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Vosloo couple invests in Chair in Afrikaans Language Practice at SUhttps://www.sun.ac.za/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=6909Vosloo couple invests in Chair in Afrikaans Language Practice at SUDevelopment & Alumni / Ontwikkeling & Alumni<p>​​​Ton Vosloo and Anet Pienaar-Vosloo, a couple with close ties to Stellenbosch University (SU), announced that from 2020 they will be sponsoring the Ton and Anet Vosloo Chair in Afrikaans Language Practice at SU for five years.<br></p><p>In addition to the Chair, funds are made available for bursaries for deserving students studying Afrikaans at postgraduate level at SU.</p><p>According to the Vosloo couple, the Chair is aimed at further developing Afrikaans as an important instrument in the service of the entire South African community.</p><p>Until 2015, Vosloo was in the industry for 59 years as a journalist, editor, CEO and chairperson of Naspers, and for the past three years, professor of journalism at SU. Pienaar-Vosloo, also a former journalist, is filming the third television series <em>Mooi </em>for the VIA TV channel. She is a Matie who studied fine art, and is well known for her role as co-founder and director of the Klein Karoo National Arts Festival, Aardklop and various other festivals across the country. She is also the first female chair of the Baxter Theatre in Cape Town.</p><p>Prof Wim de Villiers, Rector and Vice-Chancellor of SU, says the donation not only helps in maintaining Afrikaans as a medium of instruction, but also in promoting Afrikaans as a science and career language in a multilingual community. "As far as we know this is the first and only sponsored Chair in Afrikaans Language Practice at any university," he adds.</p><p>Prof Ilse Feinauer of the Department of Afrikaans and Dutch in SU's Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, has been appointed incumbent of this Chair. She has been teaching at the Department of Afrikaans and Dutch since 1982, and since 1996 has been involved in the postgraduate programme in translation, which has been expanded under her guidance from a postgraduate diploma in translation to a PhD in translation. She chaired the Department from 2005 to the end of 2008 and held the position of Vice Dean: Research of the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences from 2015 to 2018. In 2013, Feinauer became the first woman to be promoted to professor of Afrikaans linguistics at SU, and in 2014, the Taiyuan University of Technology in Taiyuan, Shanxi (China), awarded her an honorary professorship in their Faculty of International Language and Culture.</p><p>“It is an incredible honour and privilege for me to be able to hold this Chair in Afrikaans Language Practice. All credit goes to Prof Wim de Villiers for laying the groundwork to make this Chair a reality in the Department of Afrikaans and Dutch."</p><p>According to Prof Feinauer, bursaries have already been awarded to four honours students, three master's students, two PhD students and one postdoctoral fellowship in Afrikaans and Dutch for 2020. “This Chair provides the Department with the opportunity to empower postgraduate students in particular to do research in and about Afrikaans in order to pursue a professional career after completing their studies in and through Afrikaans," she added.</p><p>When Ton Vosloo was asked why he and his wife came forward with the support of Afrikaans, he replied: “In my memoirs <em>Across Boundaries: A life in the media in a time of change</em>, published last year, I wrote a chapter entitled, 'Afrikaans in decline'. I made the point in the chapter that I hope gracious individuals would come forward who were concerned with the A to Z of Afrikaans.</p><p>“Anet and I have the grace that we can help. Afrikaans, as Jan Rabie put it, is our oxygen. Now is the time to step in further to develop this incredible source of knowledge for the sake of our nation's future. "</p><p>The Vosloos have been esteemed SU donors for some time.<br></p>
Top Psychology student wins coveted Chancellor’s Medalhttps://www.sun.ac.za/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=6160Top Psychology student wins coveted Chancellor’s MedalSandra Mulder/Corporate Communications Division<p>Dr Xanthe Dawn Hunt (27) from Pietermaritzburg in KwaZulu-Natal, who received the coveted Chancellor's Medal​ at SU's seventh graduation ceremony on Thursday (13 December), is described by academic​​​ staff at Stellenbosch University (SU) as “an academic phenomenon" and the “very finest student we have had in many years." This description corresponds with the admiration from world leaders in the field of disability studies at a recent international disability conference in Europe, who described her as a “genius."<br></p><div><img src="/english/PublishingImages/Lists/dualnews/My%20Items%20View/XantheHunt-3.jpg" alt="XantheHunt-3.jpg" class="ms-rtePosition-1" style="margin:5px;width:400px;" /><span></span></div><p>​"I think it is very kind and generous. I have not seen myself as that way. I have seen myself as very hardworking and I always studies extremely hard," said Hunt shortly after the ceremony.<br></p><p>Hunt is the recipient of the coveted Chancellor's Medal that is awarded annually to a final year or postgraduate student who has not only excelled academically, but also contributed to campus life in various ways and worked hard at developing co-curricular attributes.​ At the same ceremony Hunt also received a PhD in Psychology. <br></p><p>She said the secret to her success is the fortunate position that she was in to have a lot of mentors, particularly towards the psychology side of my academic career.  "PhD's are always kind of the moment where you contribute something and first time in your career where you make something original, and it is build on the back of years and years of mentors, teachers and classes," she said.</p><p><br>With very little difficulty, Hunt already has some 30 academic publications to her name. This is more than many academics in Psychology have contributed in their entire careers, says Prof Awie Greeff, Chair of the Department of Psychology.<br></p><p>She is also the first Masters' student in the history of the Department whose degree was upgraded to a PhD.  <br></p><p>Another academic highlight was that during her PhD studies, she enrolled for a course in Biostatistics at Masters' level, despite not having completed Mathematics at matric level. Initially, the course convenor did not wish to admit her to the course for this reason, but later reluctantly agreed to accept her.  She completed the course <em>cum laude</em> and her results were the second best in the class.<br></p><p>"I didn't take maths at high school because it seemed not worth the push at that time. Stats are very visual. You use graphs and there is always a visual way of conceiving the statistic or theory behind it. And that kind of pulled me through if I can see what I was learning and if I could think of it in visual terms," she explained how she manages to pull her math through although she never had it before."​<br></p><p>Since  starting her studies at SU in 2010, Hunt won amongst others the SU Political Science Award for Excellence for Top Achieving First Year Student; the Department of English's Award for Excellence for Top Achieving First Year Student and the Rector's Award for Academic Excellence Top Faculty Achiever (on three occasions). She was also offered the prestigious Babette Taute English Scholarship.</p><p>Amazingly, Hunt passed <em>cum laude</em> in every single subject she took, with the exception of a single service module.  During the first five years of her studies, she achieved an average of 82.08%.</p><p>Her research spans disability studies, public health, monitoring and evaluation of early childhood interventions, and academic communication. She holds a Bachelor's degree in the Humanities, Honours degrees in Journalism and in Psychology, a Master's Degree in Biostatistics, and now a PhD in Psychology.<br></p><p>Hunt has worked with many members of the Department of Psychology over the course of her Honours, Master's and PhD degrees, primarily in the role of project assistant, but gradually formalising her role in the employ of one of the research units.<br></p><p>In her undergraduate years, Xanthe was part of her residence's <em>a cappella</em> choir and worked as a peer tutor both within her residence community and later beyond. She has also worked as a volunteer counsellor in community-based projects in the Stellenbosch and Franschhoek areas.</p><p>In addition to all her academic qualities, Hunt is exceptionally hard-working and a great team player.  Fellow students find her supportive, and she is very popular amongst the staff in her department.  She also regularly gives talks and lectures, and is an excellent communicator.<br></p><p>She has a contract for her PhD to be published as a book with Palgrave next year (2019).  She will present an exhibition from the PhD work at the Cape Town Holocaust Centre early in 2019.  </p><ul><li><strong>​Main photo</strong>: Dr Xanthe Hunt stands with the Rector, prof Wim de Villiers, who was in 1986 the first medical student at SU who received the Chancellor's Medal.<br></li><li><strong>Photo 1</strong>: Dr Xanthe Hunt receives the Chancellor's Medal<br></li><li><strong>Photographe</strong>r: Stefan Els​</li></ul>
‘Shades of Yale’ a cappella group to perform in Stellenboschhttps://www.sun.ac.za/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=6289‘Shades of Yale’ a cappella group to perform in StellenboschCorporate Communications Division<p style="text-align:justify;"><a href="https://www.shadesofyale.org/">Shades of Yale</a>, an ensemble that specialises in “music of the African diaspora & African-American tradition", will be performing alongside the Stellenbosch University Vocal Ensemble (formerly KuKopella) at 19:30 at Kruiskerk on Friday, 15 March 2019. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">The concert forms part of Shades of Yale's Spring Tour in South Africa, with songs from artists such as Alicia Keys, Stevie Wonder, Michael Jackson, and Ben E. King. Says the group: “It is our objective to offer a unique, musically excellent, and spiritually enriching performance experience at Yale University and beyond."<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">​The concert is part of a new community outreach programme by KuKo, emphasising it's aim to promote arts that are “locally relevant whilst being internationally excellent", according to the chairperson, Blaine Josephs. Josephs is also working in conjunction with UNASA (United Nations Association of South Africa – Stellenbosch Chapter), to improve the footprint of culture in the local community, by doing social impact work through cultural projects. Transport and tickets for the event will be provided to disadvantaged children from the Legacy Development Centre in Kayamandi, a suburb of Stellenbosch.<br></p><ul style="list-style-type:disc;"><li>Tickets for the event are R80 if bought before the time and will be sold in the Neelsie Student Centre or alternatively tickets can be booked by contacting <a href="mailto:srcculture@sun.ac.za"><span lang="EN-ZA" style="text-decoration:underline;">srcculture@sun.ac.za</span></a>, or R100 at the door.<br></li></ul><p><br></p>
Interventions in adolescence can boost gains from early childhoodhttps://www.sun.ac.za/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=5916Interventions in adolescence can boost gains from early childhoodProf Mark Tomlinson<p>​​Top-up interventions during adolescence can enhance the long-term benefits of interventions delivered in the first 1,000 days of a child’s life, writes Prof Mark Tomlinso​n from the Department of Psychology in an article published recently by <a href="https://apolitical.co/solution_article/gains-from-early-childhood-intervention-can-be-lost-could-teen-top-ups-help/"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0"><strong>Apolitical</strong></span></a>.<br></p><ul><li><p>Read the complete article below<br></p></li></ul><p>Children living in conditions of adversity are <a href="https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2816%2931389-7/abstract"><strong>at considerable risk</strong></a> of poor physical and emotional health, violence, educational failure, and more broadly of not meeting their developmental potential.</p><p>The past half-century has seen an exponential <a href="https://www.springer.com/gb/book/9783319448435"><strong>increase in our understanding</strong></a> of how experiences in the very early years of life are foundational for brain development. The concept of the “first 1000 days" (from conception to the end of the second year) describes the time of life <a href="https://www.springer.com/gb/book/9783319448435"><strong>when the brain develops most rapidl</strong>y</a>, and where caregiver stimulation and affection “sculpt" the brain, forming experience-dependant neuronal connections.</p><p>The first 1,000 days narrative has been an advocacy godsend, instrumental in shaping and garnering support for many global initiatives in early child development.<br></p><p>We now know a lot about how to deliver interventions that <a href="https://www.bmj.com/content/338/bmj.b974"><strong>improve moth</strong></a><a href="https://www.bmj.com/content/338/bmj.b974"><strong>e</strong></a><a href="https://www.bmj.com/content/338/bmj.b974"><strong>r-infant interaction</strong></a> and infant attachment, <a href="https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2814%2960455-4/abstract?code=lancet-site"><strong>enhance child cognitive development</strong></a> and contribute to <a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15374416.2016.1169537?journalCode=hcap20"><strong>improved peer relationships</strong></a> — in ways that are highly <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24675955"><strong>cost effective</strong></a>. There is also some compelling evidence of the long-term benefits of interventions delivered in the first 1,000 days, such as <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24876490"><strong>improved wage earnings</strong></a> in adulthood.</p><p>However, these findings, coupled with the success of the first 1,000 days narrative, risk leading to assumptions that early intervention is not just necessary, but also sufficient to ensure lifetime benefits.</p><p><strong>No silver bullet</strong></p><p>The evidence, however, is not as unequivocal as <a href="https://heckmanequation.org/resource/no-fadeout-lasting-effects/"><strong>some have argued</strong></a>. Much of it comes from studies with small sample sizes. Studies conducted in the US may not apply to contexts characterised by extreme poverty and persistent adversity over the life-course.</p><p>And<strong> </strong><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22178817"><strong>recent research</strong></a> has shown how brain development continues into adolescence and even early adulthood. In contexts of chronic adversity, early gains may subsequently <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5779101/"><strong>fade out</strong></a> — a phenomenon there is growing <a href="https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpsy/article/PIIS2215-0366%2815%2900109-1/abstract"><strong>evidence</strong></a> for. In these contexts, it is unlikely early interventions will be sufficient to significantly improve developmental trajectories across an entire life. Top-up interventions during adolescence may be key.</p><p>What we don't know currently is how to ensure that early gains can be built upon and reinforced to ensure they do not fade out over time. We also know little about how early gains might be able to be bolstered by later interventions, providing additive benefits that a single intervention (whether early or late) might not be able to achieve.<br></p><p>When intervening with children living in multi-risk environments, top-up interventions at critical points in life may be necessary to maintain or enhance initial gains and to resurrect lost benefits. An example might be a school-based group problem-solving intervention to prevent adolescent mental disorders; it could build on an intervention in the first thousand days aimed at improving early mother-child attachment.</p><p><strong>Teen top-up</strong></p><p>Our team from the Institute for Child and Adolescent Health Research at Stellenbosch University in South Africa are currently evaluating, using a randomised control trial, the effect of one such second-wave intervention, targeting a cohort of adolescents who had participated as infants, along with their mothers, in a home-based early intervention delivered by community health workers.</p><p>In the initial first 1000 days intervention, community health workers were trained to visit pregnant women and then the mother and her child across the first six months of the infant's life. The intervention aimed to improve mother-infant interaction, focusing on key aspects like sensitivity, non-intrusiveness, engagement and turn-taking.</p><p>In the additive adolescent intervention, we are focussing on building problem-solving skills and peer relationships to reduce interpersonal violence and promote adolescent mental health.</p><p>Beyond these desired outcomes, we are also examining a range of questions around what is needed to optimise child and adolescent development across the life-course.</p><ol style="list-style-type:decimal;"><li>For those mothers and adolescents whose early benefits have faded out, does receiving the adolescent intervention resurrect the early benefits?</li><li>Where benefits have persisted, does receiving the adolescent intervention provide a further boost?</li><li>Could only receiving the adolescent intervention (for teens who did not receive an intervention as infants) provide unique benefits?</li></ol><p>This study could answer <a href="http://cdn.americasedge.org/clips/MCSmith-Policy-Review-Early-Ed-Fall-2009.pdf"><strong>important questions</strong></a> about how waves of interventions at critical developmental phases may be of greater benefit than single one-off interventions.</p><p>Policy makers and governments caught in the “early intervention is sufficient" narrative may be inadvertently missing later opportunities to build on early gains, resurrect early benefits that may have faded out and, even more importantly, to potentially enhance the benefits of early stand-alone single interventions. —<em>Mark Tomlinson</em></p><p> </p><p><br> </p>
Kayamandi learners tackle pollution in the Krom Riverhttps://www.sun.ac.za/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=6288Kayamandi learners tackle pollution in the Krom RiverWiida Fourie-Basson<p>​​More than 100 learners and their teachers from four schools in Kayamandi will participate in a clean-up initiative of the Krom River in Stellenbosch ahead of National Water Week, as well as adopting and beautifying a spot next to the river for children to play.<br></p><p>This is one of the first public initiatives of the <a href="/si/en-za/Pages/initiative.aspx?iid=1045">Kayamandi River Partnership</a> – a collaboration between the <a href="/english/entities/SUWI/Pages/default.aspx">Stellenbosch University Water Institute</a> and external stakeholders such as the <a href="/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=6182">Stellenbosch River Collaborative</a>, the Department of Water Affairs and Sanitation, the Stellenbosch Municipality's Department of Community Development and Security, and Kayamandi Schools. Other partners include SU's departments of Microbiology and Curriculum Studies. </p><p>Dr Leanne Seeliger, project leader based at SUWI, says previous attempts to address the pollution problems in the Krom and Plankenbrug rivers have been hampered by issues of sustainability and co-ordination among role players: “With this partnership, the aim is to develop a fund resourced by key stakeholders in water management in the area, to ensure continued water monitoring and water education."</p><p>The Plankenbrug river in Enkanini remains one of the most polluted rivers in Stellenbosch: “Initially we will focus on the Krom river as the initial site for awareness surveys and river clean ups, as the Plankenbrug river currently too polluted for learners to use," Seeliger explains.</p><p>With this initiative, the Kayamandi River Partnership hopes to build trust, restore community and rebuild civic responsibility through a shared understanding of ethics between the community and the municipality: “One of the greatest challenges facing most townships is water management. Many residents were previously excluded from crucial decision-making processes. If both the municipality and the community interrogate the principles at hand in water management in this area, then best practice, rather than minimal compliance could be achieved," she concludes.</p><p>Learners will also be monitoring the quality of the water, thereby contributing to their natural science's curriculum. Prof Chris Reddy from the Department of Curriculum Studies in the Faculty of Education will be showing the learners how to test the PH, nitrates and turbidity of the water using a toolkit from the <a href="https://www.iwrm.co.za/resource%20doc/od_diverse_docs/october_2008_updates/water_education_programme_2020_resource_booklet/2020_vfw_resources1.pdf">School Water Action Programme</a> (SWAP). Prof Wesaal Khan  from SU's Department of Microbiology will discuss the dangers of pollution.</p><p>The high point of the week is on Friday 15 March 2019, when learners will “adopt" and beautify a spot next to the Krom River.</p><p>The initiative has received generous sponsorship of refreshments for participating learners from local businesses, including Ten of Cups, Timberlea Farming Trust and Chill Beverages.</p><p>The initiative takes place ahead of <a href="http://www.un.org/en/events/waterday/">World Water Day</a> on 20 March, and South Africa's <a href="http://www.dwa.gov.za/default.aspx">National Water Week</a> from 18 to 24 March 2019.</p><p> <strong>Media enquiries</strong></p><p>Dr Leanne Seeliger</p><p>E-mail: <a href="mailto:seeliger@sun.ac.za">seeliger@sun.ac.za</a></p><p>Cell: 072 203 2113<br></p><p><em>On the photos above, Learners from Kayamandi Primary School are taking samples to test the water quality of the Krom River in Stellenbosch, under guidance of the Stellenbosch Water Institute and Prof Chris Reddy from SU's Faculty of Education. Photos: Leanne Seeliger</em><br></p>
Social work more than just a job for Dr Abigail Ornellashttps://www.sun.ac.za/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=5542Social work more than just a job for Dr Abigail OrnellasSonika Lamprecht/Corporate Communication Division<p style="text-align:justify;">For many people choosing a career is a difficult decision, but for others, life experiences point them in a direction and it becomes a calling. Dr Abigail Ornellas, who received her PhD in Social Work this week, is one of the latter.<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">Ornellas and her twin brother were adopted when she was almost five years old, after spending four years in foster care. “The family who adopted us is incredible and has given us an amazing life and opportunities we probably would never have had. This has always given me a sense of wanting to make my life count for something. I was the first in the family to go to university and get a degree. They have been incredibly supportive and are very proud of me.<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">“My experience in foster care has made me intrinsically aware of the importance of social work and the impact it can have on a life. Some of the experiences I went through as a child have also helped me in social work practice, to understand the importance of opportunity. This is all people really need to truly step into who they are. It has kept me humble."<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">However, it wasn't until closer to the end of her social work bachelor's degree that she began to realise how much more the profession was capable of and responsible for, and its complex history.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">In her fourth year of social work studies, she worked at a local state hospital and spent a lot of time working in the mental health ward. “My biological mother had dealt with mental illness, and so this was an area of interest for me. But I hadn't realised how social work could play an important role in this field. I became increasingly aware of the struggles in mental health as many public mental health facilities were being shut down due to deinstitutionalisation."</p><p style="text-align:justify;">This sparked an interest in the concept of deinstitutionalisation and she decided to focus her Masters on exploring this phenomenon in South Africa. “This was my first real entry into the world of social policy. What I would later realise was that deinstitutionalisation was linked to a much bigger concept – neoliberalism, which emphasises individualism, inequality as a driver for economic growth, protection of the privileged and elite, the commodification of care, the privatisation of services, and the idea that welfare creates dependency. These are all in direct contradiction to the social work values of collectivism, social justice, social cohesion and human dignity."</p><p style="text-align:justify;">Following her Masters, she worked as a research fellow on an international staff exchange scheme for two years where teams from 11 different countries actively mapped the impact of neoliberalism on social care and welfare. “This experience had the greatest impact on my career goals in social work and academic research. It gave me that bigger picture. Living in different countries working with social workers who have incredible stories and varied backgrounds opened my eyes to the vastness of our profession. I truly fell in love with it. I began to understand that social work has a responsibility to resist global socioeconomic changes that did not serve people."<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">Something one of her professors said stuck with her. When talking about the concept of giving a person a fish as opposed to teaching them how to fish, he added, “but it doesn't help teaching someone to fish, if there is a fence around the pond".<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">“That day I decided I would commit myself to finding ways of removing the fence – and that is macro and structural, and in my opinion, at the heart of the social work profession. We need to confront the system in which social injustice occurs at the individual level, to tackle things from the outward in."  <br></p><p><br></p>
Post-apartheid SA military “lost in transition and transformation"https://www.sun.ac.za/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=7173Post-apartheid SA military “lost in transition and transformation"Lynne Rippenaar-Moses<p>​​​​​<span style="text-align:justify;">​​In 1994, the South African Defence Force merged with the armed forces of anti-apartheid organisations like the African National's Congress' Umkhonto we Sizwe, creating the newly formed South African National Defence Force (SANDF). Yet, while it has transformed over the years to more closely align itself to the democratic values of the country and has adapted to a new security, political and social environment, it faces many new challenges. Amongst them is the ability to respond successfully to a different mission focus, which in turn affects force procurement, preparation, employment and sustainability.</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;">This is according to Prof Lindy Heinecken, the country's leading sociologist on the military, who has consolidated over 30 years of teaching experience and research on the military into a book titled <em>South Africa's Post-Apartheid Military – Lost in transition and transformation.</em></p><p style="text-align:justify;">Heinecken is based in the Sociology and Social Anthropology Department at Stellenbosch University, which is one of the few sociology departments in South Africa to do research in military sociology. Her work in this particular research field has also earned her certification by the ISA Association for Applied and Clinical Sociology as a registered Certified Sociological Practitioner. She serves on the Council of the Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society (USA), and is President of the International Sociological Association's (ISA) Armed Forces and Conflict Resolution Research Committee. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">Other than her own research, Heinecken also draws on interviews with key academics and politicians focused on defence issues, and military practitioners for this book.<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">“While the newly formed military focused on aligning itself with the country's democratic values, it did not focus on the transformation of the military itself. The transformation that has taken place has been a political, social and cultural transformation, rather than an organisational transformation," says Heinecken. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">“At this point in time, it is really important that the military starts looking at organisational transformation as the threat that South Africa faces today is a very different kind of threat.  The SANDF is trained in warfare and not for the roles they have to play or the functions they have to fulfill with regards to peacekeeping, humanitarian aid deployment, and public law and order maintenance today. It is also not structured to deal with the increase in terrorist threats we are seeing in countries across the world."</p><p style="text-align:justify;">A case in point, and a topic Heinecken addresses in her work, is the recent deployment of the military to the Cape Flats to deal with escalating gang violence in the neighbourhoods that make up this area.</p><p>“We saw what happened when the military started interacting with the community. The interaction was in a confrontational and authoritarian manner which does not build trust."</p><p>However, this is not surprising considering that this is exactly how soldiers within the military are expected to deal with threats during warfare. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">“Using your military internally to address social problems like gangsterism or escalating crime is a last resort, because we need to look at other options of dealing with these types of issues first. We cannot deal with these issues as a security problem when there are deeper social ills that lead to gangsterism. The military can stabilise a situation sufficiently to help communities rebuild social cohesion in order for these issues to be addressed, but there is always the fear that by using the military consistently and for the long term, it will lead to the remilitarisation of society, which means more and more of your resources are pumped into the military instead of being used to address other socio-economic concerns," explains Heinecken. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">Another problem in these types of situations, says Heinecken, is that the SANDF has less than 300 troops on the ground on the Cape Flats and they are not used to performing civilian policing duties. <br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">“The reasons for this is because the SANDF is not structured, well-funded or trained to perform these specific functions. Clearly as internal vulnerabilities in South Africa increases, there will be a growing demand for the military to be deployed internally to fill police incompetence," says Heinecken.<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">“Insufficient public debates about these issues and understanding of the state of the SANDF, is why I think this book is timely. It addresses how we can use our military more effectively with regards to the security threats we face internally and externally."<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">While more of a scholarly work, Heinecken's book has been written in such a manner that academics, policy makers and military practitioners are able to easily engage with the content.<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">Other chapters in the book deal with the new security environment in which the military operates, the challenges that peacekeeping operations have posed, the revision of civilian control of the military, managing diversity and representation within the military, the difficulties military veterans face reintegrating back into society and finding gainful employment, gender equality and mainstreaming, human resources and labour relations, the challenges the military faces in dealing with military unions, as well as HIV/Aids and the consequences this holds for the military in terms of its operational effectiveness. <br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">Speaking on the issue of gender equality and mainstreaming, Heinecken says: “Gender equality remains a contentious issue in the military as it tries to grapple with feminism. The way the military has addressed gender equality has been through the belief that equal opportunities mean equal rights. However, with the rise of gender mainstreaming, it is not just about equality, it's about embracing difference and accommodating the different skills and talents that women bring to the organisation. This has been far more difficult to attain as there has been a slow recognition that involving women in the military is more beneficial, especially in peacekeeping operations."<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">Heinecken adds that her research has shown that “the time has come to make really tough decisions about the military's future". <br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">“We are at a point where politicians, the military itself and civil society need to engage with the issues facing the defence force. We are not living in a time of war, but we certainly do not have peace and security. In an increasing volatile world, we need to decide what kind of defence force we need for the security threats we face."<br></p><p>Heinecken's book costs R300 and can be found at the Protea Book Store, the Book Lounge in Cape Town, any Exclusive Books and most other major book stores.<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><em><em style="text-align:justify;"><img src="/english/PublishingImages/Lists/dualnews/My%20Items%20View/Prof%20Heinecken-5.jpg" alt="Prof Heinecken-5.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:500px;height:739px;" /></em><br></em></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><em>​Photo: Prof Lindy Heinecken, the country's leading sociologist on the military, has consolidated over 30 years of teaching experience and research on the military into a book titled South Africa's Post-Apartheid Military – Lost in transition and transformation. (Anton Jordaan, SSFD)​</em></p>
Historical wounding and its haunting legacies to be deliberated at international conference https://www.sun.ac.za/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=6102Historical wounding and its haunting legacies to be deliberated at international conference Martin Viljoen<p>​​​What is the appropriate response to the echoes of historical wounding that extend far beyond the generation that experienced the trauma directly? What strategies might quell the haunting repercussions of genocide, slavery, colonial oppression, and mass violence that play out in the lives of affected individuals and groups from both sides of these acts? <br></p><p>These are some of the questions that delegates to an international <a href="http://recognitionreparationandreconciliation2018.co.za/">conference</a> themed Recognition, Reparation, Reconciliation: The Light and Shadow of Historical Trauma will deliberate on. Inspiration for the conference is the 20th anniversary of the report of the TRC.</p><p><strong>RENOWNED KEYNOTE SPEAKERS: </strong></p><ul><li><strong>Prof Homi Bhabha</strong>, Harvard University, world's premier postcolonial literary theorist (Thu 6 December, 09:00):<em> A Memory of Neighbours: On History and the Afterlife.</em></li><li><strong>Prof Cathy Caruth</strong>, Cornell University, prominent scholar of Trauma Theory and author of foundational texts in the field (Fri 7 December 08:30): <em>Death and Life at the Site of Address</em></li><li><strong>Prof Sarah Nuttal, </strong>Director of the Wits Institute for Social and Economic Research, the preeminent interdisciplinary research institute in the humanities and social sciences in South Africa. (Fri 7 December, 12:00): <em>Dark Light: Coming Out of Trauma</em>​.<br></li><li><strong>Judge Albie Sachs,</strong> former judge of the South African Constitutional Court and  chief architect of the post-apartheid constitution: (Friday 7 December, 16:45, with Homi Bhabha): <em>Living with the Past: A Conversation</em><br></li><li><strong>Prof Michael Rothberg</strong>, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), well-known scholar on trauma, memory and postcolonial theory (Sat 8 December, 08:45): <em>T</em><em>he Implicated Subject: Rethinking Political Responsibility</em></li><li><strong>Prof Achille Mbembe</strong>, Wits University, public intellectual and major figure in the fields of African history, politics, and social science Sat 8 Dec: 17:00 (lecture open to the public)<br></li><li><strong>Tamar Garb</strong>, Director of the Institute of Advanced Studies at University College London, her work addresses art and culture in South Africa, feminism, race and global politics: (Sunday 9 December, 09:00): <em>Making Art in the Light and Shadow of Historical Trauma</em><br></li><li><strong>Jacqueline Rose</strong> (University of London) and <strong>Jessica Benjamin</strong> (New York psychoanalyst) are both internationally known for their work on the relationship between psychoanalysis and feminism and their engagement with the politics of Israel-Palestine (Sun 9 December 15:45): <em>What Light Might Psychoanalytic Attention to the Inner Life Throw on the Repetitions of History?</em></li></ul><div><i>​</i>​​The Organiser-in-Chief for the conference is <a href="/">Stellenbosch University</a> (SU) Professor Pumla Gobodo-Madikizela, Research Chair for <a href="/english/faculty/arts/historical-trauma-transformation/overview">Historical Trauma and Transformation. </a> It is organised in collaboration with the <a href="https://www.humanrights.unsw.edu.au/">Australian Human Rights Institute</a> at the <a href="https://www.unsw.edu.au/">University of New South Wales</a>, Sydney Australia and the   <a href="http://www.ijr.org.za/">Institute for Justice and Reconciliation </a>. </div><br>The conference brings together a group of scholars and practitioners from more than 20 countries and from different disciplinary backgrounds to reflect on the vexed questions of historical wounding and its haunting legacies. An important theme of the conference is the role of the arts in addressing human rights crimes and as a strategy in helping countries to come to terms with their violent histories. <br><br>Papers presented at the conference will deal with, among others, the following themes: how George Washington University in Washington DC is addressing its history of owning slaves in the 19<sup>th</sup> century and selling them to help bolster the university's finances; Canada and Australia's efforts to foster reconciliation between Aboriginal people and whites in these countries; and a discussion on dialogue through the arts between children of perpetrators and children of victims of genocide. <br><br><strong>Children and grandchildren of victims—stories from Soviet Russia to South Africa</strong><br><br>A unique feature of the conference is an opportunity for conference delegates to listen to stories of experiences of gross human rights violations from victims' families or survivors. At this year's conference the focus will be on encounters between perpetrators and young descendants of victims. Denis Karagodin from Siberia, Russia, will speak about his search for his great grandfather's executioner and meeting the killer's granddaughter. <br><br>Young South Africans who were children when their parents were murdered during apartheid will speak about their encounters with perpetrators:<br><ul><li>Lindiwe Hani will speak about meeting Janusz Walus, the man who assassinated her father, Chris Hani.</li><li>Candice Mama and Siya Mgoduka, whose fathers were killed in operations in which Eugene de Kock was involved, will reflect on their thoughts on de Kock. Mgoduka will also be in conversation with his mother, Doreen Mgoduka, about her forgiving de Kock.</li><li>The legacies of conscription into the South African Defence Force during the years of apartheid will also be addressed.</li></ul>​​Commenting on the significance of the collaboration with the Australian Human Rights Institute, Gobodo-Madikizela said: “The political turbulence and the intergenerational struggles that are playing out in post-apartheid South Africa and the raging debates in Australia about the failure of the Australian Constitution to recognise the rights of Aboriginal Australians, make these two countries important starting points as sites of reflection on the themes of this conference. <br><br>“The conference, however, has a transnational and multicultural focus, and will take discussions beyond South Africa and Australia. Discussions will showcase some of the latest research globally on the themes of the conference, and engage in critical reflection on the representation of historical trauma through the creative arts—including film, photography, theatre and visual arts," she adds.​<br><p>SU will honour Homi Bhabha with an honorary doctorate at its December 2018 Graduation Ceremony. </p><p>The conference ends on Sunday 9 December with an event to celebrate the 20<sup>th</sup> anniversary of the submission of the report of the TRC and to honour Archbishop Tutu for his work. A music theatre performance by the Rwandan group Mashirika, curated by multiple award winning artist Hope Azeda will perform a piece about healing and reconciliation titled “Africa's Hope." </p><ul><li>Access the conference website <a href="http://recognitionreparationandreconciliation2018.co.za/">here</a> and the programme <a href="http://recognitionreparationandreconciliation2018.co.za/programme/">here​</a>. <br></li></ul><div><br></div>
Prof Lindy Heinecken appointed as President of international committeehttps://www.sun.ac.za/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=5890Prof Lindy Heinecken appointed as President of international committeeLynne Rippenaar-Moses<p>​​</p><p style="text-align:justify;">​Prof Lindy Heinecken, one of the leading military sociologists in South Africa from the Sociology and Social Anthropology Department at Stellenbosch University, was recently appointed as the President of the International Sociological Association's (ISA) Armed Forces and Conflict Resolution Research Committee (RC01) for a three-year term. <br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">The RC01 aims to “develop professional contacts between sociologists of armed forces and conflict resolution throughout the world; encourage the international exchange of research findings, theoretical developments, and methodologies in the sociology of armed forces; promote the teaching of course materials dealing with armed forces and conflict resolution at undergraduate and postgraduate levels; and promote international meetings and research collaboration in the field".  The committee has just under 200 members and is the most representative scholarly body on studying armed forces in society, with members from Eastern Europe, Asia, Europe and America. <br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">On her election as President of RC01 she says: “I did not expect this at all." <br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">Heinecken is based in one of the few sociology departments in South Africa to do research and teaching in military sociology and her work has also earned her certification by the ISA Association for Applied and Clinical Sociology as a registered Certified Sociological Practitioner.<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">“It is really a great honour to be elected as president of one of ISA's research committees because it doesn't just broaden your networks within the field of military sociology, but offers the chance to interact with presidents of other research committees of the International Sociological Association." <br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">Heinecken has been involved in ISA for the last 10 years, serving on the Executive Committee of RC01 and as the Programme Coordinator for the Association's World Congress of Sociology for RC01, which was held in Canada from 15 to 21 July.<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">She says that she will focus quite strongly on “steering the RCO1 in a specific direction by showing how sociological theory informs research and practice and how this has influenced policy and decision-making".  <br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">This is after all a research field she has been immersed in for over three decades. As one of the leading experts on the military, Heinecken has worked as a researcher at the Centre for Military Studies (CEMIS) at the South African Military Academy, taking over as Deputy Director and Senior Researcher in 1996 up to 2006. She also served on the Council of the South African Sociological Association (SASA), on the Board of the Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society and serves on the editorial board of the Armed Forces and Society Journal and Scientia Militaria, South African Journal of Military Studies.<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">Her inaugural lecture, which took place in 2014, focused on <em>The Military, War and Society: The Achilles Heel of Sociology and the Need for Reflection</em><em> </em>and highlights some of the matters that Heinecken refers to. <br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">“The study of the military, war and society remains at the fringes of the sociology discipline and is often invisible to students of sociology. This is despite the fact that war continues to have a profound effect on humankind, not least on our own continent where violent conflict continues to undermine human security and development. It therefore comes as no surprise that the theme of the ISA 2018 conference was on Power, Violence and Social Justice, which emphasised the importance of sociologists to pay more attention to the study of violence and armed conflict in the world today." </p><p style="text-align:justify;">Given this focus, and her role in RC01, she has secured that the RC01 Armed Conflict and Conflict Resolution Conference will be held in Stellenbosch in 2020. The intention is to attract leading African scholars to this event in order to discuss the effect of war on society and means and methods of conflict resolution.<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">According to Heinecken, the RCO1 has made significant progress with regards to the study of the military in society. It has produced a number of valuable collaborative and international studies on the military that have become a rich source of information, not only for academics and policy makers, but military practitioners as well. <br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">The research shared through the ISA journals are an important source to help academics and policy makers understand what is happening within the international military arena and how different countries deal with different military-related matters. Heinecken is due to publish her own book, titled <em>South Africa's post-apartheid military: Lost in Transition and Transformation</em>, which addresses the challenges that the military has faced adapting to the new security, political, legal and social environment.<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><em>Photo: Prof Linday Heinecken with Prof Marina Nuciari from Italy with a recent publication titled</em><em> </em>The Handbook of Sociology of the Military<em>which includes the contributions of RCO1 scholars. (Supplied)</em></p>
International Day of Peace: Peacekeeping missions under the spotlighthttps://www.sun.ac.za/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=7688International Day of Peace: Peacekeeping missions under the spotlightLindy Heinecken & Craig Bailie<p>​Monday (21 September) is the International Day of Peace. In opinion pieces for <em>Daily Maverick</em> and <em>New24 </em>respectively, Prof Lindy Heinecken (Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology) and Mr Craig Bailie (School for Security and Africa Studies) focus on challenges related to peacekeeping missions that should be addressed. Click on the links below to read the articles.<br></p><ul><li>​Prof Lindy Heinecken (<a href="https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2020-09-16-speaking-truce-to-power-the-benefits-of-deploying-female-soldiers-on-foreign-peacekeeping-missions/"><strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">Daily Maverick</strong></a>)<br></li><li>Craig Bailie (<a href="https://www.news24.com/news24/analysis/analysis-international-peace-day-guns-still-fire-in-africa-20200921"><strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">News24</strong></a>)<br></li></ul><p><br></p>