Welkom by Universiteit Stellenbosch



Call for applications: Full-time PhD scholarships in the Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences for applications: Full-time PhD scholarships in the Arts, Humanities and Social SciencesLynne Rippenaar-Moses<p style="text-align:justify;"><span>​​T</span><span>h</span><span>e </span><span>Graduate School for Arts and Social Sciences </span><span>is a HOPE Project initiative in the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences at Stellenbosch University to strengthen and advance doctoral training and scholarship in Africa.</span><span> </span></p><p style="text-align:justify;">More than 180 doctoral students from 18 African countries, including South Africa, have enrolled in this scholarship programme since 2010. A total of 93 have successfully graduated, of which 78% completed in three years or less.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">​Suitable candidates who are citizens of any sub-Saharan African country are invited to apply for three-year full-time doctoral scholarships in the research programmes of the Faculty to commence studies in January 2018. Scholarships are available to the value of R 420 000.00 over three years.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">Collaborative research, supervision and exchange will be encouraged through the Partnership for Africa's Next Generation of Academics (PANGeA) involving leading universities across Africa.<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">Further information on the partially structured doctoral scholarship programme, eligibility and selection criteria, and application process is available online at <a href="/graduateschool"></a></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><strong>THE ​CLOSING DATE FOR APPLICATIONS IS 25 AUGUST 2017.</strong></p>
Mental illnesses among youth often ignored, says SU expert illnesses among youth often ignored, says SU expertCorporate Communication / Korporatiewe Kommunikasie [Alec Basson]<p>​Young people with mental health problems, especially those in low- and middle-income countries, are often being left in the lurch when they need help. They don't always get the necessary treatment despite the fact that mental illnesses among young people are on the increase globally. <br></p><p>“Mental health problems among young people are serious. If left untreated, they can adversely impact young people's social, personal and academic development. Young people with mental illnesses also face problems with social stigma, isolation and discrimination," says Dr Jason Bantjes a senior lecturer in the Department of Psychology at Stellenbosch University (SU). Bantjes does research on the suicide prevention and the promotion of mental health. His work is supported by a grant from the South African Medical Research Council.<br></p><p>Bantjes says it would be naive to think that young people do not develop serious mental health problems like anxiety disorders and depression. Young people are also prone to stress- and trauma-related disorders, and behavioural disorders, including problems with attention and impulse control. <br></p><p>“The fact that the theme for this year's World Mental Health Day (10 October) is 'Young people and mental health in a changing world,' shows that this is much more serious than we may think."</p><p>Bantjes also points to studies that highlight the gravity of the situation.<br></p><p>“The World Health Organisation reports that worldwide between 10 and 20% of children and adolescents have mental health problems. Approximately half of all mental illnesses begin by the age of 14 and three-quarters start by the time an individual is in his/her mid-20s, although these often go undiagnosed and untreated."<img class="ms-rtePosition-2" alt="SU Student Mental Health Infographic-english.jpg" src="/english/PublishingImages/Lists/dualnews/My%20Items%20View/SU%20Student%20Mental%20Health%20Infographic-english.jpg" style="margin:5px;width:476px;height:333px;" /><br></p><p>“A large international study found that one-fifth (20.3%) of university students experienced a mental disorder in the previous 12 months; 83.1% of these cases had pre-matriculation onsets."<br></p><p>“Ongoing research as part of the Caring Universities Project, undertaken by a consortium of researchers from UCT and SU, suggest that only about only about one fifth of first-year students with a mental health problem receive treatment."<br></p><p>“Closer to home, a study of school-aged children in Cape Town found that 22.2% of children met diagnostic criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder."<br></p><p>While genetic factors and temperament play a role in predisposing young people to mental illness, Bantjes says there's evidence that early childhood adversity makes individuals vulnerable to mental and physical health problems.  He adds that the psychological wellbeing of children also suffers when their parents have untreated mental health problems.<br></p><p>Bantjes says it remains a concern that in many parts of the developing world, young people with mental illness struggle to access effective evidence-based mental health care and face the possibility of exclusion from educational institutions. <br></p><p>“Left untreated childhood mental disorders persist into adulthood and cause impairments in both physical and mental health. Longstanding mental health problems impede a person's ability to lead a fulfilling live, form mutually satisfying relationships, and be an active engaged member of their communities."<br></p><p>According to Bantjes, there are many reasons why so many young people with mental health problems do not receive the help they need.  <br></p><p>“Common barriers to accessing care in low- and middle-income countries include ignorance about the signs and symptoms of childhood disorders, a lack of understanding about children's emotional and attachment needs, a lack of suitably qualified mental health professionals, and inadequate child and adolescent mental health services."<br></p><p>He says it is not always easy to recognise a young person with a mental illness. <br></p><p>“Sometimes we dismiss the signs and symptoms and think that the person is being demanding or is just going through a 'difficult phase'."  <br></p><p>“When it comes to children who need psychological care, it is not uncommon for them to be labelled as naughty or uncooperative by those who don't understand the emotional needs of children and don't recognise that children sometimes use challenging behaviour to communicate psychological distress." <br></p><p>Bantjes calls for accessible, affordable and effective psychiatric and mental health care services for young people and their families, as early intervention and the provision of evidence-based treatments is one of the cornerstones of promoting mental health.<br></p><p>“Schools, universities and families have an important role to play in facilitating young people's social and psychological development and building their resilience. We need schools and universities which are safe, free of bullying, and where young people can find a sense of belonging and connectedness."<br></p><p>Bantjes says we must help young people learn interpersonal skills, so that they foster mutually satisfying relationships, since interpersonal connections act as buffers against the vicissitudes of life.<br></p><ul><li>​Photo courtesy of Pixabay.<br></li><li>Infographic by Nicolas Dorfling (Corporate Communication Division).<br></li></ul><p><strong>FOR MEDIA ENQUIRIES ONLY</strong></p><p>Dr Jason Bantjes</p><p>Department of Psychology</p><p>Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences<br></p><p>Stellenbosch University</p><p>Tel: 021 808 2665<br></p><p>E-mail: <a href=""></a>    </p><p><strong> </strong><strong>       ISSUED BY</strong></p><p>Martin Viljoen<br></p><p>Manager: Media</p><p>Corporate Communication</p><p>Stellenbosch University</p><p>Tel: 021 808 4921</p><p>E-mail: <a href=""></a>  </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p><br> </p>
First cohort of Graduate School's Lisa Maskell fellows obtain their PhD degrees ​ cohort of Graduate School's Lisa Maskell fellows obtain their PhD degrees ​Lynne Rippenaar-Moses​<span style="text-align:justify;"> The first cohort of Lisa Maskell fellows consisting of five doctoral students graduated with their PhD degrees on Thursday, 22 March. The Lisa Maskell fellowships are awarded by the Gerda Henkel Foundation in Germany.</span><div><div style="text-align:justify;">​<br></div><span style="text-align:justify;"></span><p style="text-align:justify;">The fellowship was initiated in 2014 to coincide with Lisa Maskell's 100<sup>th</sup> birthday. The Gerda Henkel Foundation was founded by Lisa Maskell. To mark her 100 birthday, the Foundation introduced the scholarship programme to support young humanities scholars from Africa and South East Asia. The fellowship is the largest international support programme for doctoral students in the history of the Foundation.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">The fellowship programme is coordinated in Africa on behalf of the Gerda Henkel Foundation by the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences at Stellenbosch University and the Graduate School of the College of Humanities and Social Sciences at Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda. Doctoral candidates are granted a triennial PhD scholarship grant at one of these Graduate Schools, with candidates from all Sub-Saharan states eligible to apply. Both universities form part of the Partnership for Africa's Next Generation of Academics (PANGeA), a collaborative network of leading African universities developing research capacity and confidence in bringing African expertise to Africa's challenges. The universities involved in the PANGeA network are the University of Botswana, the University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania, the University of Ghana, Makerere University, the University of Malawi, the University of Nairobi in Kenya, Stellenbosch University, and the University of Yaoundé I in Cameroon.<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">“We are very proud of our first fellows who have worked extremely hard to earn their degrees. They did so in less time than many of our European PhD scholars – another clear indication that the graduate school in Stellenbosch is a well-organised and highly effective institute for higher education in Africa. We hope that our sponsorship for Stellenbosch University and for the Graduate School at Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda, can in the long run make a modest contribution to foster excellent academic achievements for Africans in Africa. And I am convinced that some of these bright young women and men will one day reach leadership positions – be it in academia, government, business or NGOs – and will thus contribute to play an important role for the future development of society in their home countries and beyond," said Dr Michael Hanssler, the Chair of the Executive Board of the Foundation.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">Dr Cindy Steenekamp, the Chair of the Graduate School Board, said that the partnership with Gerda Henkel has helped the Graduate School to reach many of its goals over the last five years.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">“It has been amazing for us to partner with donors who share in our vision of higher education in Africa. Many projects fail because of the incompatibility between a donor's expectations and the reality of the project they are supporting. The Gerda Henkel Foundation shares our vision and supports our academic project without being prescriptive or dictating operations. They acknowledge the expertise within and considerable success of the Graduate School, respect the partnerships we have developed with the rest of Africa and they support and encourage those endeavours," said Steenekamp.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">Doctoral scholarships such as the three-year full-time scholarship provided by the Graduate School are very expensive.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">“Donors make a substantial financial investment into an intellectual resource which only starts to pay dividends after three years. To work with a Foundation that has the patience to allow their investment to grow and mature over time so that we may make a meaningful contribution to the arts, humanities and social sciences on the African continent is essential for our continued success," added Steenekamp.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">The support the Graduate School has received from the Foundation has also made it possible for the school to gain international exposure and has opened up additional avenues of sponsorships.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">“Because we have secured a long term financial commitment from a philanthropic organisation with the calibre of the Gerda Henkel Foundation, other donors are also willing to come on board and partner with us. Without the foundation's continued support, many of these opportunities would not have been possible."</p><p style="text-align:justify;">The students that benefitted from the fellowships include Dr Sibongile Mpofu, who graduated in December 2017, and Drs Hezron Kangalawe, Serah Kasembeli, Neema Laizer and Herbert Ndomba, all of whom were awarded their doctoral degrees at yesterday's graduation ceremony.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">The fellowship, said many of the graduates, enabled them to pursue PhD studies which would not have been an option for them because of financial constraints.</p><p>“As a parent, I would not have managed to forego my salary, as I needed to take care of my children. So, the scholarship, while it did not meet all the needs, made a difference to alleviate the financial constraints," said Dr Sibongile Mpofu from the National University of Science and Technology in Zimbabwe.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">Adds Kangalawe of the University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania: “Financially, this fellowship has helped me in many ways, first by paying the tuition fee which I could not raise as an individual, or through my university, Dar es Salaam. Sometimes I used to save part of my bursary for travel expenses at the end of the year to visit Dar es Salaam. Without this fellowship, at any rate, obtaining my PhD degree could take much longer."</p><p style="text-align:justify;">“Without this fellowship, I would not have got the opportunity to pursue my PhD degree <br>at the Graduate School of Stellenbosch University. This fellowship covered important <br>parts of my doctoral training, like fees and stipends and the remaining aspects of air tickets and research funds I could secure through my employer," said Ndomba also from the University of Dar es Salaam.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">Some students also chose to study at Stellenbosch University based on the excellent record of the Graduate School and the efficient supervision of its academic staff.<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">“Stellenbosch University is a reputable and highly rated institution, and the availability of scholarships contributed to the decision to apply there. In addition, I also researched the expertise available in my field, and discovered that SU was the best choice for me. I got to be mentored by some of the best experts in my field and got exposed to research activities through seminars – this helped me succeed in my studies," said Mpofu.</p><p>But what's certain for all of these fellows, is that the Lisa Maskell fellowship has opened many more doors for them now that they have completed their doctorates.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">“The fellowship has significantly changed my life. For three years of my doctoral training I have benefited a lot through various postgraduate training, workshops, seminars and field research and report writing. Therefore, through these training opportunities I have become a young African professional scholar, researcher and academic. Today I am the first PhD holder at Ndongosi village in Ruvuma Region in Southern Tanzania, the village which was formed in the early 1960s just after the independence of Tanzania, and a lecturer of the University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania," said Ndomba.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">“I wish to ask and encourage our donors to continue supporting this programme because by doing so they are empowering a young African generation not just in fighting against ignorance, poverty and diseases in Africa but they are supporting the achievement of the global Sustainable Development Goals," he added.</p><p style="text-align:justify;"><em> <style> p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal { margin:0cm; margin-bottom:.0001pt; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif; } .MsoChpDefault { font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif; } div.WordSection1 { } </style> <em><span style="font-size:11pt;font-family:calibri, sans-serif;">Photo: The first cohort of Lisa Maskell Fellows who completed their degree via the Graduate School of Arts and Social Sciences received their doctorates on Thursday, 22 March. Here they are with representatives from the Gerda Henkel Foundation, which allocates the Lisa Maskell Fellowships. From left to right are Dr Michael Hanssler (Chair of the Executive Board at the Gerda Henkel Foundation), Dr Serah Kasembeli, Dr Herbert Ndomba, Dr Hezron Kangalawe, Mr Jens Christian Schneider (Project Manager: Lisa Maskell Fellowships) and Dr Neema Laizer.</span></em> (Anton Jordaan, SSFD)</em></p></div>
Africa Open student and staff member win HSS Awards Open student and staff member win HSS AwardsLynne Rippenaar-Moses<p style="text-align:justify;">Kyle Shepherd, an award-winning international pianist and composer from South Africa, who also happens to be a Masters graduate (cum laude)  of the Africa Open Institute (AOI) at Stellenbosch University (SU), and AOI staff member, Prof Christine Lucia, have been awarded South African Humanities and Social Sciences (HSS) Awards.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">Shepherd received the HSS Award: Book, Creative Collection and Digital Contribution 2018 and Lucia received the HSS Award: Best Digital Humanities Project for Community Engagement.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">Shepherd received the award for the Best Musical Composition for the film score he composed for the internationally acclaimed film <em>Noem My Skollie,</em><em> </em>based on the true story of former gangster John W. Fredericks which was penned by the former convict himself.  </p><p style="text-align:justify;">“I am incredibly honoured to have received this very prestigious award. As a musician and composer I make music that serves the purpose of communication – with an audience, so to speak. An Award is an absolute plus side to the honour of working on such a great piece as <em>Noem My Skollie.</em><em> </em>I am very thankful for the acknowledgement," says Shepherd who, together with pianist Nduduzo Makhathini, made history by becoming the first MMus graduates in Jazz Performance at SU when they graduated in March 2018. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">Both Shepherd and Makhathini were students of the AOI, an independent music research institute of the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences at SU that focuses on music, research and innovation. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">Lucia received the award for her project which involved the research, transcription, translation, editing and publishing of the choral music of Bataung clan member Joshua Pulumo Mohapeloa. The Joshua Pulumo Mahopeloa Critical Edition in Six Volumes was written over several years, with the second edition published in 2016. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">In her acceptance speech, Lucia noted that the award acknowledged “… not only…my own work, it acknowledges a very important musical area of South African culture that has been overlooked as a research field - African choral music and the writing of African composition. This award puts not just my project but all the music composed by African composers in the past and the present, laboring away in their homes with little hope of fame or fortune, into the limelight."</p><p style="text-align:justify;">The HSS Awards is hosted by the National Institute for Humanities and Social Sciences (NIHSS) which aims to “advance and co-ordinate scholarship, research and ethical practice in the fields of Humanities and the Social Sciences (HSS) within and through the existing public universities and those to be established or declared in future as public universities". It also focuses on broadly enhancing and supporting the “HSS in South Africa and beyond, as well as to advise government and civil society on HSS related matters" through its programmes which include Doctoral Schools, Catalytic Projects, the African Pathways Programme, and through supporting the Department of Higher Education and Training (DHET) in the implementation of the proposed corrective interventions". </p><p style="text-align:justify;">The awards laud the preeminent creative contributions of academics, curators and artists based at participating South African universities, who are working to advance HSS.Altogether 39 non-fiction books, nine fiction books, 10 creative collections and seven digital contributions, which represented 23 publishers, were received and judged by more than 30 esteemed judges and reviewers.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">“The HSS Awards were born of a strategic intent to build a robust post-apartheid higher education system shaped by an equally spirited HSS, while promoting, recognising and celebrating members of the HSS community who are creating post-apartheid and post-colonial forms of scholarship, creative and digital humanities productions," said Prof Sarah Mosoetsa, the CEO of the NIHSS.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">“They honour outstanding, innovative and socially responsive scholarship as well as digital contributions," she added.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">“Kyle's achievement, weeks after he graduated, is something all of us at AOI celebrate. It is an honour for Stellenbosch University to welcome such a celebrated musician as a new alumnus. Christine Lucia's work is in many different ways a benchmark for music scholarship in South Africa, and we value her association with AOI as an Honorary Professor where she is pursuing research on the music of Michael Moerane as part of the Andrew W Mellon Delinking Encounters project," said Prof Stephanus Muller, the Director of the AOI. </p><p style="text-align:justify;"><em>Photo: Prof Christine Lucia (left) and Kyle Shepherd during one of his concerts were both awarded</em><em> </em><em>South African Humanities and Social Sciences (HSS) Awards recently</em><em>. (Photographer: Gregory Franz) </em></p>
Music graduate shares her passion with local community graduate shares her passion with local communityCorporate Communication/Korporatiewe Kommunikasie [Rozanne Engel]<p>​​​​<br></p><p>For Marlise Theron, creating music daily is not the only driving force in her life anymore. Spending time teaching music to young children in the Cloetesville community has brought her a deeper appreciation for her craft and also a sense of purpose to share that passion with others less fortunate than herself.</p><p>Theron, who hails from Stellenbosch, was awarded the degree of BMus in Music Education cum laude at Stellenbosch University's graduation ceremony for the Faculty of Arts and Social Science on Thursday (13 December). She is also a recipient of the 2018 Conservatoire Stipendium, which is the Music Department's highest award for its most exceptional student. </p><p>Says Theron: “My whole life is steeped in music. I'm really passionate about music and music education. I'm very lucky in the sense that my passion is something that I study and it's something that I unwind with and share with other people."</p><p>Theron, along with other students of the Music Department participated in the ATKV's Abbasorg and Rietenbosch Project during the course of their studies. This project respectively caters to preschool students and elementary school learners from the Cloetesville community. It was started by Danell Muller, a lecturer at SU's Music Department, who along with Theron, Rozelle Wilken, Jolandi Hanekom, Chandre Windvogel, Rachel Mertens and Jessica October, helped to raise some R60,000 for the Rietenbosch Primary School by means of a music concert. </p><p>Says Theron: “Music education is such a rich field. I think it's a noble art to practise, because you have a huge responsibility to carry on making music and convey it to the next generation.</p><p>Apart from her involvement in the Rietenbosch Project, she also helped to organise and facilitate the 2018 Con Serve Eisteddfod for the broader Stellenbosch community, where among 80 participants a 76-year old woman from the Stellenbosch community made her debut. It has become quite clear that her work in Cloetesville has helped to build mutual trust and sound relationships between people, eradicating barriers that have kept communities apart for too long.  </p><p>Theron elaborates: “Music lessons can be seen as a privilege and not an essential for many people. At times when you are a music student it can feel as if you are living in a bubble, where you practice your instrument, and you are fully involved in your own professional music-making world. The ATKV Abbasorg and Rietenbosch Project is a wonderful community initiative and it was a fantastic experience to be part of."</p><p>Theron believes that more music students should consider studying Music Education as it gives one a larger perspective on life and is a wonderful and enriching experience. </p><p>She makes her point as follows: “Unfortunately there are still not many people opting for music education. The future for music education in this country is so incredibly rich and the opportunities are absolutely endless. Studying music education really makes one such a complete musician. There's a misconception that those who do performance have made it, while those who study music education have not made it. However, when you study music education, it does not prevent you to still continue with your music career and it opens a bigger musical world to you."</p><p>Theron has been accepted to study for an Honours degree in Violin performance in 2019, and she fervently hopes to continue sharing her passion for music with the greater Stellenbosch community. <br></p><p>Photo by Stefan Els.<br></p><p><br> </p>
Prof Pumla Gobodo-Madikizela receives third honorary doctorate Pumla Gobodo-Madikizela receives third honorary doctorateCorporate Communication / Korporatiewe Kommunikasie [Alec Basson]<p>​Professor Pumla Gobodo-Madikizela, Research Chair in Studies in Historical Trauma and Transformation at Stellenbosch University (SU), received an honorary doctorate from Rhodes University in Grahamstown on Friday (12 April 2019). This was her third honorary degree after having been honoured in similar fashion by Holy Cross College in Massachusetts, USA and Friedlich Shiller University Jena in Germany. <br></p><p>Gobodo-Madikizela, an alumna of Rhodes University, received the degree Doctor of Laws (LLD), honoris causa, for her trailblazing work to research topics such as guilt, remorse, forgiveness, the dialogue between perpetrators and victims as well as the way in which trauma is experienced by individuals and in political systems. <br></p><p>Rhodes University praised her for her contribution to trauma research and her efforts to relay the stories of victims, to humanise offenders and to bring a message of hope, empathy, dialogue, forgiveness and reconciliation to a society characterised by violence and trauma. <br></p><p>In her <a href="/english/Documents/newsclips/A%20New%20Vision%20of%20the%20Postclolonial%20-%20Rhodes%20Award.pdf" style="text-decoration:underline;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0" style="text-decoration:underline;"><strong>acceptance speech</strong></span>​</a>, Gobodo-Madikizela expressed her gratitude for the honour bestowed upon her. She said she was fully aware of the honour and challenge locked up in this award that came from a university that encouraged his alumni to lead and to be torchbearers. She encouraged the graduands to take up their places as leaders in society and to campaign for justice and equity. <br></p><p>This is the third time that Gobodo-Madikizela was honoured by Rhodes University. She received the institution's Social Change and Distinguished Old Rhodian Award in 2010 and 2017 respectively. </p><p>She was a member of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission's Human Rights Violations Committee. She has received several international and national awards and the National Research Foundation has acknowledged her as a researcher of high international standing.<br></p><p>Since 2017, Gobodo-Madikizela has been serving as research advisor and global academic at the Queen's University in Belfast. This position is affiliated to the Senator George Mitchell Institute for Global Peace, Security and Justice where she holds a World Leading Researcher Professorship. <br></p><p>Gobodo-Madikizela also held research fellowships at Harvard University's Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard Kennedy School's Carr Center for Human Rights Policy and the Claude Ake Visiting Chair, a collaboration between the Department of Peace and Conflict Research at the Uppsala University in Sweden and the Nordic Africa Institute. <br></p><p>Profs George Ellis, Ian Scott, Glenda Gray and Ms Okunike Monica Okundaye-Davis also received honorary doctorates at the same graduation ceremony in Grahamstown. SU awarded an honorary degree to Gray in 2017. <br></p><p><strong>Photo</strong>: Prof Pumla Gobodo-Madikizela receiving her honorary doctorate from Dr Adele Moodly, Registrar of Rhodes University.<br></p><ul><li>The University of Cape Town will award an honorary doctoral degree to Prof Jonathan Jansen, Distinguished Professor at SU's Faculty of Education, in December 2019. <br></li></ul><p><br></p>
Deciding whose lives really matter in a pandemic whose lives really matter in a pandemicLeslie Swartz, Vic McKinney & Emma McKinney <p>South Africans with disabilities should also have equal access to life-sustaining healthcare during the COVID-19 pandemic. This is the plea of Prof Leslie Swartz (Department of Psychology) and Drs Vic McKinney (University of Cape Town) and Emma McKinney (University of the Western Cape) in a recent article for Mail & Guardian.<br></p><ul><li>​Read the complete article below or click <a href="" style="text-decoration:underline;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0" style="text-decoration:underline;"><strong>here</strong></span></a> for the piece as published.</li></ul><p><strong>Deciding whose lives really matter in a pandemic</strong><br></p><p><strong>Vic McKinney, Emma McKinney & Leslie Swartz*</strong><br></p><p>In a recent article for <a href="" style="text-decoration:underline;"><strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0" style="text-decoration:underline;">The Conversation</strong></a>, Prof Keymanthri Moodley from the Centre for Medical Ethics & Law at Stellenbosch University notes that healthcare workers will have an unenviable responsibility to make difficult and “soul-wrenching decisions" regarding prioritising who will have access to ventilators as the COVID-19 pandemic takes hold.  It is important in South Africa and elsewhere for there to be protocols to assist decision-makers with what will be burdensome decisions.  In a context where need outstrips demand, there is really no single right way to decide on how to ration life-saving care.  </p><p>We are positioned in a very particular way regarding this issue, and we believe that putting a personal face to the debate may be helpful.  A fundamental question that is addressed implicitly in many ethical codes is one that is close to us:  whose lives really matter? We ask what will happen to the 15% of South Africans with disabilities who may be deemed as less eligible than others to access healthcare.  Will they receive equal consideration for life-sustaining healthcare in the context of the pandemic? <br></p><p>We have, as the phrase goes, skin in the game. Vic is a father of two young energetic boys, a part-time lecturer and researcher, and a holder of a PhD. He is also a motorised wheelchair user, a C4 quadriplegic paralysed from the shoulders down. He is privileged, living in his own home, with electricity, running water and access to full-time care assistants who assist him with basic daily functions. His wife, Emma, also holds a PhD and is a lecturer and researcher. She too has a disability – she has a hearing impairment. Leslie is a friend, and a disability scholar and activist. <br></p><p>Here is some of the story of Vic and Emma over the past few weeks.  Before lockdown, we spoke about our fears regarding COVID-19.  What would happen if we caught it? Would we be given treatment? Would Vic be ventilated? Vic is unable to cough properly because his chest muscles are paralysed, and contracting COVID-19 would most likely be devastating. We discussed how we would tell our two young sons, aged eight and five. Vic has started writing letters to them for when they are older and he is no longer with them. Vic is our boys' rock, a very 'hands-on' dad. How would Emma explain that their father's life was seen as being worth less than others deemed 'more healthy' and more able to contribute to society? <br></p><p>Vic was kept alive by a life support-breathing machine for five weeks after becoming paralysed in a road accident 32 years ago and has led a fulfilling healthy life as a quadriplegic since then. It would be a sad irony if his death was a result of the same apparatus not being available.<br></p><p>Emma worries about getting ill and not being able to lip-read the masked healthcare workers. There are lovely images of plastic fronted masks circulating on social media platforms, but realistically this is unlikely to be a reality. <br></p><p>American philosopher and disability scholar Eva Kittay recently <a href="" style="text-decoration:underline;"><strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0" style="text-decoration:underline;">noted</strong></a><strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0" style="text-decoration:underline;"> </strong>the lack of attention given by the media to those who are classified as being 'vulnerable.' She shares her personal experiences relating to her daughter who has a rare genetic condition and who has severe limited cognitive and motor abilities. Kittay compares COVID-19 and people with disabilities to “sitting on that sand beach watching and waiting for a tsunami." </p><p>Similarly, journalist Emily Beater <a href="" style="text-decoration:underline;"><strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0" style="text-decoration:underline;">argues</strong></a><span style="text-decoration:underline;"> </span>that political and cultural attitudes in talking about coronavirus excludes disabled people. Our personal experiences of peoples' insensitivity towards those living with a disability are echoed in Beater's article. We put these down to a lack of education and ignorance and have received many awkward comments and questions over the years. </p><p>When it comes to COVID-19, as people who may be particularly vulnerable, we feel angry when people we know ignore the lockdown rules and use the “We will be fine and it just others that need to worry." We are worried. We are so fearful that we have decided to lockdown with only one care assistant. In order to live, since his accident Vic has need 24 hour care, and we have traditionally employed two care workers on a shift basis.  Now, because of the pandemic, we have the same person in our home 24/7 for weeks.  For all this time he is unable to be with his family. This is because our alternative care assistant cannot guarantee that he is able to self-isolate for 2-weeks due to where he lives. The risk is just too high. <br></p><p>Our story is one of privilege, but many of the issues are not unique.  How will people who are Deaf, whose primary means of communication is sign language, understand what doctors are saying? How will people with visual disabilities and children with autism, for example, cope with not being permitted to be accompanied by family members or friend? Will people such as those with quadriplegia receive assistance to change their position regularly to reduce health threatening pressure sores, a wholly preventable cause of death but easily fatal without care?</p><p>As a family, we try to maintain a positive outlook on life. However. COVID-19 has forced us and many others, to consider our quality-of-life, future and mortality as never before. On the afternoon before the lockdown we paid a photographer to take family photographs in a local park. We smiled a lot and had a relatively good time. However, we experienced an underlying anxiety of what was to come Potentially, these could be our last photographs together.<br></p><p>Moodley's article referred to above concludes with the need to have a standardised national prioritisation plan in place in order to effectively respond to the pandemic. We agree fully.  At a time of crisis we need to do the best we can to use resources in as fair a way as possible.  As most South Africans are aware, health resources in our country have historically been withheld from people on the basis of race gender, and age.  Members of the LGBTQ+ community continue to face difficulties accessing appropriate healthcare.  <br></p><p>It is hard to know, especially in times of crisis, how rationing decisions are made, with many of necessity being made on the spur of the moment, and drawing on unstated assumptions.  This is inevitable, and not a judgement on those forced to make such decisions in a time of crisis.  At the heart of rationing decisions is an implicit question about who counts fully as a person, whose life has value and meaning, whose life means something to the lives of others.  <br></p><p>We do not have the answer to all the difficult questions, but our appeal is simple.  Don't assume that a life lived with a disability, however difficult that life may appear from the outside, is without meaning, worth and value.  We ask everyone take our words seriously for our own sakes, but also for the sakes of millions of other disabled people with disabilities in South Africa. Please don't count us out yet.<br></p><ul><li><strong>Photo</strong>: Drs Vic McKinney, Emma McKinney, and their two sons: <strong>Photographer</strong>: Shirley Emms</li></ul><p><strong>*Drs Vic McKinney and Emma McKinney are affiliated with the University of Cape Town and the University of the Western Cape respectively. Prof Leslie Swartz is a</strong> <strong>Distinguished Professor of Psychology at Stellenbosch University.</strong></p><p> </p><p><br></p>
Denis Goldberg “Life is Wonderful” (A tribute) Goldberg “Life is Wonderful” (A tribute) Fiona Grayer <p><strong>​​Denis Goldberg “Life is Wonderful"</strong></p><p>(11 April 1933 – 29 April 2020)<br></p><p><em>Tribute by the Department of Music / Konservatorium.</em><br></p><p></p><p>Denis Goldberg, humanist, freedom fighter, anti-apartheid activist, high command <em>uMkhonto we Sizwe</em>, political prisoner, tireless social campaigner and one of the two last surviving Rivonia trialists has died after a protracted battle with lung cancer. He was 87. </p><p>​Born in Cape Town in 1933, Goldberg grew up in a home committed to fighting apartheid. His parents, Annie and Sam Goldberg, were both born in London, the children of Lithuanian Jews who emigrated to England in the latter half of the 19th century. While a student at the University of Cape Town studying civil engineering, Goldberg joined the Modern Youth Society in 1953. He was involved with the Congress of the People and the shaping of the Freedom Charter in 1954/55, and was detained under the State of Emergency for four months in 1960 after the Sharpeville massacre. Goldberg joined the ANC's armed wing <em>uMkhonto weSizwe</em> and on 11 July 1963, was arrested at Liliesleaf farm in Rivonia, Johannesburg. At the age of 31, he was the youngest man in the dock during the Rivonia Trial. Other defendants included Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu  Govan Mbeki, Elias Motsoaledi, Ahmed Kathrada, James Kantor, Lionel (Rusty) Bernstein, Raymond Mhlaba, Bob Hepple and Andrew Mlangeni. All the men, except Bernstein and Kantor, were charged and found guilty under the Sabotage Act with conspiracy to overthrow the state and other charges. </p><p>On 12 June 1964 when the judge sentenced Denis and his comrades to four terms of life imprisonment instead of execution, Denis called out to his anxious mother with a smile on his face “It's life, and life is wonderful." Goldberg spent 22 years of his life in prison before he was released on 28 February 1985.</p><p>After his release he went into exile in London where he joined his family. In London he resumed his work for the ANC in its London office from 1985 to 1994. He was a spokesperson for the ANC and also represented it at the Anti-Apartheid Committee of the United Nations. For many years, Goldberg travelled abroad extensively to speak about South Africa and the work needed to transform it.</p><p>In 1988 a large group of USA organisations presented Goldberg with the Albert Luthuli African Peace Award in recognition of his work against apartheid. On the first anniversary of South Africa's first democratic election, Goldberg founded Community H.E.A.R.T. (Health Education And Reconstruction Training), a London-based charity that has raised millions of rands for the Rape Crisis Cape Town Trust and to date, it has donated more than three million books for children, among other things. Several other recognitions and awards followed and in 2019, the African National Congress bestowed its highest order, the <em>Isithwalandwe / Seaparankoe</em> award, on Denis Goldberg. President Cyril Ramaphosa, in bestowing this honour on Goldberg and several others said: “Their contribution to the struggle for humane social relations must continue to guide and inspire our actions. The literal translation of <em>Isithwalandwe</em>, “are the ones who wear the plumes of the rare bird", and have shown themselves to be among the bravest warriors of our people in pursuit of social justice."</p><p>In 2016, Stellenbosch University honoured Denis Goldberg at the 13th Stellenbosch International Chamber Music Festival (SICMF), where <em>Moments in a Life</em>, a work commissioned by the SICMF, composed by Matthijs van Dijk, and performed with Goldberg reading his own autobiographical text, had an emotionally stirring world premiere in the Endler Hall. The text of Van Dijk's work, was extracted from Goldberg's autobiography, <em>A life for freedom – The mission to end racism in South Africa</em>, with stories of various pivotal moments in Goldberg's life. With regard to his musical treatment of Goldberg's text, Van Dijk said: “Because the stories deal with a period from 1939 to the present day, I opted to use a very eclectic musical style, encompassing ideas that range from the cinematic to very banal 1980s glam rock/hair metal, combined with snippets of club music, representing the artificial 'theatricism' and perversity of the media circus surrounding the Rivonia Trial, as well as 'free jazz' and minimalist ideas in the prison years to convey a feeling of confinement." (The full performance of this work can be viewed on <a href=""></a>) </p><p>In an interview with Mark Gevisser before the concert, Goldberg shared his thoughts on the importance of music and how it shaped his life. He mentioned that his own obsessive love for music was not interrupted during his 22 years in prison. “Me and my inmates were allowed to purchase a long playing record every second month and during that time we had a collection of more than 800 – mainly classical, but also jazz and later African music, including penny-whistle recordings. A record player and amplifier was kept in a warden's office and we listened to those recordings on Sunday evenings," Goldberg said. These activities served to strengthen his love of music and his quest for freedom – not necessarily his own, but that of South Africa and its people.</p><p>Denis Goldberg has devoted his time and energy to social projects of all kinds and specifically, over the past few years, to setting up the Denis Goldberg Legacy Foundation Trust. This Trust is committed to creating the House of Hope, a centre in his home town of Hout Bay, which will facilitate the building of cultural and social bridges through Art and Culture of all types. It is intended to be a home for the many creative projects around Cape Town and the broader peninsula. Painting, drawing, drama, writing and language skills in English, Afrikaans and isiXhosa will be the core explorations. IT literacy and computer skills will also be a vital part of the centre. Besides various studios for the projects, the House of Hope will see the creation of a world class performance space with a state of the art recording studio, putting it on par with similar institutions around the world, providing young and aspiring South African artists with a platform for international collaboration. Experience has shown how, even in a severely historically divided society such as that of South Africa, people – especially children and youth – come together through music, singing, and dance of all kinds. To show its support for the initiative, the Western Cape provincial government offered the Denis Goldberg Legacy Foundation Trust a 99-year lease of the site, in Andrews Road, Hout Bay, which houses the Hout Bay Museum. In September 2018, the Trust signed the lease agreement with the Museum Board of Trustees and on 13 February 2020, Denis Goldberg attended the first intercultural event hosted on the new site where the House of Hope will be built.</p><p>After years of activism, Denis Goldberg said that the connections that can be made through music and art feel more important than ever to him. “People matter," he says, “I feel the whole point of being in politics is about people. For me it's not about power." </p><p>Young people will also gain knowledge and understanding of South Africa and its history through exposure to the Denis Goldberg gallery as well as the museum. The gallery will house both the art collection which Denis has built up over many years and which represents many spheres of South African society as seen through his eyes; and a permanent exhibition depicting Denis Goldberg's life and contribution to a democratic South Africa.</p><p>Denis Goldberg is remembered with warmth, affection and gratitude as a humble and compassionate mensch who gave his life in pursuit of freedom and human rights for the common man and who dedicated himself to the service of humanity. An extraordinary and courageous freedom fighter who lived to see the fulfilment of the mission of his generation of achieving political liberation and putting in place good foundations for a democratically governed South Africa.</p><p>Rest in peace Denis Goldberg (11 April 1933 – 29 April 2020)<br></p><ul><li><em><strong>Article by Fiona Grayer, </strong><strong>Artistic Manager of the Department of Music, Stellenbosch University </strong></em></li><li><em></em><em></em><i><strong>Photo:  Stellenbosch University honoured Denis Goldberg at the 13th Stellenbosch International Chamber Music Festival in 2016. </strong><br></i><br></li></ul><p>​<br><br></p>
SA’s science on the up’s science on the upCorporate Communication / Korporatiewe Kommunikasie [Alec Basson]<p>It might not always seem that way, but South African science is actually doing very well especially in terms of the number of scientific papers and international collaborations. <br></p><p>This one of the major findings of a recent <a href="/english/Documents/newsclips/SciBytes@SciSTIP_02.pdf" style="text-decoration:underline;"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0" style="text-decoration:underline;"><strong>report</strong></span></a> at Stellenbosch University (SU). </p><p>“Our report shows that South Africa's performance in terms of publication output, international collaboration and citation impact over the past seventeen years has improved significantly," says SU researchers Prof Johann Mouton and Dr Jaco Blanckenberg who compiled the brief report. Mouton is the Director of SciSTIP, a Department of Science and Technology/National Research Foundation Centre of Excellence in Scientometrics and Science, Technology and Innovation Policy in SU's Centre for Research on Evaluation, Science and Technology (CREST). Blanckenberg is a post-doctoral fellow at CREST and SciSTIP.<br></p><p>Using the Web of Science database, which consist of many collections, Mouton and Blanckenberg assessed South Africa's bibliometric (the scientific measurement of research documents) performance by looking at 'articles' and 'review articles'. They excluded books, book chapters and conference proceedings. As far as the database itself is concerned, they focused on the Web of Science Core Collection which consists of three Citation Databases: the Science Citation Index Expanded, the Social Sciences Citation Index and the Arts and Humanities Citation Index.  <br></p><p>The assessment was done according to three indicators, namely publication output, international collaboration and citation visibility or impact. These three indicators are conventionally used in bibliometric analyses and do capture some of the most important aspects of scientific production. </p><p>The researchers do point out, however, that these indicators do not capture other important dimensions of scientific performance such as the relevance and quality of a country's science, the degree to which science impacts on society and the profile of the human resource base of scientific production. <br></p><p>They say their analysis showed that South Africa's publication output in the Web of Science has increased from 3 668 publications in 2000 to 15 550 in 2016.<br></p><p>“This increase translates into an average annual growth rate of 2,9%. South Africa's share of world output more than doubled from 0.4% in 2000 to 0.91% in 2016."<br></p><p>“Not surprisingly, these results have translated in an improved position when comparing SA with other countries. As far as country rank is concerned, South Africa has improved its ranking in the world from number 34 in 2000 to 28 in 2016."<br></p><p>The researchers say the growth in South Africa's publication output has coincided with an increase in the visibility of the country's scientific papers. The visibility of science is partially captured by looking at the number of times research publications are referenced ('cited') in the publications of other researchers.<br></p><p>“The citation impact of SA's scientific papers has increased steadily from 0,8 in 2000 to 1,1 in 2016. This is a very positive result as a score of above 1 means that SA's papers are on average being cited slightly higher than all the papers in the fields that we publish."<br></p><p>The researchers mention that it is important to apply appropriate normalize procedures in these types of analyses in order to make comparative assessments because citation practices differ vastly across different scientific fields.<br></p><p>They add that it is important to keep in mind that an increase in scientific output does not necessarily imply that such output is recognised by other scientists working in the same fields.<br></p><p>Another interesting finding is that South African scientists collaborate significantly more with scientists and scholars internationally than before.<br></p><p>“In 2000, about a third of SA's papers involved co-authorship with at least one foreign author. By 2016 this proportion has increased to 50%."<br></p><p>According to the researchers, this is a desirable development as increased international collaboration often translates in higher citation impact, increases in networks and access to more funding opportunities.<br></p><p>“However, the increase in international collaboration has occurred at the 'expense' of national collaboration (which declined from 47% to 34% over the same period) as well as a clear decline in single-authored publications." <br></p><p>“The good news is that there is a small, but steady, trend of increasing collaboration with scientists and scholars in the rest of Africa with this proportion having increased from a near zero-base in 2000 to 5% in 2016," add the researchers.<br></p><p><strong>FOR MEDIA ENQUIRIES ONLY</strong></p><p>Prof Johann Mouton</p><p>Centre for Research on Evaluation, Science and Technology (CREST)</p><p>Stellenbosch University</p><p>Tel: 021 808 2393</p><p>E-mail: <a href=""></a> </p><p><strong>​           ISSUED BY</strong></p><p>Martin Viljoen<br></p><p>Manager: Media</p><p>Corporate Communication</p><p>Stellenbosch University</p><p>Tel: 021 808 4921</p><p>E-mail: <a href=""></a> <br></p><p><br></p>
CRUISE graduate appointed as new Statistician-General of SA graduate appointed as new Statistician-General of SALynne Rippenaar-Moses<p style="text-align:justify;">​Mr Risenga Maluleke, a graduate of the Centre for Regional and Urban Innovation and Statistical Exploration (CRUISE) which is situated in the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences at Stellenbosch University (SU), has been appointed as the new Statistician-General of South Africa and the Head of Statistics South Africa (Stats SA). Maluleke completed an MPhil in Urban and Regional Science at CRUISE and was one of the first group of students to complete this degree at the centre in 2011.<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">“We are very proud that one of our graduates have been appointed to this position and that we have contributed to equipping him for this demanding challenge to lead Statistics South Africa in providing statistical systems for evidence-based decision-making," said Professor Manie Geyer, Director of  CRUISE. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">CRUISE was established at SU in 2009 with the financial support of Stats SA and is part of a drive to advance science education in the Southern African region. The research centre is situated in the Geography and Environmental Studies Department and focuses on social and economic development issues locally, regionally, nationally and internationally. Since its inception the centre has placed a strong emphasis on quantitative empirical research and has also maintained a strong output level. It is also part of the ISIbalo group of institutions whose main aim is to advance the use of statistics in research in Africa. While CRUISE is considered a research centre, it also has an important teaching function offering postgraduate programmes in both Urban and Regional Science and Urban and Regional Planning. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">According to a press release issued by Stats SA, Maluleke's has extensive experience in the organisation, which is backed by his qualifications – a BSc in Mathematical Statistics from the University of Limpopo and an MPhil in Urban and Regional Science from SU. He has also completed Senior Executive Programmes with the Wits and Harvard Business Schools.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">“In Risenga Maluleke I had a trusted and enduring partner with whom over a quarter of a century we engaged in the most daring of leadership missions to construct what has become the most iconic institution of the state.  Whilst matters of appointment of a Statistician-General are prescribed in law and are not for an outgoing Statistician-General, I am distinctly pleased by the choice the leadership has made.  I can now safely disclose what I said to Dr Benny Mokaba twenty one years ago after the panel interviewed and decided to appoint Risenga Maluleke in October 1996 to the Statistics Office in Limpopo. I called Benny and said to him 'today we have appointed a new head for the Central Statistics Service in the making'," said his predecessor Mr Pali Lehohla.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">“In Risenga we have a well-grounded leader with balance, instilling fairness and justice in all his dealings, he has enduring strength, he imbues humility, he is a servant leader, a village boy who with agility adapts to metropoles of the world, and who is ready to take on any adversity with a singularly determined mind for finding solutions. My success in leading and building this mighty organisation would not have been possible if Risenga was not leading with me in the most treacherous of waters.  My relay is done I am passing the baton to a well-tested professional and leader."</p><p><em>Photo: </em><em>Mr Risenga Maluleke, a graduate of the </em><em>Centre for Regional and Urban Innovation and Statistical Exploration</em><em> (CRUISE) at Stellenbosch University, has been appointed as the new Statistician-General of South Africa and the Head of Statistics South Af</em><em>rica.</em><br></p>