Psychology
Welkom by Universiteit Stellenbosch

 

 

International collaborations reap fruits for SU and its partnershttp://www.sun.ac.za/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=5585International collaborations reap fruits for SU and its partnersJanka Pieper and Lynne Rippenaar-Moses<p style="text-align:justify;"><em>Northwestern University's relationship with Stellenbosch University is a flagship example of strategic collaborations and partnership building</em></p><p style="text-align:justify;">It may be cliché, but it's true: The world is a small place.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">On a sunny afternoon in 2004, thousands of miles away from Northwestern's campus, Dévora Grynspan entered the office of the Political Science Chair at <span lang="EN-US" style="text-decoration:underline;"><a href="/">Stellenbosch University</a></span> (SU) in South Africa. It was then that Grynspan saw a familiar face, Prof Amanda Gouws, a former PhD student from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where Grynspan had taught Latin American politics from 1986 to 1998.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">In her role as director of Northwestern's former Office of International Program Development, Grynspan had traveled to Stellenbosch to set up a customised Study Abroad programme for Northwestern undergraduate students. And so, she did—with the help of the graduate student she had taught 20 years prior in Illinois.</p><p style="text-align:justify;"> “Amanda was the main person at Stellenbosch University who helped create our unique program from the beginning, and she is still heavily involved," says <a href="http://www.northwestern.edu/international-relations/about/vp-international-relations.html">Grynspan, who is now Vice President for International Relations</a>. “The programme wouldn't be what it is today without all her hard work and input."</p><p style="text-align:justify;">Gouws wears many hats. Along with her role as , now a Professor of Political Science and the SARChI Chair in Gender Politics at SU, she is a widely known activist and published academic in women's rights and representation. Gouws and a colleague also wrote the first sexual harassment policy for SU in 1994 and established a Women's Forum examining the conditions of employment for women. She was also the first woman on the appointments committee. In addition, she has served as a commissioner for the South African Commission for Gender Equality from 2012 to 2014 and in 2016, received the SARChI Chair, an academic position that, until recently, had been given to very few women. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">Through Gouws' relationship with Northwestern, her work's impact has reached far beyond the borders of South Africa. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">“While I anticipated I would become a stronger advocate for non-dominant races and ethnicities—and you bet I did—I didn't anticipate becoming so much more passionate about women's rights and feminism during my time in South Africa," says Kathleen Clark, who studied abroad in South Africa this past spring and met with Gouws while in Evanston.  </p><p style="text-align:justify;">“For that, I owe a lot of thanks to Professor Gouws. She is an example of both career and personal excellence, all while fighting tirelessly for other women and yet retaining her infectious sense of humor."</p><p style="text-align:justify;">Over the years, the exceptionally successful study abroad programme has sent close to 230 students from Northwestern to Stellenbosch for a unique experience in global health—to learn about everything from the public health system and its most pressing challenges to South Africa's unique historical and political context.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">Since that meeting 13 years ago, Grynspan and Gouws, together with Programme Director Jacob Du Plessis and other dedicated faculty and administrators at Northwestern and SU, have built a unique, multi-faceted partnership, spanning several study abroad programmes, various research collaborations among faculty and students, and new curriculum development initiatives.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">The first group of 16 Northwestern undergraduate students went on to study Public Health in the South African programme in 2005. As Grynspan and Gouws collaborated through the years, the curriculum shifted and improved. By 2008, a track on diversity and democracy in South Africa was added, and by 2012, both tracks were combined to form one programme.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">“The aim was to make the students more familiar with the South African context," says Gouws. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">“At the time we started, South Africa was still struggling to bring the very high levels of AIDS infection down. Putting a strong emphasis on the health epidemic was important, as we were trying to understand it in its sociopolitical context in an African country," she adds. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">“So we decided that we would teach students about South African politics, as well."</p><p style="text-align:justify;">Now called <a href="http://www.ipd.northwestern.edu/study-abroad/explore/africa/public-health-development.html">Public Health and Development in South Africa</a>, the quarter-long programme offers students in-classroom instruction with pre-eminent guest lecturers and practitioners, along with site visits to local health clinics, community organisations, museums, and important historical sites.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">The highlight of the program is an excursion to South Africa's oasis of natural wildlife, Kruger National Park. For four days, Northwestern students immerse themselves in the natural beauty of the park. They then travel to Hamakuya, a rural village in northern South Africa, where students stay with local villagers, learn from traditional communities, and participate in a water insecurity study. The trip, led by noted scientist and Northwestern alumnus David Bunn, culminates in a candlelit dinner on the banks of the Olifants River.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">“By being in a space where one is challenged by silence and where one's sense of time is so different compared to life in Evanston, many students can observe how a simplified life could be so meaningful to those living in remote rural villages—irrespective of initial impressions of poverty and inequality," says Du Plessis, a Lecturer in Sociology at SU who has served as Programme Director for over a decade.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">“A shift in thinking occurs through embodied experiences and engaging others within their own space and on their terms. What might seem strange becomes often familiar, while the familiar might feel strange or even wrong for some students who return home at the end of the programme," he says.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">For many Northwestern students who have studied at SU since the programme's inception in 2005, it was more than just a study trip abroad. Northwestern alumna Kalindi Shah, who participated in the programme in 2012, has had time to reflect on her transformative time abroad. “With passionate, world-class faculty leading us, we dove headfirst into the rich, diverse experiences Stellenbosch had to offer—whether it was learning about Julius Malema during a lecture or developing a sexual health curriculum for an NGO," she remembers. “Altogether, it was a beautifully life-changing experience."</p><p style="text-align:justify;">Building on the success of the undergraduate Public Health programme, Grynspan has since collaborated with Northwestern faculty and administrators across several disciplines to establish additional opportunities in South Africa.</p><p style="text-align:justify;"><strong>MEDICAL, ENGINEERING AND EXCHANGE STUDY ABROAD OPPORTUNITIES ADDED</strong></p><p style="text-align:justify;">In 2008, the Feinberg School of Medicine developed a <a href="http://globalhealth.northwestern.edu/education/affiliations/Stellenbosch_SA.html">medical student exchange with Stellenbosch University Medical School at Tygerberg Hospital</a>, Stellenbosch's affiliated teaching hospital. By June 2018, 99 fourth-year medical students will have completed four-to-six-week-long rotations in South Africa.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">In 2016, the two universities added an <a href="http://www.ipd.northwestern.edu/study-abroad/explore/africa/stellenbosch.html">undergraduate exchange program</a>me to provide students from both institutions the opportunity for a more immersive academic and cultural experience. So far, two SU students have spent one quarter each at Northwestern, and one Northwestern student has participated in the exchange in South Africa. To make the exchange programme accessible to all SU students, Northwestern covers the cost of room and board and health insurance.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">This year, another undergraduate study abroad programme was added to the partnership: <a href="http://www.ipd.northwestern.edu/study-abroad/explore/africa/global-healthcare-technologies.html">Global Healthcare Technologies</a>. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">“The program allows engineering students to gain a hands-on, immersive experience by working directly with South Africans to design technologies to improve health outcomes," <a href="http://www.northwestern.edu/abroad/our-staff.html">says Karey Fuhs from the Office of Undergraduate Learning Abroad</a>, who has overseen the programme since 2010 and assisted in transitioning the programme from the University of Cape Town. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">“Stellenbosch University is a great partner for this programme, given their strong engineering faculty, community and industry connections, international programs infrastructure, and our already existing strong relationship," she says.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">This winter quarter, a total of 16 engineering students participated in this programme, developed jointly by Northwestern Biomedical Engineering Professors Matthew Glucksberg and David Kelso, and colleagues from South Africa.</p><p style="text-align:justify;"><strong>NEW CONNECTIONS WITH STELLENBOSCH UNIVERSITY</strong></p><p style="text-align:justify;">International partnerships provide a multitude of possibilities not just for students, but also for faculty and scholars. One such example is the three-and-a half-year, $1 million <a href="http://www.criticaltheory.northwestern.edu/mellon-project/">Andrew W. Mellon Foundation grant awarded to Northwestern</a> in 2016 to support new inter-university teaching cooperations in conjunction with a $1.5  million grant awarded by the Mellon Foundation to the University of California, Berkeley, to establish—in cooperation with  colleagues from a number of universities—the International Consortium of Critical Theory Programs (ICCTP) .</p><p style="text-align:justify;">“The purpose of the consortium is to internationalise critical theory," says <a href="http://www.english.northwestern.edu/people/faculty/evan-mwangi.html">Evan Mwangi, Associate Professor of English, Comparative Literature, and African Studies at Northwestern</a>. “It is mainly to change how we do critical theory in the West, because critical theory is usually seen as Western philosophical thought, and we're trying to change that to include perspectives from the global south—Africa and Latin America."</p><p style="text-align:justify;">With the first year of the ICCTP already underway, Northwestern is currently running several projects as part of the <a href="http://www.criticaltheory.northwestern.edu/mellon-project/critical-theory-in-the-global-south/">Critical Theory in the Global South Project</a>, involving Stellenbosch and several institutions around the world. One of these projects is the <a href="http://www.criticaltheory.northwestern.edu/mellon-project/critical-theory-in-the-global-south/indian-ocean-epistemologies.html">Indian Ocean Epistemologies</a>, led by Mwangi and his colleague Dr Tina Steiner, Professor of English at SU. The two are in charge of developing a course on Indian Ocean epistemologies, translating Xhosa travelogues to India into English, and publishing scholarly articles in a special issue of the <em>Eastern African Literary and Cultural Studies</em> journal.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">For Mwangi, Stellenbosch's geographic location and expertise in the field makes the university an excellent partner. By being able to spend time in South Africa this past March, Mwangi was able to immerse himself into the South African culture to better understand the Indian Ocean concept in all its facets. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">“African culture is very oral," he says. “Many ideas and narratives about the Indian Ocean are communicated verbally through storytelling or folklore, without ever getting published. You have to go and have conversations with the African people and learn from them." </p><p style="text-align:justify;">Bringing South African fellows and professors to Northwestern as part of the project also allows Northwestern students and researchers to get insights into different perspectives and a deeper understanding of the topic at their home campus. This past year, doctoral student Serah Namulisa Kasembeli from SU spent six months at Northwestern as part of the project, using Northwestern's rich Africana library collection to conduct research on African critical theory. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">This type of reciprocal global relationship building is a continuous central effort of Northwestern University. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">“Increasing this type of exchange on all levels and across disciplines to internationalise the campus, the curriculum, and students and faculty is crucial for a global university of our caliber," says Grynspan.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">“As with most partnerships, we want to encourage faculty to go to South Africa to meet their counterparts and engage in collaborations," she says. “And we want to bring faculty and scholars here, as well."</p><p><em>Photo:</em><em>  </em><em>Stellenbosch University Prof Amanda Gouws (in the bakkie on the right) and scientist Prof David Bunn (in the bakkie on the left) took Northwestern University students on a </em><em>4-day excursion in the Kruger National Park in 2015. Bunn, who has worked in the Kruger National Park for many years of his career, gave lectures on the ecology, wild life and the history of the park in order to expose students to the natural surroundings of the animals living in the park. </em></p>
Transformation Committee’s walkabout helps participants experience the world through others’ eyeshttp://www.sun.ac.za/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=6183Transformation Committee’s walkabout helps participants experience the world through others’ eyesLynne Rippenaar-Moses<p style="text-align:justify;">​A walkabout by the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences' Transformation Committee is just one way that this committee plans to foster transformation in their environment by understanding how others experience the world. <br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">According to the Chair of the committee, Dr Ubanesia Adams-Jack, the idea of a walkabout was raised by a colleague with a disability who wanted to illustrate how hard it still was to access various spaces on campus. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">Following the suggestion, Adams-Jack approached Facilities Management, who sent a number of key staff members to accompany the committee members, including the Dean of the faculty, Prof Anthony Leysens, and the Chair of the Ancient Studies Department, Prof AnnemaréKotze.</p><p style="text-align:justify;">“I was actually shocked to discover that most of our disabled students and colleagues are not able to access the bathroom on the ground floor of the BA building due to the way the card access and the entrance to the bathroom itself was set up. It actually hinders the easy movement of persons in a wheelchair for example," said Adams-Jack. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">The committee also learnt that many of the safety doors in the faculty did not open properly to allow easy access for those in wheelchairs and that shallow gutters that facilitated the flow of rainwater to prevent it from accumulating in one space, were also a challenge to cross for those who are wheelchair bound. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">“Transformation is about people, places and spaces and looking at the accessibility of spaces, in particular for those with disabilities, is part of transforming our university space." </p><p style="text-align:justify;">The group also discovered that the tiled surfaces on the second floor of the faculty building was quite slippery and made it hard to move for those with physical disabilities. Thanks to Facilities Management, the surface was sprayed with an adhesive that prevents slippage making it more user friendly for those in wheelchairs too. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">“It was also obvious that many physically disabled individuals have to cover longer distances to get to the same places that able bodied persons needed to get to," she added. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">This is because many shortcuts on campus were not accessible to the physically disabled. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">“It was important for us to participate in this walkabout because it made us more aware of how other people experience the world and transformation is after all about understanding how others experience the world. My vision for the transformation committee is to build amicable relationships between students, staff and their students, and between different staff. At the end of the day, when are at peace with each other, it changes how we interact and treat each other too. I think the most powerful thing about transformation, is the ability to truly see each other."  </p><p style="text-align:justify;"><em>Photo: The following persons participated in the walkabout of the Transformation Committee of the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences' recently. In the front from the left are Mr Dan Prata, Mr Malan Oosthuizen and Mr Trevor Hoeben, all from Facilities Management; and Mr</em><em> </em><em>Bongani Mapumulo (in the wheelchair), a Stellenbosch University student and Chair of Dis-Maties. At the back from the left are</em><em> </em><em>Mr Phumlani Mathebula and Mr Louis Fincham, both from Facilities Management;</em><em> </em><em>Prof Annemaré Kotze</em><em>, Chair of the Ancient Studies Department; Ms</em><em> </em><em>Lizelle Ferus of the Office for Students with Disabilities, Dr Ubanesia Adams-Jack, the Chair of the faculty's Transformation Committee, and the</em><em> </em><em>Dean of the faculty, Prof Anthony Leysens.​</em></p>
SU researchers contribute to international book on science communication http://www.sun.ac.za/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=7670SU researchers contribute to international book on science communication Corporate Communication & Marketing/ Korporatiewe Kommunikasie & Bemarking<p>Two Stellenbosch University (SU) academics Drs Bankole Falade and Marina Joubert from the <a href="http://www0.sun.ac.za/crest/"><strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">Centre for Research on Evaluation, Science and Technology</strong></a> (CREST) are co-authors on two chapters in a new book on science communication released on Monday 14 September (to be launched online on Tuesday 15 September). Falade and Joubert are also part of the <a href="https://eur03.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=http://www0.sun.ac.za/scicom/&data=02%7c01%7c%7c640c55bc52d14cee6c5508d85660145e%7ca6fa3b030a3c42588433a120dffcd348%7c0%7c0%7c637354317965712953&sdata=DE29uahOPUncgGXLt0rh96SiNu/k7yAeK51rJxboUxg%3D&reserved=0"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0"><strong>SA Research Chair in Science Communication</strong></span></a> hosted at SU.</p><p>Entitled <a href="https://eur03.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=https://press.anu.edu.au/publications/communicating-science&data=02%7c01%7c%7c640c55bc52d14cee6c5508d85660145e%7ca6fa3b030a3c42588433a120dffcd348%7c0%7c0%7c637354317965692966&sdata=S2OGcb5%2BLyLN%2BMZqWe2e7aqSL22q2oF7CG9YbVyCrgg%3D&reserved=0"><strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">'Communicating Science. A global perspective'</strong></a>, the book describes how public science communication has developed around the world. Comprising 40 chapters by 108 authors, it covers several diverse regions (39 countries) and cultures: advanced nations of Europe, Asia and the Americas, as well as emerging economies like Russia, Jamaica, Estonia, Iran and Pakistan. </p><p>The Nigerian chapter was written by Falade, Herbert Batta (University of Uyo) and Diran Onifade, well known for his work in television, while Joubert and Shadrack Mkansi (South African Agency for Science and Technology Advancement) co-authored the chapter on South Africa.<br></p><p>The Nigerian chapter highlights the role of science communication in overcoming the many developmental challenges facing Nigeria in agriculture, health, industry and environment. “Nigeria is a developing economy faced with high levels of religious beliefs that may be antithetical to the spread of scientific ideas," says Falade, adding that “we need the support of governments, religious leaders, science associations and academics, institutes and civil society groups if science is to be a critical force for good." Together with Batta and Onifade, he calls for debates on reducing the cost of treatment for malaria, HIV/AIDs and other diseases. This means facing up to established practices in the pharmaceutical industry and laws that protect them. <br></p><p>The chapter on South Africa outlines not only how science communication has been shaped by the country's turbulent past, but also how the science communication landscape has transformed since democracy. It recognises some pioneers of science communication in South Africa and reflects on how research institutions make science more accessible to society. In the current context, the importance of indigenous knowledge systems is recognised, alongside the need to combat pseudoscience. <br></p><p>“Science communication in South Africa has come a long way and is increasingly recognised as a core part of the responsibility of scientists and research organisations, as well as an important research field", says Joubert. “However, we have to face and overcome many more challenges in nurturing a culture of science and scientific dialogue amongst South Africans, with many of these challenges related to making science communication more inclusive and diverse."<br></p><p><strong>“</strong><em><strong>Communicating Science. A Global Perspective</strong></em><strong>"</strong> is available for free download at ANU Press from September 14, 2020: <a href="https://eur03.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=https://press.anu.edu.au/publications/communicating-science&data=02%7c01%7c%7c640c55bc52d14cee6c5508d85660145e%7ca6fa3b030a3c42588433a120dffcd348%7c0%7c0%7c637354317965712953&sdata=wGsQXfT6ge59zBm/ZemoS6ozTEzkLVLc01nk/RPbiH0%3D&reserved=0"><strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">https://press.anu.edu.au/publications/communicating-science</strong></a> (hard copies will be printed on demand). The online book launch takes place on Tuesday 15 September, via Zoom, at 1-2 pm London UK time (or midday UTC/GMT). Register at: <a href="https://eur03.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=https://pcst.co/webinars/public/&data=02%7c01%7c%7c640c55bc52d14cee6c5508d85660145e%7ca6fa3b030a3c42588433a120dffcd348%7c0%7c0%7c637354317965722948&sdata=GNPJM32FmEMGU8YHR%2BuvwxVOKcX2E6b%2B7YGXhuAG6iA%3D&reserved=0"><strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">https://pcst.co/webinars/public/</strong></a>. The launch features five authors telling the story of their countries or regions: the USA, Pakistan, Australia, East Africa and Russia.</p><ul><li>Liaise with Drs Bankole Falade (<a href="mailto:bfalade@sun.ac.za"><strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">bfalade@sun.ac.za</strong></a>) and  Marina Joubert (<a href="mailto:marinajoubert@sun.ac.za"><strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">marinajoubert@sun.ac.za</strong></a>) for more information.</li></ul><p> </p><p> <br></p><p><br></p>
Crime levels, alcohol and COVID-19 lockdownshttp://www.sun.ac.za/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=8017Crime levels, alcohol and COVID-19 lockdownsGuy Lamb<p></p><p>Before a link is made between reduced alcohol consumption and a drop in crime in certain areas, it is important to determine where violent crime is concentrated and to consider other possible factors that may have contributed to such variations in crime in these areas. This is the view of Dr Guy Lamb (Department of Political Science) in an article for <em>News24 </em>(23 February).</p><ul><li>Read the article below or click <a href="/english/Documents/newsclips/GUY%20LAMB%20SCREENSHOT.pdf"><strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0" style="">here</strong></a><strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0" style=""> </strong>for the piece as published.</li></ul><p><strong>​Guy Lamb*</strong><br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">In July 2020, the Minister of Police, Bheki Cele released the quarterly crime statistics for the period 1 April – 30 June 2020, which corresponded with much of the 'hard' COVID-19 lockdown phase in South Africa. The Minister celebrated “a never-seen-before rosy picture of a peaceful South Africa experiencing a crime holiday" Indeed, the SAPS crime data for the period 1 April – 30 June 2020 showed an overall 37% reduction in violent interpersonal crime compared to the same period in 2018/19. </p><p style="text-align:justify;">The lockdown effect on violent interpersonal crime was not surprising as criminological theories hold that violent crime occurs in places where perpetrators meet victims, with such interactions being influenced by the nature of the place, crime facilitators (such as guns and alcohol) and the presence of police. The 'hard' lockdown severely restricted the movement of South African across the country, and hence the likelihood of victim/perpetrator interactions were significantly reduced. Alcohol was in short supply and there was a dramatic increase in patrols by police and soldiers especially in high crime areas. <br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">The Minister of Police has subsequently released the quarterly crime data for July to September 2020, as well as October to December 2020. Both quarterly data sets have shown a significant increase in violent crime since the lifting of the 'hard' lockdown in May 2020. The most recent quarterly crime data (October to December 2020) indicates that violent crime levels actually increased compared to the same period in 2019, with murder having risen by 6.6% and attempted murder by 8.7%. <br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">Much of the public discourse about the fall and rise of reported violent interpersonal crime in 2020 has centred around access to and consumption of alcohol, with various commentators suggesting that the banning of alcohol sales during hard lockdown was the key determinant of the crime drop. Indeed, there have been numerous studies, both locally and internationally that have robustly demonstrated the link between excessive alcohol consumption and violence perpetration. Alcohol consumption and arguments are a particularly lethal combination. SAPS has consistently reported that most murders and attempted murders are the outcome of arguments and misunderstandings, which often take place in the context of drinking. However, there is more to violent crime variances in South Africa than alcohol consumption.<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">A careful review of the most recent quarterly crime data indicates that the perpetration of violent crime is concentrated in less than 20% of the more than 1,100 police precincts in South Africa. Furthermore, most murders, for example, take place in around 100 such precincts. An analysis of violent crime dynamics in these areas proves insightful with respect to understanding changes in crime patterns. That is, there were 389 more murders between 1 October and 31 December 2020 compared to the same period in 2019. Interestingly, close to half of all of these 'excess' murders took place in only eight policing precincts, namely: Kraaifontein (42); Harare, Khayelitsha (30); Manenberg (28); Plessislaer (25); Lenasia (20); Samora Michel (16); Dutywa (15); and Mfuleni (14). Kraaifontein, Manenberg, Mfuleni and Plessislaer also account for a 17% all 'excess' attempted murder cases.<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">Kraaifontein and Manenberg have become epicentres of the resurgent gang war in Cape Town, with gangster-on-gangster assassinations being a frequent occurrence in late-2020. Similarly, gang violence and retaliations have continued to plague Lenasia. There have been a number of mass shootings in Harare and Mfuleni related to local-level organised crime. There has also been an increase in the dumping of murder victims in the dune areas close to the ocean in the Harare precinct. There has been ongoing lawlessness in Samora Machel, and Plessislaer has been consistently characterised by political assassinations, taxi violence and murders linked to robberies. <br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">This is not to say that excessive alcohol consumption has not contributed to murders in these eight precincts. Undeniably, there have been various cases of murders associated with intoxicated arguments, and killings brought on by drunken rage. Nonetheless, an important point to be emphasised is that multiple factors influence the variability of violent crime levels in South Africa.<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;">The next SAPS quarterly crime statistics (January to March 2021) will be particularly revealing as they will include the period in which alcohol sales were banned by government for a month. If violent crime levels decline significantly over this quarter, then it may be tempting to link the reduced alcohol consumption exclusively to the crime drop. However, before doing this it is essential to first determine where violent crime is concentrated, as well as consider other possible factors that may have contributed to such variations in crime in these precincts. If studies reveal alcohol to be a key driver of violence in such areas, then it would be prudent for government to consider measures to effectively restrict access to alcohol in these precincts.<br></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><em><strong>*</strong><strong>Dr Guy Lamb is a Criminologist in the Department of Political Science at Stellenbosch Univers</strong><strong>ity</strong><strong>.</strong></em></p><p> </p><p>​<br></p>
SU improves its position on QS subject rankingshttp://www.sun.ac.za/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=9814SU improves its position on QS subject rankingsCorporate Communication & Marketing / Korporatiewe Kommunikasie & Bemarking [Alec Basson]<p>​​Stellenbosch University (SU) can count itself among the leading higher education institutions globally in the broad subject areas of Life Science and Medicine, Arts and Humanities, Social Sciences and Management, Engineering & Technology, and Natural Sciences. This is according to the <a href="https://www.topuniversities.com/subject-rankings/2023"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0"><strong>2023 Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) World University Rankings by Subjec</strong></span><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0"><strong>t</strong></span></a><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0"> </span>released on Wednesday (22 March 2023). </p><p>For the 2023 edition, 1 597 institutions were ranked across 54 subjects in the abovementioned five broad subject areas. More than 16,4 million unique papers published between 2016-2020, producing close to 117,8 million citations in 2016–2021, were analysed.<br></p><p>SU improved its standing in four of these subject areas. It achieved a top 250 spot in Life Science and Medicine and is now ranked in the top 350 in Arts and Humanities, top 450 in Engineering & Technology, top 400 in Social Sciences and Management, and top 500 in Natural Sciences.</p><p><strong>Leading in SA</strong></p><p>As far as specific subject categories are concerned, SU improved its global position in Environmental Sciences and Medicine having moved into the top 250. It is the leading university in South Africa in Agriculture & Forestry (74th in the world) and Theology, Divinity & Religious Studies, and Development Studies (both in the top 100), Chemical Engineering (top 300) and Mechanical, Aeronautical & Manufacturing Engineering (top 350). For a second year in a row, SU is ranked number one in South Africa in Agriculture & Forestry and Theology, Divinity & Religious Studies, and second in Education (top 350), Pharmacy & Pharmacology (top 300), Business & Management Studies (top 500), Psychology (top 330), Biological Sciences (top 350), and Electrical and Electronic Engineering (top 450)​. SU also moved into second position in English Language & Literature (top 250) after having finished third in 2022. ​In Accounting & Finance, SU is among the top 330 institutions globally.<br></p><p>“In line with our vision to be Africa's leading research-intensive university, we also want to discern ourselves in higher education globally, so we are pleased that our reputation in Agriculture & Forestry and Theology, Divinity & Religious Studies has been ranked number one.  As the only university in South Africa that offers viticulture and oenology due to our unique wine region, we are especially proud that Agriculture received such recognition," says Prof Hester Klopper, Deputy Vice-Chancellor for Strategy, Global and Corporate Affairs.</p><p><strong>Indicators</strong></p><p>The QS subject tables use academic reputation, employer reputation, research citations per paper, H-index and International Research Network (IRN) as indicators to rank universities. The first two of these are based on global surveys of academics and employers that are used to assess an institution's international reputation in each subject. Research citations per paper measures the average number of citations obtained per publication, and is an estimate of the impact and quality of the scientific work done by universities. The H-index assesses the stability of impact and quality of the work published by an institution's academics. The IRN is a measure of a university's efficiency in establishing stable research collaborations in each of the five broad subject areas.</p><p>Over the last few years, SU has been consistently ranked among the best tertiary institutions globally on the <a href="/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=9049"><strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">QS World University Rankings by Subject</strong></a>, the <a href="/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=8646"><strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">Times Higher Education World University Subject Rankings</strong></a>, and the<a href="/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=9329"> <strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">ShanghaiRanking's Global Ranking of Academic Subjects</strong></a>. These rankings all use different methodologies and indicators to determine universities' position on their ranking.<br></p><p>​<br></p>
Women’s Day: Women’s interests must be taken seriouslyhttp://www.sun.ac.za/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=9356Women’s Day: Women’s interests must be taken seriouslyCorporate Communication & Marketing / Korporatiewe Kommunikasie & Bemarking<p>Women's Day was celebrated on Tuesday 9 August. In opinion pieces for the media, experts at Stellenbosch University write that the interests of South Africa's women must be taken seriously if we want to build an equal and just society for all. Click on the links below to read the articles. These pieces were facilitated by the Corporate Communication and Marketing Division.<br></p><ul><li>Prof Amanda Gouws (<a href="https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/opinionista/2022-08-07-womens-day-2022-just-another-day-on-the-island-of-lord-of-the-flies/"><strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0" style="">Daily Maverick</strong></a>)</li><li>Prof Juliana Claassens (<a href="https://www.news24.com/news24/columnists/guestcolumn/opinion-womens-day-time-for-leisure-is-not-a-luxury-its-a-basic-human-right-20220809"><strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0" style="">News24</strong></a>)</li><li>Drs Karen Garner & Chantelle van Staden (<a href="https://mg.co.za/opinion/2022-08-08-women-bright-sparks-needed-in-electrical-and-electronic-engineering/"><span class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0" style=""><strong style="">Mail & Guardia</strong><strong style="">n</strong></span></a>)</li><li>Drs Cyrill Walters & Armand Bam, and Prof Patrizio Piraino (<a href="https://theconversation.com/women-have-always-trailed-men-in-research-output-how-covid-made-the-situation-worse-188241"><strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0" style="">The Conversation</strong></a>)</li><li>Prof Louise du Toit (<a href="/english/Documents/newsclips/LouiseduToit_Women%27sDay2022.pdf"><strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0" style="">Netwerk24</strong></a>)<strong>*</strong></li><li>Drs Ilze Slabbert & Tasneemah Cornelissen-Nordien (<a href="/english/Documents/newsclips/CT_NOW_E1_100822_P06_Ilze%26%20Tasneemah.pdf"><strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0" style="">Cape Times</strong></a>) </li></ul><p><strong>*</strong>This article has been translated because it was originally published in Afrikaans.<br></p><p><br></p>
Eco-estates ‘failed to contribute to just sustainabilities’http://www.sun.ac.za/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=8966Eco-estates ‘failed to contribute to just sustainabilities’Corporate Communication & Marketing / Korporatiewe Kommunikasie & Bemarking [Alec Basson]<p>​Do eco-estates or “green" gated communities in South Africa enhance economic and social sustainability or is the focus solely on environmental sustainability? Are they simply islands of sustainability or do they actually contribute to the broader sustainability of urban areas?<br></p><p>These are just some of the questions Anjali Mistry and Dr Manfred Spocter from the Department of Geography and Environmental Studies at Stellenbosch University tried to answer in a study published recently in <a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13549839.2022.2027352"><strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0">Local Environment</strong></a>. Mistry and Spocter investigated eco-estates in South Africa to establish whether they really contribute to just sustainabilities.</p><p>The researchers say it has been posited that eco-estates or “green" lifestyle estates contribute to the greening of the built environment through various design features; that they play a role in the conservation of scarce natural resources; and that they promote greater sustainability through living in harmony with nature.<br></p><p>“What we found, however, is that although eco-estates have been touted as the answer to the negative social, economic, and environmental impacts of gated communities, they have failed to contribute to just sustainabilities, that is, sustainable development that also focuses on social and economic equity.<br></p><p>“Benefits such as security, exclusivity, and open space accrue only to those inside the eco-estates, certainly not to broader society or the environment as a whole. In doing so, eco-estates do very little toward addressing human inequalities and real societal needs. There are no just sustainabilities.<br></p><p>“The inherent exclusionary social, economic and environmental nature of eco-estates does not equate with a just sustainability which advocates a state in which environmental quality is linked to human equality. Environmental quality and human equity cannot be separated nor seen as two individual components."<br></p><p>According to researchers, just sustainabilities in eco-estates will remain a pipedream unless interventions to widen the access to nature and sustainable living are implemented. “Until then, eco-estates will remain islands of exclusion of nature and 'green' living."<br></p><p>They point out that in 2018 there were 68 operational private eco-estates, consisting<br></p><p>of purposely-named “eco-estates" and estates marketed as environmentally friendly, with another 46 such estates on the cards nationally. The 114 eco-estates are (or will be) concentrated and clustered in and around Cape Town and Johannesburg. Four of the nine provinces (Western Cape, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, and Limpopo) account for 72% of all built and proposed eco-estates.</p><p>The researchers argue that these eco-estates may be able to respond to and mitigate some of the environmental impacts of development by protecting “natural" land, but they have commodified nature through preserving this land and this is in no way sustainable.<br></p><p>“The quality of life that eco-estates offer, along with the nature they claim is being 'conserved', are assigned a market value. Property developers misuse the terms 'eco' and 'sustainable' for marketing purposes, thus engaging in greenwashing to create false impressions of engaging in sustainable development.<br></p><p>“Also, agricultural activities are prohibited in the eco-estates. This alludes to a very 'selective sustainability' produced by these estates. This also compounds the issue that these estates do not conform to the notion of 'just sustainabilities'.<br></p><p>“If food is produced in these estates, it should be made available to others outside the estate. This seems to be a promising way for eco-estates to become inclusive and to contribute to a just sustainability."<br></p><p>Although having mechanisms to reduce reliance on municipal services, eco-states also contribute to urban sprawl, which brings its own environmental challenges and headaches for city planners, add the researchers.<br></p><p>“The upgrading of infrastructure to accommodate these developments, such as the widening of roads, increased levels of pollution and changes to the microclimate when trees and other vegetation are removed, results in further loss of natural capital."<br></p><p>Natural capital refers to the natural resources and services provided by the ecosystem that contribute toward climate regulation and the carbon cycle, which ultimately enable life cycles to continue in a sustainable way.<br></p><p>According to the researchers, the social, economic, and environmental influences of gated communities could drastically affect the sustainability and ethical credibility of any type of gated community in South Africa.<br></p><p>They add that the lack of clarity on what constitutes an eco-estate will continue to have far-reaching influences on the way eco-estates are developed and marketed.​<br></p><ul><li><strong>SOURCE</strong>: Anjali Mistry & Manfred Spocter (2022): Just sustainabilities: the case of eco-estates in South Africa, <em>Local Environment</em>. DOI: <a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13549839.2022.2027352">1<strong class="ms-rteThemeForeColor-5-0" style="text-decoration-style:solid;text-decoration-color:#0072c6;">0.1080/13549839.2022.2027352</strong></a></li></ul><p></p><p><strong> </strong></p><p><br></p><p>​<br></p>
SU alumnus wows audienceshttp://www.sun.ac.za/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=3419SU alumnus wows audiencesWayne Muller<p>An alumnus of Stellenbosch University (SU), the actor Marlo Minnaar, will perform in the acclaimed one-man show, <em>Santa Gamka</em>, in the Baxter Theater in Rondebosch, Cape Town, from Monday, 1 February.</p><p>The piece is based on Eben Venter's novel by the same name, and Minnaar reworked it into a theatre play himself. He is also the producer.</p><p><em>Santa Gamka</em> received the Kanna Awards for Best Debut Work, the Herrie Prize for Best Ground-breaking Work and for Best Director (Jaco Bouwer) at the 2015 Klein Karoo National Arts Festival (KKNK). </p><p>Marlo Minnaar was also nominated for Best Actor for his performance as Lucky Marais. The production also received three KykNET Fiësta nominations – for Best Solo Performance, Best Newly-created Afrikaans Production, and Best Director. (Winners will be announced in February.)</p><p>In recent years Minnaar was seen in productions such as <em>Blood Brothers</em>, <em>Balbesit</em> and <em>Die Kortstondige Raklewe van Anastasia W.</em> </p><p><em>Santa Gamka</em> tells the story of a young coloured man from the Karoo, who navigates his way through life in a rather unusual way. Driven by his fear not to fall back into poverty, he becomes a rent boy.</p><p>Lucky tells the audience about his seven greatest adventures – better known as his seven customers: a woman who lost her son in a car accident, the mistress of the local hotel owner and olive farmer, his high school English teacher, the municipal manager, the farmer and his father's employer who continues to oppress Lucky's parents, his aunt, as well as a young German man.</p><p>However, his white lies start catching up with him and he finds himself in a furnace of hell. Suddenly the Karoo has become too hot for him. His time is up. He only has seven minutes left to live and he is now faced with the dilemma of having to review his short life.</p><ul><li><em>Santa Gamka</em> is performed in Afrikaans in the Baxter Theatre's Golden Arrow Studio from 1 to 19 February at 20:15 daily.</li></ul>
Language implementation in the 2nd termhttp://www.sun.ac.za/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=3730Language implementation in the 2nd termProf Johan Hattingh<p>​​Dear Student in the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences</p><p>I am thoroughly aware of the uncertainty created by the language interdict of Afriforum, which requires  us to strictly apply  the language specifications of the 2016 Yearbook from 29 March. What happens now to the principle that no student should be excluded on the basis of language? To address this uncertainty I would like to convey the following to you about the language practice that you can expect from 29 March in your classes. </p><p>There are two main points of departure that the Faculty will follow from 29 March, the first of which is demanded by the interdict: </p><ul><li>As of 29 March 2016 we have to strictly adhere  to the language specifications of the 2016 Yearbook (Afriforum court interdict, and the SU Council requirement not to reduce the Afrikaans offering).</li><li><span style="line-height:1.6;">SU wants  to be 100% accessible to st</span><span style="line-height:1.6;">udents that are not academically literate in Afrikaans and therefore all module content covered  in lectures will  also be available in English (SU Council resolution supporting  an increase of the English offering to 100%).</span></li></ul><p><strong>In practice this will entail the following:</strong></p><ul><li><span style="line-height:1.6;">​</span><span style="line-height:1.6;">​</span><span style="line-height:1.6;">Most Departments  will return to the conventional T-modules, with the proviso that this will be implemented with the utmost circumspection to ensure that no student is excluded on the basis of language of tuition. You will be informed at the beginning of the term and at the beginning of lectures about this intention and the two points of departure mentioned above, and also about what exactly will be done in each module in order to implement these points of departure.</span></li><li><span style="line-height:1.6;"></span><span style="line-height:1.6;">In order to ensure that all lectures are at least available in English, and that Afrikaans is available as specified in the 2016 Yearbook (50% or more), some Departments will provide extra lectures in Afrikaans and/or English.</span></li><li><span style="line-height:1.6;"></span><span style="line-height:1.6;">In cases where lecturers are only proficient in English, Departments will provide interpretation in Afrikaans, and/or extra lectures in Afrikaans.</span></li></ul><p></p><p>​​Until such time as the Language Policy and Plan of the University  is  officially changed, we will have to live with these arrangements.  I will depend on your understanding and cooperation to help implement the abovementioned arrangements  with dignity and respect. </p><p>I hope this letter will help allay any uncertainty, but if you have any further questions, please send an e-mail to Tanja Malan (tanja@sun.ac.za), who will convey it to me.<br><br>Kind regards</p><p>Johan Hattingh<br> Dean, 24 March 2016</p>
SICMF presents exquisite musichttp://www.sun.ac.za/english/Lists/news/DispForm.aspx?ID=3945SICMF presents exquisite musicWayne Muller<p>The music programmes of the 13<sup>th</sup> Stellenbosch International Chamber Music Festival's (SICMF) ten evening concerts have been announced. Music lovers will have the opportunity to hear exquisite music – from 18<sup>th</sup>-century works to contemporary pieces.</p><p>The festival – the biggest of its kind in Africa – is presented from 1 to 10 July at the Stellenbosch University Konservatorium. It boasts a unique concert series including music that has never been performed in South Africa. Besides chamber music, the SICMF will also present three symphony concerts.</p><p>About 300 music students will attend the 2016 festival where they will receive master classes, lectures and coaching sessions from the 30 faculty members, which include internationally acclaimed musicians.</p><p>The programme has six South African premieres, as well as the world premiere of local composer Matthijs van Dijk's commissioned work, <em>Moments in a Life</em>. It is based on the life of anti-apartheid activist Denis Goldberg, who will appear on stage as the narrator.</p><p>In <em>Moments in a Life</em>, Goldberg relates various pivotal moments in his life – from childhood, his time in Umkhonto we Sizwe, the Rivonia Trial, experiences in prison up until the inauguration of former president Nelson Mandela.</p><p>Among the other interesting premiere works is <em>Techno Parade</em> by French composer Guillaume Connesson (born 1970), in which Paolo Barros (flute), Ferdinand Steiner (clarinet) and Pieter Grobler (piano) will perform.                                                                  </p><p>Also on the programme is <em>Distant Light</em>, a concerto for violin and string orchestra, a work by Latvian composer Pēteris Vasks, who was born in 1946. Violinist Daniel Rowland will be the soloist, accompanied by, among others, Suzanne Martens and Farida Bacharova (violins), Tobias Breider (viola) and Alexander Buzlov (cello). </p><p>Other works include the String Sextet in A major, Op.48, by Dvořák; Mendelssohn's String Quartet No.6 in F minor, Op.80; as well as the String Octet, Op.7, by George Enescu.</p><p>On Friday, 8 July American conductor Kazem Abdullah will lead the Festival Symphony Orchestra in a performance of music by Saint-Saëns, Debussy and Bartók. Acclaimed French violinist Nicolas Dautricourt will be the soloist in Saint-Saëns' Violin Concerto No.3.</p><p>The SICMF's other orchestra, the Festival Concert Orchestra (consisting of 180 young musicians) under the baton of Daniel Boico, will perform on Saturday, 9 July. On the programme is Tchaikovsky's Second Symphony, as well as well-known orchestral works like the "Mars" and "Jupiter" movements from Gustav Holst's <em>The Planets</em>, and the popular "Pomp and Circumstance" by Edward Elgar.</p><p>For the final concert on Sunday, 10 July the Festival Symphony Orchestra will be on stage again, this time accompanying Austrian clarinettist Ferdinand Steiner in Mozart's well-known Clarinet Concerto in A major.</p><ul><li><span style="line-height:1.6;">Tickets are available from Computicket, or call </span><span style="line-height:1.6;">(</span><span style="line-height:1.6;"> 021 808 2358 to purchas</span><span style="line-height:1.6;">e a festival pass. </span><span style="line-height:1.6;">Visit </span><a href="http://www.sicmf.co.za/" style="line-height:1.6;">www.sicmf.co.za</a><span style="line-height:1.6;"> for more information. </span><br></li></ul>