Botany & Zoology
Welcome to Stellenbosch University


Journal articles

AAMIDOR SE, ALLSOPP MH, REID RJ, BEEKMAN M, BUCHMANN G, WOSSLER TC, OLDROYD BP. What mechanistic factors affect thelytokous parthenogenesis in Apis mellifera caponizes queens? Apidologie 2020; 51(3):329-341.

ABUBAKARI F, MESJASZ-PRZYBYLOWICZ J, PRZYBYLOWICZ WJ, VAN DER ENT A. Convergent patterns of tissue-level distribution of elements in different tropical woody nickel hyperaccumulator species from Borneo Island. AoB Plants 2020; 12(6):1-17.

ANDERSON BC, DE JAGER ML. Natural selection in mimicry. Biological Reviews 2020; 95:291– 304.

ANDERSON BC, MINNAAR C. Illuminating the incredible journey of pollen. American Journal of Botany 2020; 107(10):1323–1326, 4 pages.

ANDREWS C, MASTERS J, GENIN F, COUETTE S. The evolution of palate shape in the Lepilemur -Cheirogaleidae          clade (Primates: Strepsirrhini). American      Journal           of Physical Anthropology 2020; 11(1): Article no 24093, 15 pages.

ARASPIN LN, MARTINEZ AS, WAGENER CH, COURANT J, LOUPPE V, PADILLA P, MEASEY GJ, HERREL A. Rapid Shifts in the Temperature Dependence of Locomotor Performance in an Invasive Frog, Xenopus laevis, Implications for Conservation. Integrative and Comparative Biology 2020; 60(2):456–466.

ARAUJO GS, VILASBOA A, BRITTO MR, BERNARDI G, VON DER HEYDEN S, LEVY A, FLOETER SR. Phylogeny of the comb-tooth blenny genus Scartella (Blenniiformes: Blenniidae) reveals several cryptic lineages and a trans-Atlantic relationship. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 2020; 190:54–64.

ARCHER E, WOLFAARDT GM, VAN WYK JH, VAN BLERK N. Investigating (anti)estrogenic activities within South African wastewater and receiving surface waters: Implication for reliable monitoring. Environmental Pollution 2020; 263: Article number 114424.

AREMU AO, FAWOLE OA, MAKUNGA NP, MASONDO N, MOYO M, BUTHELEZI NMD, AMOO SO, SPÍCHAL L, DOLEŽAL K. Applications of cytokinins in horticultural fruit crops: Trends and future prospects. Biomolecules 2020; 10(9): Article number 1222, Pages 1-71.

ARNETH A, SHIN YJ, LEADLEY P, RONDININI C, BUKVAREVA E, KOLB M, MIDGLEY GF, OBERDORFF T, PALOMO I, SAITO O. Post-2020 biodiversity targets need to embrace climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2020; 117(49):30882-30891.

AYLWARD J, HAVENGA M, DREYER LL, ROETS F, WINGFIELD BD, WINGFIELD MJ. Genomic characterization of mating type loci and mating type distribution in two apparently asexual plantation tree pathogens. Plant Pathology 2020; 69(1):28-37.

BABST-KOSTECKA A, PRZYBYLOWICZ WJ, SEGET B, MESJASZ-PRZYBYLOWICZ J. Zinc allocation to and within Arabidopsis halleri seeds: Different strategies of metal homeostasis in accessions under divergent selection pressure. Plant-Environment Interactions 2020; 1:207-220.

BABST-KOSTECKA A, PRZYBYLOWICZ WJ, VAN DER ENT A, RYAN C, DIETRICH CC, MESJASZ-PRZYBYLOWICZ J. Endosperm prevents toxic amounts of Zn from accumulating in the seed embryo-an  adaptation  to  metalliferous  sites  in  metal-tolerant:  Biscutella laevigata. Metallomics 2020; 12(1):42-53.

BAILEY S, BROWN L, CAMPBELL M, CANNING-CLODE J, CARLTON JT, CASTRO N, CHAINHO P, CHAN FT, CREED JC, CURD A, DARLING J, FOFONOFF P, ROBINSON-SMYTHE T, ET AL. Trends in the detection of aquatic non-indigenous species across global marine, estuarine and freshwater ecosystems: A 50-year perspective. Diversity and Distributions 2020; 26:1780- 1797.

BAIRD D, ASMUS H. ECSS Special Issue: Wadden Sea Habitats: From single ecological interactions to holistic assessments of coastal habitats in the Wadden Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 2020; 241: Article number 106795.

BAKKES DK, CHITIMIA-DOBLER L, MATLOA D, OOSTHUYSEN M, MUMCUOGLU KY, MANS BJ, MATTHEE CA. Integrative taxonomy and species delimitation of Rhipicephalus turanicus (Acari: Ixodida: Ixodidae). International Journal for Parasitology 2020; 50(8):577-594.

BALINANDI S, CHITIMIA-DOBLER L, GRANDI G, NAKAYIKI T, KABASA W, BBIRA B, LUTWAMA JJ, BAKKES DK, MALMBERG M, MUGISHA L. Morphological and molecular identification of ixodid tick  species  (Acari:  Ixodidae)  infesting  cattle  in  Uganda. Parasitology Research 2020; 119(8):2411-2420.

BARNES A, REISS T, DANIELS SR. Systematics of the Peripatopsis clavigera species complex (Onychophora: Peripatopsidae) reveals cryptic cladogenic patterning, with the description of five new species. Invertebrate Systematics 2020; 34:569–590.

BAXTER-GILBERT JH, OCOCK J, PEREZ-MARTINEZ CA, RILEY J. Fejervarya cancrivora (Crab-eating Frog) dunging. Herpetological Review 2020; 51(1):97-98.

BAXTER-GILBERT JH, PARSONS J, BOSTOCK C, RILEY J. Hamerkop (Scopus umbretta) predation on an Augrabies flat lizard (Platysaurus broadleyi). Herpetological Bulletin 2019; 148:37-38.

BAXTER-GILBERT JH, RILEY J, WAGENER CH, MOHANTY NP, MEASEY GJ. Shrinking before our isles: The rapid expression of insular dwarfism in two invasive populations of guttural toad (Sclerophrys gutturalis). Biology Letters 2020; 16(11): Article number 20200651, 6 pages.

BENNETT JM, STEETS JA, BURNS JH, BURKLE LA, VAMOSI JC, WOLOWSKI M, ARCEO-GOMEZ G, BURD M, DURKA W, ELLIS AG, FREITAS L, LI J, RODGER JG, ET AL. Land use and pollinator dependency drives global patterns of pollen limitation in the Anthropocene. Nature Communications 2020; 11(1): Article number 3999.

BONELLI M, MELOTTO A, MINICI A, EUSTACCHIO E, GIANFRANCESCHI L, GOBBI M, CASARTELLI M, CACCIANIGA M. Manual sampling and video observations: An integrated approach to studying flower-visiting arthropods in high-mountain environments. Insects 2020; 11(12): 881, 18 pages.

BOSC C, PAUW CA. Increasing importance of niche versus neutral processes in the assembly of plant-herbivore networks during succession. Oecologia 2020; 194:123-134.

BOTHMA JC, MATTHEE S, MATTHEE CA. The evolutionary history of parasitic sucking lice and their rodent hosts: A case of evolutionary co-divergences. Zoologica Scripta 2020; 49(1):72-85.

BOUCHENAK-KHELLADI Y, FEBRUARY EC, VERBOOM GA, BOUCHER FC. C4 grass functional traits are correlated with biotic and abiotic gradients in an African savanna. Plant Ecology 2020; 221(4):241-254.

BOUCHER FC, QUATELA AS, ELLIS AG, VERBOOM GA. Diversification rate vs. diversification density: Decoupled consequences of plant height for diversification of Alooideae in time and space. PLoS One 2020; 15(5): e023359, 18 pages.

BRASCHLER BM, DUFFY GA, NORTJE E, KRITZINGER-KLOPPER S, DU PLESSIS D, KARENYI N, LEIHY RI, CHOWN SL. Realised rather than fundamental thermal niches predict site occupancy: Implications for climate change forecasting. Journal of Animal Ecology 2020; 89(12):2863- 2875.

BRUNDU G, PAUCHARD A, PYŠEK P, PERGL J, BINDEWALD AM, BRUNORI A, CANAVAN S, CAMPAGNARO T, CELESTI-GRAPOW L, DE SÁ DECHOUM M, DUFOUR-DROR JM, ESSL F, WILSON JR, RICHARDSON DM. Global guidelines for the sustainable use of non-native trees to prevent tree invasions and mitigate their negative impacts. NeoBiota 2020; 61:65– 116.

BURCKHARDT D, GILIOMEE JH, HAMILTON-ATTWELL VL, QUEIROZ DL. A review of jumping plant lice of the genus Ctenarytaina (Hemiptera, Psylloidea, Aphalaridae) associated with Syzygium (Myrtaceae). Journal of Insect Biodiversity 2020; 2:035-058.

CHAU JH, MTSI NIS, MÜNBERGOVÁ Z, GREVE M, LE ROUX PC, MAIRAL PISA M, LE ROUX JJ, DORRINGTON RA, JANSEN VAN VUUREN B. An update on the indigenous vascular flora of sub- Antarctic Marion Island: Taxonomic changes, sequences for DNA barcode loci, and genome size data. Polar Biology 2020; 43:1817-1828.

CHENEY CC, ESLER KJ, FOXCROFT LC, VAN WILGEN NJ. The dominating influence of efficacy above management strategy in the long-term success of alien plant clearing programmes. Journal of Environmental Management 2020; 271: 110836, 13 pages.

CLAASSENS L, BARNES RSK, WASSERMAN J, LAMBERTH SJ, MIRANDA NAF, VAN NIEKERK L, ADAMS J. Knysna Estuary health: Ecological status, threats and options for the future. African Journal of Aquatic Science 2020; 45(1-2):65-82.

CLAY TA, JOO R, WEIMERSKIRCH H, PHILLIPS RA, DEN OUDEN O, BASILLE M, CLUSELLA-TRULLAS S, ASSINK JD, PATRICK SC. Sex-specific effects of wind on the flight decisions of a sexually dimorphic soaring bird. Journal Of Animal Ecology 2020; 89(8):1811-1823.

CLUSELLA-TRULLAS S, NIELSEN M. The evolution of insect body coloration under changing climates. Current Opinion in Insect Science 2020; 41:25–32.

COMBRINCK ML, HARMS TM, MCGEOCH MA, SCHOOMBIE J, LE ROUX PC. Wind and seed: a conceptual model of shape-formation in the cushion plant Azorella selago. Plant and Soil 2020; 455(1-2):339-366.

CONRADI T, SLINGSBY JA, MIDGLEY GF, NOTTEBROCK H, SCHWEIGER AH, HIGGINS SI. An operational definition of    the biome for global change research. New Phytologist 2020; 227(5):1294-1306.

CONRADIE W, BUSSCHAU T, JORDAAN A. Does Nucras livida (Squamata: Lacertidae) occur along the west coast of South Africa? a review of historical and recently collected material. Herpetology Notes 2020; 13:19-24.

COOPER TJG, NORRIS KJ, CHERRY MI. A trait-based risk assessment of South African forest birds indicates vulnerability of hole-nesting species. Biological Conservation 2020; 252: Article number 108827, 7 pages.

COURCHAMP F, HULME PE, PYCEK P. Invasion biology and uncertainty in native range definitions: response to Pereyra 2019. Conservation Biology 2020; 34(4):1041-1043.

COWLING RM, POTTS AJ, FRANKLIN J, MIDGLEY GF, ENGELBRECHT F, MAREAN CW. Describing a drowned Pleistocene ecosystem: Last Glacial Maximum vegetation reconstruction of the Palaeo-Agulhas Plain. Quaternary Science Reviews 2020; 235: 105866, 14 pages.

CROOKES DJ, BLIGNAUT JN, LE MAITRE DC. The effect of accessibility and value addition on the costs of controlling invasive alien plants in South Africa: A three-species system dynamics model in the fynbos and grassland biomes. Southern Forests: A Journal of Forest 2020; 82(2):125-134.

CROOKES S, HEER T, CASTAÑEDA RA, MANDRAK NE, HEATH DD, WEYL OLF, MACISAAC HJ, FOXCROFT LC. Monitoring the silver carp invasion in Africa: A case study using environmental DNA (eDNA) in dangerous watersheds. NeoBiota 2020; 56:31-47.

CUMBERLIDGE N, SOMA JB, LEEVER EM, DANIELS SR. New lineages within the Malagasy freshwater crab fauna: Agora n. gen. for Thelphusa goudoti H. Milne Edwards, 1853, and a phytotelmic new species of Malagasya Cumberlidge & Sternberg, 2002 (Brachyura: Potamonautidae: Deckeniinae). Journal of Crustacean Biology 2020; 40(5):584–599.

CUTHBERT RN, BACHER S, BLACKBURN TM, BRISKI E, DIAGNE C, DICK JT, ESSL F, GENOVESI P, HAUBROCK PJ, LATOMBE G, LENZNER B, MEINARD Y, RICHARDSON DM. Invasion costs, impacts,  and human agency: Response to Sagoff 2020. Conservation Biology 2020; 34(6):1579–1582.

CUTHBERT RN, WASSERMAN RJ, DALU T, KAISER H, WEYL OLF, DICK JT, SENTIS A, MCCOY M, ALEXANDER ME. Influence of intra- and interspecific variation in predator–prey body size ratios on trophic interaction strengths. Ecology and Evolution 2020; 10:5946-5962.

DAMAS-MOREIRA I, RILEY J, CARRETERO MA, HARRIS DJ, WHITING MJ. Getting ahead: exploitative competition   by an invasive lizard. Behavioral       Ecology          and Sociobiology 2020; 74(10): Article number 117.

DANIELS SR, BITTENCOURT-SILVA GB, MUIANGA V, BAYLISS J. Phylogenetics of the freshwater crab (Potamonautes Macleay, 1838) fauna from 'sky islands' in Mozambique with the description of a new species (Brachyura: Potamoidea: Potamonautidae). European Journal of Taxonomy 2020; 716:1-23.

DANIELS SR, JAMES NC, GOUWS G. Phylogeographic structure and continued surveys of a Vulnerable South African freshwater crab (Potamonautidae, Potamonautes lividus): Implications for the IUCN Red Listing of the Afrotropical fauna. Aquatic Conservation-Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 2020; 30(12):2221–2239.

DATTA A, KUMSCHICK S, GEERTS S, WILSON JR. Identifying safe cultivars of invasive plants: Six questions for risk assessment, management, and communication. NeoBiota 2020; 62:81–97.

DATTA A, SCHWEIGER O, KÜHN I. Origin of climatic data can determine the transferability of species distribution models. NeoBiota 2020; 59:61–76.

DAVIES SJ, BELL J, IMPSON DN, MABIN CA, MEYER M, RHODA C, STAFFORD L, STEPHENS K, TAFENI M, TURNER AA, VAN WILGEN NJ, WILSON JR, WOOD J, MEASEY GJ. Coordinating invasive alien species management in a biodiversity hotspot: The CAPE Invasive Alien Animals Working Group. Bothalia - African Biodiversity & Conservation 2020; 50(1): a10, 24 pages.

DINES SF, GENNARI E. First observations of white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) attacking a live humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae). Marine and Freshwater Research 2020; 71(9):1205-1210.

DURDEN LA, MATTHEE S, BOTHMA JC, GREIMAN SE, MATTHEE CA. Two new species of sucking lice (Phthiraptera: Anoplura: Hoplopleuridae and Polyplacidae) from Grant's Rock Mouse, Micaelamys granti, in South Africa. Journal of Parasitology 2020; 106(4):478-489.

DYER EE, REDDING DW, CASSEY P, COLLEN B, BLACKBURN M. Evidence for Rapoport's rule and latitudinal patterns in the global distribution and diversity of alien bird species. Journal of Biogeography 2020; 47(6):1362-1372.

EBRAHIM ZC, DE VILLIERS AL, MEASEY GJ. Assessing water conditions for Heleophryne roseitadpoles and the conservation relevance. Koedoe: Research Journal of the South African National Parks 2020; 62(1): a1581, 6 pages.

EGOH B, NTSHOTSHO P, MAOELA MA, BLANCHARD R, AYOMPE LM, RAHLAO SJ. Setting the scene for achievable post-2020 convention on biological diversity targets: A review of the impacts of invasive alien species on ecosystem services in Africa. Journal of Environmental Management 2020; 261: 110171, 8 pages.

EIJSACKERS H, REINECKE AJ, REINECKE SA, MABOETA MS. Heavy metal threats to plants and soil life in Southern Africa: Present knowledge and consequences for ecological risk assessment. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 2020; 249:29-70.

ELGETANY AH, VAN RENSBURG H, HEKTOEN M, MATTHEE CA, BUDAEVA N, SIMON CA, STRUCK TH. Species delineation in the speciation grey zone—The case of Diopatra (Annelida, Onuphidae). Zoologica Scripta 2020; 49(4):516-534.

ENDERS M, HAVEMANN F, RULAND F, BERNARD-VERDIER M, CATFORD JA, GÓMEZ-APARICIO L, HAIDER S, HEGER T, KÜFFER C, KÜHN I, MEYERSON LA, MUSSEAU C, RICCIARDI A, ESSL F, KUMSCHICK S, SAUL W, YANNELLI LUCERO FA, ET AL. A conceptual map of invasion biology: Integrating hypotheses into a consensus network. Global Ecology and Biogeography 2020; 29(6):978-991.

ENGELBRECHT HM, BRANCH WR, GREENBAUM E, BURGER M, CONRADIE W, TOLLEY KA. African Herald snakes, Crotaphopeltis, show population structure for a widespread generalist but deep genetic divergence for forest specialists. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 2020; 58:1220–1233.

ESSL F, COURCHAMP F, DULLINGER S, JESCHKE JM, SCHINDLER S. Make Open Access Publishing Fair and Transparent! Bioscience 2020; 70(3):201-204.

ESSL F, DULLINGER S, GENOVESI P, HULME PE, JESCHKE JM, KATSANEVAKIS S, KÜHN I, LENZNER B, PAUCHARD A, PYŠEK P, RABITSCH W, RICHARDSON DM. Distinct biogeographic phenomena require a specific terminology:  A Reply to Wilson and Sagoff. Bioscience 2020; 70(2):111-114.

ESSL F, LATOMBE G, LENZNER B, PAGAD S, SEEBENS H, SMITH K, WILSON JR, GENOVESI P. The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)'s post-2020 target on invasive alien species – what should it include and how should it be monitored? NeoBiota 2020; 62:99–121.

ESSL F, LENZNER B, BACHER S, BAILEY S, CAPINHA C, DAEHLER CC, DULLINGER S, GENOVESI P, HUI C, HULME PE, JESCHKE JM, KATSANEVAKIS S, RICHARDSON DM, ET AL. Drivers of future alien species impacts: An expert-based assessment. Global Change Biology 2020; 26(9):4880- 4893.

ESTERHUIZEN N, FORRESTER J, ESLER KJ, WIGLEY-COETZEE C, MORCILLO RJL, KLEINERT A, PEREZ-FERNANDEZ MA, VALENTINE AJ. Nitrogen and phosphorus influence Acacia saligna invasiveness in the fynbos biome. Plant Ecology 2020; 221(5):309-320.

EWELS M, ROBINSON-SMYTHE T. Abundance and distribution of the invasive polychaete Ficopomatus enigmaticus in three South African estuaries. Regional Studies in Marine Science 2020; 39: Article number 101405.

FALTEIN Z, ESLER KJ, MIDGLEY GF, RIPLEY B. Atmospheric CO2 concentrations restrict the growth of Oxalis pes-caprae bulbs used by human inhabitants of the Paleo-Agulhas plain during the Pleistocene glacials. Quaternary Science Reviews 2020; 235: 105731, 10 pages.

FAULKNER KT, HULME PE, PAGAD S, WILSON JR, ROBERTSON MP. Classifying the introduction pathways of alien species: Are we moving in the right direction? NeoBiota 2020; 62:143–159.

FAULKNER KT, ROBERTSON MP, WILSON JR. Stronger regional biosecurity is essential to prevent hundreds of harmful biological invasions. Global Change Biology 2020; 26(4):2449- 2462.

FOXCROFT LC. Koedoe: Changing of the guard. Koedoe: Research Journal of the South African National Parks 2020; 62(1): a1645,3 pages.

FRANKLIN O, HARRISON SP, DEWAR R, FARRIOR CE, BRÄNNSTRÖM A, DIECKMANN U, PIETSCH S, FALSTER D, CRAMER W, LOREAU M, WANG H, MÄKELÄ A, MIDGLEY GF. Organizing principles for vegetation dynamics. Nature Plants 2020; 6(5):444-453.

GARCÍA CRIADO M, MYERS-SMITH IH, BJORKMAN AD, LEHMANN CER, STEVENS N. Woody plant encroachment intensifies under climate change across tundra and savanna biomes. Global Ecology and Biogeography 2020; 29(5):925-943.

GARCÍA M, BENÍTEZ-VIEYRA S, SÉRSIC AN, PAUW CA, COCUCCI AA, TRAVESET A, SAZATORNIL F, PAIARO V. Is variation in flower shape and length among native and non-native populations of Nicotiana glauca a product of pollinator-mediated selection? Evolutionary Ecology 2020; 34:893-913.

GEERTS S, COETZEE A, REBELO AG, PAUW CA. Pollination structures plant and nectar-feeding bird communities in Cape fynbos, South Africa: Implications for the conservation of plant–bird mutualisms. Ecological Research 2020; 35(5):838-856.

GRIDLEY T, MARTIN MJ, SLATER J, ROUX JP, SWIFT RJ, ELWEN SH. Towed passive acoustic monitoring complements visual survey methods for Heaviside's dolphins Cephalorhynchus heavisidii in the Namibian Islands Marine Protected Area. African Journal of Marine Science 2020; 42(4):495-506.

HANNAH L, ROEHRDANZ PM, MARQUET PA, ENQUIST BJ, MIDGLEY GF, FODEN W, LOVETT JC, CORLETT RT, CORCORAN D, BUTCHART SHM, BOYLE B, FENG X, ET AL. 30% land conservation and climate action reduces tropical extinction risk by more than 50%. Ecography 2020; 43:943- 953.

HARVEY JA, HEINEN R, ARMBRECHT I, BASSET Y, BAXTER-GILBERT JH, BEZEMER TM, BÖHM M, BOMMARCO R, BORGES PAV, CARDOSO P, CLAUSNITZER V, ET AL. International scientists formulate a roadmap for insect conservation and recovery. Nature Ecology & Evolution 2020; 4(1):174-176.

HAVENGA J, WINGFIELD BD, WINGFIELD MJ, DREYER LL, ROETS F, AYLWARD J. Diagnostic markers  for  Teratosphaeria  destructans  and  closely  related  species. Forest Pathology 2020; 50(6): e12645, 2 pages.

HAVENGA M, WINGFIELD BD, WINGFIELD MJ, DREYER LL, ROETS F, CHEN S, AYLWARD J. Low genetic diversity and strong geographic structure in introduced populations of the Eucalyptus foliar pathogen Teratosphaeria destructans. Plant Pathology 2020; 69(8):1540-1550.

HAVENGA M, WINGFIELD BD, WINGFIELD MJ, ROETS F, DREYER LL, TATHAM CT, DUONG TA, WILKEN PM, CHEN S, AYLWARD J. Mating strategy and mating type distribution in six global populations of the Eucalyptus foliar pathogen Teratosphaeria destructans. Fungal Genetics and Biology 2020; 137: Article number 103350, 10 pages.

HAWKEY JS, ELWEN SH, JAMES BS, PRINSLOO AS, GRIDLEY T. First look at humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) song structure from western South Africa. African Zoology 2020; 55(3):495-506.

HENRIQUES RP, MANN BQ, NIELSEN ES, HUI C, VON DER HEYDEN S. Extending biodiversity conservation with functional and evolutionary diversity: a case study of South African sparid fishes. African Journal of Marine Science 2020; 42(3):315-321.

HEYDARI MZ, RAKHSHANI E, ROUSSE P, MOKHTARI A, SCHWARZ M. A new species of Pristomerus curtis, 1836 (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Cremastinae) and key to the known species in Iran. Zootaxa 2020; 4809(1):187-194.

HIRSCH H, ALLSOPP MH, CANAVAN S, CHEEK M, GEERTS S, GELDENHUYS CJ, HARDING G, HURLEY BP, JONES W, KEET J, KLEIN H, RUWANZA S, VAN WILGEN BW, WINGFIELD MJ, RICHARDSON DM. Eucalyptus camaldulensis in South Africa - past, present, future. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 2020; 75(1):1-22.

HOFMEYR MD, IHLOW F, FOUCHE P, DANIELS SR. Niche divergence corresponds to genetic differentiation within the parrot-beaked tortoise Homopus areolatus (Reptilia: Testudinidae), endemic to South Africa. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 2020; 190:1256–1273.

HOLMES PM, ESLER KJ, VAN WILGEN BW, RICHARDSON DM. Ecological restoration of ecosystems degraded by invasive alien plants in South African Fynbos: Is spontaneous succession a viable strategy? Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 2020; 75(2):111–139.

HUSSAIN MI, SHACKLETON RT, EL-KEBLAWY A, DEL MAR TRIGO PÉREZ M, GONZÁLEZ L. Invasive mesquite (Prosopis juliflora), an allergy and health challenge. Plants 2020; 9(2): Article number 141.

ISSALY EA, SÉRSIC AN, PAUW CA, COCUCCI AA, TRAVESET A, BENÍTEZ-VIEYRA SM, PAIARO V. Reproductive ecology of the bird-pollinated Nicotiana glauca across native and introduced ranges with contrasting pollination environments. Biological Invasions 2020; 22(2):485-498.

JOHNSON SD, VON WITT CG, ANDERSON BC. Floral color variation in Drosera cistiflora is associated with switches in beetle pollinator assemblages. Frontiers in Plant Science 2020; 11: Article number 606259, 11 pages.

JONES C, VAN DEN HEEVER JA. Editorial – Challenging Building Blocks: The coherence of cosmological evolution, life, consciousness, morality and building the 21st century. HTS Theological Studies/ Teologiese Studies 2020; 76(1): a6032.

JONES C, VAN DEN HEEVER JA. Building blocks of consciousness: Revealing the shared, hidden depths of our biological heritage. HTS Theological Studies/ Teologiese Studies 2020; 76(1): a6055, 11 pages.

JOO R, BOONE ME, CLAY TA, PATRICK SC, CLUSELLA-TRULLAS S, BASILLE M. Navigating through the r packages for movement. Journal of Animal Ecology 2020; 89(1):248-267.

JUNEIDI S, GAO Z, YIN H, MAKUNGA NP, CHEN W, HU S, LI X, HU X. Breaking the summer dormancy of Pinellia ternata by introducing a heat tolerance receptor-like kinase ERECTA Gene. Frontiers in Plant Science 2020; 11: Article number 780.

KAIGONGI MM, LUKHOBA CW, OCHIENG PJ, TAYLOR MJC, YENESEW A, MAKUNGA NP. LC-MS-based metabolomics for the chemosystematics of Kenyan Dodonaea viscosa Jacq (Sapindaceae) Populations. Molecules 2020; 25(18): Article number 4130.

KAIGONGI MM, LUKHOBA CW, YAOUBA S, MAKUNGA NP, GITHIOMI J, YENESEW A. In vitro antimicrobial and antiproliferative activities of the root bark extract and isolated chemical constituents of Zanthoxylum paracanthum kokwaro (Rutaceae). Plants 2020; 9(7): Article number 920, 15 pages.

KARA JA, MOLINA-ACEVEDO IC, ZANOL J, SIMON CA, IDRIS I. Morphological and molecular systematic review of Marphysa Quatrefages, 1865 (Annelida: Eunicidae) species from South Africa. PeerJ 2020; 8:10076, 36 pages.

KARA JA, SANTOS CSG, MACDONALD AHH, SIMON CA. Resolving the taxonomic identities and genetic structure of two cryptic Platynereis Kinberg species from South Africa. Invertebrate Systematics 2020; 34:618–636.

KEANLY CA, ROBINSON-SMYTHE T. Encapsulation as a biosecurity tool for managing fouling on recreational vessels. Aquatic Invasions 2020; 15(1):81-97.

KEET J, ROBERTSON MP, RICHARDSON DM. Alnus glutinosa (Betulaceae) in South Africa: invasive potential and management options. South African Journal of Botany 2020; 135:1-14.

KRASNOV BR, SHENBROT GI, VAN DER MESCHT L, KHOKHLOVA IS. Drivers of compositional turnover are related to species' commonness in flea assemblages from four biogeographic realms: zeta diversity and multi-site generalised dissimilarity modelling. International Journal for Parasitology 2020; 50(4):331-344.

KUMSCHICK S, BACHER S, BERTOLINO S, BLACKBURN TM, EVANS T, ROY HE, SMITH K. Appropriate uses of EICAT protocol, data and classifications. NeoBiota 2020; 62:193-212.

KUMSCHICK S, WILSON JR, FOXCROFT LC. A framework to support alien species regulation: the Risk Analysis for Alien Taxa (RAAT). NeoBiota 2020; 62:213–239.

KUSHATA J, CONRADIE W, CHERRY MI, DANIELS SR. Comparison of the mitochondrial phylogeographical structure of a generalist and two specialist frog species reveals contrasting patterns in the Eastern and Western Cape provinces of South Africa. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 2020; 130:783–799.

LAATAMNA A, OSWALD B, CHITIMIA-DOBLER L, BAKKES DK. Mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene analysis reveals occurrence of Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu stricto from steppe and high plateaus regions, Algeria. Parasitology Research 2020; 119(7):2085-2091.

LATOMBE G, ESSL F, MCGEOCH MA. The effect of cross-boundary management on the trajectory to commonness in biological invasions. NeoBiota 2020; 62:241-267.

LE GUILLOUX M, MIRALLES A, MEASEY GJ, VANHOOYDONCK B, O'REILLY JC, LOWIE A, HERREL A. Trade-offs between burrowing and biting force in fossorial scincid lizards? Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 2020; 130:310–319.

LE ROUX JJ, LEISHMAN MR, CINANTYA AP, GUFU GD, HIRSCH H, KEET J, MANEA A, SAUL WC, TABASSUM S, WARRINGTON S, YANNELLI FA, OSSOLA A. Plant biodiversity in the face of global change. Current Biology 2020; 30(9): R390-R391.

LEAVER J, CHERRY MI. Informal Forest product harvesting in the Eastern Cape, South Africa: A recent assessment. Biological Conservation 2020; 241: Article number 108394.

LEAVER J, CHERRY MI. Forest product harvesting in the Eastern Cape, South Africa: Impacts on habitat structure. South African Journal of Science 2020; 116(9-10): Article number 7508.

LECLARE SK, MDLULI M, WISELY SM, STEVENS N. Land-use diversity within an agricultural landscape promotes termite nutrient cycling services in a southern African savanna. Global Ecology and Conservation 2020; 21: Article number e00885.

LEHMAN BP, AMMUNÉT T, BARTON M, BATTISTI A, EIGENBRODE SD, JEPSEN J, KALINKAT G, NEUVONEN S, NIEMELA P, TERBLANCHE JS, OKLAND B. Complex responses of global insect pests to climate warming. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 2020; 18(3):141-150.

LOGAN M, MINNAAR IA, KEEGAN KM, CLUSELLA-TRULLAS S. The evolutionary potential of an insect invader under climate change. Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution 2020; 74(1):132-144.

LONGDEN EG, ELWEN SH, MCGOVERN B, JAMES BS, EMBLING CB, GRIDLEY T. Mark-recapture of individually distinctive calls - a case study with signature whistles of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Journal of Mammalogy 2020; 101(5):1289-1301.

LUKWA AT, SIYA A, ZABLON KN, AZAM JM, ALABA O. Socioeconomic inequalities in food insecurity and malnutrition among under-five children: within and between-group inequalities in Zimbabwe. BMC Public Health 2020; 20: article no 1199,11 pages.

LYONS C, TSHIBALANGANDA M, DU PLESSIS A. Using CT-scanning technology to quantify damage of the stem-boring beetle, Aphanasium australe, a biocontrol agent of Hakea sericea in South Africa. Biocontrol Science and Technology 2020; 30(1):33-41.

MA KCK, MCQUAID CD, PULFRICH A, ROBINSON-SMYTHE T. Status of a decennial marine invasion by the bisexual mussel Semimytilus algosus (Gould, 1850) in South Africa. African Journal of Marine Science 2020; 42(4):507-515.

MAAS B, GROGAN KE, CHIRANGO YT, HARRIS N, LIÉVANO-LATORRE LF, MCGUIRE KL, MOORE AC, OCAMPO-ARIZA C, PALTA MM, PERFECTO I, PRIMACK RB, ET AL. Academic leaders must support inclusive scientific communities during COVID-19. Nature Ecology & Evolution 2020; 4(8):997-998.

MABIN CA, WILSON JR, LE ROUX JJ, MAJIEDT P, ROBINSON-SMYTHE T. The first management of a marine invader in Africa: The importance of trials prior to setting long-term management goals. Journal of Environmental Management 2020; 261: Article number 110213.

MACALISTER D, MUASYA AM, CRESPO O, OGOLA JBO, MASEKO S, VALENTINE AJ, OTTOSEN CO, ROSENQVIST E, CHIMPHANGO SBM. Stress tolerant traits and root proliferation of Aspalathus linearis (Burm.f.) R. Dahlgren grown under differing moisture regimes and exposed to drought. South African Journal of Botany 2020; 131:342-350.

MACALISTER D, MUASYA AM, CRESPO O, OGOLA JBO, MASEKO S, VALENTINE AJ, OTTOSEN CO, ROSENQVIST E, CHIMPHANGO SBM. Effect of temperature on plant growth and stress tolerant traits in rooibos in the Western Cape, South Africa. Scientia Horticulturae 2020; 263:109137, 14 pages.

MADELAIRE CB, BARSOTTI AMG, WAGENER CH, VIEIRA SUGANO YY, BAXTER-GILBERT JH, GOMES FR, MEASEY GJ. Challenges of dehydration result in a behavioral shift in invasive toads. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 2020; 74(7): Article number 83.

MAGANGANA TP, MAKUNGA NP, FAWOLE OA, OPARA UL. Processing factors affecting the phytochemical and nutritional properties of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) peel waste: A review. Molecules 2020; 25(20): Article number 4690,34 pages.

MAKONYA GM, OGOLA JBO, MUASYA AM, CRESPO O, MASEKO S, VALENTINE AJ, OTTOSEN CO, ROSENQVIST E, CHIMPHANGO SBM. Intermittent moisture supply induces drought priming responses in some heat-tolerant chickpea genotypes. Crop Science 2020; 60:527–2542.

MALAN A, WILLIAMS JD, ABE H, SATO-OKOSHI W, MATTHEE CA, SIMON CA. Clarifying the cryptogenic species Polydora neocaeca Williams & Radashevsky, 1999 (Annelida: Spionidae): a shell-boring invasive pest of molluscs from locations worldwide. Marine Biodiversity 2020; 50(4): Article number 51, 19 pages.

MAPAURA A, CANAVAN K, RICHARDSON DM, CLARK VR, STEENHUISEN S. The invasive grass genus Nassella in South Africa: A synthesis. South African Journal of Botany 2020; 135:336- 348.

MARTIN MJ, GRIDLEY T, ROUX JP, ELWEN SH. First abundance estimates of Heaviside's (Cephalorhynchus heavisidii) and Dusky (Lagenorhynchus obscurus) dolphins off Namibia using a novel visual and acoustic line transect survey. Frontiers in Marine Science 2020; 7: Article 555659, 20 pages.

MATAMBA E, RICHARDS L, CHERRY MI, RAMBAU RV. DNA barcoding and molecular taxonomy of dark-footed forest shrew Myosorex cafer in the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Vertebrate Zoology 2020; 70(4):667-678.

MATTHEE CA. The influence of host dispersal on the gene flow and genetic diversity of generalist and specialist ectoparasites. African Zoology 2020; 55(2):119-126.

MC CUE MD, JAVAL M, CLUSELLA-TRULLAS S, LE ROUX JJ, JACKSON M, ELLIS AG, RICHARDSON DM, VALENTINE AJ, TERBLANCHE JS. Using stable isotope analysis to answer fundamental questions in invasion ecology: Progress and prospects. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 2020; 11(2):196-214.

MEASEY GJ, WAGENER CH, MOHANTY NP, BAXTER-GILBERT JH, PIENAAR EF. The cost and complexity of assessing impact. NeoBiota 2020; 62:279–29.

MEHTA D, BEDIAKO Y, DE WINDE CM, EBRAHIMI H, FERNÁNDEZ-CHIAPPE F, ILANGOVAN V, QUEZADA CP, RILEY J, SALADI SM, TAY A, WEISSGERBER T. Ways to increase equity, diversity and inclusion. eLife 2020; 9: e60438, 4 pages.

MELOTTO A, MANENTI R, FICETOLA GF. Rapid adaptation to invasive predators overwhelms natural gradients of intraspecific variation. Nature Communications 2020; 11(1): 3608, 10 pages.

MESJASZ-PRZYBYLOWICZ J, PRZYBYLOWICZ WJ. Ecophysiology of nickel hyperaccumulating plants from South Africa-from ultramafic soil and mycorrhiza to plants and insects. Metallomics 2020; 12(7):1018-1035.

MOIR MI, RICHARDS L, CHERRY MI, RAMBAU RV. Demographic responses of forest-utilizing bats to past climate change in South Africa. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 2020; 130:850-868.

MOIR MI, RICHARDS L, RAMBAU RV, CHERRY MI. Bats of Eastern Cape and southern KwaZulu- Natal forests, South Africa: diversity, call library and range extensions. Acta Chiropterologica 2020; 22(2):365–381.

MOIR MI, RICHARDS L, RAMBAU RV, WANNENBURGH A, CHERRY MI. Fragmentation does not affect gene flow in forest populations of the dusky pipistrelle bat on the eastern seaboard of South Africa. Journal of Mammalogy 2020; 101(6):1587-1600.

MOODLEY D, FOXCROFT LC, NOVOA A, PYŠKOVÁ K, PERGL J, PYŠEK P. Invasive alien species add to the uncertain future of protected areas. NeoBiota 2020; 57: Article number 2188.

MORECROFT MD, DUFFIELD S, HARLEY M, PEARCE HIGGINS JW, STEVENS N, WATTS O, WHITAKER J. Agricultural lands key        to mitigation and adaptation−−Response. Science 2020; 367(6477):518.

MOREIRA F, ASCOLI D, SAFFORD H, ADAMS MA, MORENO JM, PEREIRA JMC, CATRY FX, ARMESTO JJ, BOND WJ, GONZÁLEZ M, CURT T, KOUTSIAS N, VAN WILGEN BW, ET AL. Wildfire management in Mediterranean-type regions: Paradigm change needed. Environmental Research Letters 2020; 15:011001, 7 pages.

MOTHAPO NP, PHIRI EE, MADUNA TL, MALGAS RR, RICHARDS RJ, SYLVESTER TT, NSIKANI MM, BOONZAAIER-DAVIDS MK, MOSHOBANE MC. We object to Bad Science: Poor research practices should be discouraged! South African Journal of Science 2020; 116:8592, 7 pages.

MOUTON M. A case for project-based learning to enact semantic waves: towards cumulative knowledge building. Journal of Biological Education 2020; 54(4):363-380.

MUKWEVHO VO, DREYER LL, ROETS F. Interplay between differential competition and actions of spore-vectors explain host exclusivity of saprobic fungi in Protea flowers. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, International Journal of General and Molecular Microbiology 2020; 113(12):2187-2200.

MULVANEY J, CHERRY MI. The effectiveness of point counts and mist-netting in surveying Afrotemperate forest bird community structure in South Africa. EMU 2020; 120(2):103-113.

MUSVUUGWA T, DE BEER ZW, DREYER LL, DUONG TA, MARINCOWITZ S, OBERLANDER KC, ROETS F. New ophiostomatoid fungi from wounds on storm-damaged trees in Afromontane forests of the Cape Floristic Region. Mycological Progress 2020; 19(1):81-95.

NELUFULE T, ROBERTSON MP, WILSON JR, FAULKNER KT, SOLE C, KUMSCHICK S. The threats posed by the pet trade in alien terrestrial invertebrates in South Africa. Journal for Nature Conservation 2020; 55: 125831, 9 pages.

NEWMAN EL, ANDERSON BC. Character displacement drives floral variation in Pelargonium (Geraniaceae) communities. Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution 2020; 74(2):283-296.

NIELSEN ES, BEGER M, HENRIQUES RP, VON DER HEYDEN S. A comparison of genetic and genomic approaches to represent evolutionary potential in conservation planning. Biological Conservation 2020; 251: 108770, 10 pages.

NIELSEN ES, HENRIQUES RP, BEGER M, TOONEN RJ, VON DER HEYDEN S. Multi-model seascape genomics identifies distinct environmental drivers of selection among sympatric marine species. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020; 20: 121, 17 pages.

NOVOA PEREZ A, KEET J, LECHUGA-LAGO Y, PYCEK P, LE ROUX JJ. Urbanization and Carpobrotus edulis invasion alter the diversity and composition of soil bacterial communities in coastal areas. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 2020; 96(7): fiaa106, 12 pages.


SHACKLETON RT, YANNELLI LUCERO FA. Invasion syndromes: a systematic approach for predicting biological invasions and facilitating effective management. Biological Invasions 2020; 22(5):1801-1820.

NSIKANI MM, GEERTS S, RUWANZA S, RICHARDSON DM. Secondary invasion and weedy native species dominance after clearing invasive alien plants in South Africa: Status quo and prognosis. South African Journal of Botany 2020; 132:338-345.

NUÑEZ MA, PAUCHARD A, RICCIARDI A. Invasion Science and the Global Spread of SARS-CoV-2. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 2020; 35(8):642-645.

OSBORNE A, JONES CW, RISI MM, GREEN DB, DILLEY BJ, COOPER J. Cases of foreign egg adoption by Brown Skuas Stercorarius antarcticus on Marion and Gough Islands. Polar Biology 2020; 43(7):887-891.

OSIECKA AN, FEAREY J, ELWEN SH, GRIDLEY T. Prolonged nursing in Cape fur seals (Arctocephalus pusillus pusillus) at Cape Cross colony, Namibia. African Zoology 2020; 55(3):1562-7020.

PASNIN COA, VOIGT O, WÖRHEIDE G, RINCÓN APM, VON DER HEYDEN S. Indo-pacific phylogeography of the lemon sponge Leucetta chagosensis. Diversity 2020; 12:466, 15 pages.

PAUL ALD, HARRIS HH, ERSKINE PD, PRZYBYLOWICZ WJ, MESJASZ-PRZYBYLOWICZ J, ECHEVARRIA G, VAN DER ENT A. Synchrotron µXRF imaging of live seedlings of Berkheya coddii and Odontarrhena muralis during germination and seedling growth. Plant and Soil 2020; 453(1-2):487-501.

PAUL K, SAHA C, NAG M, MANDAL D, NAIYA H, SEN D, MITRA S, KUMAR M, BOSE D, MUKHERJEE G, NASKAR N, LAHIRI S, KLEINERT A, VALENTINE AJ, ET AL. A tripartite interaction among the basidiomycete Rhodotorula mucilaginosa, N2-fixing endobacteria, and rice improves plant nitrogen nutrition. Plant Cell 2020; 32(2):486-507.

PAUW CA, COCUCCI AA, SÉRSIC AN. The least effective pollinator principle: specialized morphology despite generalized ecology. Plant Biology 2020; 22:924–931.

PEREZ-MARTINEZ CA, RILEY J, WHITING MJ. Uncovering the function of an enigmatic display: Antipredator behaviour in the iconic Australian frillneck lizard. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 2020; 129(2):425-438.

PHAIR NL, TOONEN RJ, KNAPP ISS, VON DER HEYDEN S. Anthropogenic pressures negatively impact genomic diversity of the vulnerable seagrass Zostera capensis. Journal of Environmental Management 2020; 255:109831, 10 pages.

PROBERT AF, VOLERY L, KUMSCHICK S, VIMERCATI G, BACHER S. Understanding uncertainty in the Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (ICAT) assessments. NeoBiota 2020; 62:387–405.

PYCEK P, BACHER S, KÜHN I, NOVOA A, CATFORD JA, HULME PE, PERGL J, RICHARDSON DM, WILSON JR, BLACKBURN M. Macroecological Framework for Invasive Aliens (MAFIA): disentangling large-scale context dependence in biological invasions. NeoBiota 2020; 62:407– 461.

PYCEK P, HEJDA M, ČUDA J, ZAMBATIS G, PYŠKOVÁ K, MACFADYEN S, STORCH D, TROPEK R, FOXCROFT LC. Into the great wide open: Do alien plants spread from rivers to dry savanna in the Kruger National Park? NeoBiota 2020; 60:61-77.

PYCEK P, HULME PE, SIMBERLOFF D, BACHER S, BLACKBURN M, CARLTON JT, DAWSON W, ESSL F, FOXCROFT LC, GENOVESI P, JESCHKE JM, KÜHN I, RICHARDSON DM, ET AL. Scientists' warning on invasive alien species. Biological Reviews 2020; 95:1511-1534.

REYNOLDS BERRY TV, VAN NOORT S. Revision of the endemic afrotropical genus Tetractenion (Hymenoptera, ichneumonidae) with an identification key to genera of banchinae for the region. ZooKeys 2020; 1007:49-84.

RHODA R, BESTER C, MOTSA M, JOUBERT ME, TSHABALALA G, LYONS C. Efficacy and profitability of weed management systems for honeybush in South Africa. South African Journal of Plant and Soil 2020; 37(2):130-135.

RILEY J, BAXTER-GILBERT JH. Platysaurus broadleyi (Augrabies Flat Lizard), Heterospecific coprophagy. Herpetological Review 2019; 50(2):376.

RILEY J, BAXTER-GILBERT JH. Cordylus macropholis (Large-scaled Girdled Lizard), Avian Predation. Herpetological Review 2019; 50(2):371-372.

RILEY J, HUDSON S, FRENETTE-LING C, DAVY CM. All together now! Hatching synchrony in freshwater turtles. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 2020; 74(5): 58, 15 pages.

RIPLEY B, EDWARDES A, ROSSOUW MW, SMITH V, MIDGLEY GF. Invasive grasses of sub-Antarctic Marion Island respond to increasing temperatures at the expense of chilling tolerance. Annals of Botany 2020; 125(5):765-773.

RISHWORTH GM, DODD C, PERISSINOTTO R, BORNMAN T, ADAMS J, ANDERSON CR, CAWTHRA HC, DORRINGTON RA, DU TOIT H, EDWORTHY C, GIBB RLA, HUMAN LRD, PEER N. Modern supratidal microbialites fed by groundwater: functional drivers, value and trajectories. Earth-Science Reviews 2020; 210: Article number 103364, 24 pages.

ROBINSON-SMYTHE T, MARTIN N, LOUREIRO TG, MATIKINCA P, ROBERTSON MP. Double trouble: The implications of climate change for biological invasions. NeoBiota 2020; 62:463- 487.

RODRIGUEZ J, NOVOA PEREZ A, CORDERO-RIVERA A, RICHARDSON DM, GONZÁLEZ L. Biogeographical comparison of terrestrial invertebrates and trophic feeding guilds in the native and invasive ranges of Carpobrotus edulis. NeoBiota 2020; 56:49-72.

SADCHATHEESWARAN S, BRANCH GM, SHANNON LJ, MOLONEY CL, COLL M, ROBINSON-SMYTHE T. Modelling changes in trophic and structural impacts of alien ecosystem engineers on a rocky-shore island. Ecological Modelling 2020; 433: 109227, 17 pages.

SCHULZE MJ, VON DER HEYDEN S, JAPP D, SINGH L, DURHOLTZ D, KAPULA VK, NDJAULA HON, HENRIQUES RP. Supporting fisheries management with genomic tools: A case study of kingklip (Genypterus capensis) off Southern Africa. Frontiers in Marine Science 2020; 7:557146,16 pages.

SEEBENS H, CLARKE DA, GROOM QJ, WILSON JR, GARCÍA-BERTHOU E, KÜHN I, ROIGÉ M, PAGAD S, ESSL F, VICENTE J, WINTER M, MCGEOCH MA. A workflow for standardising and integrating alien species distribution data. NeoBiota 2020; 59:39-59.

SEGUEL A, MEIER C, AZCÓN R, VALENTINE AJ, MERIÑO-GERGICHEVICH C, CORNEJO P, AGUILERA P, BORIE F. Showing their mettle: extraradical mycelia of arbuscular mycorrhizae form a metal filter to improve host Al tolerance and P nutrition. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 2020; 100(2):803-810.

SEYMOUR CL, GILLSON L, CHILD MF, TOLLEY KA, CURIE JC, DA SILVA J, ALEXANDER G, ANDERSON P, DOWNS CT, EGOH B, EHLERS SMITH DA, EHLERS SMITH YC, ESLER KJ, VELDTMAN R. Horizon scanning for South African biodiversity: A need for social engagement as well as science. Ambio 2020; 49(6):1211-1221.

SHACKLETON RT, BERTZKY B, WOOD L, BUNBURY N, JÄGER H, VAN MERM R, SEVILLA C, SMITH K, WILSON JR, WITT A, RICHARDSON DM. Biological invasions in World Heritage Sites: current status and a proposed monitoring and reporting framework. Biodiversity and Conservation 2020; 29:3327–3347.

SHACKLETON RT, FOXCROFT LC, PYCEK P, WOOD LE, RICHARDSON DM. Assessing biological invasions in protected areas after 30 years: Revisiting nature reserves targeted by the 1980s SCOPE programme. Biological Conservation 2020; 243: 108424, 10 pages.

SHINNER RJM, TERBLANCHE JS, CLUSELLA-TRULLAS S. Across-stage consequences of thermal stress have trait-specific effects and limited fitness costs in the harlequin ladybird, Harmonia axyridis. Evolutionary Ecology 2020; 34:555-572.

SHIVAMBU TC, SHIVAMBU N, LYLE R, JACOBS A, KUMSCHICK S, FOORD SH, ROBERTSON MP. Tarantulas (Araneae: Theraphosidae) in the pet trade in South Africa. African Zoology 2020; 55(4):323-336.


tick species and two tick-borne pathogens in three areas in the Sudan. Parasitology Research 2020; 119(2):385-394.

SILAMBARASAN S, LOGESWARI P, VALENTINE AJ, CORNEJO P, KANNAN VR. Pseudomonas citronellolis strain SLP6 enhances the phytoremediation efficiency of Helianthus annuus in copper contaminated soils under salinity stress. Plant and Soil 2020; 457(1-2):241-253.

SIMON CA, KARA JA, NAIDOO CY, MATTHEE CA. Genetic structure of bloodworm, Arenicola loveni (Annelida; Arenicolidae) suggests risk of local extinction in the face of overexploitation is lower than expected. African Zoology 2020; 55(2):175-183.

SIYA A, KALULE BJ, SSENTONGO B, LUKWA AT, EGERU A. Malaria patterns across altitudinal zones of Mount Elgon following intensified control and prevention programs in Uganda. BMC Infectious Diseases 2020; 20: 425, 16 pages.

SKEIN L, ALEXANDER ME, ROBINSON-SMYTHE T. Co-occurring predators increase biotic resistance against an invasive prey. Marine Environmental Research 2020; 157: 104929, 9 pages.

SKUBEL SA, SU X, POULEV A, FOXCROFT LC, DUSHENKOV V, RASKIN I. Metabolomic differences between invasive alien plants from native and invaded habitats. Scientific Reports 2020; 10(1): 9749, 9 pages.

SOMERS MJ, WALTERS M, MEASEY GJ, STRAUSS WM, TURNER AA, VENTER JA, NEL L, KERLEY GIH, TAYLOR WA, MOODLEY Y. The implications of the reclassification of South African wildlife species as farm animals. South African Journal of Science 2020; 116: Art#7724, 2 pages.

SOUTH J, MADZIVANZIRA TC, TSHALI N, MEASEY GJ, WEYL OLF. In a pinch: Mechanisms behind potential biotic resistance toward two invasive crayfish by native African freshwater crabs. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 2020; 8: 72, 11 pages.


and associated rickettsia, theileria, and babesia spp. In domestic animals in sudan (North Kordofan and Kassala States). Microorganisms 2020; 8(12): Article number 1969, 16 pages.

STEPHENS K, MEASEY GJ, REYNOLDS C, LE ROUX JJ. Occurrence and extent of hybridisation between the invasive Mallard Duck and native, Yellow-billed Duck in South Africa. Biological Invasions 2020; 22(2):693-707.

SUCKLING CC, CZACHUR MV, ELLIS JE, DAVIES AJ. European Sea Urchin Somatic and Gonadal Responses to Differing Stocking Densities and Seawater Flow Rates: A Case Study for Experimental Design Considerations. Journal of Shellfish Research 2020; 39(1):159-171.

SVARDAL H, RUSUWA B, LINDEROTH T, KIRAN A, CHARMANTIER A, LATTORFF HMG, CAGAN A, OMMEH SC, KAMNG'ONA A, KATONGO C, SANTOS ME, DURBIN R, VON DER HEYDEN S. Evolutionary Genomics at the Human–Environment Interface in Africa. Molecular Biology and Evolution 2020; 37(10):3076–3080.

TAN WCN, HERREL A, MEASEY GJ. Dietary observations of four Southern African agamid lizards (Agamidae). Herpetological Conservation and Biology 2020; 15(1):69-78.

TAN WCN, VANHOOYDONCK B, MEASEY GJ, HERREL AY. Morphology, locomotor performance and habitat use in Southern African agamids. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 2020; 130(1):166-177.

TERBLANCHE JS, HOFFMANN AA. Validating measurements of acclimation for climate change adaptation. Current Opinion in Insect Science 2020; 41: 7-16.

THERON GL, GRENIER F, ANDERSON BC, ELLIS AG, JOHNSON SD, MIDGLEY J, VAN DER NIET T. Key long-proboscid fly pollinator overlooked: Morphological and molecular analyses reveal a new  Prosoeca  (Nemestrinidae)  species. Biological  Journal  of  the  Linnean Society 2020; 131:26–38.

THURMAN LL, STEIN BA, BEEVER EA, FODEN WB, GEANGE SR, GREEN N, GROSS JE, LAWRENCE DJ, LEDEE O, OLDEN JD, THOMPSON LM, YOUNG B. Persist in place or shift in space? Evaluating the adaptive capacity of species to climate change. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 2020; 18(9):520-528.

UMBERS KDL, RILEY J, KELLY MBJ, TAYLOR-DALTON G, LAWRENCE JP, BYRNE PG. Educating the enemy: Harnessing learned avoidance behavior in wild predators to increase survival of reintroduced southern corroboree frogs. Conservation Science and Practice 2020; 2: e139, 15 pages.

VAN DER COLFF D, KUMSCHICK S, FODEN WB, WILSON JR. Comparing the IUCN's EICAT and Red List to improve assessments of the impact of biological invasions. NeoBiota 2020; 62:509– 523.

VAN DER ENT A, DE JONGE MD, MAK R, MESJASZ-PRZYBYLOWICZ J, PRZYBYLOWICZ WJ, BARNABAS AD, HARRIS HH. X-ray fluorescence elemental mapping of roots, stems and leaves of the nickel hyperaccumulators Rinorea cf. bengalensis and Rinorea cf. javanica (Violaceae) from Sabah (Malaysia), Borneo. Plant and Soil 2020; 448(1-2):15-36.

VAN DER ENT A, VINYA R, ERSKINE PD, MALAISSE F, PRZYBYLOWICZ WJ, BARNABAS AD, HARRIS HH, MESJASZ-PRZYBYLOWICZ J. Elemental distribution and chemical speciation of copper and cobalt in three metallophytes from the copper-cobalt belt in Northern Zambia. Metallomics 2020; 12(5):682-701.

VAN RENSBURG H, MATTHEE CA, SIMON CA. Moonshine worms (Diopatra aciculata: Onuphidae, Annelida) in the Knysna Estuary, South Africa; taxonomy and distribution. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2020; 100:897–907,11 pages.

VAN WILGEN BW, RAGHU S, SHEPPARD AW, SCHAFFNER U. Quantifying the social and economic benefits of the biological control of invasive alien plants in natural ecosystems. Current Opinion in Insect Science 2020; 38:1-5.

VERBOOM GA, BOUCHER FC, ACKERLY D, WOOTTON LM, FREYMAN WA. Species Selection Regime and Phylogenetic Tree Shape. Systematic Biology 2020; 69(4):774-794.

VIMERCATI G, KUMSCHICK S, PROBERT AF, VOLERY L, BACHER S. The importance of assessing positive and beneficial impacts of alien species. NeoBiota 2020; 62:525–545.

VISSER JH, ROBINSON TJ, JANSEN VAN VUUREN B. Spatial genetic structure in the rock hyrax (Procavia capensis) across the Namaqualand and western Fynbos areas of South Africa - a mitochondrial and microsatellite perspective. Canadian Journal of Zoology 2020; 98(8):557- 571.

VLK L, TEDERSOO L, ANTL T, VěTROVSKÝ T, ABARENKOV K, PERGL J, ALBRECHTOVÁ J, VOSÁTKA M, BALDRIAN A, PYCEK P, KOHOUT P. Early successional ectomycorrhizal fungi are more likely to naturalize outside their native range than other ectomycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist 2020; 227(5):1289-1293.

VLK L, TEDERSOO L, ANTL T, VěTROVSKÝ T, ABARENKOV K, PERGL J, ALBRECHTOVÁ J, VOSÁTKA M, BALDRIAN A, PYCEK P, KOHOUT P. Alien ectomycorrhizal plants differ in their ability to interact with co-introduced and native ectomycorrhizal fungi in novel sites. ISME Journal 2020; 14(9):2336-2346.

VOLERY L, BACHER S, BLACKBURN TM, BERTOLINO S, EVANS T, GENOVESI P, KUMSCHICK S, ROY HE, SMITH K. Improving the Environmental Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (EICAT): a summary of revisions to the framework and guidelines. NeoBiota 2020; 62:547-567.

VON DER HEYDEN S, MBONGWA NA, HUI C. Supporting sandy beach conservation through comparative phylogeography: the case of Excirolana (Crustacea: Isopoda) in South Africa. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 2020; 242:8.

VON WITT CG, ANDERSON BC, DURBACH IN, JOHNSON SD. Breeding systems of floral colour forms in the Drosera cistiflora species complex. Plant Biology 2020; 22:992-1001.

WEISSGERBER T, BEDIAKO Y, DE WINDE CM, EBRAHIMI H, FERNÁNDEZ-CHIAPPE F, ILANGOVAN V, MEHTA D, QUEZADA CP, RILEY J, SALADI SM, SARABIPOUR S, TAY A. Mitigating the impact of conference and travel cancellations on researchers' futures. eLife 2020; 9: e57032, 5 pages.

WIGLEY BJ, CHARLES-DOMINIQUE T, HEMPSON GP, STEVENS N, TEBEEST M, ARCHIBALD S, BOND WJ, BUNNEY K, COETSEE C, DONALDSON J, FIDELIS A, GAO X, MILLAN M. A handbook for the standardised sampling of plant functional traits in disturbance-prone ecosystems, with a focus on open ecosystems. Australian Journal of Botany 2020; 68(8):473- 531.

WILSON JR. Definitions can confuse: Why the "neonative" neologism is bad for conservation. Bioscience 2020; 70(2):110-111.

WILSON JR, BACHER S, DAEHLER CC, GROOM QJ, KUMSCHICK S, LOCKWOOD JL, ROBINSON-SMYTHE T, ZENGEYA TA, RICHARDSON DM. Frameworks used in invasion science: progress and prospects. NeoBiota 2020; 62:1-30.

WILSON JR, DATTA A, HIRSCH H, KEET J, MBOBO T, NKUNA KV, NSIKANI MM, PYCEK P, RICHARDSON DM, ZENGEYA TA, KUMSCHICK S. Is invasion science moving towards agreed standards? The influence of selected frameworks. NeoBiota 2020; 62:569–590.

YANNELLI LUCERO FA, NOVOA PEREZ A, LORENZO P, RODRÍGUEZ J, LE ROUX JJ. No evidence for novel weapons: biochemical recognition modulates early ontogenetic processes in native species and invasive acacias. Biological Invasions 2020; 22(2):549-562.

ZEEMAN Z, BRANCH GM, PILLAY D, VON DER HEYDEN S. Origin and genetic diversity of the invasive mussel Semimytilus algosus in South Africa, relative to source populations in Chile and Namibia. Biological Invasions 2020; 22(7):2309-2323.

ZEYL J, DEN OUDEN O, KÖPPL C, ASSINK JD, CHRISTENSEN-DALSGAARD J, PATRICK SC, CLUSELLA-TRULLAS S. Infrasonic hearing in birds: a review of audiometry and hypothesized structure–function relationships. Biological Reviews 2020; 95:1036–1054.

ZONYANE S, FAWOLE OA, LA GRANGE C, STANDER MA, OPARA UL, MAKUNGA NP. The implication of chemotypic variation on the antioxidant and anti-cancer activities of Sutherlandia frutescens (L.)  R.Br.  (Fabaceae) from different geographic locations. Antioxidants 2020; 9:152, 21 pages.


Proceedings international

MOUTON M, ROOTMAN-LE GRANGE I. Scientific discourse: Can our first-year students express themselves in science? 6th International Conference on Higher Education Advances (HEAd'20), Valencia, Spain, Editorial Universitat Politècnica de València 2020: 579-587.


Chapters in books

BYRNE MJ, DU PLESSIS D, IVEY PJ, MEASEY GJ, ROBERTSON MP, ROBINSON-SMYTHE T, WEAVER KN. Education, Training and Capacity-Building in the Field of Biological Invasions in South Africa. In: Van Wilgen BW, Richardson DM, Zengeya T, Measey GJ, Wilson JR (eds.) Biological Invasions in South Africa, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 731-755.

DAVIES SJ, JORDAAN MS, KARSTEN M, TERBLANCHE JS, TURNER AA, VAN WILGEN NJ, VELDTMAN R, ZENGEYA T, MEASEY GJ. Experience and lessons from alien and invasive animal control projects in South Africa. In: Van Wilgen BW, Richardson DM, Zengeya T, Measey GJ, Wilson JR (eds.) Biological Invasions in South Africa, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 629- 663.

FAULKNER KT, BURNESS A, BYRNE MJ, KUMSCHICK S, PETERS K, ROBERTSON MP, SACCAGGI DL, WEYL OLF, WILLIAMS VL. South Africa's Pathways of Introduction and Dispersal and How They Have Changed Over Time. In: Van Wilgen BW, Richardson DM, Zengeya T, Measey GJ, Wilson JR (eds.) Biological Invasions in South Africa, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 313- 354.

FOXCROFT LC, VAN WILGEN BW, ABRAHAMS B, ESLER KJ, WANNENBURGH A. Knowing-Doing Continuum or Knowing-Doing Gap? Information Flow Between Researchers and Managers of Biological Invasions in South Africa. In: Van Wilgen BW, Richardson DM, Zengeya T, Measey GJ, Wilson JR (eds.) Biological Invasions in South Africa, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 831- 854.

HOLMES PM, ESLER KJ, GAERTNER M, GEERTS S, HALL SAW, NSIKANI MM, RICHARDSON DM, RUWANZA S. Biological Invasions and Ecological Restoration in South Africa. In: Van Wilgen BW, Richardson DM, Zengeya T, Measey GJ, Wilson JR (eds.) Biological Invasions in South Africa, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 665-700.

KUMSCHICK S, FOXCROFT LC, WILSON JR. Analysing the Risks Posed by Biological Invasions to South Africa. In: Van Wilgen BW, Richardson DM, Zengeya T, Measey GJ, Wilson JR (eds.) Biological Invasions in South Africa, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 573-596.

LE ROUX JP, CLUSELLA-TRULLAS S, MOKOTJOMELA TM, MAIRAL PISA M, RICHARDSON DM, SKEIN L, WILSON JR, WEYL OLF, GEERTS S. Biotic Interactions as Mediators of Biological Invasions: Insights from South Africa. In: Van Wilgen BW, Richardson DM, Zengeya T, Measey GJ, Wilson JR (eds.) Biological Invasions in South Africa, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 387-427.

MEASEY GJ, HUI C, SOMERS MJ. Terrestrial vertebrate invasions in South Africa. In: Van Wilgen BW, Richardson DM, Zengeya T, Measey GJ, Wilson JR (eds.) Biological Invasions in South Africa, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 115-151.

 MEASEY GJ, ROBINSON-SMYTHE T, KRUGER N, ZENGEYA T, HURLEY BP. South Africa as a donor of alien animals. In: Van Wilgen BW, Richardson DM, Zengeya T, Measey GJ, Wilson JR (eds.) Biological Invasions in South Africa, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 787-830.

NDLELA LL, OBERHOLSTER PJ, MADLALA T, VAN WYK JH, CHENG PH. Determination of the ecotoxicity changes in biologically treated cyanobacteria oscillatoria and microcystis using indicator organisms. In: Abia AL, Lanza GR (eds.) Current Microbiological Research in Africa, Springer International Publishing AG, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 257-281.

O'CONNOR TG, VAN WILGEN BW. The Impact of Invasive Alien Plants on Rangelands in South Africa. In: Van Wilgen BW, Richardson DM, Zengeya T, Measey GJ, Wilson JR (eds.) Biological Invasions in South Africa, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 459-488.

POTGIETER LJ, DOUWES E, GAERTNER M, MEASEY GJ, PAAP T, RICHARDSON DM. Biological Invasions in South Africa's Urban Ecosystems: Patterns, Processes, Impacts, and Management. In: Van Wilgen BW, Richardson DM, Zengeya TA, MEASEY GJ, Wilson JR (eds.) Biological Invasions in South Africa, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 275-309.

PYCEK P, PERGL J, VAN KLEUNEN M, DAWSON W, ESSL F, KREFT H, WEIGELT P, WILSON JR, WINTER M, RICHARDSON DM. South Africa as a Donor of Naturalised and Invasive Plants to Other Parts of the World. In: Van Wilgen BW, Richardson DM, Zengeya T, Measey GJ, Wilson JR (eds.) Biological Invasions in South Africa, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 759-786.

RICHARDSON DM, ABRAHAMS B, BOSHOFF SC, DAVIES SJ, MEASEY GJ, VAN WILGEN BW. South Africa's Centre for Invasion Biology: an experiment in invasion science for society. In: Van Wilgen BW, Richardson DM, Zengeya T, Measey GJ, Wilson JR (eds.) Biological Invasions in South Africa, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 879-914.

RICHARDSON DM, FOXCROFT LC, LATOMBE GFR, LE MAITRE D, ROUGET M, WILSON JR. The Biogeography of South African Terrestrial Plant Invasions. In: Van Wilgen BW, Richardson DM, Zengeya T, Measey GJ, Wilson JR (eds.) Biological Invasions in South Africa, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 67-96.

ROBINSON-SMYTHE T, PETERS K, BROOKER B. Coastal invasions: The South African context. In: Van Wilgen BW, Richardson DM, Zengeya T, Measey GJ, Wilson JR (eds.) Biological Invasions in South Africa, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 229-247.

SHACKLETON RT, NOVOA A, SHACKLETON CM, KULL CA. The Social Dimensions of Biological Invasions in South Africa. In: Van Wilgen BW, Richardson DM, Zengeya T, Measey GJ, Wilson JR (eds.) Biological Invasions in South Africa, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 701-730.

TRAVESET A, RICHARDSON DM. Plant Invasions: The role of biotic interactions - An Overview. In: Traveset A, Richardson DM (eds.) Plant Invasions: The Role of Biotic Interactions, CABI, Walingford, United Kingdom, 2020: 1-25.

VAN WILGEN BW. A Brief, Selective History of Researchers and Research Initiatives Related to Biological Invasions in South Africa. In: Van Wilgen BW, Richardson DM, Zengeya T, Measey GJ, Wilson JR (eds.) Biological Invasions in South Africa, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 33-66.

VAN WILGEN BW, MEASEY GJ, RICHARDSON DM, WILSON JR, ZENGEYA T. Biological invasions in South Africa: an overview. In: Van Wilgen BW, Richardson DM, Zengeya T, Measey GJ, Wilson JR (eds.) Biological Invasions in South Africa, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 3-31.

VAN WILGEN BW, WILSON JR, WANNENBURGH A, FOXCROFT LC. The Extent and Effectiveness of Alien Plant Control Projects in South Africa. In: Van Wilgen BW, Richardson DM, Zengeya T, Measey GJ, Wilson JR (eds.) Biological Invasions in South Africa, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 597-628.

VAN WILGEN NJ, VAN WILGEN BW, MIDGLEY GF. Biological Invasions as a Component of South Africa's Global Change Research Effort. In: Van Wilgen BW, Richardson DM, Wilson JR, Zengeya T, Measey GJ (eds.) Biological Invasions in South Africa, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 855-878.

WILSON JR, FOXCROFT LC, GEERTS S, HOFFMAN M, MACFADYEN S, MEASEY GJ, MILLS A, RICHARDSON DM, ROBERTSON MP, VAN WILGEN BW. The role of environmental factors in promoting and limiting biological invasions in South Africa. In: Van Wilgen BW, Richardson DM, Zengeya T, Measey GJ, Wilson JR (eds.) Biological Invasions in South Africa, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 355-385.

WILSON JR, MEASEY GJ, RICHARDSON DM, VAN WILGEN BW, ZENGEYA T. Potential futures of biological invasions in South Africa. In: Van Wilgen BW, Richardson DM, Zengeya T, Measey GJ, Wilson JR (eds.) Biological Invasions in South Africa, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 917- 946.

ZENGEYA T, KUMSCHICK S, WEYL OLF, VAN WILGEN BW. An evaluation of the impacts of alien species on biodiversity in South Africa using different assessment methods. In: Van Wilgen BW, Richardson DM, Zengeya T, Measey GJ, Wilson JR (eds.) Biological Invasions in South Africa, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, 2020: 489-512.