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Why photograph dragonflies?
Author: Engela Duvenage
Published: 08/12/2017

First-ever dragonfly-drone project needs public support to take flight

  • Researchers hope that public support through crowdfunding project will allow them to start a study on East African dragonflies.
  • Plan is to use drones to photograph dragonflies, and to ultimately understand the state of wetlands better.
  • It is the first time that drones will be used to monitor insects.
  • Crowdfunding project on Kickstarter platform ends 22 December 2017.


Do you want to give an early Christmas present to a researcher who is passionate about dragonflies? Then consider supporting a crowdfunding project that paves the way for a project using drones to photograph and identify dragonfly species found around the wetlands of Mozambique and the lakes of Uganda. If successful, it will be the first time that drone technology is used to sample anything other than mammals and birds.

This slightly out-of-the-box research project is the brainchild of Dr John Simaika, a research fellow of the Department of Soil Science at Stellenbosch University and postdoctoral researcher at IHE Delft Institute for Water Education, and Dr Paolo Paron, also of IHE Delft.

Their crowdfunding project on the Kickstarter platform will run until 22 December, and is called “Drones and dragons: tech for assessing wetland health". The overall goal of the project is to assess the state of wetland areas in the two African countries. It is supported by NatureUganda and the Maputo Natural Historical Institute, as well as the IHE Delft Institute for Water Education. One of the outputs of the projects will be a freely downloadable and shareable biomonitoring app that citizen scientists can use. It will use an online image recognition service.


“We are trying this fairly unconventional fundraising method, because we do not think that traditional scientific funding platforms are geared towards projects of this kind," says Dr John Simaika, co-author of a book that tells how to use dragonflies to assess the state of South African wetlands and rivers.


What needs to be funded?

The project team already has the drones needed to fly with, but are missing one crucial piece of equipment: a 100mm prime lens for the Sony Alpha camera. 


They are also raising funds to cover their running costs, consumables and travelling expenses. They hope to visit Uganda's major lakes and Mozambique's wetlands twice over the course of the next two years, to take note of how the dragonfly variety differs from season to season.


 “Dragonflies are large insects that are relatively easy to spot and to identify in the field, and are excellent indicators of water quality and freshwater health," explains Dr Simaika. “Their presence provides tell-tale information about the state of the environment, because some species are only found in undisturbed areas, while others are able to adapt to changes that are brought on by poor land management practices or human development."  

Drones will be used to take footage of dragonflies, while image recognition software will allow the researchers to count and identify the different species. “This avoids having someone sit for hours to review footage and count insects manually," explains Dr Simaika.


“Areas not easily accessed by foot, such as waterfalls or vegetation in wetlands, can be surveyed using the drones," says Dr Simaika. “Surveys can be repeated in the same areas thanks to the built-in GIS system in the drones. Because the footage is being captured electronically, the data can be uploaded, archived, shared and re-analyzed not only for the presence of dragonflies but other things like plant structure and health, and land cover change."


According to Dr Simaika, the use of such technology makes it possible for non-experts and non-scientists to do the actual monitoring work. “It provides the opportunity for people to become involved in the monitoring of wetland health on a voluntary basis," he explains.


For more information, visit or contact Dr Simaika on