Welcome to Stellenbosch University



Jonathan Jansen appointed at Stellenbosch University Jansen appointed at Stellenbosch UniversityCorporate Communications / Korporatiewe Kommunikasie<p>​​The public intellectual and former vice-chancellor of the University of the Free State, Prof Jonathan Jansen, has accepted a position at Stellenbosch University (SU).</p><p>Jansen (61), an A-rated scientist with the National Research Foundation, will take up the position of distinguished professor in the Faculty of Education, where he will be teaching and conducting research on school governance, management, leadership and policy. He will also serve as a mentor to postgraduate students. </p><p>Announcing the appointment, Prof Wim de Villiers, SU Rector and Vice-Chancellor, said the institution would greatly benefit from Jansen's expertise as foremost author, thought leader and education specialist. “Prof Jansen is arguably one of the leading pedagogues of our time, but also the proverbial voice in the wilderness, addressing not only the state of the nation, but – equally important – the state of education in our beloved country." </p><p>Prof Nico Koopman, Vice-Rector: Social Impact, Transformation and Personnel, added: “Prof Jansen is a scholar at heart. We are confident that his research expertise will have a meaningful social impact on all levels of the education system in South Africa."  </p><p>Equally pleased at the prospect of welcoming Prof Jansen to SU's Faculty of Education, Prof Yusef Waghid, acting dean of the Faculty, said: “Prof Jansen's appointment offers tremendous opportunities for colleagues to engage with him in deliberative, responsible and courageous conversations – dialogues relating to what a university is and ought to do. I am optimistic that Prof Jansen's intellectual voice and passion for education will have a positive impact on the scholarly work with which the Faculty is associated. This is another opportunity to enhance our quest for our quest for a meaningful and just schooling system" </p><p>Commented Jansen: “I am very excited about this opportunity to work at one of the best universities on the continent and with some of the leading educational researchers in the field. I do hope to make a small contribution with my colleagues to making research count in the transformation of schools and in preparing the next generation of scholars."</p><p>Jansen, a recipient of three honorary doctorates and a fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University in 2016/17, will take up the position at SU as from 1 November.​<br><br></p><p><strong>MORE ABOUT PROF JONATHAN JANSEN</strong></p><p style="text-align:justify;">Jonathan Jansen is a senior professor formerly associated with the University of the Free State, South Africa. Apart from having served as a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University in 2016/17, he is also the president of both the South African Institute of Race Relations and the South African Academy of Science.  </p><p style="text-align:justify;">He started his career as a biology teacher in the Cape after he had completed his science degree at the University of the Western Cape. He went on to obtain an MS degree from Cornell University and a PhD from Stanford. Jansen also holds honorary doctorates from the University of Edinburgh, the University of Vermont and Cleveland State University. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">In 2013, he was awarded the Lifetime Achiever Award for Africa at the Education Africa Global Awards in New York, as well as the University of California's Spendlove Award for his contribution to tolerance, democracy and human rights. The next year, he won the Nayef Al Rodhan Prize from the British Academy for the Social Sciences and Humanities<em> </em>for his book <em>Knowledge in the Blood</em> (published by Stanford University Press).  </p><p style="text-align:justify;">More recent publications by Jansen include <em>Leading for Change</em> (Routledge, 2016), <em>As by fire: the end of the South African university</em> (Tafelberg, 2017), <em>Interracial intimacies on campuses</em> (Bookstorm, 2017) and <em>Song for Sarah</em> (Bookstorm, 2017). Products of his pen to appear in 2018 include <em>Inequality in South African schools</em> (with Nic Spaull, published by Springer), <em>Politics of Curriculum</em> (as editor) and <em>Now that I know</em>, a book on South African families who were separated by the racial laws of the 1950s.<br></p><p><br></p>
Experience anatomy like never before anatomy like never beforeWilma Stassen<p>​An exciting new online tool that is set to revolutionise the learning and teaching of anatomy and physiology has recently been acquired by the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (FMHS).</p><p>“This interactive educational resource will give students and academics access to human anatomy in ways that were not possible before," said FMHS Vice Dean: Learning and Teaching, Prof Julia Blitz.</p><p>This online learning platform, called Primal Pictures, is accessible to all students and staff via the library website or by following the direct link to <a href=""><span style="text-decoration:underline;"></span></a>. The portal can be accessed via computer, smartphone and tablet devices. </p><p>This cutting-edge technology gives users access to thousands of interactive visuals of anatomy structures and systems that can be manipulated to be viewed in 3D. The visuals are accompanied by multimedia tutorials available at the click of a button. </p><p>Customised visuals and text can also be downloaded to PDF, which can be saved and accessed without an internet connection, or printed to a hard copy. </p><p>Other content includes photographs, radiological scans, text, videos, quizzes, colouring-in images and more.</p><p>“The available modules cover not only anatomy, but also physiology. It is a resource that is both a study aid for undergraduate and postgraduate students across all the health professions, and a teaching aid for lecturers," Blitz explained.</p><p>All the Primal Pictures multimedia content can be used by lecturers to aid teaching, and some of the content can also be customised to be used in tests.</p><p>According to Mr Tim Smith, director of Learning Curve, the supplier of Primal Pictures, this educational tool has been rolled out at eight other universities in South Africa, and has already made a considerable difference to students' understanding of anatomy.</p><p> </p><p><em>Caption: Ms Ilana van Niekerk, chair of the Tygerberg Academic Affairs Council, Mr Tim Smit, Business Development Director for Learning Curve, Mr Jaydon Foiret, a postgraduate student at the FMHS, Mr Eben Mouton, Director: Business Management at the FMHS, Mr Daniel Smith from Learning Curve, Prof Jimmy Volmink, Dean: FMHS, and Prof Julia Blitz, Vice Dean: Learning and Teaching at the FMHS.</em></p>
From BSc to clinical research associate BSc to clinical research associateCommunication & Media, Faculty of Science<p>BSc alumnus Eugene Pretorius is in a sought-after position at an international biopharmaceutical services company whose services include performing clinical trials for various pharmaceutical and medical device companies.</p><p>He has recently completed his training and is now a certified clinical research associate (CRA) at Quintiles, a Fortune 500 company with over 36 000 employees in more than 100 countries.</p><p>Although he dreamed of becoming a doctor, he started his successful career by obtaining a BSc degree instead: "I want to advise students not to start a BSc degree without a definite career plan. Do your research about career options and look at the jobs available in that field of study". </p><p>He agreed to answer a few questions about his studies and subsequent career path. </p><p><strong>Where did you grow up? </strong></p><p>I grew up in a small town in the Eastern Cape – Middelburg. We were about 200 learners from Grade 8 to 12 in the school.</p><p><strong>Why did you decide to study BSc at Stellenbosch University?</strong></p><p>My grandfather and uncles all went to Stellenbosch – so it was always a dream to follow in their footsteps. As I excelled academically and was good at numbers, I initially wanted to study chemical engineering or actuarial science. </p><p>In 2007 however, my mother suddenly became ill and passed away. I made a promise that I will spend the rest of my life saving lives. Because of this promise I dropped computer studies and switched to biology in matric. </p><p>I applied for medicine everywhere, but without a Grade 11 biology mark, I couldn't get in. Finally I decided to study BSc, determined to work hard and then get in after my first year. I was so focussed on medicine that a second career option never existed. Although I worked hard and applied every year, the reality was that I never got into medicine – the most disappointing time in my life.</p><p>After my second year, I qualified to take Anatomy as major for BSc Human Life Sciences. </p><p>After graduating from SU, I did my BMedSc Honors in Clinical Anatomy and Cell Morphology at the University of the Free State. It was closer to home and more affordable. That was followed by a MMedSc in Anatomy. </p><p>Soon after starting my master's, the reality of limited funding and study debt hit me.  I got an internship with Quintiles in the data management department whilst lecturing to first-year students on a part-time basis and doing my master's, working 16 to 20 hours a day. </p><p><strong>How did you land up at your current employer? </strong></p><p>While working as an intern in the data management department, I applied for a CRA trainee job as part of the company's global development programme. </p><p>I completed my training and am now an independent and certified Clinical Research Associate. The next step will be to gain enough experience so that I can become a senior CRA and then I want to go into clinical project management. </p><p><strong>What is a typical working day like for you? </strong></p><p>Let's say a new chemotherapy for lung cancer needs to be tested, I will work with oncologists all over South Africa. I make sure the sites recruit subjects (usually patients) to participate in the study and then I "audit" (monitor) the doctor and the subjects on the trial to ensure all is done with subject safety first and according to good clinical practice.</p><p>I also travel a lot. I have just returned from London regarding a new paediatric gastroenteritis study. I work 40 - 50 hours per week and earn a competitive salary.</p><p><strong>What advice would you like to give to students about study and career options? </strong></p><p>I have made the decision not to let the fact that I did not get into medicine affect me for the rest of my life. We all have regrets and reminisce about how different things could have been – but then you get up and do what you have to do.</p><p>Today I am part of a very big machine that ensures new drugs get approved to save someone's life or at the very least increase their quality of life. </p><p>Maybe if my mother didn't pass away I would not be where I am now. </p><p>I want to advise students not to start a BSc-degree without a definite career plan. Do your research about career options and look at the jobs available in that field of study.</p><p>It is an easy trap to fall into: 'I did not get into medicine so I will study BSc and then try again'. Life doesn't work that way. Have a second, a third and even a fourth alternative for when things don't go as planned. </p><p><strong>Your plans for the future?</strong></p><p>I recently got engaged so for now its wedding bells ringing! Next will be an MBA. I want to end up on the business side of this industry, making decisions. </p><p><strong>How did you manage to pay off your study loans? </strong></p><p>I am still paying back and will be for the next four years! But if I had not taken out a loan, in fact more than one, I would never have been able to study in the first place and the career I have now would never have been an option. </p><p><strong>Anything else you would like to mention?</strong></p><p>Prof. Faadiel Essop, then head of the Department of Physiological Sciences at SU. I will never forget sitting in his office, desperate about my future. He inspired me to finish my degree, to work hard for what I want and to never back down after disappointments. To this day he remains a reference on my CV. </p><p>If you need more information about a career as clinical research associate, visit </p>
Madonsela reports for duty at Stellenbosch University reports for duty at Stellenbosch UniversityCorporate Communications / Korporatiewe Kommunikasie<p>​</p><p><br></p><p>South Africa's former Public Protector, Thuli Madonsela, officially took up her new position as Chair in Social Justice in the Law Faculty of Stellenbosch University (SU) yesterday (10 January).</p><p>Prof Madonsela said in an interview with SU's Corporate Communications Division that she was excited to be in Stellenbosch.</p><p>“I chose Stellenbosch University because it allows me to focus on my first love namely Social Justice; the institution also allows me to focus on something less administrative. I had received many offers, but at this stage of my life, I thought with all the knowledge I have gained over the years it's best that I plough that back."</p><p>During her seven-year tenure as South Africa's third Public Protector, Madonsela's main work focused on ethical governance in public institutions and realising the Constitution's mandate of a public administration that responds to people's needs, something she hopes to continue doing in her new position at SU.<br></p><p><img src="/english/PublishingImages/Lists/dualnews/My%20Items%20View/ProfThuliMadonsela1.jpg" alt="ProfThuliMadonsela1.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:304px;height:457px;" /><br></p><p>Madonsela will mainly engage in teaching and research at SU's Law Faculty, but will also be involved in civil society initiatives.<br></p><p>“I am hoping that the great human beings who have invited me here will journey with me in identifying the social justice challenges we have in South Africa and globally. We started well at the dawn of democracy in attempting to create a South Africa that is inclusive, but we have stumbled over the years."</p><p>She continued: “I will mainly be focussing on the key areas where social justice is still a major challenge, the causes of those challenges, and to what extent the law has been a solution, to what extent it has been a hindrance and how we could activate ordinary human beings in society to voluntarily participate in the social justice project beyond the cohesive power of the law."</p><p>The former Naledi High School teacher says teaching is one of the greatest tools to transform people's minds and to empower them to realise their full potential, and “being in a space where I can use teaching to transform people's minds is a privilege."</p><p>She adds that some of the teachings she will attempt to pass on to her students during her time at Stellenbosch is to activate them to think of themselves firstly as creators of jobs, and secondarily as seekers of jobs. She explains: “Some of us will have to work for other people, but we have to change the paradigm that says 'I am a job seeker' because even if you look at primitive societies, the average person is not a job seeker, and that goes for the animal kingdom too."</p><p>She concluded: “The average person is developed and educated to be functional in terms of creating opportunities to generate food and other advances for the community.  That is what we need to inculcate among young people right from grade R, namely that, yes, you can create a job, you can impact the world."</p><p> <br><br></p>
SU appoints two new deans appoints two new deansWayne Muller<p>Stellenbosch University (SU) has appointed two new deans: Prof Nicola Smit will be the Dean of Law, while Prof Wikus van Niekerk will be the Dean of the Faculty of Engineering.</p><p>Prof Smit (44), who succeeds Prof Sonia Human, completed her undergraduate studies in Law at the University of Pretoria, and received a doctorate in Law from the then Rand Afrikaans University (now the University of Johannesburg) in 2002.</p><p>Her field of study is Labour Law, and she has taught in this field at the Universities of Pretoria and Johannesburg, as well as at UNISA.</p><p>From 2010 to 2012, Prof Smit was the Vice-Dean of the Faculty of Law at the University of Johannesburg, and in January 2013, she was appointed Executive Dean of the Law Faculty at the North-West University's Potchefstroom campus.</p><p>She will take up her new position at SU on 1 August 2017.</p><p>Prof Van Niekerk (54), who completed his undergraduate studies in Engineering at SU, succeeds Prof Hansie Knoetze. He received his PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California, Berkeley in 1994, and is currently studying towards an MBA at the Graduate School of Business at the University of Cape Town.</p><p>A registered professional engineer with the Engineering Council of South Africa, Prof Van Niekerk was appointed professor at SU in January 2000. His research field is renewable energy and its contribution to mitigate climate change.</p><p>Since August 2006, he has been the Director of SU's Centre for Renewable and Sustainable Energy Studies, and is also a founding director and shareholder of three companies who specialise in that field, namely Sound Research Laboratories South Africa, GeoSUN Africa, and Stelenergy (2013 to 2016).</p><p>Prof Van Niekerk takes up his position on 1 July 2017.</p>
Water crisis: Optimise every drop of water crisis: Optimise every drop of waterFlorence de Vries<p>​​​​<a href="">​</a>“Save water!” was the urgent appeal by facilities management at a recent drought-response information session with students and staff at the Tygerberg campus.</p><p>In order to comply with the level 6B water restrictions imposed on the City of Cape Town as from 1 February, the Tygerberg campus has to reduce its water use by 45% – from 550 kilolitres to 300 kilolitres a day – in order to avoid penalties.</p><p>With the ‘Day Zero’ deadline looming a mere two months away, Stellenbosch University (SU) is rolling out an extensive drought response plan in attempts to stave off ‘Day Zero’.</p><p>Speaking at the information session, SU’s property services manager John de Wet explained several water reduction and reuse initiatives – which have been escalated to and approved by the university’s rectorate – have already been implemented on both the Stellenbosch and Tygerberg campuses. These actions include the development of strategies to reduce water consumption, to optimise current water resources, and the acquisition of alternative water resources.</p><p>Tygerberg campus is home to about 4 500 medicine and health sciences students and serves as a place of work for over 1 600 academic and administrative employees. </p><p>“Together, everyone on Tygerberg campus uses roughly 550 kilolitres of water per day. We must reduce our use to 300 kilolitres a day, which is in line with the City of Cape Town’s 45% water saving imperative for businesses,” said De Wet.</p><p>The university’s Tygerberg-based students and employees were urged to do everything they could to reduce their daily consumption significantly in the coming weeks and the FMHS management team was employing a significant amount of resources and time into water-saving efforts on campus further still. Immediate interventions include leak detection, regular meetings with plumbers to repair leaking or broken plumbing and the introduction of further efficiencies such as toilet volume replacement taps, efficient washing machines and waterless urinals.</p><p>The university’s management team, together with its facilities team and external engineering partners, had already started the process of procuring services for Tygerberg campus which would see it reuse water (through the installation of a grey water system) and finding alternative water sources.</p><p>The university – and the FMHS – has employed the services of engineering firm, Hatch to roll out on a number of its drought response projects.</p><p>In order to supplement the campus’ water supply, four boreholes have been drilled and another will be sunk in the coming weeks. The borehole water will be treated in water filtration system is order to make it potable. The filtration system is projected to be completed by the end of March this year.</p><p>In the event of Day Zero being implemented and water supply from the City of Cape Town being turned off, the Faculty will rely on water from an underground reservoir, and the swimming pool on campus, which will be refilled by groundwater from the boreholes, and if necessary, water tanked in from outside sources. </p><p><a href="">Click here</a> to listen to a short podcast about the drought response action plan for the Tygerberg campus.</p>
#WomenofSU – Focus on Dr Ronel Retief – Focus on Dr Ronel RetiefCorporate Communication/ Korporatiewe Kommunikasie<p>​​​Dr Ronel Retief is a trailblazer. At the start of this year, she officially took up the role of Registrar at Stellenbosch University (SU), making her the first female to hold this key position at the institution.<br></p><p>Retief boasts an excellent academic record, extensive experience and plays a key role in the South African higher education sector where she provides input on placement tests, selection opportunities, academic administration and student support.  As part of Women's Month celebrations at SU, the Corporate Communication Division spoke to Retief about her career success.</p><p><strong>You have had a successful career and held various post over the years. You were the Deputy Registrar at the SU Tygerberg Campus and you are the first woman to hold the position of Registrar at SU.  To what do you attribute your success?</strong></p><p>I subscribe to Malcolm Gladwell's theory in <em>Outliers</em> that there is no such thing as a self-made person. I had supportive, if somewhat academically inclined parents and the encouragement of teachers, family and friends to excel in my endeavours. <br></p><p>Most recently, I have come to appreciate the gift of a partner (in my case, my husband) who believes in my abilities and never ever holds me back.  I therefore have to attribute my career progress thus far to the people and circumstances that enabled me to pursue the opportunities that came my way as and when they did.<br></p><p><strong>What motivates you?</strong></p><p>I am hugely motivated by a challenge and finding a solution in collaboration with others.  I love the dynamics and diverse insights that individuals bring to a team.  My position affords me the opportunity to engage with a variety of people, including students, and I am motivated by the notion that I might be able to make a positive difference in their lives.</p><p><strong>Are there any women that inspire you and if so, why?</strong></p><p> I would have to say my mom.  She is one of the most resilient, positive people I know.  She has a very low tolerance for self-pity and has always encouraged us to be outward-looking, to think about the needs of others before our own.  I also admire her open mind – she never judges people, but would always give them the benefit of the doubt.  She is totally selfless, without losing herself.  If I could be a little like her, I would really feel that I have achieved something worthwhile.</p><p> I am also inspired everyday by the women that cross my path – some of them colleagues, some students, many of them friends.  I admire those that are wise and have the ability to engage meaningfully with others, as much as I am inspired by those with a good sense of humour and the ability to keep perspective.</p><p><strong>Do you have any words of advice for women students at SU?</strong></p><p>Be open to opportunities and the possibilities that they bring.  Take pride in your work, even if you are not pursuing your passion at the time.  Empower others on your way up – it is truly liberating to give credit where it is due and, contrary to popular belief, does not take away anything from you.<br></p><p><br> </p>
Constitution has central place in FMHS has central place in FMHSWilma Stassen<p>Three plaques proudly displaying the preamble to the Constitution of South Africa were recently unveiled at the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (FMHS), Stellenbosch University.</p><p>"The preamble provides the essence of what is contained in the constitution, which has a central place in our Faculty," said Prof Jimmy Volmink, Dean of the FMHS. </p><p>The plaques display the preamble in the three official languages of the Western Cape: isiXhosa, English and Afrikaans.</p><p>According to Volmink, there are several reasons why the preamble to the constitution is being displayed so prominently. "The Faculty doesn't exist in isolation, and is in fact a microcosm of the broader South African society with people from different races, religions, ethnicities, genders, sexual orientation, political persuasions and socioeconomic statuses. The values presented to us in the constitution have relevance about how we should be interacting with each other," explained Volmink.</p><p>"Secondly, the constitution is a reminder of where we have come from as a nation and represents the end of the dark era of Apartheid and ushers in the new [democracy]."</p><p>Volmink noted that the constitution also serves as a guide to remind South Africans where to go. "It sets us on a path that we should aspire to," he said.</p><p>"The constitution promotes the following values: respect for human dignity; the achievement of equality and the advancement of human rights and freedom; non-racialism and non-sexism; and the supremacy of the constitution and the rule of law, among other things.</p><p>"We need to live these values in our homes, in our places of work, places of worship, etc. if we want to see these values reflected into the broader society," Volmink said. </p><p><em>Caption: Dr Dimitri Erasmus, the CEO of Tygerberg Hospital; Mr Lee Baatjes, chairperson of the Tygerberg Student Council; Prof Mariana Kruger, Head of the Department of Paediatrics and Child Health at the FMHS; Mr Musi Bungane, finances at the FMHS; Dr Therese Fish, Vice Dean: Clinical Services and Social Impact at the FMHS; and Prof Jimmy Volmink, Dean: FMHS.</em></p><div class="ms-rtestate-read ms-rte-embedcode ms-rte-embedil ms-rtestate-notify"><iframe width="560" height="315" src="" frameborder="0"></iframe> </div>
Ambitious new project ‘Predict-TB’ aims to cut treatment duration new project ‘Predict-TB’ aims to cut treatment durationFMHS Marketing Office / FGGW Bemarkingskantoor<p>​Current treatment of TB is long, complicated to administer, and can have severe side-effects. To prevent recurrence of the disease after treatment is stopped patients undergoing treatment must take a combination of different antibiotics for at least six months– this often leads to improper adherence, which consequently can result in the development of multi-drug-resistant TB (MDR). Treatment for drug-resistant TB can take up to two years, and is yet more complex, expensive, and toxic. The staggering cost of curing MDR-TB poses a significant challenge to governments, health systems, and other payers – and still, many patients are unable to even access treatment. Among those who do receive treatment for MDR TB, only 50% survive.</p><p>Thus, shortening of standard treatment is a main priority of current TB research. Previous studies of treatment shortening, usually to four months, have all been unsuccessful when compared to standard six-month treatment. Six-month courses cure 95% of patients and shorter courses only 80-85% of patients.  This still means, however, that most patients are cured after four months - but we cannot currently know beforehand which patients belong to that group. If it were possible to identify the patients who only require four-month therapy, we would be able to reduce treatment duration in the vast majority of patients. </p><p>This is precisely what the Predict-TB consortium wants to do: </p><p>Over the next five years, the consortium, led by Prof. Clifton Barry from the US National Institutes of Health and Prof. Gerhard Walzl from Stellenbosch University in South Africa, is planning to develop a smart set of treatment stopping criteria, and a point-of-care device to measure immunological markers that can contribute to the decision making. The group will perform an ambitious phase 2B clinical trial in South Africa and China, looking at demographic, radiographic, bacteriologic and immunologic parameters, to answer two key questions:</p><ul><li>can those patients who cure with shorter treatment duration be identified? and </li><li>what combination of parameters can best identify these patients?</li></ul><p style="text-align:justify;">This new method – if successful – could be a true game changer, advancing treatment standards from the current practice of "one size fits all" to precision-guided individualised therapy, which would allow for shortened treatment in a significant proportion of drug sensitive TB patients.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">Millions of patients could benefit from a much shorter treatment. This will not only make their lives much easier: Reducing the TB burden will have a beneficial effect on the economic situation in many developing countries, and less drug resistance will benefit public health on a global scale.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">The Predict-TB project will receive over 20 million EUR funding from the EDCTP, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation through the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health, National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) and China Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST).</p>
Staff and students must heed water warning and students must heed water warningCorporate Communication / Korporatiewe Kommunikasie<p>Water restrictions should encourage staff and students at Stellenbosch University (SU) to be more careful about how they use water, said Meg Pittaway, an Environmental Specialist in the Facilities Management Division at SU, recently.<br></p><p>She was a guest on the campus radio station MFM and spoke about the importance of saving water across the different SU campuses.<br></p><p>In the interview, Pittaway drew listeners' attention to the announcement of the City of Cape that Level 5 water restrictions will take effect on the 1st of October.  </p><p>In terms of what this means for the University, she said, “if SU uses more than 20 kilolitres of water per month against the same time last year, it will be subject to excessive water consumption fines. People are also allowed to use 87 litres of water per day."<br></p><p>Pittaway also tried to put into perspective how much 87 litres of water are. “The average toilet flush uses about 10 litres of water. So three flushes are 30 litres."<br></p><p>She pointed out that according to estimations, students in residences are using well over the 87 litres per day.<br></p><p>“On campus we estimate that campus users may use up to 20 litres of water per day which must then be deducted from the 87 litres of water allowed at home to stay with the City's target and here we all can help by closing the tap when soaping your hands and washing cups together instead of individually."<br></p><p>Pittaway encouraged students to reduce their water consumption by showering for less than two minutes; by washing full loads when necessary, and by showering with a bucket and using that water for flushing toilets.<br></p><p>She said that they are busy installing more accurate meters to better measure this consumption.<br></p><p>“We are also in process of launching Project 80 which is an awareness campaign to inform students about water usage and how they can reduce their water usage," she added. <br></p><p>Pittaway pointed out that the approved Level 5 water restrictions are already effective from 3 September 2017 at the Tygerberg and Bellville Park campuses. <br></p><p> </p><p><br></p>