​​​​​​​​​​​​Centre for Global Surgery​​


Publications & Media

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Media

SA must clear 175 000 surgical procedures backlog" on NEWZROOM AFRIKA, 8th November 2022.

 

OPINION: How can we make surgical care accessible by drawing on lessons from the AIDS movement?

  • November 2022 Spotlight article.


“In-depth: what to do about SA's chronic surgical delays" on 91.3 ​FM radio The Voice of The Cape Drive Time show, 21 July 2022. 


“Surgical Backlogs in South Africa" on Pretoria FM ra​dio, 20 July 2022.​


“In-depth: what to do about SA's chronic surgical delays", October for Spotlight article.
 


UCSF Muriel Steele Society​, November 2021


Inaugural professorial lecture, October 2021


Discovery Foundation, April 2021


Business Day Live​, May 2021

Business Insider South Africa and News24 (Health24), May 2021

Lifebox, April 2020

Spotlight

American College of Surgeons


Medium.com


Daily Maverick


WHO Bulletin


SABC2 Morning Live Show 


Stellenbosch University Annual Faculty Publication 2019
 


Publicati​ons

​2022

  1. Chu K. Inspirational women in surgery: dr claire karekezi, neurosurgeon, Rwanda. World Journal of Surgery. 2022 Sep;46(9):2061-2.
  2.  Bust L, D'Ambruoso L, Gajewski J, Chu K. We Asked the Experts: Community Participation in Global Surgery Research. World J Surg. 2022 Oct 21. doi:10.1007/s00268-022-06801-9. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36269377.
  3. Chu K. Inspirational Women in Surgery: Dr Claire Karekezi, Neurosurgeon, Rwanda. World J Surg. 2022 Sep;46(9):2061-2062. doi: 10.1007/s00268-022-06490-4. Epub 2022 Mar 5. PMID: 35246713. 
  4. GlobalSurg Collaborative and NIHR Global Health Research Unit on Global Surgery. Effects of hospital facilities on patient outcomes after cancer surgery: an international, prospective, observational study. Lancet Glob Health. 2022 Jul;10(7):e1003-e1011. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(22)00168-1. Epub 2022 May 24. PMID: 35623378; PMCID: PMC9210173.
  5. Gouws J, Kariem N, Bougard H, Bust L, Chu K. Laparoscopic appendectomy by surgical trainees at a public teaching hospital in Cape Town, South Africa: A retrospective, observational study [published online, 2022 Aug 31]. East Cent Afr J Surg. 2022.
  6. Reuter A, Rogge L, Monahan M, Kachapila M, Morton DG, Davies J, Vollmer S; NIHR Global Surgery Collaboration. Global economic burden of unmet surgical need for appendicitis. Br J Surg. 2022 Sep 9;109(10):995-1003. doi: 10.1093/bjs/znac195. PMID: 35881506. 
  7. Alayande B, Forbes C, Degu S, Hey MT, Karekezi C, Khanyola J, Iradukunda J, Newton M, Okolo ID, Jumbam DT, Chu KM, Makasa EM, Anderson GA, Farmer P (late), Kim JY, Binagwaho A, Riviello R, Bekele A. Shifting global surgery's center of gravity. Surgery. 2022 Sep;172(3):1029-1030. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2022.04.048. Epub 2022 Jun 15. PMID: 35715233. 
  8. Quene TM, Zhu C, Owolabi EO, Bougard H, Duvenage R, Chu KM. Referral of District Level Operations to Regional Hospitals in South Africa. J Surg Res. 2022 Oct;278:149-154. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2022.04.047. Epub 2022 May 19. PMID:35598498. 
  9. Mac Quene T, Smith L, Odland ML, Levine S, D'Ambruoso L, Davies J, Chu K. Prioritising and mapping barriers to achieve equitable surgical care in South Africa: a multi-disciplinary stakeholder workshop. Glob Health Action. 2022 Dec 31;15(1):2067395. doi: 10.1080/16549716.2022.2067395. PMID: 35730572; PMCID: PMC9225684. 
  10. Kluyts HL, Bedwell GJ, Bedada AG, Fadalla T, Hewitt-Smith A, Mbwele BA, Mrara B, Omigbodun A, Omoshoro-Jones J, Turton EW, Belachew FK, Chu K, Cloete E, Ekwen G, Elfagieh MA, Elfiky M, Maimbo M, Morais A, Mpirimbanyi C, Munlemvo D, Ndarukwa P, Smalle I, Torborg A, Ulisubisya M, Fawzy M, Gobin V, Mbeki M, Ngumi Z, Patel-Mujajati U, Sama HD, Tumukunde J, Antwi-Kusi A, Basenaro A, Lamacraft G, Madzimbamuto F, Maswime S, Msosa V, Mulwafu W, Youssouf C, Pearse R, Biccard BM. Determining the Minimum Dataset for Surgical Patients in Africa: A Delphi Study. World J Surg. 2022 Nov 15. doi: 10.1007/s00268-022-06815-3. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36380103. 
  11. Owolabi EO, Chu KM. Knowledge, attitude and perception towards lower limb amongst persons living with diabetes in rural South Africa: A qualitative study. Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med. 2022 Sep 30;14(1):e1-e10. doi: 10.4102/phcfm.v14i1.3398. PMID: 36226936; PMCID: PMC9623825.
  12. Owolabi EO, Nyamathe S, Joseph C, Khuabi LJ, English RG, Vlok A, Erasmus E, Geduld HI, Lategan HJ, Chu KM. Mapping access to care and identification of barriers for traumatic brain injury in a South African township. J Eval Clin Pract. 2022 Nov 22. doi: 10.1111/jep.13793. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36415056.
  13. Owolabi EO, Goon DT, Ajayi AI, Adeniyi OV. Knowledge of diabetes and associated factors in rural Eastern Cape, South Africa: A cross sectional study. PLoS One. 2022 Jul 15;17(7):e0269811. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0269811. PMID: 35839178; PMCID: PMC9286222.
  14. Flood D, Geldsetzer P, Agoudavi K, Aryal KK, Brant LCC, Brian G, Dorobantu M, Farzadfar F, Gheorghe-Fronea O, Gurung MS, Guwatudde D, Houehanou C, Jorgensen JMA, Kondal D, Labadarios D, Marcus ME, Mayige M, Moghimi M, Norov B, Perman G, Quesnel-Crooks S, Rashidi MM, Moghaddam SS, Seiglie JA, Bahendeka SK, Steinbrook E, Theilmann M, Ware LJ, Vollmer S, Atun R, Davies JI, Ali MK, Rohloff P, Manne-Goehler J. Rural-Urban Differences in Diabetes Care and Control in 42 Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Cross-sectional Study of Nationally Representative Individual-Level Data. Diabetes Care. 2022 Sep 1;45(9):1961-1970. doi: 10.2337/dc21-2342. PMID: 35771765; PMCID: PMC9472489.
  15. Naidu P, Ataguba JE, Shrime M, Alkire BC, Chu KM. Surgical Catastrophic Health Expenditure and Risk Factors for Out-of-Pocket Expenditure at a South African Public Sector Hospital. World Journal of Surgery. 2022 Apr;46(4):769-75. 
  16. Jumbam DT, Kanmounye US, Alayande B, Bekele A, Maswime S, Makasa EM, Park KB, Ayala R, Onajin-Obembe B, Samad L, Roy N, Chu KM. Voices beyond the Operating Room: centring global surgery advocacy at the grassroots. BMJ Global Health. 2022 Mar 1;7(3):e008969.
  17. Odland ML, Abdul-Latif AM, Ignatowicz A, Alayande B, Ofori BA, Balanikas E, Bekele A, Belli A, Chu K, Ferreira K, Howard A. Equitable access to quality trauma systems in low-income and middle-income countries: assessing gaps and developing priorities in Ghana, Rwanda and South Africa. BMJ global health. 2022 Apr 1;7(4):e008256.
  18. Bekele A, Chu K, D'Ambruoso L, Davies JI, Ferriolli E, Greig C, Manaseki-Holland S, Regnier D, Siddiqi S. Global health research funding applications: brain drain under another name?. The Lancet Global Health. 2022 Jan 1;10(1):e22-3.
  19. Botha R, Cardoso JH, Lombard A, Vermeiden V, Forgan TR, Al-Benna S, Chu KM. Surgical training during the COVID-19 pandemic-a single institution's trainee survey. South African Journal of Surgery. 2022 Mar;60(1):40-3.
  20. Owolabi EO, Mac Quene T, Louw J, Davies JI, Chu KM. Telemedicine in surgical care in low-and middle-income countries: a scoping review. World journal of surgery. 2022 Apr 15:1-5.
  21. Owolabi EO, Adeloye D, Ajayi AI, McCaul M, Davies J, Chu KM. Lower limb amputations among individuals living with diabetes mellitus in low-and middle-income countries: A systematic review protocol. PloS one. 2022 Apr 14;17(4):e0266907.
  22. Alayande B, Chu KM, Jumbam DT, Kimto OE, Musa Danladi G, Niyukuri A, Anderson GA, El-Gabri D, Miranda E, Taye M, Tertong N. Disparities in Access to Trauma Care in Sub-Saharan Africa: a Narrative Review. Current Trauma Reports. 2022 Jun 6:1-29.
  23. Whitaker J, Brunelli G, Van Boeckel TP, Dube A, Amoah AS, Rickard RF, Leather AJ, Davies J. Access to care following injury in Northern Malawi, a comparison of travel time estimates between Geographic Information System and community household reports. Injury. 2022 May 1;53(5):1690-8.
  24. Cossa-Moiane I, Roucher C, Mac Quene T, Campos-Ponce M, de Deus N, Polman K, Doak C. Association between Intestinal Parasite Infections and Proxies for Body Composition: A Scoping Review. Nutrients. 2022 May 26;14(11):2229.
  25. Seward, N., Hanlon, C., Abdella, A., Abrahams, Z., Alem, A., Araya, R., Bachmann, M., Bekele, A., Bogale, B., Brima, N., Chibanda, D., Curran, R., Davies, J., Beyene, A., Fairall, L., Farrant, L., Frissa, S., Gallagher, J., Gao, W., Gwyther, L., … Prince, M. (2022). HeAlth System StrEngThening in four sub-Saharan African countries (ASSET) to achieve high-quality, evidence-informed surgical, maternal and newborn, and primary care: protocol for pre-implementation phase studies. Global health action, 15(1), 1987044. https://doi.org/10.1080/16549716.2021.1987044.
  26. Kasenda, S., Crampin, A., Davies, J., Malava, J. K., Manganizithe, S., Kumambala, A., & Sandford, B. (2022). Prevalence and risk factors of lower extremity disease in high risk groups in Malawi: a stratified cross-sectional study. BMJ open, 12(8), e055501. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2021-055501
  27. Marcus ME, Manne-Goehler J, Theilmann M, Farzadfar F, Moghaddam SS, Keykhaei M, Hajebi A, Tschida S, Lemp JM, Aryal KK, Dunn M. Use of statins for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in 41 low-income and middle-income countries: a cross-sectional study of nationally representative, individual-level data. The Lancet Global Health. 2022 Mar 1;10(3):e369-79.
  28. Miller P, Owolabi E, Chu K. We asked the experts: the promises and challenges of surgical telehealth in low resourced settings. World Journal of Surgery. 2022 Jan;46:45-6.
  29. Owolabi EO, Goon DT, Ajayi AI, Adeniyi OV, Chu KM. Coverage of diabetes complications screening in rural Eastern Cape, South Africa: A cross-sectional survey. S Afr Fam Pract (2004). 2022 Apr 25;64(1):e1-e6. doi: 10.4102/safp.v64i1.5447. PMID: 35532128.
  30. Mac Quene T, Bust L, Louw J, Mwandri M, Chu KM. Global surgery is an essential component of global health. The Surgeon. 2022. Feb;20(1):9-15.
  31. Geldsetzer P, De Neve JW, Mohan V, Prabhakaran D, Roy A, Tandon N, Davies JI, Vollmer S, Bärnighausen T, Prenissl J. Health system performance for multimorbid cardiometabolic disease in India: a population-based cross-sectional study. Global heart. 2022;17(1).
  32. Bust L, Chu K. Improving District Hospital Surgical Capacity in Resource Limited Settings: Challenges and Lessons From South Africa; Comment on “Improving Access to Surgery through Surgical Team Mentoring–Policy Lessons From Group Model Building with Local Stakeholders in Malawi". International Journal of Health Policy and Management. 2022 Feb 14.
  33. Flood D, Guwatudde D, Damasceno A, Manne-Goehler J, Davies JI. Maximising use of population data on cardiometabolic diseases. The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology. 2022 Mar 1;10(3):154-7.
  34. Kirschbaum TK, Sudharsanan N, Manne-Goehler J, De Neve JW, Lemp JM, Theilmann M, Marcus ME, Ebert C, Chen S, Yoosefi M, Sibai AM. The association of socioeconomic status with hypertension in 76 low-and middle-income countries. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2022 Aug 23;80(8):804-17.
  35. Xu Y, Geldsetzer P, Manne-Goehler J, Theilmann M, Marcus ME, Zhumadilov Z, Quesnel-Crooks S, Mwalim O, Moghaddam SS, Koolaji S, Karki KB. The socioeconomic gradient of alcohol use: an analysis of nationally representative survey data from 55 low-income and middle-income countries. The Lancet Global Health. 2022 Sep 1;10(9):e1268-80.
  36. Chu KM, Marco JL, Owolabi EO, Duvenage R, Londani M, Lombard C, Parry CD. Trauma trends during COVID‐19 alcohol prohibition at a South African regional hospital. Drug and alcohol review. 2022 Jan;41(1):13-9.


2021

  1. Mac Quene T, Bust L, Louw J, Mwandri M, Chu KM. Global surgery is an essential component of global health. The Surgeon. 2021 Dec 23. 
  2. Rickard J, Chu K. Author's Reply: Indications and Outcomes for Non-Trauma Emergency Laparotomy: A Comparison of Rwanda, South Africa, and the USA. World Journal of Surgery. 2021 May;45(5):1609-10. 
  3. Pohl L, Naidoo M, Rickard J, Abahuje E, Kariem N, Engelbrecht S, Kloppers C, Sibomana I, Chu K. Surgical Trainee Supervision During Non-Trauma Emergency Laparotomy in Rwanda and South Africa. Journal of Surgical Education. 2021 Jun 25.
  4. Sosa JA. The World Journal of Surgery Welcomes Professor Kathryn Chu to the Editorial Board. World Journal of Surgery. 2021 Jul;45(7):1969-. 
  5. Adeloye D, Ige-Elegbede JO, Ezejimofor M, Owolabi EO, Ezeigwe N, Omoyele C, Mpazanje RG, Dewan MT, Agogo E, Gadanya MA, Alemu W. Estimating the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Nigeria in 2020: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Annals of medicine. 2021 Jan 1;53(1):495-507. 
  6. Adeloye D, Owolabi EO, Ojji DB, Auta A, Dewan MT, Olanrewaju TO, Ogah OS, Omoyele C, Ezeigwe N, Mpazanje RG, Gadanya MA. Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in Nigeria in 1995 and 2020: A systematic analysis of current evidence. The Journal of Clinical Hypertension. 2021 May;23(5):963-77.
  7. Ajayi AI, Mudefi E, Owolabi EO. Prevalence and correlates of sexual violence among adolescent girls and young women: findings from a cross-sectional study in a South African university. BMC women's health. 2021 Dec;21(1):1-9.
  8. Botelho F, Lopez R, Chu KM, Roy N, Samad L, Seyi-Olajide, Lakhoo K. Letters to the Editor: Debating Research in Global Surgery: Current Barriers and Potential Solutions. World Journal of Surgery. 2021 Sept 26. doi.org/10.1007/s00268-021-06344-5
  9. Miller P, Owolabi E, Chu KM. We Asked the Experts: The Promises and Challenges of Surgical Telehealth in Low Resourced Settings. World Journal of Surgery. 2021 Sept 26. doi:10.1007/s00268-021-06318-7.
  10. Davies JI, Gelb AW, Gore-Booth J, Chu KM, et al. Global surgery, obstetric, and anaesthesia indicator definitions and reporting: An Utstein consensus report. PLoS Med. 2021 Aug 20;18(8):e1003749. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1003749. 
  11. Chu KM, Weiser TG. Real-world implementation challenges in low-resource settings. Lancet Global Health. 2021 Aug 18: S2214-109X(21)00310-7. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(21)00310-7.
  12. Jayaram A, Pawlak N, Kahanu A, Chu KM, et al. Academic global surgery curricula: current status and a call for a more equitable approach. Journal of Surgical Research. 2021 Aug. 
  13. Tiwari R, Chikte U, Chu KM. Estimating the Specialist Surgical Workforce Density in South Africa. Annals of Global Health,2021, 87(1), p.83. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/aogh.3480
  14. Chu K, Maine R, Duvenage R. We Asked the Experts: The Role of Rural Hospitals in Achieving Equitable Surgical Access in Low-Resourced Settings [published online ahead of print, 2021 Aug 2]. World Journal of Surgery. 2021;10.1007/s00268-021-06271-5. doi:10.1007/s00268-021-06271-5
  15. Breedt DS, Odland ML, Bakanisi B, Clune E, Makgasa M, Tarpley J, Tarpley M, Munyika A, Sheehama J, Shivera T, Biccard B….& Chu KM, Davies JI. Identifying knowledge needed to improve surgical care in Southern Africa using a theory of change approach. BMJ Global Health. 2021 Jun 1;6(6):e005629.
  16. Naidoo M, Lee J, Trelles M, Wallis L, Chu KM. Preventing avoidable hospital admissions after emergency care in humanitarian settings: a cross-sectional review of Médecins Sans Frontières emergency departments. BMJ Open. 2021 Jul 1;11(7):e049785.
  17. Naidu P, Chu KM. District hospital surgical capacity in Western Cape Province, South Africa: A cross-sectional survey. South African Medical Journal. 2021 Mar 31;111(4):343-9.
  18. Chu KM, Marco JL, Owolabi EO, Duvenage R, Londani M, Lombard C, Parry CD. Trauma trends during COVID-19 alcohol prohibition at a South African regional hospital. Drug and Alcohol Review. 2021 May 17
  19. Chu KM, Marco J, Bougard H, Strauss CP, Bertels L, Victor AE, van der Walt L, Goliath A, Duvenage R. Estimating the surgical backlog from the COVID-19 lockdown in South Africa: A retrospective analysis of six government hospitals. South African Medical Journal. 2021 May 10.
  20. Husein SR, Naidoo M, Bougard H, Chu KM. Long-term mortality after lower extremity amputation: A retrospective study at a second-level government hospital in Cape Town, South Africa. East and Central African Journal of Surgery. 2021 Jan 7;26(1):1-5.
  21. Chu KM, Owolabi EO, Smith M, Hardcastle TC, Maswime S, Geduld H, Gopalan PD, Marco J, Mendelson M, Biccard BM, Cairncross L. Establishing a South African national framework for COVID-19 surgical prioritisation. SAMJ: South African Medical Journal. 2021 Apr;111(4):0.
  22. Rahman AS, Chao TE, Trelles M, Dominguez L, Mupenda J, Kasonga C, Akemani C, Kondo KM, Chu KM. The Effect of Conflict on Obstetric and Non-Obstetric Surgical Needs and Operative Mortality in Fragile States. World J Surg. 2021 Feb 9. doi: 10.1007/s00268-021-05972-1. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33560502.
  23. Sprow HN, Hansen NF, Loeb HE, Wight CL, Patterson RH, Vervoort D, Kim EE, Greving R, Mazhiqi A, Wall K, Corley J, Chu KM. Gender-based microaggressions in surgery: a scoping review of the global literature. World Journal of Surgery. 2021 Feb 11:1-4.
  24. Motsuku L, Chen WC, Muchengeti MM, Naidoo M, Mac Quene T, Kellett P, Mohlala MI, Chu KM, Singh E. Colorectal cancer incidence and mortality trends by sex and population group in South Africa: 2002–2014. BMC cancer. 2021 Dec;21(1):1-1.
  25. Naidu P, Dominguez LB, Trelles M, Chu KM. Traumatic Injuries are the Main Indication for Limb Amputations During and After Humanitarian Crises. World J Surg. 2021 Jan 15. doi: 10.1007/s00268-020-05905-4.PMID: 33452564.

 

2020

  1. GlobalSurg Collaborative. Surgical site infection after gastrointestinal surgery in children: an international, multicentre, prospective cohort study. BMJ global health. 2020 Dec 1;5(12):e003429. 
  2. Rickard JM, Pohl L, Chu KM. Indications and Outcomes for Non-Trauma Emergency Laparotomy: A Comparison of Rwanda, South Africa, and the United States. World Journal of Surgery.2020 Nov 22:1-0. Chu KM, Naidoo M, Klopper JH, Kloppers JC, Navsaria P, and Reed A. 
  3. Chu KM, Naidoo M, Klopper JH, Kloppers JC, Navsaria P, and Reed A.The Contribution of First-Level Hospitals to Six Essential Surgical Operations in a South African Health District. East and Central African Journal of Surgery. 06 Oct 2020. DOI: 10.4314/e cajs.v25i3.1 .
  4. Hardcastle TM and Chu KM. Global Surgery: A South African Action Plan.South African Journal of Surgery 2020; 58(4):10-11. https://doi.org/10.17159/2078-5151/2020/v58n4a3502.
  5. Chu KM, Dell AJ, Moultrie H, Day C, Naidoo M, van Straten S, Rayne S. A geospatial analysis of two-hour surgical access to district hospitals in South Africa. BMC Health Services Research. 2020 Dec:20(1):1-5 
  6. Naidoo M, Naidu P, Shrime MG, Chu KM. Humanitarian surgical care delivery: lessons for global surgical systems strengthening. Journal of Public Health and Emergency. 2020; 4:22.
  7. Chu KM,  Reddy CL, Makasa E, AfroSurg Collaborative. The collateral damage of the COVID-19 pandemic on surgical healthcare in sub-saharan. Journal of Global Health. 2020 Dec:10(2). https://doi.org/10.7189/jogh.10.020347 
  8. Chu, KM., Duvenage, R. A Call to Action: Translating Procedural Baskets into Improved Surgical Capacity at the District Hospital. World J Surg (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00268-020-05827-1
  9. Chu KM, Naidu P, Reid S, Hendriks H, Nash J, lomas VCoetzee F, Mash R. The role of family physicians in emergency and essential surgical care in the district health system in South Africa. The South African Family Practice. 2020.
  10. Chu KM, Smith M, Steyn E, Goldberg P, Bougard H, Buccimazza I . Changes in surgical practice in 85 South African hospitals during COVID-19 hard lockdown. The South African Medical Journal. 2020 Jul 13.
  11. Naidu P, Fagan JJ, Lategan C, Devenish LP, Chu KM. The role of the University of Cape Town, South Africa in the training and retention of surgeons in Sub-Saharan Africa [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 10]. Am J Surg. 2020;S0002-9610(20)30424-4. doi:10.1016/j.amjsurg.2020.06.070
  12. Jumbam DT, Reddy CL, Makasa E, Boatin AA, Rogo K, Chu KM, Nangombe B, Oladapo OT, Meara JG, Maswime S. Investing in surgery: a value proposition for African leaders. Lancet (London, England). 2020.396(10243), 7–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30482-7
  13. Kudsk-Iversen S, Krouch S, Chu K. The Contribution of Surgical Nongovernmental Organizations to Global Surgical Care: An Estimate of Annual Caseload. JAMA Surg. Published online May 06, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0853
  14. Kuwayama DP, Chu KM, Hartman Z, Idris B, Wolfgang C, Frist HW. Surgical Needs of Internally Displaced Persons in Kerenik, West Darfur, Sudan. World Journal of Surgery. 2020 May 27. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00268-020-05603-1
  15. Chu KM, Naidu P, Hendriks HJ, et al. Surgical care at rural district hospitals in low- and middle-income countries: an essential component of universal health coverage. Rural Remote Health. 2020;20(2):5920. doi:10.22605/RRH5920

 

2019

  1. Kauta NJ, Groenewald J, Arnolds D, Blankson B, Omar A, Naidu P, Naidoo M, Chu KM. WhatsApp mobile health platform to support fracture management by non-specialists in South Africa. Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 2020 Jan 1;230(1):37-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2019.09.008
  2. Reddy C, Makasa E, Biccard B, Smith M, Steyn E, Masimwe S, Fieggen G, Meara J, Chu KM.  Surgery as a Component of Universal Health Care: Where is South Africa? South African Medical Journal 2019;109(9):624-625. DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2019.v109i9.14233
  3. Chu KM, Karjiker P, Naidu P, Kruger D, Taylor A, Trelles M, Dominguez L, Rayne S. South African General Surgery Preparedness for Humanitarian Disasters. World J Surg. 2019 Apr;43(4):973-977. doi: 10.1007/s00268-018-04881-0. ​