYERSON LA, SKÁLOVÁ H, PYCEK P, KÜFFER C. Biological Flora of the British Isles: Phragmites australis. JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY 2017; 105(4):1123-1162.

PADAYACHEE AL, IRLICH UM, FAULKNER KT, GAERTNER M, PROCHEş S, WILSON JR, ROUGET M. How do invasive species travel to and through urban environments?. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 19:3557–3570.

PAUW CA, KAHNT B, KUHLMANN MT, MICHEZ D, MONTGOMERY GA, MURRAY E, DANFORTH BN. Long-legged bees make adaptive leaps: linking adaptation to coevolution in a plant–pollinator network. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 2017; 284(1862):20171707, 7 pages.

PECL GT, ARAÚJO MB, BELL JD, BLANCHARD J, BONEBRAKE TC, CHEN IC, CLARK TD, COLWELL RK, DANIELSEN F, EVENGÅRD B, FALCONI L, GARCIA R, ET AL. Biodiversity redistribution under climate change: Impacts on ecosystems and human well-being. SCIENCE 2017; 355:Article number aai9214,9 pages.

PENK M, SAUL W, DICK JT, DONOHUE I, ALEXANDER ME, LINZMAIER S, JESCHKE JM. A trophic interaction framework for identifying the invasive capacity of novel organisms. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 2017; 8:1786-1794.

PÉREZ-FERNÁNDEZ MA, CALVO-MAGRO E, RODRÍGUEZ-SÁNCHEZ J, VALENTINE AJ. Differential growth costs and nitrogen fixation in Cytisus multiflorus (L′Hér.) Sweet and Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link are mediated by sources of inorganic N. PLANT BIOLOGY 2017; 19(5):742-748.

PÉREZ-FERNÁNDEZ MA, VALENTINE AJ. Enhanced plant performance in Cicer arietinum L. Due to the addition of a combination of plant growth-promoting bacteria. Agriculture 2017; 7(5):Article number 40, 8 pages.

PERGL J, PYCEK P, BACHER S, ESSL F, GENOVESI P, HARROWER C, HULME PE, JESCHKE JM, KENIS M, KÜHN I, PERGLOVÁ I, ET AL. Troubling travellers: Are ecologically harmful alien species associated with particular introduction pathways?. NeoBiota 2017; 32(1): 1-20.

PETERS K, ROBINSON T. First record of the marine alien amphipod Caprella mutica (Schurin, 1935) in South Africa. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 6(1):61-66.

PETERS K, SINK KJ, ROBINSON T. Raising the flag on marine alien fouling species. Management of Biological Invasions 2017; 8(1):1-11.

PIETERSE A, MALAN AP, KRUITBOS LM, SIRGEL WF, ROSS JL. Nematodes associated with terrestrial slugs from canola fields and ornamental nurseries in South Africa. ZOOTAXA 2017; 1:194–200.

PIETERSE A, MALAN AP, SIRGEL WF, ROSS JL. Distribution and feeding behavior of chlamydephorus gibbonsi in the western cape province of south africa. Journal of Conchology 2017; 42(6):523-530.

PIRIE MD, OLIVER EGH, GEHRKE B, HERINGER L, MUGRABI DE KUPPLER AL, LE MAITRE NC, BELLSTEDT DU. Underestimated regional species diversity in the Cape Floristic Region revealed by phylogenetic analysis of the Erica abietina/E. viscaria clade (Ericaceae). BOTANICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY 2017; 2(184):185-203.

POTGIETER LJ, GAERTNER M, KÜFFER C, LARSON BMH, LIVINGSTONE SW, O'FARRELL PJ, RICHARDSON DM. Alien plants as mediators of ecosystem services and disservices in urban systems: a global review. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 19:3571–3588.

PYCEK P, PERGL J, ESSL F, LENZNER B, DAWSON W, KREFT H, WEIGELT P, WINTER M, KARTESZ J, NISHINO M, ANTONOVA LA, BARCELONA JF, ET AL. Naturalized alien flora of the world: Species diversity, taxonomic and phylogenetic patterns, geographic distribution and global hotspots of plant invasion. PRESLIA 2017; 89(3):203-274.

QUINTERO E, GENZONI E, MANN N, NUTTMAN C, ANDERSON BC. Sunbird surprise: A test of the predictive power of the syndrome concept. FLORA 2017; 232:22-29.

REJMÁNEK M, HUNTLEY BJ, LE ROUX JJ, RICHARDSON DM. A rapid survey of the invasive plant species in western Angola. AFRICAN JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY 2017; 55(1):56-69.


SIMBERLOFF D, SUTHERLAND WJ, WARDLE DA, ALDRIDGE DC. Invasion Science: Looking Forward Rather Than Revisiting Old Ground - A Reply to Zenni et al. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2017; 32(11):809-810.

RICCIARDI A, BLACKBURN TM, CARLTON JT, DICK JT, HULME PE, IACARELLA JC, JESCHKE JM, LIEBHOLD AM, LOCKWOOD JL, MACISAAC HJ, PYŠEK P, RICHARDSON DM, SIMBERLOFF D, SUTHERLAND WJ, WARDLE DA, ALDRIDGE DC. Invasion Science: A Horizon Scan of Emerging Challenges and Opportunities. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2017; 32(6):464-474.

RICOTTA C, RAPSON GL, ASMUS U, PYCEK P, KUHN I, LA SORTE FA, THOMPSON K. British plants as aliens in New Zealand cities: residence time moderates their impact on the beta diversity of urban floras. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 19:3589–3599.

ROBINSON T, HAVENGA BS, VAN DER MERWE M, JACKSON S. Mind the gap - context dependency in invasive species impacts: A case study of the ascidian Ciona robusta. NeoBiota 2017; 32 (1):127-141.

ROBINSON T, POPE HR, ALEXANDER ME. Early life-history processes and their implications for the invasion of the barnacle Balanus glandula. Marine Biology Research 2017; 13(4):439-446.

RÖDDER D, IHLOW F, COURANT J, SECONDI J, HERREL AY, REBELO R, MEASEY GJ, LILLO F, DE VILLIERS FA, DE BUSSCHERE CD, BACKELJAU T. Global realized niche divergence in the African clawed frog Xenopus laevis. Ecology and Evolution 2017; 7(11):4044-4058.

ROHWER VG, PAUW CA, MARTIN PR. Fluff-thieving birds sabotage seed dispersal. Royal Society Open Science 2017; 4(1):160538, 14 pages.

RUBOW J, CHERRY MI, SHARPE LL. Calling for help: dwarf mongoose recruitment calls inform receivers about context and elicit disparate responses. ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR 2017; 127(1):7-14.

RUBOW J, CHERRY MI, SHARPE LL. Dwarf mongooses use sex and identity cues in isolation calls to discriminate between callers. ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR 2017; 127(1):23-31.

RUIZ-HERRERA A, VOZDOVA M, FERNÁNDEZ J, SEBESTOVA H, CAPILLA L, FROHLICH J, VARA C, HERNÁNDEZ-MARSA A, SIPEK J, ROBINSON TJ, RUBES J. Recombination correlates with synaptonemal complex length and chromatin loop size in bovids—insights into mammalian meiotic chromosomal organization. CHROMOSOMA 2017; 126:615-631.

SANDS AF, APANASKEVICH DA, MATTHEE S, HORAK IG, HARRISON A, KARIM S, MOHAMMED MK, MUMCUOGLU KY, RAJAKARUNA RS, SANTOS-SILVA MM, MATTHEE CA. Effects of tectonics and large scale climatic changes on the evolutionary history of Hyalomma ticks. MOLECULAR PHYLOGENETICS AND EVOLUTION 2017; 114:153-165.

SANDS AF, APANASKEVICH DA, MATTHEE S, HORAK IG, MATTHEE CA. The effect of host vicariance and parasite life history on the dispersal of the multi-host ectoparasite, Hyalomma truncatum. JOURNAL OF BIOGEOGRAPHY 2017; 44(5):1124-1136.

SATO-OKOSHI W, ABE H, NISHITANI G, SIMON CA. And then there was one: Polydora uncinata and Polydora hoplura (Annelida: Spionidae), the problematic polydorid pest species represent a single species. JOURNAL OF THE MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION OF THE UNITED KINGDOM 2017; 8(97):1675–1684.

SAUL W, SHACKLETON RT, YANNELLI LUCERO FA. Ecologists Winning Arguments: Ends Don't Justify the Means. A Response to Begon. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2017; 32(10):723-724.

SEEBENS H, BLACKBURN M, DYER EE, GENOVESI P, HULME PE, JESCHKE JM, PAGAD S, PYŠEK  P, WINTER M, ARIANOUTSOU M, BACHER S, ESSL F. No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide. Nature Communications 2017; 8:14435, 9 pages.

SHACKLETON RT, ANGELSTAM P, VAN DER WAAL B, ELBAKIDZE M. Progress made in managing and valuing ecosystem services: a horizon scan of gaps in research, management and governance. Ecosystem Services 2017; 27:232-241.

SHACKLETON RT, LE MAITRE DC, VAN WILGEN BW, RICHARDSON DM. Towards a national strategy to optimise the management of a widespread invasive tree (Prosopis species; mesquite) in South Africa. Ecosystem Services 2017; 27:242-252.

SHACKLETON RT, WITT A, NUNDA W, RICHARDSON DM. Chromolaena odorata (Siam weed) in eastern Africa: distribution and socio-ecological impacts. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 19 (4):1285-1298.

SHACKLETON RT, WITT A, PIRORIS FM, VAN WILGEN BW. Distribution and socio-ecological impacts of the invasive alien cactus Opuntia stricta in eastern Africa. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 19:2427–2441.

SHACKLETON RT, WITT ABR, AOOL W, PRATT CF. Distribution of the invasive alien weed, Lantana camara, and its ecological and livelihood impacts in eastern Africa. African Journal of Range and Forage Science 2017; 34(1):1-11.

SHAWKEY MD, IGIC B, ROGALLA S, GOLDENBERG J, CLUSELLA-TRULLAS S, D'ALBA L. Beyond colour: consistent variation in near infrared and solar reflectivity in sunbirds (Nectariniidae). Science of Nature 2017; 104(9-10):78,5 pages.

SHELTON JM, BIRD MS, SAMWAYS MJ, DAY JA. Non-native rainbow trout(Oncorhynchus my kiss) occupy a different trophic niche to native Breeder River red fin (Pseudobarbus burchelli)which they replace in South African headwater streams. ECOLOGY OF FRESHWATER FISH 2017; 26:484–496.

SHELTON JM, IMPSON DN, GRAHAM SM, ESLER KJ. Down, but not out: Recent decline of Berg –Breede River whitefish (Barbus andrewi) in the upper Hex River, South Africa. Koedoe: Research Journal of the South African National Parks 2017; 59(1): a1398, 6 pages.

SIMBERLOFF D, MEYERSON LA, PYŠEK P, RICHARDSON DM. Honoring Harold A. Mooney: Citizen of the world and catalyst for invasion science. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 19(8):2219-2224.

STEVENS N, LEHMANN CER, MURPHY B, DURIGAN G. Savanna woody encroachment is widespread across three continents. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY 2017; 23(1):235-244.

STRAYER DL, D'ANTONIO CM, ESSL F, FOWLER MS, GEIST J, HILT S, JARIć I, JOHNK K, JONES CG, LAMBIN X, LATZKA AW, PERGL J, PYCEK P, ET AL. Boom-bust dynamics in biological invasions: towards an improved application of the concept. ECOLOGY LETTERS 2017; 20:1337–1350.

STUART-FOX D, NEWTON E, CLUSELLA-TRULLAS S. Thermal consequences of colour and near- infrared reflectance. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences 2017; 372(1724):20160345, 8 pages.

SU S, CASSEY P, BLACKBURN M, DYER EE. Geographical range expansion of alien birds and environmental matching. IBIS 2016; 159(1):193-203.

SZCZERBAL I, ROBINSON TJ, DURAN PUIG A, DAVEY SC, ANDERSSON M, SWITONSKI M. Ectopic position of duplicated KIT gene in African Nguni cattle, associated with color sidedness, confirms its shared ancestry with the Bos taurus lineage. ANIMAL GENETICS 2017; 48(1):122-123.

THAXTER CB, BUCHANAN G, CARR J, BUTCHART SHM, NEWBOLD T, GREEN RE, TOBIAS JA, FODEN WB, O'BRIEN S, PEARCE-HIGGINS JW. Bird and bat species' global vulnerability to collision mortality at wind farms revealed through a trait-based assessment. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences 2017; 284 (1862):20170829, 10 pages.

THEODORIDIS S, RANDIN CF, SZOVENYI P, BOUCHER FC, PATSIOU TS, CONTI E. How do cold-adapted plants respond to climatic cycles? Interglacial expansion explains current distribution and genomic diversity in Primula farinosa L. SYSTEMATIC BIOLOGY 2017; 66(5):715-736.

VALENTINE AJ, KLEINERT A, BENEDITO VA. Adaptive strategies for nitrogen metabolism in phosphate deficient legume nodules. PLANT SCIENCE 2017; 256:46-52.

VAN DER COLFF D, DREYER LL, VALENTINE AJ, ROETS F. Comparison of nutrient cycling abilities between the invasive Acacia mearnsii and the native Virgilia divaricata trees growing sympatrically in forest margins in South Africa. SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY 2017; 111(1):358-364.

VAN DER COLFF D, DREYER LL, VALENTINE AJ, ROETS F. Differences in physiological responses to infection by Ceratocystis tsitsikammensis, a native ophiostomatoid pathogen, between a native forest and an exotic forestry tree in South Africa. Fungal Ecology 2017; 27:107-115.

VAN WILGEN BW, FILL JM, GOVENDER N, FOXCROFT LC. An assessment of the evolution, costs and effectiveness of alien plant control operations in Kruger National Park, South Africa. NeoBiota 2017; 35:35-59.

VAZ AS, KÜFFER C, KULL CA, RICHARDSON DM, SCHINDLER S, MUÑOZ-PAJARES AJ, VICENTE J, MARTINS J, HUI C, KÜHN I, HONRADO J. The progress of interdisciplinarity in invasion science. AMBIO 2017; 46(1):428-442.

VAZ AS, KÜFFER C, KULL CA, RICHARDSON DM, VICENTE J, KÜHN I, SCHRÖTER M, HAUCK J, BONN A, HONRADO J. Integrating ecosystem services and disservices: insights from plant invasions. Ecosystem Services 2017; 23:94-107.

VIMERCATI G, DAVIES SJ, HUI C, MEASEY GJ. Does restricted access limit management of invasive urban frogs?. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 19:3659-3674.

VIMERCATI G, HUI C, DAVIES SJ, MEASEY GJ. Integrating age structured and landscape resistance models to disentangle invasion dynamics of a pond-breeding anuran. ECOLOGICAL MODELLING 2017; 356:104-116.

VISSER V, WILSON JR, CANAVAN K, CANAVAN S, FISH L, LE MAITRE DC, NÅNNI I, MASHAU C, O'CONNOR TH, IVEY P, KUMSCHICK S, RICHARDSON DM. Grasses as invasive plants in South Africa revisited: Patterns, pathways and management. Bothalia - African Biodiversity & Conservation 2017; 47(2):a2169, 29 pages.

VOGT SII, DE VILLIERS FA, IHLOW F, RÖDDER D, MEASEY GJ. Competition and feeding ecology in two sympatric xenopus species (Anura: Pipidae). PeerJ 2017; 4:Article number e3130, 12 pages.

VON DER HEYDEN S. Making evolutionary history count: biodiversity planning for coral reef fishes and the conservation of evolutionary processes. CORAL REEFS 2017; 36(1):183-194.

VONESH J, MCCOY M, ALTWEGG R, LANDI P, MEASEY GJ. Rather than unifying invasion biology, Dick et al.'s approach rests on subjective foundations. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 19 (5):1679-1680.

VONESH J, MCCOY MW, ALTWEGG R, LANDI P, MEASEY GJ. Functional responses can't unify invasion ecology. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 19(5):1673-1676.

VUWANI MK, NKOMO A, NGEZIMANA W, MAKUNGA NP, MUDAU FN. Response of phytochemicals in Bush Tea (Athrixia phylicoides DC.) as influenced by selected micronutrients. HORTSCIENCE 2017; 52(7):965-971.

WAGNER V, CHYTRÝ M, JIMÉNEZ-ALFARO B, PERGL J, HENNEKENS SM, BIURRUN I, KNOLLOVÁ I, BERG C, PYCEK P, VASSILEV K, RODVELL JS, SKVORC Z, JANDT U, ET AL. Alien plant invasions in European woodlands. Diversity and Distributions 2017; 23(9):969-981.

WALKER GA, GAERTNER M, ROBERTSON MP, RICHARDSON DM. The prognosis for Ailanthus altissima (Simaroubaceae; tree of heaven) as an invasive species in South Africa; insights from its performance elsewhere in the world. SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY 2017; 112:283-289.

WALKER GA, ROBERTSON MP, GAERTNER M, GALLIEN L, RICHARDSON DM. The potential range  of Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven) in South Africa: the roles of climate, land use and disturbance. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 19(12): 3675-3690.

WEIGHILL B, HUYSAMER AJ, ANDERSON BC. The nightshift: Seed dispersal and consumption differences by rodents before and after dark. SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY 2017; 108:267-271.

WEYL OLF, NUNES AN, ELLENDER BR, WEYL PSR, CHILALA AC, JACOBS FJ, MURRAY-HUDSON M, DOUTHWAITE RJ. Why suggesting Australian redclaw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus as biological control agents for snails is a bad idea. African Journal Of Aquatic Science 2017; 4(42):325–327.

WILLIAMS L, KARL SA, RICE S, SIMON CA. Molecular Identification of Polydorid Polychaetes (Annelida: Spionidae): Is there a Quick Way to Identify Pest and Alien Species?. AFRICAN ZOOLOGY 2017; 52(2):105-118.

WILSON JR, GAERTNER M, RICHARDSON DM, VAN WILGEN BW. Contributions to the national status report on biological invasions in South Africa. Bothalia - African Biodiversity & Conservation 2017; 47(2):Article number a2207, 8 pages.

WITBOOI H, OKEM A, MAKUNGA NP, KAMBIZI L. Micropropagation and secondary metabolites in Agathosma betulina (Berg.). SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY 2017; 111:283-290.

WITT ABR, KIAMBI S, BEALE T, VAN WILGEN BW. A preliminary assessment of the extent and potential impacts of alien plant invasions in the Serengeti-Mara ecosystem, East Africa. Koedoe: Research Journal of the South African National Parks 2017; 59(1):a1426,16 pages.

WOOD LE, DE GRAVE S, DANIELS SR. Phylogeographic patterning among two codistributed shrimp species (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonidae) reveals high levels of connectivity across biogeographic regions along the South African coast. PLoS One 2017; 12(3):e0173356, 18 pages.

WOOD LE, DE GRAVE S, VAN HEERDEN CJ, DANIELS SR. Complete mitochondrial genome of the freshwater prawn Palaemon capensis (Crustacea: Palaemonidae). Mitochondrial DNA 2017; 2 (2):742-743.

YANNELLI LUCERO FA, HUGHES P, KOLLMANN J. Preventing plant invasions at early stages of revegetation: The role of limiting similarity in seed size and seed density(. ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING 2017; 100:286-290.

YANNELLI LUCERO FA, KOCH A, JESCHKE JM, KOLLMANN J. Limiting similarity and Darwin's naturalization hypothesis: understanding the drivers of biotic resistance against invasive plant species. OECOLOGIA 2017; 183(3):775-784.


biological control as a management tool for suppression of invasive alien plants in South Africa.

Bothalia - African Biodiversity & Conservation 2017; 47(2):Article number a2142,19 pages.

ZENGEYA T, IVEY P, WOODFORD DJ, WEYL OLF, NOVOA PEREZ A, SHACKLETON RT, RICHARDSON DM, VAN WILGEN BW. Managing conflict-generating invasive species in South-Africa: Challenges and trade-offs. Bothalia - African Biodiversity & Conservation 2017; 47(2):a2160,11pages.

ZENNI RD, DICKIE IA, WINGfiELD MJ, HIRSCH H, CROUS C, MEYERSON LA, BURGESS T, ZIMMERMANN TG, KLOCK MM, SIEMANN E, ERFMEIER A, ARAGON R, MONTTI L, LE ROUX JJ. Evolutionary dynamics of tree invasions: complementing the unified framework for biological invasions. AoB Plants 2017; 9(1):plw085, 14 pages.

ZIMMERMANN TG, ANDRADE ACS, RICHARDSON DM. Abiotic barriers limit tree invasion but do not hamper native shrub recruitment in invaded stands. BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS 2017; 19(1):109- 129.

Journal Articles (Non-subsidised)

BROOKS J, STANDER MA, PETERS SW, KOSSMANN JM. High light bio-fortification stimulates de novo synthesis of resveratrol in Diplotaxis tenuifolia (wild rocket) micro-greens. Functional Foods in Health and Disease 2017; 7(11):859-872.

CUMBERLIDGE N, NASKRECKI P, DANIELS SR. Potamonautes gorongosa, a new species of potamonautid freshwater crab (Decapoda, Brachyura) from Mozambique, southeastern Africa. Nauplius 2017; 24:e2016029.

GUO D, YOUNG AJ, DESMET PG, MIDGLEY GF. Climate Change Impacts on Dwarf Succulents in Namibia as a Result of Changes in Fog and Relative Humidity. Journal of Water Resource and Hydraulic Engineering 2017; 6(3):57-63.


HUI C, RICHARDSON DM. Invasion Dynamics. Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom 2017:322 pp.

WILSON JR, PANETTA FD, LINDGREN C. Detecting and Responding to Alien Plant Incursions . Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom 2017:265 pp.

Chapters in Books

BLANCHARD R, KUMSCHICK S, RICHARDSON DM. Biofuel plants as potential invasive species: Environmental concerns and progress towards objective risk assessment. In: RUPPEL OC, Dix H (eds.) Roadmap for sustainable biofuels in southern Africa - Regulatory frameworks for improved development?, Nomos, Germany, 2017: 47-59.

FODEN WB, AKÇAKAYA HR. The IUCN Red Listing and Climate Change Vulnerability. In: FODEN WB, Young B (eds.) IUCN SSC Guidelines for Assessing Species' Vulnerability to Climate Change, Langham Press, Gland, Switzerland, 2016: 57-60.

FODEN WB, GARCIA R, PLATTS P, CARR J, HOFFMANN AA, VISCONTI P. Selecting and evaluating CCVA approaches and methods. In: FODEN WB, Young B (eds.) IUCN SSC Guidelines for Assessing Species' Vulnerability to Climate Change, Langham Press, Gland, Switzerland, 2016: 17-32.

FODEN WB, PACIFICI M, HOLE DG. Setting the scene. In: FODEN WB, Young B (eds.) IUCN SSC Guidelines for Assessing Species' Vulnerability to Climate Change, Langham Press, Gland, Switzerland, 2016: 5-12.

FODEN WB, WATSON JE, HOFFMANN AA, CORLETT R, HOLE DG. Future directions in CCVA of species. In: FODEN WB, Young B (eds.) IUCN SSC Guidelines for Assessing Species' Vulnerability to Climate Change, Langham Press, Gland, Switzerland, 2016: 63-66.

FODEN WB, YOUNG B, WATSON JE. Introduction. In: FODEN WB, Young B (eds.) IUCN SSC guidelines for assessing species' vulnerability to climate change, Langham Press, Gland, Switzerland, 2016: 1-5.

FODEN WB. IUCN'S Trait-Based Assessment of Climate Change Vulnerability of the World's Birds and Amphibians: A Focus on the Amazon . In: Rodríguez L, Anderson I (eds.) The Lima  Declaration on Biodiversity and Climate Change: Contributions from Science to Policy for Sustainable Development, Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal, Canada, 2017: 62-68.

​GAERTNER M, LE MAITRE DC, ESLER KJ. Alterations of Disturbance Regimes by Plant and Animal Invaders. In: Hulme PE (ed.) Impact of Biological Invasions on Ecosystem Services, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2017: 249-262.

HUNTLEY B, FODEN WB, PEARCE-HIGGINS JW, SMITH AB. Understanding and working with uncertainty. In: FODEN WB, Young B (eds.) IUCN SSC Guidelines for Assessing Species' Vulnerability to Climate Change, Langham Press, Gland, Switzerland, 2016: 54-56.

HUNTLEY B, FODEN WB, SMITH AB, PLATTS P, WATSON JE, GARCIA R. Using CCVAs and interpreting their results. In: FODEN WB, Young B (eds.) IUCN SSC Guidelines for Assessing Species' Vulnerability to Climate Change, Langham Press, Gland, Switzerland, 2016: 33-48.

MUCINA L, BUSTAMANTE-SÁNCHEZ MA, PEDRA BD, HOLMES PM, KEELER-WOLF T, ARMESTO JJ, DOBROWOLSKI M, GAERTNER M, SMITH-RAMÍREZ C, VILAGROSA A. Ecological restoration in mediterranean-type shrublands and woodlands. In: Allison SK, Murphy SD (eds.) Routledge Handbook of Ecological and Environmental Restoration, Routledge, 2017, New York, USA, 2017: 173-196.

RESIDE A, HOLE DG, WILLIS SG, PLATTS P, KOVACS KM, YOUNG B, FODEN WB, BAKER D, AKÇAKAYA HR, GARCIA R, THOMAS C, WHEATLEY C. Case Studies. In: FODEN WB, Young B (eds.) IUCN SSC Guidelines for Assessing Species' Vulnerability to Climate Change, Langham Press, Gland, Switzerland, 2016: 67-94.

YOUNG B, MARTIN TG, WATSON JE, FODEN WB, WILLIAMS SE, SCHEFFERS BR. Setting climate change vulnerability assessment goals and objectives. In: FODEN WB, Young B (eds.) IUCN SSC Guidelines for Assessing Species' Vulnerability to Climate Change, Langham Press, Gland, Switzerland, 2016: 13-16.