​​​​​​​​​​Centre for Global Surgery​​

Publications & Media


Inaugural professorial lecture, October 2021

Discovery Foundation, April 2021

Business Day Live​, May 2021

Business Insider South Africa and News24 (Health24), May 2021

Lifebox, April 2020


American College of Surgeons


Daily Maverick

WHO Bulletin

SABC2 Morning Live Show 

Stellenbosch University Annual Faculty Publication 2019


  • Peiris D, Ghosh A, Manne-Goehler J, Jaacks LM, Theilmann M, Marcus ME, Zhumadilov Z, Tsabedze L, Supiyev A, Silver BK, Sibai AM. Cardiovascular disease risk profile and management practices in 45 low-income and middle-income countries: A cross-sectional study of nationally representative individual-level survey data. PLoS medicine. 2021 Mar 4;18(3):e1003485. 
  • Kirschbaum TK, Theilmann M, Sudharsanan N, Manne‐Goehler J, Lemp JM, De Neve JW, Marcus ME, Ebert C, Chen S, Aryal KK, Bahendeka SK. Targeting Hypertension Screening in Low‐and Middle‐Income Countries: A Cross‐Sectional Analysis of 1.2 Million Adults in 56 Countries. Journal of the American Heart Association. 2021 Jul 6;10(13):e021063. 
  • Teufel F, Seiglie JA, Geldsetzer P, Theilmann M, Marcus ME, Ebert C, Arboleda WA, Agoudavi K, Andall-Brereton G, Aryal KK, Bicaba BW. Body-mass index and diabetes risk in 57 low-income and middle-income countries: a cross-sectional study of nationally representative, individual-level data in 685 616 adults. The Lancet. 2021 Jul 17;398(10296):238-48. 
  • Wade AN, Payne CF, Berkman L, Chang A, Gómez-Olivé FX, Kabudula C, Kahn K, Salomon JA, Tollman S, Witham M, Davies J. Multimorbidity and mortality in an older, rural black South African population cohort with high prevalence of HIV findings from the HAALSI Study. BMJ open. 2021 Sep 1;11(9):e047777. 
  • Basu S, Flood D, Geldsetzer P, Theilmann M, Marcus ME, Ebert C, Mayige M, Wong-McClure R, Farzadfar F, Moghaddam SS, Agoudavi K. Estimated effect of increased diagnosis, treatment, and control of diabetes and its associated cardiovascular risk factors among low-income and middle-income countries: a microsimulation model. The Lancet Global Health. 2021 Sep 22. 
  • Sevalie S, Youkee D, van Duinen AJ, Bailey E, Bangura T, Mangipudi S, Mansaray E, Odland ML, Parmar D, Samura S, van Delft D. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on hospital utilisation in Sierra Leone. BMJ global health. 2021 Oct 1;6(10):e005988. 
  • Bockarie T, Odland ML, Wurie H, Ansumana R, Lamin J, Witham M, Oyebode O, Davies J. Prevalence and socio-demographic associations of diet and physical activity risk-factors for cardiovascular disease in Bo, Sierra Leone. BMC public health. 2021 Dec;21(1):1-3.
  • Biccard BM, du Toit L, Lesosky M, Stephens T, Myer L, Prempeh AB, Vickery N, Kluyts HL, Torborg A, Omigbodun A, Ademuyiwa A. Enhanced postoperative surveillance versus standard of care to reduce mortality among adult surgical patients in Africa (ASOS-2): a cluster-randomised controlled trial. The Lancet Global Health. 2021 Oct 1;9(10):e1391-401.
  • Knight SR, Shaw CA, Pius R, Drake TM, Norman L, Ademuyiwa AO, Adisa AO, Aguilera ML, Al-Saqqa SW, Al-Slaibi I, Bhangu A. Global variation in postoperative mortality and complications after cancer surgery: a multicentre, prospective cohort study in 82 countries. The Lancet. 2021 Jan 30;397(10272):387-97.
  • Husein SR, Naidoo M, Bougard H, Chu KM. Long-term mortality after lower extremity amputation: A retrospective study at a second-level government hospital in Cape Town, South Africa. East and Central African Journal of Surgery. 2021 Jan 7;26(1):1-5.
  • Pohl L, Naidoo M, Rickard J, Abahuje E, Kariem N, Engelbrecht S, Kloppers C, Sibomana I, Chu K. Surgical Trainee Supervision During Non-Trauma Emergency Laparotomy in Rwanda and South Africa. Journal of surgical education. 2021 Jun 25.
  • Sosa JA. The World Journal of Surgery Welcomes Professor Kathryn Chu to the Editorial Board. World Journal of Surgery. 2021 Jul;45(7):1969-.
  • Adeloye D, Ige-Elegbede JO, Ezejimofor M, Owolabi EO, Ezeigwe N, Omoyele C, Mpazanje RG, Dewan MT, Agogo E, Gadanya MA, Alemu W. Estimating the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Nigeria in 2020: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Annals of medicine. 2021 Jan 1;53(1):495-507.
  • Adeloye D, Owolabi EO, Ojji DB, Auta A, Dewan MT, Olanrewaju TO, Ogah OS, Omoyele C, Ezeigwe N, Mpazanje RG, Gadanya MA. Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in Nigeria in 1995 and 2020: A systematic analysis of current evidence. The Journal of Clinical Hypertension. 2021 May;23(5):963-77.
  • Ajayi AI, Mudefi E, Owolabi EO. Prevalence and correlates of sexual violence among adolescent girls and young women: findings from a cross-sectional study in a South African university. BMC women's health. 2021 Dec;21(1):1-9.
  • Whitaker J, O'Donohoe N, Denning M, Poenaru D, Guadagno E, Leather AJ, Davies JI. Assessing trauma care systems in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic review and evidence synthesis mapping the Three Delays framework to injury health system assessments. BMJ global health. 2021 May 1;6(5):e004324.
  • Nikpour Hernandez N, Ismail S, Heang H, van Pelt M, Witham MD, Davies JI. An innovative model for management of cardiovascular disease risk factors in the low resource setting of Cambodia. Health policy and planning. 2021 May;36(4):397-406.
  • Phull M, Grimes CE, Kamara TB, Wurie H, Leather AJ, Davies J. What is the financial burden to patients of accessing surgical care in Sierra Leone? A cross-sectional survey of catastrophic and impoverishing expenditure. BMJ open. 2021 Mar 1;11(3):e039049.
  • Whitaker J, Harling G, Sie A, Bountogo M, Hirschhorn LR, Manne-Goehler J, Bärnighausen T, Davies J. Non-fatal injuries in rural Burkina Faso amongst older adults, disease burden and health system responsiveness: a cross-sectional household survey. BMJ open. 2021 May 1;11(5):e045621.
  • Whitaker J, Chirwa L, Munthali B, Dube A, Amoah AS, Leather AJ, Davies J. Development and use of clinical vignettes to assess injury care quality in Northern Malawi. Injury. 2021 Apr 1;52(4):793-805.
  • Ismail S, Odland ML, Malik A, Weldegiorgis M, Newbigging K, Peden M, Woodward M, Davies J. The relationship between psychosocial circumstances and injuries in adolescents: An analysis of 87,269 individuals from 26 countries using the Global School-based Student Health Survey. PLoS medicine. 2021 Sep 28;18(9):e1003722.
  • Willott C, Boyd N, Wurie H, Smalle I, Kamara TB, Davies JI, Leather AJ. Staff recognition and its importance for surgical service delivery: a qualitative study in Freetown, Sierra Leone. Health policy and planning. 2021 Feb;36(1):93-100.
  • Botelho F, Lopez R, Chu KM, Roy N, Samad L, Seyi-Olajide, Lakhoo K. Letters to the Editor: Debating Reserach in Global Surgery: Current Barriers and Potential Solutions.World J Surg. 2021 Sept 26. doi.org/10.1007/s00268-021-06344-5
  • Miller P, Owolabi E, Chu KM. We Asked the Experts: The Promises and Challenges of Surgical Telehealth in Low Resourced Settings.World J Surg. 2021 Sept 26. doi:10.1007/s00268-021-06318-7.
  • Davies JI, Gelb AW, Gore-Booth J, Chu KM, et al. Global surgery, obstetric, and anaesthesia indicator definitions and reporting: An Utstein consensus report. PLoS Med. 2021 Aug 20;18(8):e1003749. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1003749.
  • Chu KM, Weiser TG. Real-world implementation challenges in low-resource settings. Lancet Glob Health. 2021 Aug 18: S2214-109X(21)00310-7. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(21)00310-7. 
  • Jayaram A, Pawlak N, Kahanu A, Chu KM, et al. Academic global surgery curricula: current status and a call for a more equitable approach. Journal of Surgical Research. 2021 Aug 
  • Tiwari R, Chikte U, Chu KM. Estimating the Specialist Surgical Workforce Density in South Africa. Annals of Global Health,2 021, 87(1), p.83. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/aogh.3480
  • Chu K, Maine R, Duvenage R. We Asked the Experts: The Role of Rural Hospitals in Achieving Equitable Surgical Access in Low-Resourced Settings [published online ahead of print, 2021 Aug 2]. World J Surg. 2021;10.1007/s00268-021-06271-5. doi:10.1007/s00268-021-06271-5​​
  • Breedt DS, Odland ML, Bakanisi B, Clune E, Makgasa M, Tarpley J, Tarpley M, Munyika A, Sheehama J, Shivera T, Biccard B….& Chu KM, Davies JI. Identifying knowledge needed to improve surgical care in Southern Africa using a theory of change approach. BMJ Global Health. 2021 Jun 1;6(6):e005629.
  • ​​Naidoo M, Lee J, Trelles M, Wallis L, Chu KM. Preventing avoidable hospital admissions after emergency care in humanitarian settings: a cross-sectional review of Médecins Sans Frontières emergency departments. BMJ Open. 2021 Jul 1;11(7):e049785.
  • Naidu P, Chu KM. District hospital surgical capacity in Western Cape Province, South Africa: A cross-sectional survey. South African Medical Journal. 2021 Mar 31;111(4):343-9.
  • Chu KM, Marco JL, Owolabi EO, Duvenage R, Londani M, Lombard C, Parry CD. Trauma trends during COVID-19 alcohol prohibition at a South African regional hospital. Drug and Alcohol Review. 2021 May 17
  • Chu KM, Marco J, Bougard H, Strauss CP, Bertels L, Victor AE, van der Walt L, Goliath A, Duvenage R. Estimating the surgical backlog from the COVID-19 lockdown in South Africa: A retrospective analysis of six government hospitals. South African Medical Journal. 2021 May 10.
  • Chu KM, Owolabi EO, Smith M, Hardcastle TC, Maswime S, Geduld H, Gopalan PD, Marco J, Mendelson M, Biccard BM, Cairncross L. Establishing a South African national framework for COVID-19 surgical prioritisation. SAMJ: South African Medical Journal. 2021 Apr;111(4):0.​​
  • Rahman AS, Chao TE, Trelles M, Dominguez L, Mupenda J, Kasonga C, Akemani C, Kondo KM, Chu KM. The Effect of Conflict on Obstetric and Non-Obstetric Surgical Needs and Operative Mortality in Fragile States. World J Surg. 2021 Feb 9. doi: 10.1007/s00268-021-05972-1. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33560502.
  • Sprow HN, Hansen NF, Loeb HE, Wight CL, Patterson RH, Vervoort D, Kim EE, Greving R, Mazhiqi A, Wall K, Corley J. Gender-based microaggressions in surgery: a scoping review of the global literature. World Journal of Surgery. 2021 Feb 11:1-4.
  • Motsuku L, Chen WC, Muchengeti MM, Naidoo M, Mac Quene T, Kellett P, Mohlala MI, Chu KM, Singh E. Colorectal cancer incidence and mortality trends by sex and population group in South Africa: 2002–2014. BMC cancer. 2021 Dec;21(1):1-1.​
  • ​Naidu P, Dominguez LB, Trelles M, Chu KM. Traumatic Injuries are the Main Indication for Limb Amputations During and After Humanitarian Crises. World J Surg. 2021 Jan 15. doi: 10.1007/s00268-020-05905-4.PMID: 33452564.
  • Rickard JM, Pohl L, Chu KM. Indications and Outcomes for Non-Trauma Emergency Laparotomy: A Comparison of Rwanda, South Africa, and the United States. World Journal of Surgery.2020 Nov 22:1-0. Chu KM, Naidoo M, Klopper JH, Kloppers JC, Navsaria P, and Reed A.  
  • The Contribution of First-Level Hospitals to Six Essential Surgical Operations in a South African Health District. East and Central African Journal of Surgery. 06 Oct 2020. DOI: ​10.4314/e​cajs.v25i3.1​.
  • Hardcastle TM and Chu KM. Global Surgery: A South African Action Plan.South African Journal of Surgery 2020; 58(4):10-11. https://doi.org/10.17159/2078-5151/2020/v58n4a3502.​​
  • Chu KM, Dell AJ, Moultrie H, Day C, Naidoo M, van Straten S, Rayne S. A geospatial analysis of two-hour surgical access to district hospitals in South Africa. BMC Health Services Research. 2020 Dec:20(1):1-5
  • Naidoo M, Naidu P, Shrime MG, Chu KM. Humanitarian surgical care delivery: lessons for global surgical systems strengthening. Journal of Public Health and Emergency. 2020; 4:22.
  • Chu KM,  Reddy CL, Makasa E, AfroSurg Collaborative. The collateral damage of the COVID-19 pandemic on surgical healthcare in sub-saharan. Journal of Global Health. 2020 Dec:10(2). https://doi.org/10.7189/jogh.10.020347
  • Chu, KM., Duvenage, R. A Call to Action: Translating Procedural Baskets into Improved Surgical Capacity at the District Hospital. World J Surg ​(2020). ​https://doi.org/10.1007/s00268-020-05827-1
  • Chu KM, Naidu P, Reid S, Hendriks H, Nash J, lomas VCoetzee F, Mash R. The role of family physicians in emergency and essential surgical care in the district health system in South Africa. The South African Family Practice. 2020.​
  • Chu KM, Smith M, Steyn E, Goldberg P, Bougard H, Buccimazza I . Changes in surgical practice in 85 South African hospitals during COVID-19 hard lockdown. The South African Medical Journal. 2020 Jul 13.
  • ​Naidu P, Fagan JJ, Lategan C, Devenish LP, Chu KM. The role of the University of Cape Town, South Africa in the training and retention of surgeons in Sub-Saharan Africa [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 10]. Am J Surg. 2020;S0002-9610(20)30424-4. doi:10.1016/j.amjsurg.2020.06.070
  • ​Jumbam DT, Reddy CL, Makasa E, Boatin AA, Rogo K, Chu KM, Nangombe B, Oladapo OT, Meara JG, Maswime S. Investing in surgery: a value proposition for African leaders. Lancet (London, England). 2020.396(10243), 7–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30482-7​
  • Kudsk-Iversen S, Krouch S, Chu K. The Contribution of Surgical Nongovernmental Organizations to Global Surgical Care: An Estimate of Annual Caseload. JAMA Surg. Published online May 06, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0853
  • Kuwayama DP, Chu KM, Hartman Z, Idris B, Wolfgang C, Frist HW. Surgical Needs of Internally Displaced Persons in Kerenik, West Darfur, Sudan. World Journal of Surgery. 2020 May 27. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00268-020-05603-1
  • Chu KM, Naidu P, Hendriks HJ, et al. Surgical care at rural district hospitals in low- and middle-income countries: an essential component of universal health coverage. Rural Remote Health. 2020;20(2):5920. doi:10.22605/RRH5920
  • Kauta NJ, Groenewald J, Arnolds D, Blankson B, Omar A, Naidu P, Naidoo M, Chu KM. WhatsApp mobile health platform to support fracture management by non-specialists in South Africa. Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 2020 Jan 1;230(1):37-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2019.09.008 ​
  • Reddy C, Makasa E, Biccard B, Smith M, Steyn E, Masimwe S, Fieggen G, Meara J, Chu KM.  Surgery as a Component of Universal Health Care: Where is South Africa? South African Medical Journal 2019;109(9):624-625. DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2019.v109i9.14233
  • Chu KM, Karjiker P, Naidu P, Kruger D, Taylor A, Trelles M, Dominguez L, Rayne S. South African General Surgery Preparedness for Humanitarian Disasters. World J Surg. 2019 Apr;43(4):973-977. doi: 10.1007/s00268-018-04881-0.