​​​​​​​​​​Centre for Medical Ethics & Law



REDSSA African Consortium of Bioethicists (ACB)

The primary purpose of engaging with bioethicists from various African countries would be to gain an understanding of the context and nature of data protection and how this impacts data sharing. It is important to ensure that data sharing does not exacerbate existing inequalities between researchers in higher and lower income settings.

The focal areas discussed include:

  • Legislation on data sharing at a country level
  • MTAs and DTAs
  • Participant consent for data sharing
  • The context and relevance of stakeholder engagement
  • The nuances and challenges with data sharing
  • The context and challenges with digital data, big data, clinical data
  • Data access committees
  • REC review of applications involving data sharing
  • Challenges associated with the regulation of data using online databases, platforms, or the cloud
  • The need for research capacity building related to data sharing

​​​Some of our ACB meetings

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Members of the REDSSA Consortium of African Bioethicists​

Shenuka Singh (C​hairperson)

Shenuka Singh is a Professor in the Discipline of Dentistry with a doctoral degree (PhD) in the field of Dental Public Health. She is an appointed member of the National Health Research Ethics Council (NHREC) in South Africa (2020-2022) and she chaire​​d the Norms and Standards Committee within NHREC in 2019. Prof Singh is currently a Deputy Chair for the Biomedical Research Ethics Committee at UKZN (2020-2022) and a member of the Human Sciences Research Council’s Research Ethics Committee (2019-2021). She was the appointed Research Ethics Chair for the Council for Science and Industry Research in South Africa (CSIR REC R&D: 2015-2018) and the Humanities and Social Sciences Research Ethics Committee at UKZN (2014-2018). As part of her ongoing engagement with research ethics, she conducted a number of training workshops at various institutions in South Africa such as UKZN, DUT, MA​​​NCOSA, South African Medical Council and University of Zululand. She is actively involved in research and postgraduate supervision and has presented papers in local and international conferences (including invitations as keynote speaker). She was awarded an excellence award for her contribution to dental public health by the Venus International Association in Chennai in June 2019. Prof Singh was a recipient of the 2018 College of Health Sciences Teaching Excellence Award (in the category: Outstanding Contribution to Teaching) and was also awarded the UKZN Certificate of Excellence in Teaching (2018).

Theresa Burgess (Chairperson)​

Theresa Burgess started her career with a BSc (Physiotherapy), followed by a BSc (Med)(Hons) and PhD in Exercise Science, all from the University of Cape Town. In 2011 she was awarded a NIH Fogarty Fellowship in Bioethics and with this support, successfully completed a MHSc (Bioethics) at the University of Toronto in 2012. She teaches musculoskeletal physiotherapy, exercise and sports physiotherapy, bioethics and research ethics to undergraduate and postgraduate students in the UCT Faculty of Health Sciences. She is also the programme convenor of the MSc in Exercise and Sports Physiotherapy. She serves as the Deputy Chair of the Faculty of Health Sciences Human Research Ethics Committee; has served as a member of the Department of Health’s National Health Research Ethics Council and serves on the Hospice Palliative Care Research Ethics Committee. She is part of the ARESA Bioethics Leadership Programme and is registered for a second PhD in Clinical and Research Ethics.​

​Lillian Omutoko

Dr. Lillian Omutoko is an Educationist and Bioethicist. She holds a PhD in Education, a Master’s Degree in Global Bioethics, a Postgraduate Diploma in Health Research Ethics and a Certificate in Responsible Conduct in International Research. She is a Senior Lecturer at University of Nairobi, Department of Educational Management, Policy and Curriculum Studies. She received Fogarty Scholarship Awards from National Institutes of Health for a fellowship at University of Washington and Stellenbosch University. She is a Co-investigator in the project Strengthening Ethics Review and Oversight in Kenya sponsored by European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP) and a team member in the project ‘University of Nairobi –Ohio State University Project in One Health and Emergency Research Ethics (MOHERE)’ sponsored by National Institutes of Health. Lillian is part of the collaborative team involved in establishment of Hospital Ethics Committees in Kenya. She has presented papers and keynote addresses in several workshops and conferences in Bioethics nationally and internationally. She is a member of Kenyatta National Hospital- University of Nairobi Ethics Research Committee; Bioethics Society of Kenya; International Association of Ethics Education; Research Ethics Association of Southern Africa and also one of the founders of African Bioethics Network.​

Sharon Kling

Sharon Kling is an emeritus associate professor in the Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (FMHS), Stellenbosch University. She is a past president of the College of Paediatricians of South Africa and is currently a member of the Executive Committee of the Allergy Society of South Africa (ALLSA). She is a member of both the Clinical Ethics Committee at Tygerberg Hospital and the Undergraduate Research Ethics Committee of the FMHS. She holds an MPhil in Applied Ethics and is currently completing her doctorate, which critically examines the work of clinical ethics committees in South Africa. She serves as a co-investigator to the REDSSA project.​​​

Gonasagrie (Lulu) Nair

Lulu Nair is a senior lecturer and clinician with a background in public health, clinical trial research in HIV and TB treatment and prevention and bioethics. Dr Nair has a noteworthy publication record and has served on the UKZN Biomedical Research Ethics Committee (BREC) and the REC of the South African MRC and is currently on the HREC of the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences at Stellenbosch University. She is currently a member of the Tygerberg Hospital Clinical Ethics Committee. She has served on the executive committees of CAPRISA (Centre for AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa) and the NIH funded Microbicides Trial Network (MTN) in addition to being a member of the strategic planning group of the Desmond Tutu Health Foundation and more recently on the Management Committee of the Centre for Medical Ethics and Law (CMEL). In addition to having been the site principal investigator on HIV and TB prevention clinical trials she has been the protocol chair of 2 NIH funded studies focused on HIV prevention. She has an interest in HIV and STI prevention strategies for adolescent girls and young women and community engagement and the informed consent process for research participation. Lulu serves as an ethics co-investigator to the REDSSA project.

Keymanthri Moodley​​

Keymanthri Moodley is a Distinguished Professor in the Department of Medicine and Director of the Centre for Medical Ethics and Law (CMEL), Faculty of Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University. Keymanthri is a specialist family physician, bioethicist and has served as a Principal Investigator on numerous clinical trials. In 2017, she was appointed as Adjunct Professor in the Department of Social Medicine, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill (UNC), USA. Additionally, Professor Moodley is a member of the Academy of Science in South Africa (ASSAf) and completed an Executive MBA in 2015. She is an NRF rated researcher and has served on the SAMRC Board, the NHREC and in international organisations: WHO, International AIDS Society (IAS), NIH DSMBs and the WHO SAGE Ebola Working Group. The CMEL was re-designated as a Collaborating Centre in Bioethics in 2019 by the WHO. Professor Moodley serves as Principal Investigator for the REDSSA project.

Nezerith Cengiz​

Nezerith Cengiz is a bioethicist, researcher and part-time lecturer at CMEL. She completed her undergraduate studies in Public Health at Monash University and an Honour’s and Master’s degree in Bioethics and Health Law at the Steve Biko Centre for Bioethics at the University of Witwatersrand. Ms Cengiz has a background working in research ​in the fields of vascular surgery and ophthalmology. She currently serves as a research assistant on the REDSSA project.​

Adetayo Emmanuel Obasa

Adetayo Emmanuel Obasa is a medical virologist, lecturer at CMEL and HREC member at Stellenbosch University. He completed a postgraduate diploma in Applied Ethics and is currently completing a Master of Philosophy in Applied Ethics (Bioethics). He serves as a​ researcher to the REDSSA project.

Kanshu Rajaratnam

Professor Kanshukan Rajaratnam is the Director of the School for Data Science and Computational Thinking and an associate professor in the Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science at Stellenbosch University (SU). Prior to his joining SU, he was in the Department of Finance and Tax at University of Cape Town. There, he also held leadership positions such as strategic projects manager, Deputy Dean and Acting Dean of the Faculty.

Bruce Watson

Professor Bruce Watson’s work includes deep technical knowledge, CXO-level operations, and extensive global project management, and all aimed at correct on-time delivery. The technical aspects of his work in industry, government, and academia include: cyber warfare/defence/intelligence, high-performance software and hardware (network security, information retrieval, remote sensing and silicon chip design), and algorithm innovation/correctness/ethics. His technical expertise in algorithmics and parallelism has been key to bringing interesting new products to market with realistic time-frames and budgets.

Walter Jaoko

Walter Jaoko is a Professor of Medical Microbiology and Tropical Medicine, the Director of KAVI-Institute of Clinical Research at University of Nairobi, and Fellow of the Africa Academy of Sciences. He has over 30 years’ experience in teaching, research and post-graduate student supervision in infectious diseases transmission, pathology, treatment, prevention and control, and has published over 200 articles in peer-reviewed scientific journals. He is also a bioethicist as an alumnus of the Fogarty funded ARESA training programme at Stellenbosch University where he obtained a Postgraduate Diploma in Health Research Ethics, and a holder of a Master of Global Bioethics degree from Anahuac University.​

Sergio Litewka

Dr. Litewka completed his medical degree at the University of Buenos Aires and his master’s in public health at the University of El Salvador, also in Buenos Aires, Argentina. He is a faculty member in the UM Department of Surgery and the director of global bioethics at the University of Miami Institute of Bioethics, a World Health Organization (WHO) on Ethics and Health Policies. As global bioethics director, Dr. Litewka’ s work focuses on the development of research and education activities with governmental organizations, universities and the private sector on human subject protection and the responsible conduct of research. From 2005 to 2018 he was the International Director for the Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (CITI Program), a web-based initiative for research ethics and responsible conduct of research education. During 2011 he served as a member of the International Research Panel at the U.S. Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethics Issues.

Dirk Brand

Dr Dirk Brand (BComm, LLB, LLM (EU Law) and LLD (Constitutional Law)) is an Extraordinary Senior Lecturer at the School of Public Leadership, Stellenbosch University and an independent legal consultant. He has published various articles and contributions to books on constitutional law, AI and the law, governance and international relations. He continues to consult on constitutional law, public governance, data protection and international relations.

Jerome Singh

Professor Jerome Amir Singh (BA, LLB, LLM, MHSc, PhD) is Adjunct Professor in the Dalla Lana School of Public Health at the University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada and Honorary Research Fellow at the Howard College School of Law, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban. He is the Director of the Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues (ELSI) Advisory Services on Global Health Research and Development. He serves as an ad hoc Consultant to several UN entities, including the WHO, UNAIDS, and UNICEF. He is the Co-Chairperson of the HIV Prevention Trial Network’s (HPTN) Ethics Working Group, and a member of the HIV Vaccine Trial Network’s (HVTN) Efficacy Trial Working Group. He is a member of the South African National AIDS Council (SANAC) Technical Task Team on Ensuring Protection of Human Rights and Improving Access to Justice. He currently serves on several oversight bodies, including the International Ethics Review Board of Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and the WHO Ethics Review Committee for COVID-19.

Alwyn Mwinga 

Dr Alwyn Mwinga is a Physician trained at the University of Zambia with a special interest in TB, HIV, and bioethics.  Dr Mwinga served a member of the University of Zambia Ethics Committee for 10 years and is currently a member of Ethics Advisory Group for the Union.  She is currently a member of the Board of the Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative (DNDi) as a patient representative.  Dr Mwinga has post-graduate qualifications from the University of Zambia, the University of London, and Stellenbosch University.  She served as Associate Editor for the International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases for 10 years, as an Associate Editor for the Lancet Infectious Diseases as well as a member of the International Advisory Board of the Lancet.    She has served as external reviewer for research proposals with various organizations including the MRC (UK), European Commission, the International Development Research Centre (Canada) and the Union (Fund for Innovative DOTS Expansion using Local Initiatives).   She has served as a member of the Data Safety Monitoring Committee and Trial Steering Committees for several clinical trials and was a member of TDR Scientific Working Group for Research Capacity Strengthening and Knowledge Management.  She is the Chairperson for the Ministry of Health's Tuberculosis Technical Working Group.  She is the Chief Executive Officer for Zambart, an independent research organization based in Zambia that is renowned for conducting high quality community randomised trials in Zambia.

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Esperança Sevene ​

Dr Esperança Sevene graduated in Medicine and Surgery at the Eduardo Mondlane University (UEM) in 1993, did a master's in Pharmacoepidemiology at the Autonomous University of Barcelona in 2000 and a PhD in Medicine at the University of Barcelona in 2009. She worked on the safe use of medicines and vaccines and was involved in implementing pharmacovigilance in several countries in collaboration with World Health Organization. She was involved in creating the National Bioethics Committee for Health in 2002. Currently, she is an Associate Professor of Clinical Pharmacology, serving as Director of the Doctoral Program in Biosciences and Public Health at UEM, Senior Researcher at the Manhiça Health Research Center and Vice-President of the National Bioethics Committee for Health.

Mzamowenkosi Zondi

My Name is Mzamowenkosi Zondi. I am a human rights and anti-corruption activist. I was employed by Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) in a community relations and communications component. I am employed by Treatment Action Campaign as KwaZulu Natal Provincial Manager. I am also a Community Scholar at University of KwaZulu Natal Centre for Civil Society at Howard College.

Henrietta Agboje

A coach and an advocate for Education for all at the grassroot. Henrietta is the team lead at Brainy Age Initiative, an NGO that reaches out to children from different parts of Nigeria with a focus on educating them on issues like drug abuse and other social vices with relationship to Gender Based Violence (GBV). The initiative caters both children and women and assisting children that are out of school due to financial constraints. As an educator who has been in the teaching profession for years. She is a certified librarian/educator with certification in etiquette and diplomas in child protection, psychology, and leadership. She is also a director with Hive Africa, a global leadership program.​​​​​​​