Historical Trauma and Transformation
Welcome to Stellenbosch University

Publications

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Professor Pumla Gobodo-Madikizela

Dr. Samantha van Schalkwyk

Dr. Melike Fourie

Landi Meiring

Dr Kim Wale​ 

Dr Nancy Rushohora

Dr Marietjie Oelofsen

Dr Emery Kalema

Dr. Khan Touseef Osman


Prof. Pumla Gobodo-Madikizela

Books

Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (Ed.) (Forthcoming October 2018). History, Trauma and Shame: Engaging the Past through Second Generation Dialogue. London: Routledge. 

Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (Ed.) (2016). Breaking Intergenerational Cycles of Repetition: A Global Dialogue on Historical Trauma and Memory. Cologne and Leverkusen, Germany: Budrich Academic Press. [Link]

Van Schalkwyk, S. & Gobodo-Madikizela[E1] , P. (Eds.) (2016). A Reflexive Inquiry into Gender Research: Towards a New Paradigm of Knowledge Production and Exploring New Frontiers of Gender Research in Southern Africa. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. [Link]

Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (2016). What Does it Mean to be Human After Historical Trauma: Re-envisioning the Holocaust and Why Hannah Arendt Was Wrong (Extended Essay).  Uppsala: Uppsala University. [Link]

Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (2014). Dare We Hope: Facing Our Past to Find a New Future. Cape Town: Tafelberg. [Link]

Book Chapters

Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (2017). Forgiveness is 'the wrong word': Empathic Repair and the Potential for Human Connection in the Aftermath of Historical Trauma. In M. Lerner & C. Schliesser (eds.), Alternative Approaches in Conflict Resolution (pp. 111-124). Cham: Switzerland. [Link]

Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (2017). Intersubjectivity and embodiment: Exploring the role of the maternal in the language of forgiveness and reconciliation. In Norlock K.J. (ed.), The Moral Psychology of Forgiveness (pp. 1-15). London: Rowman & Littlefield. [Link]

Fourie M. M., Subramoney, S., Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (2017). A less attractive feature of empathy: Intergroup empathy bias. In Makiko Kondo (Ed.). Empathy: An Evidence-based Interdisciplinary Perspective. InTech, OpenScience.

Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (2016). Psychoanalysis and Reconciliation. In A. Elliot & J. Prager (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Psychoanalysis in the Social Sciences and Humanities. New York: Routledge. [Link]

Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (2016). Introduction: Breaking Intergenerational Cycles of Repetition. In P. Gobodo-Madikizela (ed.), Breaking Intergenerational Cycles of Repetition: A Global Dialogue on Historical Trauma (pp. 1-11). Cologne and Leverkusen, Germany: Budrich Academic Press. [Link]

Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (2016). Interrupting Cycles of Repetition: Creating Spaces for Dialogue, Facing and Mourning the Past. In P. Gobodo-Madikizela (Ed.) Breaking Intergenerational Cycles of Repetition: A Global Dialogue on Historical Trauma and Memory (pp. 113-134). Cologne and Leverkusen, Germany: Budrich Academic Press. [Link]

Van Schalkwyk, S. & Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (2015). Introduction. In S. van Schalkwyk and P. Gobodo-Madikizela (eds.), A Reflexive Inquiry into Gender Research: Towards a New Paradigm of Knowledge Production & Exploring New Frontiers of Gender Research in Southern Africa (pp. xi-xxxv). Cambridge Scholars Publishing: United Kingdom. [Link]

Van Schalkwyk, S. Boonzaier, F. & Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (2015). Woman abuse in South Africa: Reflecting on the complexity of women's decisions to leave abusive men. In S. van Schalkwyk and P. Gobodo-Madikizela (eds.), A Reflexive Inquiry into Gender Research: Towards a New Paradigm of Knowledge Production & Exploring New Frontiers of Gender Research in Southern Africa (pp. 47-67). Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. [Link]

Journal Publications

Githaiga, J. N., Gobodo-Madikizela, P., & Wahl, W. P. (2017). 'They dug up wounds': University of the Free State students' experiences of transformation and integration in campus residences. Race Ethnicity and Education, 1-18. doi: 10.1080/13613324.2017.1376633. Link  

Fourie, M.M., Stein, D.J., Solms, M., Gobodo-Madikizela, P., & Decety, J. (2017). Empathy and moral emotions in post-apartheid South-Africa: An fMRI investigation. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 1-12. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsx019. [Link]

Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (2016). What Does It Mean to be Human in the Aftermath of Mass Trauma and Violence? Towards the Horizon of an Ethics of Care. Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics, 36(2), 64-91. [Link]

Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (2015). Psychological Repair: The Intersubjective Dialogue of Remorse and Forgiveness in the Aftermath of Gross Human Rights Violations. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 63, 1085-1123. [Link]

Gobodo-Madikizela, P., Fish, J., & Shefer, T. (2014). Gendered Violence: Continuities and Transformation in the Aftermath of Conflict in Africa. Signs:Journal of Women and Culture in Society, 40(1). [Link]

Safier, R. & Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (2014). Conversation between Ruth Safier and Pumla Gobodo-Madikizela on Remembering the past: Nostalgia, traumatic memory and the legacy of apartheid. Peace and Conflict:Journal of Peace Psychology, 20(7), 95-9

[Link]

Locher, S.C., Barenblatt, L., Fourie, M.M., Stein, D.J., & Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (2014). Empathy and childhood maltreatment: A mixed-methods investigation. Annals of Clinical Psychiatry, 26(2), 97-110. [Link]

Van Schalkwyk, S., Boonzaier, F., & Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (2014). Selves in contradiction: Power and powerlessness in South African shelter residents' narratives of leaving abusive heterosexual relationships. Feminism & Psychology, 24(3), 314-331. [Link]

 

Dr Kim Wale​

Books

Wale, K; Gobodo-Madikizela, P & Prager, J (eds.) (forthcoming 2020). Post-Conflict Hauntings: Transforming Memories of Historical Trauma. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Wale, K. (2016). South Africa's Struggle to Remember: Contested memories of squatter resistance in the Western Cape. London: Routledge. [Link]

Alexander, P., Ceruti, C., Motseke, K., Phadi M. & Wale, K. (Eds.). (2013). Class in Soweto.  South Africa: UKZN Press.

Chapters:

Wale, K. (Forthcoming, 2020). Intergenerational Nostalgic Haunting and Critical Hope: Memories of Loss and Longing in Bonteheuwel. In Wale, K.; Gobodo-Madikizela, P. & Prager, J. (Eds.) Post-Conflict hauntings: Transforming memories of historical trauma. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Wale, K. (2017). Performing and resisting the post-TRC 'trauma-drama': Survivors narratives of past and present violence in South Africa. In M, Swart, & van Marle, K. (eds.) The Limits of Transition: The South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission Twenty Years On (pp. 121-146). Brill | Nijhoff: The Netherlands.

Foster, D. & Wale, K. (2017). Contact and reconciliation. In Lefko-Everett, K., Govender, J. & Foster, D. (eds.) Rethinking Reconciliation: Evidence from South Africa (pp. 69-85). Cape Town: HSRC Press.

Wale, K (2013) Perceptions of class mobility. In P. Alexander, C. Ceruti, K. Motseke, M. Phadi & K. Wale (Eds.). Class in Soweto.  South Africa: UKZN Press.

Journal Publications

Wale, K. (2019). Towards Critical Cultural Openness: (In)vulnerability in white student narratives of transformation in South Africa. Ethnic and Racial Studies, Published online 30 July 2019. DOI: 10.1080/01419870.2019.1642502

Wale K. (2016). Falling through the cracks of South Africa's liberation struggle: Comrades counter-memories of squatter resistance in the 1980s. Journal of Southern African Studies42(6), 1193-1206. [Link]

Wale, K. & Foster, D. (2007) Investing in Discourses of Poverty and Development: How White, Wealthy South Africans Mobilize Meaning to Maintain Privilege. South African Review of Sociology, 38 (1)

Kelly, C; Wale, K; Soudien, C. & Steyn, M (2007) Aligning the “Rubrik" Cube: Conceptualizing Transformative Diversity Practice. South African Journal of Labour Relation, 31 (2)

Op-eds, Researched Reports and Published Conference Proceedings

Wale, K. & Basson, A. (2019). SA has a legacy of trauma. Mail & Guardian, 20 September 2019.

Wale K. (2019). Apartheid Ghosts live on. Cape Argus, 23 April 2019

Wale, K. (2019). Betrayal adds to apartheid trauma. Mail & Guardian, 22 February 2019.

Wale, K. (2019). Intergenerational Nostalgia: Loss and Longing in Bonteheuwel. Historical Trauma and Memory: Living with the Haunting Power of the Past, Kigali, Rwanda, 4-6 April 2018. Historical Trauma and Transformation, Stellenbosch

Wale, K (2014). Reflecting on Reconciliation: Lessons from the past, prospects for the future. South African Reconciliation Barometer. Institute for Justice and Reconciliation

Wale, K (2013). Confronting Exclusion: Time for Radical Reconciliation. South African Reconciliation Barometer Survey Report. Institute for Justice and Reconciliation.

Selected Seminar and Conference Papers

A Strand of Hope in Narratives of Despair? Intergenerational Creativity Woven through Knotted Memories of Violence paper presented at the colloquium: Transforming Trauma: Reimagining the Future through the Arts in Rwanda and South Africa Institute of Dialogue and Research for Peace, Kigali, Rwanda, 5 April 2019

Post-apartheid trauma and existential despair: The meaning of healing in an age of chaos. Paper presented at the international conference: Recognition, Reparation and Reconciliation: The light and shadow of historical trauma, University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch South Africa, 6 December 2018

‘Veteran’ as haunted category in South Africa. Paper presented at the workshop Ex-combatant and Veteran Policies and Politics in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Comparative Perspective. University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Scotland, 27 April 2018.

Reflecting on Intergenerational Transmission of Trauma: Legacies of the Past, or Contemporary Ruptures?  Paper Presented with P. Gobodo-Madikizela at The Human and Social Dynamics Research Seminar on Intergenerational trauma and memory: implications for social cohesion in contemporary South Africa. Pretoria, Freedom Park, 31 March 2017

Collective Trauma: Narratives of Betrayal and Abandonment in South Africa, paper presented at the symposium Interpreting Violence and Trauma in Africa. Holocaust and Genocide Centre, Johannesburg, South Africa, 12 September, 2016.

 

Dr Samantha Van Schalkwyk

Books

Van Schalkwyk, S. (Forthcoming July 2018). Narrative Landscapes of Female Sexuality in Africa: Collective Stories of Trauma and Transition. Palgrave Macmillan.

Van Schalkwyk, S. & Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (Eds.) (2015). A Reflexive Inquiry into Gender Research: Towards a New Paradigm of Knowledge Production & Exploring New Frontiers of Gender Research in Southern Africa. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. [Link] 

Chapters

Van Schalkwyk, S. & Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (2015). Introduction. In S. van Schalkwyk and P. Gobodo-Madikizela (eds.), A Reflexive Inquiry into Gender Research: Towards a New Paradigm of Knowledge Production & Exploring New Frontiers of Gender Research in Southern Africa (pp. xi-xxxv). C Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. [Link]

Journal Publications

Van Schalkwyk, S. Boonzaier, F. & Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (2015). Woman abuse in South Africa: Reflecting on the complexity of women's decisions to leave abusive men. In S. van Schalkwyk and P. Gobodo-Madikizela (eds.), A Reflexive Inquiry into Gender Research: Towards a New Paradigm of Knowledge Production & Exploring New Frontiers of Gender Research in Southern Africa, 47-67. Cambridge Scholars Publishing: United Kingdom. [Link]

Van Schalkwyk, S., Boonzaier, F., & Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (2014). Selves in contradiction: Power and powerlessness in South African shelter residents' narratives of leaving abusive heterosexual relationships. Feminism & Psychology, 24(3), 314-331. [Link]

 

Dr Melike Fourie

Chapters

Benjamin, L., & Fourie, M.M. (2019). The intergenerational effects of mass trauma in sculpting new perpetrators. In S.C. Knittel & Z.J. Goldberg (Eds.), The Routledge International Handbook of Perpetrator Studies. (pp. 276-286). Germany: Routledge [https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315102887]

Fourie, M.M., Subramoney, S., & Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (2017). A less attractive feature of empathy: Intergroup empathy bias. In Makiko Kondo (Ed.), Empathy¾An Evidence-based Interdisciplinary Perspective (pp. 45-61). InTech. ISBN 978-953-51-5420-4

Fourie, M.M., Gobodo-Madikizela, P., Stein, D.J. (2013). Empathy and forgiveness in South Africa: The Truth and Reconciliation Commission. In M. Linden & K. Rutkowski, (Eds.), Hurting memories and beneficial forgetting (pp. 227-240). London: Elsevier Inc. [https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-398393-0.00019-5]

Journal Publications

Fourie, M.M., Stein, D.J., Solms, M., Gobodo-Madikizela, P., & Decety, J. (2019). Effects of early adversity and social discrimination on empathy for complex mental states: An fMRI investigation. Scientific Reports, 9, 12959 https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-49298-4

Fourie, M.M., Stein, D.J., Solms, M., Gobodo-Madikizela, P., & Decety, J. (2017). Empathy and moral emotions in post-apartheid South-Africa: An fMRI investigation. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience.[Link]

Fourie, M.M., Thomas, K.G.F., Amodio, D.M., Warton, C.M.R., & Meintjes, E.M. (2014). Neural correlates of experienced moral emotion: An fMRI investigation of emotion in response to prejudice feedback. Social Neuroscience, 9, 203-218. [Link]

Locher, S.C., Barenblatt, L., Fourie, M.M., Stein, D.J., & Gobodo-Madikizela, P. (2014). Empathy and childhood maltreatment: A mixed-methods investigation. Annals of Clinical Psychiatry, 26(2), 97-110. [Link]

Meiring, L., Subramoney, S., Thomas, K.G.F., Decety, J., & Fourie, M.M. (2014). Empathy and helping: Effects of racial group membership and cognitive load. South AfricanJournal of Psychology, 44(4), 426-438. [Link]

Op-ed’s and Published Conference Proceedings

Fourie, M. M. (2019). Walking in another's shoes: Empathy and perspective taking in second generation South African students. Historical Trauma and Memory: Living with the Haunting Power of the Past, Kigali, Rwanda, 4-6 April 2018. Historical Trauma and Transformation, Stellenbosch

Fourie, M.M. (2018). Ashwin's distress was a missed chance. Mail & Guardian, July 2018 [https://mg.co.za/article/2018-07-20-00-ashwins-distress-was-a-missed-chance]

Fourie, M.M. (2016). Are White South Africans sleepwalking through racial transformation? Huffington Post, December 2016 [Link]


Dr Emery Kalema

Peer-reviewed articles and book chapters

Published:

  • The Mulele “Rebellion," Congolese Regimes, and the Politics of Forgetting. Cahiers d'Etudes Africaines, LIX (3), no. 235, 2019, pp. 747-781.
  • Scars, Marked Bodies, and Suffering: The Mulele 'Rebellion' in Postcolonial Congo. Journal of African History, vol. 59, no. 2, July 2018, pp. 263-282.

Forthcoming:

  • Religion et médecine au Congo : pratiques et savoirs des assistants médicaux "indigènes" issus de Kisantu (Fomulac) et de leurs patients (1937-1960). Book Chapter, in Vincent Viaene, Bram Cleys & Jan De Maeyer (eds). Religion, Colonization and Decolonization in Congo, 1885-1960. Réligion, colonisation et décolonisation au Congo, 1885-1960. Leuven: Leuven University Press, Forthcoming 2020.
  • The Politics of Enmity in Postcolonial Congo (Journal article to appear in Critical African Studies - Special Issue titled Exploring Colonial Durabilities in the Great Lakes Region. Forthcoming, September 2020).

Selected conference presentations and lectures delivered

  • I delivered the Second Annual Jan Vansina Lecture at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA, on 11 September 2019. Title: The Mulele 'Rebellion', Bodily Pain and the Politics of Death. https://africa.wisc.edu/african-studies-a-year-in-review-3/ https://africa.wisc.edu/event/second-annual-jan-vansina-memorial-lecture/
  • Searching the Mulele 'Rebellion' (DR Congo): Historian, Ethics, and Fieldwork Realities. Paper presented at a workshop on Researching Conflict: Doing Fieldwork in Divisive and Violent Contexts, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies Geneva, Switzerland, 5-7 June 2019.
  • Death, Torture and Suffering: The Mulele 'Rebellion' in Postcolonial Congo. Public lecture delivered at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium, 24 April 2019.
  • Bodily Pain and the Politics of death. Paper presented at Summer Program in Social Science, Institute for Advanced Studies (IAS), Princeton, USA, 17-30 June 2018.
  • Roundtable panel: “DR Congo and its Scholars: Challenges of Relevance" (with Bogumil Jewsiewicki, Filip De Boeck, Nancy Rose Hunt, and Erik Kennes). International Conference on Congolese Studies: Past, Present, Future, St Antony's College, University of Oxford, UK. 26 April 2018.

    https://global.history.ox.ac.uk/event/conference-congolese-studies-past-present-future; http://copperbelt.history.ox.ac.uk/2018/06/28/congo-research-network-conference-april-2018-miles-larmer-and-benoit-henriet/
  • Scars, Marked Bodies, and Suffering: The Mulele “Rebellion" in Postcolonial Congo. Paper presented at the International Conference on Congolese Studies: Past, Present, Future, St Antony's College, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK, 26-27 April 2018.
  • Living with the Scars of the Mulele “Rebellion" (D.R. Congo): The Work of Time and the Production and Reproduction of Suffering. Paper presented at the Interdisciplinary Symposium: Historical Trauma and Memory: Living with the Haunting Power of the Past, Serena Hotel, Kigali, Rwanda, 4-6 April 2018.
  • La 'rébellion' muléliste, régimes politiques congolais et la politique de l'oubli. Paper presented at the Symposium on (In)disciplines, organized by the Canadian Association of Sociologists and Anthropologists of French Language (ACSALF) at Laval University, Montreal, Canada, 1-3 November 2017.
  • The Mulele 'Rebellion', Congolese Political Regimes, and the Politics of Forgetting. Lecture delivered in the Stellenbosch University Sociology and Social Anthropology Seminar Series: Indexing the Human, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa, 14 September 2017.
  • Congolese Political Regimes and the Politics of Forgetting. Public lecture delivered at the Symposium: Troubling the Haunting Power of the Past; Interrupting Intergenerational Cycles of Historical Trauma at Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Studies (STIAS), Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa, 16 May 2017.

Major fellowships, grants and awards

  • Winner of the competition for the inaugural CSAAD Research Fellowship, Center for the Study of Africa and the African Diaspora, New York University, 1 September 2019-15 January 2020.
  • Mellon Foundation's Early-career scholars' Fellowship, Summer Program in Social Science, Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), Princeton, 2018-2019.
  • Africa Oxford (Afox) Travel Grant, University of Oxford, December 2017.
  • Mellon Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship, February 2017 (effective dates: April 2017-December 2020).
  • Ph.D. completion grant (Faculty of Humanities, University of the Witwatersrand), October 2015 (effective dates: January 2016-June 2016).
  • Ford Foundation Ph.D. scholarship, March 2012 (effective dates: July 2012-December 2015).

 

Landi Meiring  

Journal Publications

Meiring, L., Subramoney, S., Thomas, K.G.F., Decety, J., & Fourie, M.M. (2014). Empathy and helping: Effects of racial group membership and cognitive load. South AfricanJournal of Psychology, 44(4), 426-438. [Link]

 

Dr Marietjie Oelofsen

Oelofsen, M. (2017). Book review: Dobson, Andrew. Listening for Democracy – Recognition, Representation, Reconciliation. Oxford University Press, 2014. Journal of Public Deliberation, 13(2). [Link]

Malila, V., & Oelofsen, M. (2016). Young citizens in South Africa: A paradox of engagement with politics and the media. Journal of African Media Studies, 8 (2), 187-203. doi: 10.1386/jams.8.2.187_1. [Link]

Oelofsen, M. (2014). Book review: Levine, Peter. We are the ones we have been waiting for, Oxford University Press, 2013. Higher Education Exchange (2014), 80-84. [Link]

 

Dr. Nancy Rushohora

Journal Publications

Rushohora, N. (2019). Desperate Mourning and Atrophied Representation: A Tale of Two Skulls. African Historical Review, 51(1), 25-45.  https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/17532523.2019.1626064

Rushohora, A.R and Silayo, V.V. (2019) Cults, Crosses and Crescents: Religion and Healing from Colonial Violence in Tanzania. Religions 2019, 10, 519.  https://www.mdpi.com/2077-1444/10/9/519

Rushohora, NA. (2019) Graves, Houses of Pain and Execution: Memories of the German Prisons after the Majimaji War in Tanzania (1904–1908). The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 47(2), 275-299. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03086534.2019.1605697

Rushohora, N. A. (2019). Facts and fictions of the Majimaji war graves in southern Tanzania. African Archaeological Review, 36(1), 145-159. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10437-019-09324-2

Rushohora, N., & Kurmann, E. (2018). Look at Majimaji! A Plea for Historical Photographs in Tanzania. African Studies77(1), 87-104.

Rushohora, N. (2017). German Colonial Missionaries and the Majimaji Memorials in Southern Tanzania. Journal of Social History50(3), 481-501.

Rushohora, N. (2017). Theorising the Majimaji–Landscape, Memory and Agency. Journal of African Cultural Heritage Studies1(1), 5-15.


Dr. Khan Touseef Osman

Journal Publications

Osman, K. T. (2017). Trauma and fiction: Representational crises and modalities. Crossings: ULAB Journal of English Studies, 8, 160-167.

Osman, K. T. (2017). Narrative indirection and representational crisis in Khushwant Singh’s Train to Pakistan. English Studies in India, 25, 10-24.

Osman, K. T. (2015). Representing the unrepresentable in Anita Desai’s Clear Light of Day. East West Journal of Humanities, 5.

Osman, K. T. (2015). Intersection of public and private traumas in Amitav Ghosh's Shadow Lines. Appropriations, 10.

Osman, K. T. (2015). The voice of the wound: A study of Bapsi Sidhwa’s Ice-Candy-Man. Praxis, 7.

Chowdhury, M. H. & Osman, K. T. (2015). Trauma theory and literary representation. English Studies in India, 23.