TB Host genetics
Welcome to Stellenbosch University

Division of Molecular Biology & Human Genetics


Tuberculosis Host Genetics​ Members

Principal Investigator​


Prof emerita Eileen Hoal joined Stellenbosch University in 1983 after a postdoc at the Roche Institute in New Jersey and established a high-quality cell culture facility in the department. The focus of the department changed to tuberculosis (TB) research in the 1990s and she was at the forefront of this change, investigating host-pathogen interactions in macrophages. This progressed to the question of genetic susceptibility, which has been her focus for the last 15 years. She was one of the first three PIs in the department to obtain external research funding, by GlaxoWellcome Action TB for a period of 4 years. She established a Biosafety level 3 lab in the department. She was the South African PI of a human genetic epidemiology study funded by the Sequella Global TB Foundation (now Aeras) and was the joint senior author on several publications resulting from this work. She is currently the head of the group working on host susceptibility to TB, consisting of approximately 20 people from BSc Hons students to senior researchers.


Prof Craig Kinnear obtained his PhD at Stellenbosch University in 2007. For his PhD, he focused on identifying novel genetic predisposing factors involved in the pathogenesis of obsessive-compulsive disorder and schizophrenia. Furthermore, he investigated signaling pathways involved in neuronal migration and brain development. Following his PhD, Dr Kinnear's research interest shifted towards studying the molecular mechanisms underlying the development of cardiac hypertrophy in patients with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy. In 2013, he joined the TB host genetics team where he is currently focusing on identifying disease-causing mutations in patients with primary immunodeficiencies who are extremely susceptible to tuberculosis. In addition to this, he is also investigating the extent to which different Mycobacteria tuberculosis strains induces autophagy in the human host.


Marlo.jpg​Prof Marlo Möller has worked in the field of human genetic susceptibility since joining the TB Host Genetics group as a BSc(Hons) student in 2004. She received her PhD in 2007 from Stellenbosch University and is currently the holder of a prestigious Research Career Advancement Fellowship from the South African National Research Foundation. She is involved in several host genetic susceptibility to tuberculosis projects (some in the department and some together with international collaborators from Germany and the USA) which include tuberculous meningitis susceptibility, the role of ancestry in TB disease and primary immune deficiencies.



Dr Cedric Werely is an alumnus of both the University of Cape Town (B.Sc. 1983) and Stellenbosch University (Ph.D., 2012). He joined the Stellenbosch faculty in 1984 (Dept. of Urology) and moved to his current position in 1990. In that time his research interests have spanned tumours of the prostate, mechanisms involved in the descent of the testes, DNA fingerprinting, and host genetics in tuberculosis. Currently he is invested in the development of TB diagnostics, as well as studying the Pharmacogenetics of drug treatment regimens, especially drugs used in the treatment of tuberculosis.

Brigitte.jpgDr Brigitte Glanzmann is currently a post-doctoral fellow working on the discovery of novel disease causing variants in patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases. Her project focuses on the whole exome sequencing of young children as well as individuals who have multiple bacterial infections such as TB.


Dr Caitlin Uren completed her BSc in Molecular and Cellular Biology at the University of Cape Town in 2013 and her PhD at Stellenbosch University in 2017. She is currently investigating fine-scale human population structure in southern Africa as well as the impact this structure has on susceptibility to infectious diseases.​


Dr Haiko Schurz's higher education journey began in 2007 when he enrolled in a Bachelor of Engineering degree in Mechatronics at Stellenbosch University. Following completion of his engineering degree he decided to change direction and subsequently did a second undergraduate degree in Molecular biology and Biotechnology, at the same institution. In 2014 he started his Honours degree in Human Genetics at the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences of Stellenbosch University. This is where he discovered his passion for bioinformatics and bio-statistics which led to his proposal for a Master's degree in Human genetics, which was upgraded to a PhD degree in 2016. Then in 2018 he obtained his PhD in Human genetics and currently holds a Claude Leon Postdoctoral Fellowship to continue his research until the end of 2020. Haiko's work investigates the host (human) genetic susceptibility to tuberculosis, with a specific focus on investigating the cause for the extreme male bias observed in incidence rates, by incorporating the X chromosome, sex-stratified association testing and sex-biased population genetics into his analysis of tuberculosis susceptibility. 

Laboratory Staff

Sihaam.jpgDr Sihaam Boolay is the lab manager for Host Genetics. She overseas most administrative and logisitical tasks. 



FB_IMG_1583229390642.jpgNicola du Toit completed her BSc Hons in 2016 at Stellenbosch University and worked as a research assistant (RA) for the Parkinson's Disease group from 2018 to 2019. She is currently working as a Reasearch Assistant for Prof Craig Kinnear in the TB Host Genetics group, primarily to assist students working on autophagy. She also assists the group with DNA isolations from saliva and blood samples, as well as Research and Development (R&D) of general lab techniques. 

Screenshot_20200229_195535_com.android.gallery3d.jpgBrandon Paarwater is a Research Assistant for PIDDGEN. Key roles include conducting DNA, and RNA isolations from blood samples, perform PBMC isolations, as well as Research and development (R&D) of general lab techniques.


PhD Students

EEKroon_profile.pngDr Elouise Kroon obtained her MBChB degree at Stellenbosch University in 2012. She joined the TB Host Genetics group in 2016 where she is involved in the ResisTB project as the study clinician. She is currently enrolled for her PhD entitled 'Neutrophils as effector cells in resistance to infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis in HIV- infected persons.' The PhD is an extension of the NIH funded ResisT​B project and it aims to investigate the possible role of neutrophils in Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (Mtb) resistance in HIV-infected persons. Neutrophils are important immune cells and are some of the first cells to make contact with the Mtb bacillus, the causative bacterium for TB, once it is inhaled. As part of the European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP)-funded NeutroTB study, we are investigating the differential transcriptional differences in neutrophils from individuals defined as resisters in the ResisTB study, compared to individuals who become infected with Mtb. This project (TMA2018CDF-2353) is part of the EDCTP2 programme supported by the European Union. She is the holder of two prestigious awards, the EDCTP Career Development Fellowship and the South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC) Clinician Researcher M.D PhD Scholarships Programme in Clinical /Health Research.

Naomi.jpgNaomi E. Okugbeni obtained her BSc Biomedicine degree at Midrand Graduate Institute (now Pearsons Institute) in 2015. She then moved to Stellenbosch University and obtained her BSc Honours in Human Genetics in the Division of Molecular Biology and Human Genetics. Her Honours' project was focused on the ubiquitination of phagosomal membrane proteins in response to M.smeg infection. She is currently enrolled for her PhD degree in the same division, she would be characterizing the autophagic response to infection in M. tb-infected macrophages.

Anel Sparks finished her BSc degree in molecular biology and biotechnology at Stellenbosch University. She then joined the TB Host Genetics group in 2015 for her BSc (Hons) which looked at new ways to find candidate genes from tuberculosis genome-wide association studies. Her MSc was to perform a de novo genome assembly for a South African population to be used as a point of reference for genetic studies and was subsequently upgraded to a PhD.


Keren.pngKeren de Buys obtained her BSc in Molecular Biology and Biotechnology at Stellenbosch University. She then joined the Mycobactomics research group for her BSc (Hons) which identified mycobacterial protein-protein interactions. For her MSc, she took a break from TB research and moved to the Neuropsychiatric Genetics research group and identified novel markers of cardiometabolic risk in Black South Africans. For her PhD she has now gone back to TB research in the TB Host Genetics research group where her project aims to identify the mycobacterial proteins targeted by E3 ligases during xenophagy. 

Gerald.jpgGerald van Eeden obtained a BSc in Human Life Sciences from the University of Stellenbosch in 2016 with majors in Genetics and Human Physiology. He completed his Honours degree in Molecular Biology in 2017; focusing on the effect that missing data has on models constructed from Luminex Assay data. He is currently a masters student in Molecular Biology and Human Genetics.


2018-01-05 15.54.28-3.jpgYolandi Swart obtained her BSc degree in Human life sciences at Stellenbosch University, where she also completed her BSc Honours in Genetics in 2017. Her project investigated the sRNA responses and differential gene expression of grapefruit to the co-infection of CTV and viroids. Yolandi's Masters project aims to perform admixture mapping on populations of African ancestry, to investigate potential genetic variants that are associated with TB susceptibility. 

Tina.jpgTina Meiring completed her BSc in Human Life Sciences and honours in genetics at Stellenbosch University. She joined the Animal TB group in 2018 and started her MSc which focused on investigating the genomic diversity in the endangered African wild dog. She used whole-genome sequencing of DNA extracted from banked whole blood of 22 wild dogs in the Kruger National Park to investigate this. She recently upgraded her MSc to a PhD and is currently sequencing 50 additional wild dogs from KNP and will try to identify regions in the wild dog genome that may impact susceptibility to Mycobacterium bovis infection. She will be developing tools to identify genetic factors conferring adaptive advantages in this species.


Nicole Brown obtained her BSc Human Life Sciences degree in 2017, majoring in Genetics and Physiology (Stellenbosch University). In 2018, she completed her honours degree in Human Genetics, in which she investigated the possible role of Snapin (a SNARE-associated protein involved in autophagy) in host immune response to Mycobacterium smegmatis infection. For her Masters, she will be investigating the role of Snapin in Mycobacterium Tuberculosis (M.tb) infection, specifically focusing on autophagy. This will involve measuring the expression of Snapin and other proteins within human macrophages after infection with virulent and avirulent strains of M.tb, while also monitoring the level of lysosomal acidification and M.tb survival within these macrophages.


MSc Student


Marius.jpgMarius Engelbrecht studied BSc Molecular Biology and Biotechnology at Stellenbosch University and obtained his degree at the end of 2017, and completed his BSc honors in Human Genetics at the end of 2018 at Stellenbosch University Tygerberg Medical campus.  Currently a first year MSc student part of the TB host genetics group and working on Primary immunodeficiency disease research.



Mulweli.jpgMulweli Mushiana obtained an honours equivalent BSc (Medical Sciences) degree majoring in Human Genetics at the University of Limpopo in 2018. For his MSc he will be discovering methylation changes of host macrophages upon infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains varying in virulence i.e. Hypovirulent and Hypervirulent strains. I am working on identifying methylation changes of the host macrophages in M.tb  infection based on the recent discovery that M.tb infection alters methylation pattern of the host macrophages so I will be determining how strains that differs in virulence affect this epigenetic factor, DNA Methylation, on the genes of host macrophages that are known to play a vital role during M.tb infection

Robin.jpgRobin Swart completed his BSc degree in Molecular Biology and Biotechnology at Stellenbosch University in 2017. In 2018 he completed a BSc Honours degree in Microbiology at Stellenbosch University. Currently he is a first year MSc student in Human Genetics, at the Stellenbosch University Tygerberg Medical campus, and is part of the TB Host Genetics group, conducting research into the causal genetic variants associated with severe combined immunodeficiency.

Denise.jpgDenise Scholtz completed her BSc degree in Human Life Sciences, majoring in Genetics and Human Physiology. She is currently a BSc.Hons Human Genetics student investigating the effect of knocking out an X-linked candidate gene during Tuberculosis infection in vitro.​



Samantha.pngSamantha Bayley completed her BSc at Stellenbosch University. Her two majors were Physiology and Psychology. Samantha is currently doing her honours in Human Genetics. Her honours focuses on researching what pathogenic variants are present in an individual with Mabry syndrome.

carene.jpgCarene Ndong Sima obtained her BSc degree in Biomedical Cciences at Minnesota State University in 2018. She is currently a first year MSc and my project aims to identify disease susceptibility and resistance genes amongst the Pygmies and Native populations of Gabon.